Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory

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Author: Barry Barnes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135029024

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 8903

Originally published in 1974. Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory centres on the problem of explaining the manifest variety and contrast in the beliefs about nature held in different groups and societies. It maintains that the sociologist should treat all beliefs symmetrically and must investigate and account for allegedly "correct" or "scientific" beliefs just as he would "incorrect" or "unscientific" ones. From this basic position a study of scientific beliefs is constructed. The sociological interest of such beliefs is illustrated and a sociological perspective upon scientific change is developed.

Humanökologie

Ansätze zur Überwindung der Natur-Kultur-Dichotomie

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Author: Peter Meusburger,Thomas Schwan

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515083775

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 2445

Die Beziehungen zwischen Mensch und materieller Umwelt zahlen nicht nur zu den fundamentalen Grundfragen der Geographie, sondern sie haben in juengster Vergangenheit auch ueberraschend viel Interesse bei anderen sozialwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen gefunden. Beitrage von Geographen, Soziologen, Psychologen und Anthropologen versuchen in diesem Buch u.a. Antworten auf folgende Fragen zu geben: Kann die physisch-materielle Welt ursachlich auf die soziale Welt einwirken? Wie konnen Aspekte wie Natur, Technologie, Umwelt und lokale Kontexte in humangeographische (sozialwissenschaftliche) Untersuchungen integriert werden, ohne der physisch-materiellen Welt eine deterministische Bedeutung fuer menschliches Handeln zuzuweisen? Mit welchen theoretischen Ansatzen konnen die Dichotomien zwischen Individuum und Umwelt oder zwischen Kultur und Natur ueberwunden werden? Welche Raumkonzepte erweisen sich fuer sozialwissenschaftliche und humanokologische Studien als tragfahig? Welche Rolle spielen Unterschiede des Wissens? Wie werden Probleme der aUmweltgerechtigkeito gelost? "Pflichtlektuere fuer all jene, denen eine theoretische und methodische [a] Weiterentwicklung geographischer Sichtweisen am Herzen liegt." Die Erde "adie einzelnen Beitrage werdena von einem erstaunlich konsistenten analytisch-normativen roten Faden zusammengehalten a [man] wird den Band mit Gewinn zur Hand nehmen, da er Einseitigkeit vermeidet und ueberdies auf vielen Gebieten interdisziplinaren Forschens den aktuellen Stand reflektiert und vorantreibt." GAIA.

The Sociology of Belief (Routledge Revivals)

Fallacy and Foundation

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Author: Keith Dixon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317815513

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 2171

First published in 1980, this book presents a study of knowledge and the patterns of social and scientific thought. Keith Dixon argues that traditional and contemporary formulations of the sociology of knowledge involve a series of fallacies, and the claim to reduce knowledge to ideology devalues the role of reasoned inquiry. Chapters discuss such areas as the theories of Marx and Mannheim, the sociology of science and of religious belief. With a detailed conclusion analysing the foundations and limits of the sociology of knowledge, this reissue will provide an interesting and useful analysis for students of Sociology.

George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Science

The Make-Believe of a Beginning

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Author: Sally Shuttleworth

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521257862

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 257

View: 1830

This study explores the ways in which George Eliot's involvement with contemporary scientific theory affected the evolution of her fiction. Drawing on the work of such theorists as Comte, Spencer, Lewes, Bain, Carpenter, von Hartmann and Bernard, Dr Shuttleworth shows how, as Eliot moved from Adam Bede to Daniel Deronda, her conception of a conservative, static and hierarchical model of society gave way to a more dynamic model of social and psychological life.

Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge (Routledge Revivals)

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Author: Max Scheler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136233008

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 5893

First Published in 1980, Manfred S. Frings’ translation of Problems of a Sociology of Knowledge makes available Max Scheler’s important work in sociological theory to the English-speaking world. The book presents the thinker’s views on man’s condition in the twentieth-century and places it in a broader context of human history. This book highlights Scheler as a visionary thinker of great intellectual strength who defied the pessimism that many of his peers could not avoid. He comments on the isolated, fragmented nature of man’s existence in society in the twentieth century but suggests that a ‘World-Age of Adjustment’ is on the brink of existence. Scheler argues that the approaching era is a time for the disjointed society of the twentieth-century to heal its fractures and a time for different forms of human knowledge to come together in global understanding.

