Sacred Landscapes

Nature in Renaissance Manuscripts

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Author: Bryan C. Keene ,Alexandra Kaczenski

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606065467

Category: Art

Page: 112

View: 4509

Distant blue hills, soaring trees, vast cloudless skies—the majesty of nature has always had the power to lift the human spirit. For some it evokes a sense of timelessness and wonder. For others it reinforces religious convictions. And for many people today it raises concerns for the welfare of the planet. During the Renaissance, artists from Italy to Flanders and England to Germany depicted nature in their religious art to intensify the spiritual experience of the viewer. Devotional manuscripts for personal or communal use—from small-scale prayer books to massive choir books—were filled with some of the most illusionistic nature studies of this period. Sacred Landscapes, which accompanies an exhibition at the J. Paul Getty Museum, presents some of the most impressive examples of this art, gathering a wide range of illuminated manuscripts made between 1400 and 1600, as well as panel paintings, drawings, and decorative arts. Readers will see the influence of such masters as Albrecht Dürer, Jan van Eyck, Leonardo da Vinci, and Piero della Francesca and will gain new appreciation for manuscript illuminators like Simon Bening, Joris Hoefnagel, Vincent Raymond, and the Spitz Master. These artists were innovative in the early development of landscape painting and were revered throughout the early modern period. The authors provide thoughtful examination of works from the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries.

Landscape, Nature, and the Sacred in Byzantium

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Author: Veronica della Dora

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316495590

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 5913

Nature is as much an idea as a physical reality. By 'placing' nature within Byzantine culture and within the discourse of Orthodox Christian thought and practice, Landscape, Nature and the Sacred in Byzantium explores attitudes towards creation that are utterly and fascinatingly different from the modern. Drawing on Patristic writing and on Byzantine literature and art, the book develops a fresh conceptual framework for approaching Byzantine perceptions of space and the environment. It takes readers on an imaginary flight over the Earth and its varied topographies of gardens and wilderness, mountains and caves, rivers and seas, and invites them to shift from the linear time of history to the cyclical time and spaces of the sacred - the time and spaces of eternal returns and revelations.

Sacred Landscape in Medieval Afghanistan

Revisiting the Faḍā"il-i Balkh

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Author: Arezou Azad

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510696

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 4396

This book is about a sacred place called Balkh, known to the ancient Greeks as Bactra. Located in the north of today's Afghanistan, along the silk road, Balkh was holy to many. The Prophet Zoroaster is rumoured to have died here, and during late antiquity, Balkh was the home of the Naw Bahār, a famed Buddhist temple and monastery. By the tenth century, Balkh had become a critical centre of Islamic learning and early poetry in the New Persian language that grew after the Islamic conquests and continues to be spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia today. In this book, Arezou Azad provides the first in-depth study of the sacred sites and landscape of medieval Balkh, which continues to exemplify age-old sanctity in the Persian-speaking world and the eastern lands of Islam generally. Azad focuses on the five centuries from the Islamic conquests in the eighth century to just before the arrival of the Mongols in the thirteenth century, the crucial period in the emergence of Perso-Islamic historiography and Islamic legal thought. The book traces the development of 'sacred landscape', the notion that a place has a sensory meaning, as distinct from a purely topographical space. This opens up new possibilities for our understanding of Islamisation in the eastern Islamic lands, and specifically the transition from Buddhism to Islam. Azad offers a new look at the medieval local history of Balkh, the Faḍā"il-i Balkh, and analyses its creation of a sacred landscape for Balkh. In doing so, she provides a compelling example of how the sacredness of a place is perpetuated through narratives, irrespective of the dominant religion or religious strand of the time.

Giovanni Bellini

Landscapes of Faith in Renaissance Venice

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Author: Davide Gasparotto

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606065319

Category: Art

Page: 148

View: 6031

Praised by Albrecht Dürer as being “the best in painting,” Giovanni Bellini (ca. 1430– 1516) is unquestionably the supreme Venetian painter of the quattrocento and one of the greatest Italian artists of all time. His landscapes assume a prominence unseen in Western art since classical antiquity. Drawing from a selection of masterpieces that span Bellini's long and successful career, this exhibition catalogue focuses on the main function of landscape in his oeuvre: to enhance the meditational nature of paintings intended for the private devotion of intellectually sophisticated, elite patrons. The subtle doctrinal content of Bellini’s work—the isolated crucifix in a landscape, the “sacred conversation,” the image of Saint Jerome in the wilderness—is always infused with his instinct for natural representation, resulting in extremely personal interpretations of religious subjects immersed in landscapes where the real and the symbolic are inextricably intertwined. This volume includes a biography of the artist, essays by leading authorities in the field explicating the themes of the J. Paul Getty Museum’s exhibition, and detailed discussions and glorious reproductions of the twelve works in the show, including their history and provenance, function, iconography, chronology, and style.

