Market Towns

Roles, challenges and prospects

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Author: Neil Powe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136772383

Category: Architecture

Page: 200

View: 8873

Original and insightful, this volume, giving in-depth consideration to the key issues affecting the future of market towns, provides readers with a framework for evaluating policy initiatives and progress in market towns. Through a detailed analysis of the characteristics of over 200 towns and in-depth studies of eleven towns in different parts of England, the authors identify and explore a number of key roles for market towns. Such as: retirement towns commuter towns employment centres service centres tourist towns. Setting the results in the context of past and current policy, they consider in more detail some of the critical issues, including increased personal mobility, aging populations, housing growth and affordability, employment and retail competitiveness. Drawing on this detailed case study material, a final section explores the future role of market towns as sustainable communities and how they might best assure their futures. Addressing issues which have not yet been covered in contemporary planning literature, this comprehensive volume provides a wide-ranging discussion that will appeal to those involved at all levels of practice related to market towns as well as to academics and students working in both rural and urban geography and planning.

Inklusion und Exklusion

Studien zur Gesellschaftstheorie

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Author: Rudolf Stichweh

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839422949

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3629

Das Buch untersucht die Einbeziehung von Personen in die globalisierten Funktionssysteme der modernen Gesellschaft. Es geht erstens um »Leistungsrollen«, in denen eine Person Tätigkeiten und Verpflichtungen übernimmt, die für einen gesellschaftlichen Handlungsbereich konstitutiv sind. Zweitens werden die vielfältigen »Publikumsrollen« analysiert, die all jenen zur Verfügung stehen, die eher im Status des Beobachters in das Geschehen in einem System eingreifen. Ein dritter Gegenstand sind »Exklusionen«, d.h. die Möglichkeiten der Nichtberücksichtigung und des Ausschlusses von Personen aus sozialen Systemen. Eine soziologisch entscheidende Frage ist, ob in der Moderne eine Exklusion immer einen Wiedereinschluss an einem anderen sozialen Ort - und sei dies als Zugehörigkeit zu einem abweichenden Sozialsystem - nach sich zieht. Diese drei Stränge verknüpft das in erweiterter zweiter Auflage erscheinende Buch mit Überlegungen zum Fremden und zu Migration, zur Theorie der Weltgesellschaft und deren funktionaler Differenzierung und zu neu entstehenden Formen der Ungleichheit in der Gegenwartsgesellschaft.

Spatial Microsimulation for Rural Policy Analysis

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Author: Cathal O'Donoghue,Dimitris Ballas,Graham Clarke,Stephen Hynes,Karyn Morrissey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364230026X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 7868

The aim of this book is to explore the challenges facing rural communities and economies and to demonstrate the potential of spatial microsimulation for policy and analysis in a rural context. This is done by providing a comprehensive overview of a particular spatial microsimulation model called SMILE (Simulation Model of the Irish Local Economy). The model has been developed over a ten year period for applied policy analyis in Ireland which is seen as an ideal study area given its large percentage of population living in rural areas. The book reviews the policy context and the state of the art in spatial microsimulation against which SMILE was developed, describes in detail its model design and calibration, and presents example of outputs showing what new information the model provides using a spatial matching process. The second part of the book explores a series of rural issues or problems, including the impacts of new or changing government or EU policies, and examines the contribution that spatial microsimulation can provide in each area.

Global Civil Society 2011

Globality and the Absence of Justice

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Author: H. Seckinelgin,Billy Wong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230303803

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2671

Global Civil Society 2011 combines activist and academic accounts of contemporary struggles to promote, negotiate and deliver justice in a global frame without a central authority. In their engagement with cultural diversity and their networked communication the contributors rethink and remake justice beyond the confines of the nation state.

Exklusion

Die Gefährdung des Sozialen im hoch entwickelten Kapitalismus

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Author: Martin Kronauer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593391767

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 1980

Prekäre Beschäftigung, Arbeitslosigkeit und Armut bringen Formen sozialer Ausgrenzung hervor, die in allen westlichen Gesellschaften ein Problem darstellen. Über die Ursachen und Folgen wird in den Sozialwissenschaften in Europa und den USA breit diskutiert. Martin Kronauer bietet in seiner grundlegenden Studie einen gut verständlichen Überblick über diese umfangreichen Debatten und die sich dahinter verbergende, immer explosiver werdende gesellschaftliche Realität. Dabei zeigt sich, dass sich das Problem der sozialen Exklusion besonders in den Städten verdichtet und die sozialen Grundlagen der Demokratie gefährdet. In seinem jetzt überarbeiteten und um ein aktuelles Nachwort erweiterten Buch gelingt es dem Autor, den Begriff der Exklusion zu schärfen und ihn für weitere Analysen unserer Gesellschaft nutzbar zu machen.

An den Rändern der Städte

Armut und Ausgrenzung

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Author: Hartmut Häussermann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Marginality, Social

Page: 343

View: 8117

Die Ausgeschlossenen

das Ende vom Traum einer gerechten Gesellschaft

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Author: Heinz Bude

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423345996

Category:

Page: 140

View: 8614

Environmental Gerontology

Making Meaningful Places in Old Age

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Author: Graham D. Rowles, PhD,Marie A. Bernard

