The Sciences of the Artificial

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Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262264495

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 5784

Continuing his exploration of the organization of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools -- chaos, adaptive systems, genetic algorithms -- for analyzing complexity and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as well. These take into account important advances in cognitive psychology and the science of design while confirming and extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action. The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the respective roles of organizations and markets in economic systems.

God from the Machine

Artificial Intelligence Models of Religious Cognition

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Author: William Sims Bainbridge

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759107441

Category: Computers

Page: 179

View: 6352

A demonstration of how religion and religious belief can emerge using computer simulations

Machinery of the Mind

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Author: George Johnson

Publisher: Crown

ISBN: 0307799395

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 1614

Machinery of Mind is a full-scale, indispensable examination of the history, content, politics, and philosophy of Artificial Intelligence. In detail, consecutively but with a keen awareness of the interdisciplinary nature of the field, Johnson traces the history of the burgeoning science from its earliest practitioners to corporation-funded engineers and experts: Roger Schank, Terry Winograd, Doug Lenat and others who are struggling to create machines that can actually think independently, going beyond man-made programs and "games." Johnson presents the counterarguments of some theorists that intelligence is less than soul and that the "new science" moves arrogantly into dangerous territory. Necessarily inconclusive, this fascinating study is clear, comprehensive, richly detailed, and endlessly provocative.

The Allure of Machinic Life

Cybernetics, Artificial Life, and the New AI

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Author: John Johnston

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262101262

Category: Computers

Page: 461

View: 4544

An account of the creation of new forms of life and intelligence in cybernetics, artificial life, and artificial intelligence that analyzes both the similarities and the differences among these sciences in actualizing life.The Allure of Machinic Life

Swarm Intelligence

From Natural to Artificial Systems

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Author: Eric Bonabeau,Marco Dorigo,Guy Theraulaz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198030157

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 594

Social insects--ants, bees, termites, and wasps--can be viewed as powerful problem-solving systems with sophisticated collective intelligence. Composed of simple interacting agents, this intelligence lies in the networks of interactions among individuals and between individuals and the environment. A fascinating subject, social insects are also a powerful metaphor for artificial intelligence, and the problems they solve--finding food, dividing labor among nestmates, building nests, responding to external challenges--have important counterparts in engineering and computer science. This book provides a detailed look at models of social insect behavior and how to apply these models in the design of complex systems. The book shows how these models replace an emphasis on control, preprogramming, and centralization with designs featuring autonomy, emergence, and distributed functioning. These designs are proving immensely flexible and robust, able to adapt quickly to changing environments and to continue functioning even when individual elements fail. In particular, these designs are an exciting approach to the tremendous growth of complexity in software and information. Swarm Intelligence draws on up-to-date research from biology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, robotics, operations research, and computer graphics, and each chapter is organized around a particular biological example, which is then used to develop an algorithm, a multiagent system, or a group of robots. The book will be an invaluable resource for a broad range of disciplines.

Artificial life II

proceedings of the workshop on artificial life held February, 1990 in Santa Fe, New Mexico

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Author: Christopher G. Langton

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201525700

Category: Computers

Page: 854

View: 7558

The Book of Why

The New Science of Cause and Effect

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Author: Judea Pearl,Dana Mackenzie

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465097618

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 9458

A Turing Award-winning computer scientist and statistician shows how understanding causality has revolutionized science and will revolutionize artificial intelligence "Correlation is not causation." This mantra, chanted by scientists for more than a century, has led to a virtual prohibition on causal talk. Today, that taboo is dead. The causal revolution, instigated by Judea Pearl and his colleagues, has cut through a century of confusion and established causality--the study of cause and effect--on a firm scientific basis. His work explains how we can know easy things, like whether it was rain or a sprinkler that made a sidewalk wet; and how to answer hard questions, like whether a drug cured an illness. Pearl's work enables us to know not just whether one thing causes another: it lets us explore the world that is and the worlds that could have been. It shows us the essence of human thought and key to artificial intelligence. Anyone who wants to understand either needs The Book of Why.

The Artificial and the Natural

An Evolving Polarity

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Author: Bernadette Bensaude-Vincent,William R. Newman

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262026201

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 2019

Notions of nature and art as they have been defined and redefined in Western culture,from the Hippocratic writers and Aristotle of Ancient Greece to nineteenth-century chemistry andtwenty-first century biomimetics.

Artificial Dreams

The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence

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Author: H. R. Ekbia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470442

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 3871

This book is a critique of Artificial Intelligence (AI) from the perspective of cognitive science – it seeks to examine what we have learned about human cognition from AI successes and failures. The book's goal is to separate those 'AI dreams' that either have been or could be realized from those that are constructed through discourse and are unrealizable. AI research has advanced many areas that are intellectually compelling and holds great promise for advances in science, engineering, and practical systems. After the 1980s, however, the field has often struggled to deliver widely on these promises. This book breaks new ground by analyzing how some of the driving dreams of people practicing AI research become valued contributions, while others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable projects.

50 Years of Artificial Intelligence

Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Max Lungarella,Fumiya Iida,Josh Bongard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540772952

Category: Computers

Page: 398

View: 9783

This Festschrift volume, published in celebration of the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence, includes 34 refereed papers written by leading researchers in the field of Artificial Intelligence. The papers were carefully selected from the invited lectures given at the 50th Anniversary Summit of AI, held at the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verità, Ascona, Switzerland, July 9-14, 2006. The summit provided a venue for discussions on a broad range of topics.