Landscape Urbanism and its Discontents

Dissimulating the Sustainable City

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Author: AndrŽs Duany,Emily Talen

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 1550925369

Category: Architecture

Page: 336

View: 7948

Landscape Urbanism vs. the New Urbanism--negotiating the relationship between cities and the natural world.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9692

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Toward a Global Middle Ages

Encountering the World Through Illuminated Manuscripts

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Author: Bryan C. Keene

Publisher: J. Paul Getty Museum

ISBN: 9781606065983

Category: Art

Page: 296

View: 5903

Poussin's Sacrament of Ordination

History, Faith, and the Sacred Landscape

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Author: Jonathan Unglaub

Publisher: Kimbell Art Museum

ISBN: 9780300195910

Category: Art

Page: 102

View: 8051

Painted by Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665), TheSacrament of Ordination is a major milestone of Franco-Italian classicism of the 17th century. The magisterial painting depicts Christ’s charge to Saint Peter and offers a profound meditation on nature, faith, and the epochal unfolding of sacred history. This lovely book celebrates the work, recently acquired by the Kimbell Art Museum. Jonathan W. Unglaub, esteemed authority on the topic, shows how Poussin ingeniously employed the landscape setting and seemingly incidental figures to imbue the apparently conventional but deceptively meaningful painting with a broad sweep of sacred history. The author also considers the painting in the context of Poussin’s two series of the Seven Sacraments and makes the case that the artist redefined the ambitions of narrative painting and landscape, sowing the seeds of pictorial classicism.

The Cultural Life of Images

Visual Representation in Archaeology

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Author: Brian Leigh Molyneaux

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134546300

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 4702

Pictures are often admired for their aesthetic merits but they are rarely treated as if they had as much to offer as the written word. They are often overlooked as objects of analysis themselves, and tend to be seen simply as adjuncts to the text. Images, however, are not passive, and have a direct impact that engages attention in ways independent of any specific text. Advertising, entertainment and propaganda have realised the extent of this power to shape ideas, but the scientific community has hitherto neglected the ways in which visual material conditions the ways in which we think. With subjects including prehistoric artworks, excavation illustrations, artists' impressions of ancient sites and peoples and contemporary landscapes, photographs and drawings, this study explores how pictures shape our perceptions and our expectations of the past. This volume is not concerned with the accuracy of pictures from the past or directly about the past itself, but is interested instead in why certain subjects are selected, why they are depicted the way they are, and what effects such images have on our idea of the past. This collection constitutes a ground-breaking study in historiography which radically reassesses the ways that history can be written.

Helmuth Plessner: Die Stufen des Organischen und der Mensch

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Author: Hans-Peter Krüger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110552965

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 4289

Die philosophisch-anthropologische Frage, welche Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen den personalen und den non-personalen Lebensformen bestehen, ist erneut in den Mittelpunkt der öffentlichen Diskussion gerückt, von der Ökologie und vergleichenden Verhaltensforschung bis zu den Fagen nach einem guten Leben von Menschen als Personen und ihren Konflikten. Plessners Naturphilosophie erschließt einen Rahmen für die Stellung der personalen Lebenssphäre in der Natur. Diese Stellung muss man als Ganze voraussetzen, um analytische Fragen in der personalen Lebensführung sinnvoll stellen und beantworten zu können. Seine Erschließung eines neuen Natur- und Menschenverständnisses in der Welt kombiniert die phänomenologische Methode, die Erfahrung qualitativ zu beschreiben, mit der hermeneutischen Methode, die Phänomene geschichtlich verschieden verstehen zu können, und mit der dialektischen Mehode, die Krisen in der Zuordnung von Fragen und Antworten des Verhaltens kategorial in Stufen zu rekonstruieren. Diese phänomenologische und dialektische Hermeneutik der Natur ist für Philosophen und Lebenswissenschaftler,aller Fachrichtungen ein Klassiker.

Mi'kmaq Landscapes

From Animism to Sacred Ecology

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Author: Dr Anne-Christine Hornborg

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409477940

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 3219

This book seeks to explore historical changes in the lifeworld of the Mi'kmaq Indians of Eastern Canada. The Mi'kmaq culture hero Kluskap serves as a key persona in discussing issues such as traditions, changing conceptions of land, and human-environmental relations. In order not to depict Mi'kmaq culture as timeless, two important periods in its history are examined. Within the first period, between 1850 and 1930, Hornborg explores historical evidence of the ontology, epistemology, and ethics - jointly labelled animism - that stem from a premodern Mi'kmaq hunting subsistence. New ways of discussing animism and shamanism are here richly exemplified. The second study situates the culture hero in the modern world of the 1990s, when allusions to Mi'kmaq tradition and to Kluskap played an important role in the struggle against a planned superquarry on Cape Breton. This study discusses the eco-cosmology that has been formulated by modern reserve inhabitants which could be labelled a 'sacred ecology'. Focusing on how the Mi'kmaq are rebuilding their traditions and environmental relations in interaction with modern society, Hornborg illustrates how environmental groups, pan-Indianism, and education play an important role, but so does reserve life. By anchoring their engagement in reserve life the Mi'kmaq traditionalists have, to a large extent, been able to confront both external and internal doubts about their authenticity.

