Mind, Self and Society

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Author: Stefan Kräh,Stefan Krã¤H

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640822382

Category:

Page: 28

View: 9929

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 1,0, Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: sprachl. hervorragend, sehr gut strukturierte Einleitung, sehr gutes Theorieverstandnis, Vgl. mit Goffman sehr gelungen, differenzierter Verweis auf Freud, Abstract: In der vorliegenden Ausarbeitung bespreche ich die zentralen Themen des Textes Identitat" des amerikanischen Philosophen und Psychologen George Herbert Mead (1863 - 1931). Der heute als Klassiker angesehene Aufsatz stammt aus Meads Hauptwerk Geist, Identitat und Gesellschaft," welches erst 1934 aus Vorlesungsmitschriften veroffentlicht wurde und dem Forschungsgebiet der Chicagoer Schule zuzuordnen ist. Ich werde mich mit der Frage beschaftigen, inwieweit bei Mead das Soziale bei der Entwick-lung von Identitat eine Rolle spielt. Hierbei gehe ich in Kapitel 2 zuerst auf die Genese von Identitat ein und erklare, weshalb Sprechen und Denken genauso wie Gesellschaft notwendige Bedingungen fur die Entstehung von Identitat sind und was den Menschen nach Meads Ansicht hierbei von allen anderen Tieren unterscheidet. Das darauf folgende Kapitel 3 behandelt die beiden fruhesten Stufen der Identitatsentwick-lung beim Kind: das Spiel und das Wettspiel. Ebenso stelle ich den verallgemeinerten Ande-ren (bzw. das verallgemeinerte Andere) vor, welcher bzw. welches wahrend der Phase des Wettspiels erstmals in Form von Spielregeln auftritt und dessen Internalisierung aus einer individuellen Identitat eine gesellschaftliche Identitat formt. Im Anschluss gehe ich auf den Unterschied zwischen Bewusstsein und Selbst-Bewusstsein ein und stelle die beiden Phasen des Selbst, das Ich" und das ICH," welche unterschiedliche Funktionen erfullen, sowie den Geist vor. Kapitel 4 beinhaltet die von mir im Vortrag genannten Aspekte der Verwirklichung von Identitat. Ich gehe hierbei darauf ein, weshalb nach Mead Gesellschaft notwendig fur die Verwirklichung von Iden"

Self and Society

A Symbolic Interactionist Social Psychology

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Author: John P. Hewitt,David Shulman

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 230

View: 3535

Self and Society is a clearly written, up-to-date, and authoritative introduction to the symbolic interactionist perspective in social psychology and in sociology as a whole. Filled with examples, this book has been used not only in the classroom, but also cited in literature as an authoritative source. Self and Society is not a distillation of textbook knowledge, but rather, a thoughtful, well-organized presentation that makes its own contribution to the advancement of symbolic interactionism.

Self and Society

Narcissism, Collectivism, and the Development of Morals

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Author: Drew Westen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521317702

Category: Psychology

Page: 438

View: 2097

The relation between individual and collective processes is central to the social sciences, yet difficult to conceptualize because of the necessity of crossing disciplinary boundaries. The result is that researchers in different disciplines construct their own implicit, and often unsatisfactory, models of either individual or collective phenomena, which in turn influence their theoretical and empirical work. In this book, Drew Westen attempts to cross these boundaries, proposing an interdisciplinary approach to personality, to culture, and to the relation between the two. Part I of the book sets forth a model of personality that integrates psychodynamic analysis with an understanding of cognitively mediated conditioning and social learning. In Part II, Westen offers a view of culture that blends symbolic and materialist modes of discourse, examining the role of both ideals and 'material' needs in motivating symbolic as well as concrete social structural processes. In Part III, he combines these models of personality and culture through an examination of cultural evolution and stasis, identity and historical change, and the impact of technological development on personality. Throughout the book, Westen provides reviews of the state of the art in a variety of fields, including personality theory, moral development, ego development, and culture theory. He also addresses and recasts central issues in psychology, sociology, anthropology, and social theory, such as the relations between emotion and cognition; social learning and psychodynamics; ideals and material forces; and individual and collective action. His book will appeal to students and scholars in all the social sciences, as well as to any reader concerned with understanding the relation between individuals and the world in which they live.

