Disability, Self, and Society

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Author: Tanya Titchkosky

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802084378

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 283

View: 2861

Argues for change in the meaning society ascribes to disability, seeing it as a useful life experience that affects all of society, rather than a temporary or chronic problem for the individual to overcome.

Self and Society

Narcissism, Collectivism, and the Development of Morals

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Author: Drew Westen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521317702

Category: Psychology

Page: 438

View: 5658

The relation between individual and collective processes is central to the social sciences, yet difficult to conceptualize because of the necessity of crossing disciplinary boundaries. The result is that researchers in different disciplines construct their own implicit, and often unsatisfactory, models of either individual or collective phenomena, which in turn influence their theoretical and empirical work. In this book, Drew Westen attempts to cross these boundaries, proposing an interdisciplinary approach to personality, to culture, and to the relation between the two. Part I of the book sets forth a model of personality that integrates psychodynamic analysis with an understanding of cognitively mediated conditioning and social learning. In Part II, Westen offers a view of culture that blends symbolic and materialist modes of discourse, examining the role of both ideals and 'material' needs in motivating symbolic as well as concrete social structural processes. In Part III, he combines these models of personality and culture through an examination of cultural evolution and stasis, identity and historical change, and the impact of technological development on personality. Throughout the book, Westen provides reviews of the state of the art in a variety of fields, including personality theory, moral development, ego development, and culture theory. He also addresses and recasts central issues in psychology, sociology, anthropology, and social theory, such as the relations between emotion and cognition; social learning and psychodynamics; ideals and material forces; and individual and collective action. His book will appeal to students and scholars in all the social sciences, as well as to any reader concerned with understanding the relation between individuals and the world in which they live.

Mind, Self and Society

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Author: Stefan Kräh,Stefan Krã¤H

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640822382

Category:

Page: 28

View: 2612

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Soziologie - Klassiker und Theorierichtungen, Note: 1,0, Technische Universitat Darmstadt, Sprache: Deutsch, Anmerkungen: sprachl. hervorragend, sehr gut strukturierte Einleitung, sehr gutes Theorieverstandnis, Vgl. mit Goffman sehr gelungen, differenzierter Verweis auf Freud, Abstract: In der vorliegenden Ausarbeitung bespreche ich die zentralen Themen des Textes Identitat" des amerikanischen Philosophen und Psychologen George Herbert Mead (1863 - 1931). Der heute als Klassiker angesehene Aufsatz stammt aus Meads Hauptwerk Geist, Identitat und Gesellschaft," welches erst 1934 aus Vorlesungsmitschriften veroffentlicht wurde und dem Forschungsgebiet der Chicagoer Schule zuzuordnen ist. Ich werde mich mit der Frage beschaftigen, inwieweit bei Mead das Soziale bei der Entwick-lung von Identitat eine Rolle spielt. Hierbei gehe ich in Kapitel 2 zuerst auf die Genese von Identitat ein und erklare, weshalb Sprechen und Denken genauso wie Gesellschaft notwendige Bedingungen fur die Entstehung von Identitat sind und was den Menschen nach Meads Ansicht hierbei von allen anderen Tieren unterscheidet. Das darauf folgende Kapitel 3 behandelt die beiden fruhesten Stufen der Identitatsentwick-lung beim Kind: das Spiel und das Wettspiel. Ebenso stelle ich den verallgemeinerten Ande-ren (bzw. das verallgemeinerte Andere) vor, welcher bzw. welches wahrend der Phase des Wettspiels erstmals in Form von Spielregeln auftritt und dessen Internalisierung aus einer individuellen Identitat eine gesellschaftliche Identitat formt. Im Anschluss gehe ich auf den Unterschied zwischen Bewusstsein und Selbst-Bewusstsein ein und stelle die beiden Phasen des Selbst, das Ich" und das ICH," welche unterschiedliche Funktionen erfullen, sowie den Geist vor. Kapitel 4 beinhaltet die von mir im Vortrag genannten Aspekte der Verwirklichung von Identitat. Ich gehe hierbei darauf ein, weshalb nach Mead Gesellschaft notwendig fur die Verwirklichung von Iden"

Self and Society

Social Change and Individual Development

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Author: Nevitt Sanford

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202368771

Category: Psychology

Page: 381

View: 3236

How does his social environment change an individual, and why do these changes occur? Can social institutions be shaped and molded profoundly enough to afford each member of a society his maximum potential for happiness, effective functioning, and complete development? In this new work a distinguished psychologist evolves a theory of personality and society designed to help guide the work of institutions responsible for individual growth and development. Drawing on his vast experience--as an educator, a prison psychologist, a practicing psychoanalyst, and as the director of major studies in child development, personality assessment, the social psychology of higher education, and alcoholism and related problems--Professor Sanford has designed a developmental model intended to guide work in institutions which mold the individual: from family through schools, colleges, child guidance clinics, and mental hospitals. With exceptional lucidity, he examines the central issues in furthering desirable change through intervention in individual and group processes. He achieves notable advances in integrating personality theory and sociological theory: he joins psychoanalytic "ego psychologists" and other personality theorists in developing a dynamic-organismic theory broader than that of classical psychoanalysis and more in keeping with contemporary social theory. The author's clear style and firm grasp of his subject add further to the significance of Self and Society. It will be a stimulating textbook in social psychology, personality, and culture, and personality, and will make indispensable reading for behavioral scientists, psychiatrists, and educators, as well as for all professionals who work to promote mental health, education and social welfare. Nevitt Sanford (1909-1995) was professor of psychology and education at Stanford University and director of the Institute for the Study of Human Problems. After leaving Stanford in 1968, he founded the Wright Institute. He has been president of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, and president of the Division of Personality and Social Psychology of the American Psychological Association. He has been author or coauthor of close to 200 scholarly journals as well as more than a dozen books.