Artificial Intelligence Methods in the Environmental Sciences

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Author: Sue Ellen Haupt,Antonello Pasini,Caren Marzban

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402091192

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 7281

How can environmental scientists and engineers use the increasing amount of available data to enhance our understanding of planet Earth, its systems and processes? This book describes various potential approaches based on artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, including neural networks, decision trees, genetic algorithms and fuzzy logic. Part I contains a series of tutorials describing the methods and the important considerations in applying them. In Part II, many practical examples illustrate the power of these techniques on actual environmental problems. International experts bring to life ways to apply AI to problems in the environmental sciences. While one culture entwines ideas with a thread, another links them with a red line. Thus, a “red thread“ ties the book together, weaving a tapestry that pictures the ‘natural’ data-driven AI methods in the light of the more traditional modeling techniques, and demonstrating the power of these data-based methods.

Artificial life III

proceedings of the Workshop on Artificial Life, held June 1992 in Santa Fe, New Mexico

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Author: Christopher G. Langton

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201624922

Category: Science

Page: 599

View: 7533

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems

An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control, and Artificial Intelligence

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Author: John Henry Holland

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262581110

Category: Computers

Page: 211

View: 929

List of figures. Preface to the 1992 edition. Preface. The general setting. A formal framework. lustrations. Schemata. The optimal allocation of trials. Reproductive plans and genetic operators. The robustness of genetic plans. Adaptation of codings and representations. An overview. Interim and prospectus. Glossary of important symbols.

Designing Smart Homes

The Role of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Juan Carlos Augusto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354035994X

Category: Architecture

Page: 182

View: 9021

The area of smart homes is fast developing as an emergent area which attracts the synergy of several areas of science. This volume offers a collection of contributions addressing how artificial intelligence (AI), one of the core areas of computer science, can bring the growing area of smart homes to a higher level of functionality where homes can truly realize the long standing dream of proactively helping their inhabitants in an intelligent way. After an introductory section to describe a smart home scenario and to provide some basic terminology, the following 9 sections turn special attention to a particular exemplar application scenario (provision of healthcare and safety related services to increase the quality of life) exploring the application of specific areas of AI to this scenario.

The Quest for Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642820

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 5945

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a field within computer science that is attempting to build enhanced intelligence into computer systems. This book traces the history of the subject, from the early dreams of eighteenth-century (and earlier) pioneers to the more successful work of today's AI engineers. AI is becoming more and more a part of everyone's life. The technology is already embedded in face-recognizing cameras, speech-recognition software, Internet search engines, and health-care robots, among other applications. The book's many diagrams and easy-to-understand descriptions of AI programs will help the casual reader gain an understanding of how these and other AI systems actually work. Its thorough (but unobtrusive) end-of-chapter notes containing citations to important source materials will be of great use to AI scholars and researchers. This book promises to be the definitive history of a field that has captivated the imaginations of scientists, philosophers, and writers for centuries.

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Avron Barr,Edward A. Feigenbaum

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483214389

Category: Mathematics

Page: 442

View: 4633

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, Volume II focuses on the improvements in artificial intelligence (AI) and its increasing applications, including programming languages, intelligent CAI systems, and the employment of AI in medicine, science, and education. The book first elaborates on programming languages for AI research and applications-oriented AI research. Discussions cover scientific applications, teiresias, applications in chemistry, dependencies and assumptions, AI programming-language features, and LISP. The manuscript then examines applications-oriented AI research in medicine and education, including ICAI systems design, intelligent CAI systems, medical systems, and other applications of AI to education. The manuscript explores automatic programming, as well as the methods of program specification, basic approaches, and automatic programming systems. The book is a valuable source of data for computer science experts and researchers interested in conducting further research in artificial intelligence.

Artificial Intelligence in the 21st Century

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Author: Stephen Lucci,Danny Kopec

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1944534539

Category: Computers

Page: 615

View: 6390

This new edition provides a comprehensive, colorful, up-to-date, and accessible presentation of AI without sacrificing theoretical foundations. It includes numerous examples, applications, full color images, and human interest boxes to enhance student interest. New chapters on robotics and machine learning are now included. Advanced topics cover neural nets, genetic algorithms, natural language processing, planning, and complex board games. A companion DVD is provided with resources, applications, and figures from the book. Numerous instructors’ resources are available upon adoption. eBook Customers: Companion files are available for downloading with order number/proof of purchase by writing to the publisher at [email protected] FEATURES: • Includes new chapters on robotics and machine learning and new sections on speech understanding and metaphor in NLP • Provides a comprehensive, colorful, up to date, and accessible presentation of AI without sacrificing theoretical foundations • Uses numerous examples, applications, full color images, and human interest boxes to enhance student interest • Introduces important AI concepts e.g., robotics, use in video games, neural nets, machine learning, and more thorough practical applications • Features over 300 figures and color images with worked problems detailing AI methods and solutions to selected exercises • Includes DVD with resources, simulations, and figures from the book • Provides numerous instructors’ resources, including: solutions to exercises, Microsoft PP slides, etc.