Self and Society

Social Change and Individual Development

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Author: Nevitt Sanford

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202368771

Category: Psychology

Page: 381

View: 9345

How does his social environment change an individual, and why do these changes occur? Can social institutions be shaped and molded profoundly enough to afford each member of a society his maximum potential for happiness, effective functioning, and complete development? In this new work a distinguished psychologist evolves a theory of personality and society designed to help guide the work of institutions responsible for individual growth and development. Drawing on his vast experience--as an educator, a prison psychologist, a practicing psychoanalyst, and as the director of major studies in child development, personality assessment, the social psychology of higher education, and alcoholism and related problems--Professor Sanford has designed a developmental model intended to guide work in institutions which mold the individual: from family through schools, colleges, child guidance clinics, and mental hospitals. With exceptional lucidity, he examines the central issues in furthering desirable change through intervention in individual and group processes. He achieves notable advances in integrating personality theory and sociological theory: he joins psychoanalytic "ego psychologists" and other personality theorists in developing a dynamic-organismic theory broader than that of classical psychoanalysis and more in keeping with contemporary social theory. The author's clear style and firm grasp of his subject add further to the significance of Self and Society. It will be a stimulating textbook in social psychology, personality, and culture, and personality, and will make indispensable reading for behavioral scientists, psychiatrists, and educators, as well as for all professionals who work to promote mental health, education and social welfare. Nevitt Sanford (1909-1995) was professor of psychology and education at Stanford University and director of the Institute for the Study of Human Problems. After leaving Stanford in 1968, he founded the Wright Institute. He has been president of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, and president of the Division of Personality and Social Psychology of the American Psychological Association. He has been author or coauthor of close to 200 scholarly journals as well as more than a dozen books.

Self and Society

Central European Pragmatist Forum, Volume Four

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Author: Alexander Kremer

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042026227

Category: Electronic books

Page: 254

View: 4819

This book is the fourth volume of selected papers from the Central European Pragmatist Forum (CEPF). It deals with the general question of self and society, and the papers are organized into sections on Self and History, Self and Society, Self and Politics, Self and Neopragmatism, and an Interview with Richard Rorty. The authors are among the leading specialists in American philosophy from universities across the US and in Central and Eastern Europe.

Disability, Self, and Society

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Author: Tanya Titchkosky

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802084378

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 283

View: 7679

Argues for change in the meaning society ascribes to disability, seeing it as a useful life experience that affects all of society, rather than a temporary or chronic problem for the individual to overcome.

Work, Self and Society

After Industrialism

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Author: Catherine Casey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135095957

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6616

Despite recent interest in the effects of restructuring and redesigning the work place, the link between individual identity and structural change has usually been asserted rather than demonstrated. Through an extensive review of data from field work in a multi-national corporation Catherine Casey changes this. She knows that changes currently occurring in the world of work are part of the vast social and cultural changes that are challenging the assumptions of modern industrialism. These events affect what people do everyday, and they are altering relations among ourselves and with the physical world. This valuable book is not only a critcal analysis of the transformations occurring in the world of work, but an exploration of the effects of contemporary practices of work on the self.

Mind, Self, and Society

From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist

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Author: George Herbert Mead

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226516608

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 9668

Written from the standpoint of the social behaviorist, this treatise contains the heart of Mead's position on social psychology. The analysis of language is of major interest, as it supplied for the first time an adequate treatment of the language mechanism in relation to scientific and philosophical issues. "If philosophical eminence be measured by the extent to which a man's writings anticipate the focal problems of a later day and contain a point of view which suggests persuasive solutions to many of them, then George Herbert Mead has justly earned the high praise bestowed upon him by Dewey and Whitehead as a 'seminal mind of the very first order.'"—Sidney Hook, The Nation

Values, Self, and Society

Toward a Humanist Social Psychology

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Author: Mahlon Brewster Smith