Self and Society

Central European Pragmatist Forum, Volume Four

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Author: Alexander Kremer

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042026227

Category: Electronic books

Page: 254

View: 7990

This book is the fourth volume of selected papers from the Central European Pragmatist Forum (CEPF). It deals with the general question of self and society, and the papers are organized into sections on Self and History, Self and Society, Self and Politics, Self and Neopragmatism, and an Interview with Richard Rorty. The authors are among the leading specialists in American philosophy from universities across the US and in Central and Eastern Europe.

Self and Society

A Symbolic Interactionist Social Psychology

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Author: John P. Hewitt

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 4000

Self and Society is a clearly written, up-to-date, and authoritative introduction to the symbolic interactionist perspective in social psychology and in sociology as a whole. Filled with examples, this book has been used not only in the classroom, but also cited in literature as an authoritative source. Self and Society is not a distillation of textbook knowledge, but rather, a thoughtful, well-organized presentation that makes its own contribution to the advancement of symbolic interactionism.

Values, Self, and Society

Toward a Humanist Social Psychology

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Author: Mahlon Brewster Smith

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412840972

Category: Psychology

Page: 289

View: 2238

In a tough opening statement, M. Brewster Smith outlines his own life course and contrasts it with the agenda of social psychology in the present professional moment. "Today's journals, textbooks, and conferences represent a vigorous but narrow scientific specialty in psychology, the practitioners of which are more closely focused on agendas that are primarily and often only intelligible within the subdiscipline than was the case when I formed my identity as a psychologist." In contrast, Smith sees himself, and has long been seen by others, as a social psychologist in the tradition of Gordon Allport, Gardner and Lois Murphy, Kurt Lewin, and Muzafer Sherif. Smith's unique ability has been to contribute to the emergence of personality as a differentiated academic field and at the same time maintain strong interdisciplinary ties to a variety of fields ranging from sociology to philosophy. In recent years, such concerns have made the author a central figure in the development of Humanistic Psychology as a part of the American Psychological Association. Because of these wide ranging concerns, the major statements of Brewster Smith have appeared in diverse places. Here, brought into a unified and uniform frame of reference, one has his work on values and selfhood, humanistic psychology and the social sciences, and humanism and social issues brought together for the first time. The picture is of a major thinker who is at home in the details of psychology and in the broad areas of public interest and social policy. Brewster Smith discusses major issues in terms of the political processes involved in the public interest. These range from the issue of advocacy within social research to conceptualizing anew familiar issues within psychology. For the generalist interested in the broader meanings of social psychology to the specialist aiming to recapture the big issues with which the field was once identified, this is a must volume.

Work, Self and Society

After Industrialism

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Author: Catherine Casey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135095957

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7488

Despite recent interest in the effects of restructuring and redesigning the work place, the link between individual identity and structural change has usually been asserted rather than demonstrated. Through an extensive review of data from field work in a multi-national corporation Catherine Casey changes this. She knows that changes currently occurring in the world of work are part of the vast social and cultural changes that are challenging the assumptions of modern industrialism. These events affect what people do everyday, and they are altering relations among ourselves and with the physical world. This valuable book is not only a critcal analysis of the transformations occurring in the world of work, but an exploration of the effects of contemporary practices of work on the self.

Mind, Self, and Society

From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist

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Author: George Herbert Mead

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226516608

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 2843

Written from the standpoint of the social behaviorist, this treatise contains the heart of Mead's position on social psychology. The analysis of language is of major interest, as it supplied for the first time an adequate treatment of the language mechanism in relation to scientific and philosophical issues. "If philosophical eminence be measured by the extent to which a man's writings anticipate the focal problems of a later day and contain a point of view which suggests persuasive solutions to many of them, then George Herbert Mead has justly earned the high praise bestowed upon him by Dewey and Whitehead as a 'seminal mind of the very first order.'"—Sidney Hook, The Nation

Modernity and Self-Identity

Self and Society in the Late Modern Age

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Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745666485

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

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This major study develops a new account of modernity and its relation to the self. Building upon the ideas set out in The Consequences of Modernity, Giddens argues that 'high' or 'late' modernity is a post traditional order characterised by a developed institutional reflexivity. In the current period, the globalising tendencies of modern institutions are accompanied by a transformation of day-to-day social life having profound implications for personal activities. The self becomes a 'reflexive project', sustained through a revisable narrative of self identity. The reflexive project of the self, the author seeks to show, is a form of control or mastery which parallels the overall orientation of modern institutions towards 'colonising the future'. Yet it also helps promote tendencies which place that orientation radically in question - and which provide the substance of a new political agenda for late modernity. In this book Giddens concerns himself with themes he has often been accused of unduly neglecting, including especially the psychology of self and self-identity. The volumes are a decisive step in the development of his thinking, and will be essential reading for students and professionals in the areas of social and political theory, sociology, human geography and social psychology.