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108148

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2185

"[This book] addresses issues on both sides of the Atlantic; examines the theoretical underpinnings of environmental gerontology...; and provides useful practical applications and guiding principles....Recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries The environments in which people live out their later lives have a strong impact on their identity and provide opportunities for nourishing social interactions. This volume translates the insights derived from contemporary research on residential environments and public spaces that enhance well-being into practical recommendations for the design of such beneficial community environments. The text is grounded in the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings of current research on place attachment, environmental meaning, and community living in later life. Emphasis is placed on how to design residential spaces that facilitate the development of a sense of place or home, and investigation is made into the kinds of lifestyles such spaces foster and support. A major theme pervading the text is the juxtaposition of private and public space. The book also addresses such themes as the transformation of spaces into places of personal identification and attachment, the need for shared intergenerational spaces, and consideration of diverse populations when designing public spaces. The book also considers how emerging public policy agendas affect the development and management of environments for the elderly. Environmental Gerontology includes the contributions of scholars in anthropology, architecture, economics, education, geography, gerontology, planning, psychology, sociology, and numerous health sciences, who hail from North America, Europe, and Asia. With its strong interdisciplinary focus, this text offers innovative and judicious recommendations for the creation of community environments that are truly beneficial for older adults. Key Features: Provides an up-to-date synthesis of the latest research on the meaning of place to older people and its relationship to well-being Offers fresh insight and critical perspectives on community planning and environmental design Considers private residences, retirement communities, long-term care facilities, and public and private community spaces Includes guiding principles for environmental design and practice relevant to the documented needs of older people Synthesizes contributions from international scholars in many disciplines

Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives

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Author: Paul Milbourne,Terry Marsden

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509182

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 939

Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.

Community action and planning

Contexts, drivers and outcomes

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Author: Gallent, Nick,Ciaffi, Daniela

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447321227

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3180

With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its part, is keen to embrace the projects and the planning undertaken at this level, attempting to regularise it and use it as a means of reconnecting to citizens and localising democracy. This unique book analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in a selection of case studies in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille. It will be a valuable resource for academic researchers and for postgraduate students on social policy, planning and community development courses.

Exklusion

die Debatte über die "Überflüssigen"

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Author: Heinz Bude

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518294192

Category: Marginality, Social

Page: 335

View: 966

Das Gesellschaftsempfinden ist am Anfang unseres Jahrhunderts von der Vorstellung beherrscht, daß sich über die alte Unterscheidung von Oben und Unten die neue von Drinnen und Draußen legt. Quer durch die Schichten und Milieus zieht sich eine Spaltung zwischen denen, die von den Veränderungen der gesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse profitieren, und jenen, die nicht mithalten können. Die Provokation des Exklusionsbegriffs besteht darin, daß er eine Verbindung zwischen Rand und Mitte der Gesellschaft herstellt. Was man einst als Randgruppenphänomen von sich weisen konnte, hat die Mitte der Gesellschaft erreicht. Man erlebt schrittweise Degradierungen, die plötzlich eine Schwelle ins soziale Aus überschreiten. Die "Überflüssigen" haben keinen angestammten Ort, nur noch ein gemeinsames Schicksal. Heinz Bude ist Professor für Soziologie an der Universität Kassel und Mitarbeiter am Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung. Andreas Willisch ist am Thünen-Institut Bollewick tätig.

Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies

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Author: Mark Shucksmith,David L. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317619854

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 6970

Rural societies around the world are changing in fundamental ways, both at their own initiative and in response to external forces. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies examines the organisation and transformation of rural society in more developed regions of the world, taking an interdisciplinary and problem-focused approach. Written by leading social scientists from many countries, it addresses emerging issues and challenges in innovative and provocative ways to inform future policy. This volume is organised around eight emerging social, economic and environmental challenges: Demographic change. Economic transformations. Food systems and land. Environment and resources. Changing configurations of gender and rural society. Social and economic equality. Social dynamics and institutional capacity. Power and governance. Cross-cutting these challenges are the growing interdependence of rural and urban; the rise in inequality within and between places; the impact of fiscal crisis on rural societies; neoliberalism, power and agency; and rural areas as potential sites of resistance. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies is required reading for anyone concerned with the future of rural areas.

Citizenship, Belonging and Intergenerational Relations in African Migration

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Author: C. Attias-Donfut,J. Cook,J. Hoffman,L. Waite

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390323

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 7692

This book explores migration experiences of African families across two generations in Britain, France and South Africa. Global processes of African migration are investigated, and the lived experiences of African migrants are explored in areas such as citizenship, belonging, intergenerational transmission, work and social mobility.

Labor Movement

How Migration Regulates Labor Markets

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Author: Harald Bauder

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019020835X

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 4964

Throughout the industrialized world, international migrants serve as nannies, construction workers, gardeners and small-business entrepreneurs. Labor Movement suggests that the international migration of workers is necessary for the survival of industrialized economies. The book thus turns the conventional view of international migration on its head: it investigates how migration regulates labor markets, rather than labor markets shaping migration flows. Assuming a critical view of orthodox economic theory, the book illustrates how different legal, social and cultural strategies towards international migrants are deployed and coordinated within the wider neo-liberal project to render migrants and immigrants vulnerable, pushing them into performing distinct economic roles and into subordinate labor market situations. Drawing on social theories associated with Pierre Bourdieu and other prominent thinkers, Labor Movement suggests that migration regulates labor markets through processes of social distinction, cultural judgement and the strategic deployment of citizenship. European and North American case studies illustrate how the labor of international migrants is systematically devalued and how popular discourse legitimates the demotion of migrants to subordinate labor. Engaging with various immigrant groups in different cities, including South Asian immigrants in Vancouver, foreigners and Spätaussiedler in Berlin, and Mexican and Caribbean offshore workers in rural Ontario, the studies seek to unravel the complex web of regulatory labor market processes related to international migration. Recognizing and understanding these processes, Bauder argues, is an important step towards building effective activist strategies and for envisioning new roles for migrating workers and people. The book is a valuable resource to researchers and students in economics, ethnic and migration studies, geography, sociology, political science, and to frontline activists in Europe, North America and beyond.