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840972

Category: Psychology

Page: 289

View: 9738

In a tough opening statement, M. Brewster Smith outlines his own life course and contrasts it with the agenda of social psychology in the present professional moment. "Today's journals, textbooks, and conferences represent a vigorous but narrow scientific specialty in psychology, the practitioners of which are more closely focused on agendas that are primarily and often only intelligible within the subdiscipline than was the case when I formed my identity as a psychologist." In contrast, Smith sees himself, and has long been seen by others, as a social psychologist in the tradition of Gordon Allport, Gardner and Lois Murphy, Kurt Lewin, and Muzafer Sherif. Smith's unique ability has been to contribute to the emergence of personality as a differentiated academic field and at the same time maintain strong interdisciplinary ties to a variety of fields ranging from sociology to philosophy. In recent years, such concerns have made the author a central figure in the development of Humanistic Psychology as a part of the American Psychological Association. Because of these wide ranging concerns, the major statements of Brewster Smith have appeared in diverse places. Here, brought into a unified and uniform frame of reference, one has his work on values and selfhood, humanistic psychology and the social sciences, and humanism and social issues brought together for the first time. The picture is of a major thinker who is at home in the details of psychology and in the broad areas of public interest and social policy. Brewster Smith discusses major issues in terms of the political processes involved in the public interest. These range from the issue of advocacy within social research to conceptualizing anew familiar issues within psychology. For the generalist interested in the broader meanings of social psychology to the specialist aiming to recapture the big issues with which the field was once identified, this is a must volume.

Body, Self, and Society

The View from Fiji

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Author: Anne E. Becker

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812290240

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 3317

Anne E. Becker examines the cultural context of the embodied self through her ethnography of bodily aesthetics, food exchange, care, and social relationships in Fiji. She contrasts the cultivation of the body/self in Fijian and American society, arguing that the motivation of Americans to work on their bodies' shapes as a personal endeavor is permitted by their notion that the self is individuated and autonomous. On the other hand, because Fijians concern themselves with the cultivation of social relationships largely expressed through nurturing and food exchange, there is a vested interest in cultivating others' bodies rather than one's own.

Politics, Self, and Society

A Theme and Variations

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Author: Heinz Eulau

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674687608

Category: Political Science

Page: 567

View: 9753

How to deal with the relationship between the individual and society as it reveals itself through politics is the large theme of these erudite and stylish essays by a leading scholar whose lifelong concerns have included political behavior, decision-making by groups, and legislative deportment. Truly interdisciplinary in his approach, Heinz Eulau has drawn on all the social sciences in his thirty years of research into the political behavior of citizens in the mass and of legislative elites at the state and local levels of government. Utilizing a variety of social and political theoriesâe"theories of reference group behavior, social role, organization, conflict, exchange functions and purposive actionâe"he enriches the methodology of political science while tackling substantive issues such as social class behavior in elections, public policies in American cities, the structures of city councils, and the convergence of politics and the legal system. Eulau is ranked among the few scholars who have shaped the agenda of political science, and his latest work should also prove valuable for sociologists, social psychologists, and theorists of the social sciences.

The Self and Society in Aging Processes

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Author: Carol D. Ryff, PhD,Victor W. Marshall, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826117151

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 2620

This volume focuses on the experience of growing old as it is linked to societal factors. Ryff and Marshall construct this "macro" view of aging in society by bridging disciplines and brining together contributors from all the social sciences. The book is organized into three sections: theoretical perspectives, socioeconomic structures, and contexts of self and society. Leading psychologists, anthropologists, gerontologists, and sociologists present theoretical and empirical advances that forge links between the individual and the social aspects of aging. It is must reading for researchers in all gerontologic specialties, and a valuable text for graduate courses in human development, psychology of aging, and other social aspects of aging.

Self and Society

Studies in the Evolution of Consciousness

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Author: William Irwin Thompson

Publisher: Imprint Academic

ISBN: 9780907845829

Category: Social Science

Page: 95

View: 315

The studies in this volume concern cultural history. They grew out of the author's work over the last two decades with colleagues in the Lindisfarne Association, and especially his eighteen-year collaboration with the chaos mathematician Ralph Abraham.

Authenticity in Culture, Self, and Society

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Author: Phillip Vannini,J. Patrick Williams

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754675167

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 8508

Authenticity in Culture, Self, and Society addresses the problems surrounding the concept of authenticity by offering its first sociological analysis. Compiled by a team of experts from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, it provides readers with a survey of original empirical studies focused on its experience, negotiation, and social relevance at the levels of self, culture, and specific social settings.