The sociology of belief

fallacy and foundation

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Author: Keith Dixon

Publisher: Routledge/Thoemms Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 4101

Social theory as science

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Author: Russell Keat,John Urry

Publisher: Routledge/Thoemms Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 5224

Social theory and the family

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Author: D. H. J. Morgan

Publisher: Routledge/Thoemms Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 280

View: 8363

Retiring to the seaside

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Author: Valerie Ann Karn

Publisher: Routledge/Thoemms Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 8116

Monographic Series

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Author: Library of Congress

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Monographic series

Page: N.A

View: 7157

Handbook of Epistemology

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Author: I. Niiniluoto,Matti Sintonen,Jan Wolenski,Jan Woleński

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402019852

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1052

View: 7474

The twenty-eight essays in this Handbook, all by leading experts in the field, provide the most extensive treatment of various epistemological problems, supplemented by a historical account of this field. The entries are self-contained and substantial contributions to topics such as the sources of knowledge and belief, knowledge acquisition, and truth and justification. There are extensive essays on knowledge in specific fields: the sciences, mathematics, the humanities and the social sciences, religion, and language. Special attention is paid to current discussions on evolutionary epistemology, relativism, the relation between epistemology and cognitive science, sociology of knowledge, epistemic logic, knowledge and art, and feminist epistemology. This collection is a must-have for anybody interested in human knowledge, and its fortunes and misfortunes.

The Knowledge Society

The Growing Impact of Scientific Knowledge on Social Relations

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Author: Gernot Böhme,Nico Stehr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400947240

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 7453

The original essays collected here under the general title of The Knowledge Society were first commissioned for a conference held in the late fall of 1984 at the Technische Hochschule Darmstadt, West Germany. The conference in Darmstadt saw a larger number of contribu tions presented than could be accommodated in this edition of the Sociol ogy of the Sciences Yearbook. However, all contributions were important and affected those published in this collection. We are therefore grateful to all participants of the Darmstadt conference for their presentations and for their intense, useful as well as thoughtful discussion of all papers. Those chosen for publication in the Yearbook and those undoubtedly to be published elsewhere have all benefitted considerably from our discussions in Darmstadt which also included a number of the members of the edito rial board of the Yearbook. In addition, we are pleased that the authors were able to read and comment further on each other's papers prior to publication. As is the case in every endeavor of this kind, we have incurred many debts and are only able to acknowledge these at this point publicly while expressing our sincere thanks and appreciation for all the intellectual sup port and the considerable labor invested by a number of persons in the realization of the collection.

Social Theory and Social Structure

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Author: Robert King Merton,Robert C. Merton

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029211301

Category: Social Science

Page: 702

View: 8578

Examines the interactions between sociological theory and research in various approaches to the study of social structure, evaluating the limitations and functions of each

Sociology and Social Practice

A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science

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Author: Niko Yahiel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483149978

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 6500

Sociology and Social Practice: A Sociological Analysis of Contemporary Social Processes and Their Interrelationship with Science reviews the interaction of sociological knowledge and social practice, with emphasis on the role of the practical functions of sociological science in the various spheres of society. This treatise examines from the sociological standpoint some fundamental problems that have arisen in the process of building the new society in Bulgaria and how science can help solve these problems. This book is comprised of 10 chapters organized into three sections. After an introduction to the theoretical aspects of the relationship between sociological knowledge and social practice (political practice and policy-making in particular), the discussion turns to some topical and interrelated problems such as the scientific and technical revolution; the intellectualization of social practice; the intensification of socio-economic development; the efficiency of science; and the essence of the multiplier approach. The last section explores some key problems of science as a social institution and includes chapters that discuss the scientific manpower potential in Bulgaria; scientific-information activity; and the scientific community as a collective subject of scientific activity. This monograph will be useful to sociologists and social scientists.

Mathematical Ideas and Sociological Theory

Current State and Prospects

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Author: Thomas J. Fararo

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780677166353

Category:

Page: 185

View: 748

First Published in 1984. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Cognition and Fact

Materials on Ludwik Fleck

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Author: Robert S. Cohen,Thomas Schnelle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400944985

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 8388

Within the last ten years, the interest of historians and philosophers of science in the epistemological writings of the Polish medical microbiologist Ludwik Fleck (1896-1961), who had up to then been almost completely unknown, has advanced with great strides. His main writings on epistemological questions were published in the mid-1930's, but they remained almost unnoticed. Today, however, one may rightly call Fleck a 'classical' figure both of episte mology and of the historical sociology of science, one whose works are comparable with Popper's Logic of Scientific Discovery or Merton's pioneer ing study of the relations among economics, Puritanism, and natural science, both also originally published in the mid-1930's. The story of this book of 'materials on Ludwik Fleck' is also the story of the reception of Ludwik Fleck. In this volume, some essential materials which have been produced by that reception have been gathered together. We will sketch both the reception and the materials.

Ideology and Utopia

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Author: Karl Mannheim

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415060547

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 9300

A new edition of Karl Mannheim's classic work in which the concepts of 'ideology' and 'utopia' are examined as opposing and dominant societal influences.