Man in the Landscape

A Historic View of the Esthetics of Nature

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Author: Paul Shepard

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820327143

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 5114

A pioneering exploration of the roots of our attitudes toward nature, Paul Shepard's most seminal work is as challenging and provocative today as when it first appeared in 1967. Man in the Landscape was among the first books of a new genre that has elucidated the ideas, beliefs, and images that lie behind our modern destruction and conservation of the natural world. Departing from the traditional study of land use as a history of technology, this book explores the emergence of modern attitudes in literature, art, and architecture--their evolutionary past and their taproot in European and Mediterranean cultures. With humor and wit, Shepard considers the influence of Christianity on ideas of nature, the absence of an ethic of nature in modern philosophy, and the obsessive themes of dominance and control as elements of the modern mind. In his discussions of the exploration of the American West, the establishment of the first national parks, and the reactions of pioneers to their totally new habitat, he identifies the transport of traditional imagery into new places as a sort of cultural baggage.

Mediaevistik

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civilization, Medieval

Page: N.A

View: 8758

The Language of Landscape

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Author: Anne Whiston Spirn

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300082944

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 1083

This eloquent and powerful book combines poetry and pragmatism to teach the language of landscape. Anne Whiston Spirn, author of the award-winning The Granite Garden: Urban Nature and Human Design, argues that the language of landscape exists with its own syntax, grammar, and metaphors, and that we imperil ourselves by failing to learn to read and speak this language. To understand the meanings of landscape, our habitat, is to see the world differently and to enable ourselves to avoid profound aesthetic and environmental mistakes. Offering examples that range across thousands of years and five continents, Spirn examines urban, rural, and natural landscapes. She discusses the thought of renowned landscape authors--Thomas Jefferson, Frank Lloyd Wright, Frederick Law Olmsted, Lawrence Halprin--and of less well known pioneers, including Australian architect Glenn Murcutt and Danish landscape artist C. Th. Sørensen. She discusses instances of great landscape designers using landscape fluently, masterfully, and sometimes cynically. And, in a probing analysis of the many meanings of landscape, Spirn shows how one person's ideal landscape may be another's nightmare, how Utopian landscapes can be dark. There is danger when we lose the connection between a place and our understanding of it, Spirn warns, and she calls for change in the way we shape our environment, based on the notions of nature as a set of ideas and landscape as the expression of action and ideas in place.

Christian Pilgrimage, Landscape and Heritage

Journeying to the Sacred

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Author: Avril Maddrell,Veronica della Dora,Alessandro Scafi,Heather Walton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013136

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 5096

This volume provides a theoretically and empirically-grounded study of the significance of landscape in the experience of Christian pilgrimage across different denominations and its intersection with cultural heritage and tourism. The book focuses on pilgrimages to Meteora (Greece), Subiaco (Italy) and the Isle of Man. These are each sites of scenic beauty that boast a rich heritage associated respectively to Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Ecumenical/ Protestant denominations. The study discusses different Christian theologies, practices and perspectives on the nature and the purpose of pilgrimage in these traditions. It draws on participant experiential accounts, archival research, and interviews with clergy, laity and local stakeholders. Special attention is paid to the themes of sacred space and practice, aesthetics, mobilities, embodiment and performance, emotional geographies, theology, cultural heritage, consumption and commodification, and the pilgrim-tourist continuum.

Divina Proportione

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Author: F.L. Pacioli

Publisher: Рипол Классик

ISBN: 5879564436

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2841

On Landscapes

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Author: Susan Herrington

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415991254

Category: Architecture

Page: 150

View: 4480

There is no escaping landscape: it's everywhere and part of everyone's life. Landscapes have received much less attention in aesthetics than those arts we can choose to ignore, such as painting or music - but they can tell us a lot about the ethical and aesthetic values of the societies that produce them. Drawing on examples from a wide range of landscapes from around the world and throughout history, Susan Herrington considers the ways landscapes can affect our emotions, our imaginations, and our understanding of the passage of time. On Landscapes reveals the design work involved in even the most naturalistic of landscapes, and the ways in which contemporary landscapes are turning the challenges of the industrial past into opportunities for the future. Inviting us to thoughtfully see and experience the landscapes that we encounter in our daily lives, On Landscapes demonstrates that art is all around us.

Der Hofmann

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Author: Baldassare Castiglione

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2506