Semiotics, Self, and Society

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Author: Benjamin Lee,Greg Urban

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110119787

Category: Moi (Philosophie)

Page: 311

View: 8282

In Conflict No Longer

Self and Society in Contemporary America

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Author: Irene Taviss Thomson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847697076

Category: Social Science

Page: 161

View: 4725

Drawing on social-criticism, self-help manuals, and the social scientific analysis of American character, In Conflict No Longer examines American thinking about individualism, conformity, and community from 1920 through 1995. Taviss-Thomson's analysis reveals a basic shift in American culture: from a belief that the individual is necessarily in conflict with society and that the self chafes against the constraints imposed by society, to a belief that the self is expressed in the groups, relationships, and subcultures that help shape it. Taviss-Thomson contends that this new model of a relational or 'embedded' self arose due to a weakening of traditional identities based on occupation, social class, gender and age which left individuals freer to construct their own identities. In an age where Americans increasingly abandon the traditional mythology of an individual struggling against social constraints, In Conflict No Longer forecasts a picture of American culture for the next millennium.

Family, Self, and Society

Toward A New Agenda for Family Research

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Author: Philip A. Cowan,Dorothy Field,Donald A. Hansen,Arlene Skolnick,Guy E. Swanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317782771

Category: Psychology

Page: 516

View: 8970

Any agenda for family research in the 1990s must take seriously a contextual approach to the study of family relationships. The editors and contributors to this volume believe that the richness in family studies over the next decade will come from considering the diversity of family forms -- different ethnic groups and cultures, different stages of family life, as well as different historical cohorts. Their goal is to make more explicit how we think about families in order to study them and understand them. To illustrate the need for diversity in family studies, examples are presented from new and old families, majority and minority families, American and Japanese families, and intact and divorcing families. This variety is intended to push the limits of current thinking, not only for researchers but also for all who are struggling to live with and work with families in a time when family life is valued but fragmented and relatively unsupported by society's institutions. Students and researchers interested in family development from the viewpoint of any of the social sciences will find this book of value.

Self and Society

Essays on Pali Literature and Social Theory 1988–2010

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Author: Steven Collins

Publisher: Silkworm Books

ISBN: 1630418331

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 7880

This selection of essays, originally published between 1988 and 2010, demonstrates that in the study of Buddhism a concern with detailed accuracy in philological and textual specifics can be combined with an attempt to deal with wider (and difficult) philosophical and sociological issues. The first part, Pali Literature, deals with the historical formation of the Pali Canon, with the continuing oral aspects of Pali texts, and, looking at the entire range of Pali texts, with the question “What is Literature in Pali?” The second part, The theory and Practice of Not-self, looks at the Buddhist denial of self as both a philosophical position and as a form of practice, one in which a process of self-transformative behavioral and psychological training is seen to culminate in the realization that there is no self underlying the ever-changing moments of experience. The third part, Buddhism and Society, has two essays reflecting on and extending Louis Dumont’s comparative theorizing about the individual and society in East and West, and a final contemporary treatment of Buddhist “nuns” (mae chi) in Thravāda Buddhism, both in general and specifcally as active in higher education in Bangkok. The three essays attempt to build on but go beyond the work of Dumont, and behind him Max Weber, in thinking about what they would call “world-renunciation” as a phenomenon of society and culture.

Soul, Self, and Society

A Postmodern Anthropology for Mission in a Postcolonial World

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Author: Michael Rynkiewich

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1606087738

Category: Religion

Page: 296

View: 7829

Globalization and urbanization are twin forces that are powerfully shaping economics, politics, and religion in the world today. Traditional anthropological theories are inadequate to recognize and analyze trends such as global migration, diasporas, and transnationalism. New departures in anthropology and the social sciences seeking to address these and other phenomena can help us critique and reshape the theology and practice of Christian mission. Today most societies are no longer monocultural. In such multicultural contexts any given individual may be competent in several cultures, several languages, several social networks. What does it mean to be in mission with people on the move--people who present themselves in one social identity, language, and culture within a particular setting, and then in another setting, even on the very same day, present themselves in another social identity, language, and culture? In the face of widespread, rapid movement of peoples and their increasingly fluid and multifaceted identities, will the missionary settle down somewhere or be itinerant along with the people? How are perplexing new questions in particular contexts to be addressed, such as: In what ways is the Nigerian who is founding an AIC congregation near Houston a missionary too? How will Brazilians and Koreans be trained for cross-cultural ministry? The world is changing faster than missionaries can be retrained for service. And yet ethnographic tools are still crucial to missionary practice. This important work seeks to draw on recent developments in anthropology to bring valuable perspective and tools to bear on equipping missionaries for work amidst the rapid shifting and complex shaping of peoples by the forces of today's globalized world.