Self, War, and Society

George Herbert Mead's Macrosociology

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Author: Mary Jo Deegan

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412812321

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 2386

George Herbert Mead (1863-1931) is a founding figure in the field of sociology. His stature is comparable to that of his contemporaries Emile Durkheim and Max Weber. Mead's contribution was a profound and unique American theory that analyzed society and the individual as social objects. As Mead saw it, both society and the individual emerged from cooperative, democratic processes linking the self, the other, and the community. Mary Jo Deegan, a leading scholar of Mead's work, traces the evolution of his thought , its continuity and change. She is particularly interested in the most controversial period of Mead's work, in which he addressed topics of violence and the nation state. Mead's theory of war, peace, and society emerged out of the historical events of his time, particularly World War I. During this period he went from being a pacifist, along with his contemporaries John Dewey and Jane Addams, to being a strong advocate for war. From 1917-1918 Mead became a leader in voicing the need for war based on his theory of self and society. After the war, he became disillusioned with President Woodrow Wilson, with Americans' failure to support mechanisms for international arbitration, and with the political reasons for American participation in World War I. He returned to a more pacifist and co-operative model of behavior during the 1920s, when he became less political, more abstract, and more withdrawn from public debate. The book includes Deegan's interpretation of Mead's early social thought, his friendship and family networks, the historical context of America at war, and the importance of analysis of violence and the state from Mead's perspective. She also provides illustrative selections from Mead's work, much of which was previously unpublished.

Self, Symbols, and Society

Classic Readings in Social Psychology

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Author: Nathan Rousseau

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742516311

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 1556

Students of social psychology can read in this new text original writings assembled from the founders of sociology in the nineteenth century to the latest influential works by contemporary sociologists today. Readers can gain from this book a greater appreciation of social history, deeper self-knowledge, and a heightened sense of civic concern and responsibility. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Sex, self and society

the social context of sexuality

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Author: Tracey L. Steele

Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co

ISBN: 9780534529437

Category: Psychology

Page: 458

View: 6189

SEX, SELF AND SOCIETY: THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF SEXUALITY contains 60 edited articles divided into 15 chapters covering a range of issues dealing with human sexuality. Focusing on sexuality as both process and as a social institution, the book also covers contemporary issues such as abortion and sexually transmitted diseases.

Language, Self and Society

A Social History of Language

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Author: Peter Burke

Publisher: Dearborn Trade Publishing

ISBN: 9780745613413

Category: Psychology

Page: 358

View: 8523

This important book examines the role of written and spoken language in shaping our sense of reality, in exchanges of social life, and in fashioning our sense of self. It develops a distinctive, socio-historical approach to these issues, offering a range of illuminating studies in the social history of language. The first section discusses the history of specially charged languages (Latin, Hebrew, and the speech-forms of the Quakers). The second section examines the politics of language, paying special attention to dialect and the relations between the language of conquerors and the conquered. In the third section, the relation between forms of expression and the development of personal self-definition is discussed. This key work will make a major contribution to the interdisciplinary study of language. It will be of interest to students and researchers in social history, linguistics, and the history and sociology of language.

Authenticity in Culture, Self, and Society

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Author: J. Patrick Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351956655

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 4040

Across sociology and cultural studies in particular, the concept of authenticity has begun to occupy a central role, yet in spite of its popularity as an ideal and philosophical value authenticity notably suffers from a certain vagueness, with work in this area tending to borrow ideas from outside of sociology, whilst failing to present empirical studies which centre on the concept itself. Authenticity in Culture, Self, and Society addresses the problems surrounding this concept, offering a sociological analysis of it for the first time in order to provide readers in the social and cultural sciences with a clear conceptualization of authenticity and with a survey of original empirical studies focused on its experience, negotiation, and social relevance at the levels of self, culture and specific social settings.

In Conflict No Longer

Self and Society in Contemporary America

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Author: Irene Taviss Thomson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847697076

Category: Social Science

Page: 161

View: 4677

Drawing on social-criticism, self-help manuals, and the social scientific analysis of American character, In Conflict No Longer examines American thinking about individualism, conformity, and community from 1920 through 1995. Taviss-Thomson's analysis reveals a basic shift in American culture: from a belief that the individual is necessarily in conflict with society and that the self chafes against the constraints imposed by society, to a belief that the self is expressed in the groups, relationships, and subcultures that help shape it. Taviss-Thomson contends that this new model of a relational or 'embedded' self arose due to a weakening of traditional identities based on occupation, social class, gender and age which left individuals freer to construct their own identities. In an age where Americans increasingly abandon the traditional mythology of an individual struggling against social constraints, In Conflict No Longer forecasts a picture of American culture for the next millennium.