Rubbish!

The Archaeology of Garbage

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Author: William L. Rathje,Cullen Murphy

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816521432

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 1049

It is from the discards of former civilizations that archaeologists have reconstructed most of what we know about the past, and it is through their examination of today's garbage that William Rathje and Cullen Murphy inform us of our present. Rubbish! is their witty and erudite investigation into all aspects of the phenomenon of garbage. Rathje and Murphy show what the study of garbage tells us about a population's demographics and buying habits. Along the way, they dispel the common myths about our "garbage crisis"—about fast-food packaging and disposable diapers, about biodegradable garbage and the acceleration of the average family's garbage output. They also suggest methods for dealing with the garbage we do have.

Archaeology For Dummies

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Author: Nancy Marie White

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470457813

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1070

An objective guide to this fascinating science of history andculture Archaeology continually makes headlines--from recent discoverieslike the frozen Copper-Age man in the Italian Alps to the newestdating of the first people in America at over 14,0000 years ago.Archaeology For Dummies offers a fascinating look at thisintriguing field, taking readers on-site and revealing little-knowndetails about some of the world's greatest archaeologicaldiscoveries. It explores how archaeology attempts to uncover thelives of our ancestors, examining historical dig sites around theworld and explaining theories about ancient human societies. Theguide also offers helpful information for readers who want toparticipate in an excavation themselves, as well as tips forgetting the best training and where to look for jobs.

Archaeologies of waste

encounters with the unwanted

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Author: Daniel Sosna,Lenka Brunclíková

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785703285

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 7215

Waste represents a category of ‘things’, which is familiar and ubiquitous but rarely reflected in archaeological and cultural studies. Perception of waste changes over time and practices associated with waste vary. The ambiguity of waste challenges traditional archaeological approaches that take advantage of refuse to infer past behaviour. Recent developments in research in the social sciences and humanities indicate that waste offers many more dimensions for exploration. This interdisciplinary book brings together scholars who demonstrate the potential of research into waste for understanding humans, non-humans and their inter-relations. In 12 chapters the authors cover topics ranging from the relationship between waste and identity in early agricultural settlements to the perception of contemporary nuclear waste. Although archaeological approaches dominate the contributions, there are also chapters that represent the results of anthropological and historical research. The book is structured into three main sections that explore the relationship between waste and three domains of interest: value, social differentiation, and space. Archaeologies of Waste will interest archaeologists, anthropologists, historians and other readers intrigued by the potential of things, which were left behind, to shed light on social life.

Archaeology

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Author: Robert L. Kelly,David Hurst Thomas

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 130567040X

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 7177

The seventh edition of ARCHAEOLOGY reflects the most recent research and changes in the field, while making core concepts easy to understand through an engaging writing style, personalized examples, and high-interest topics. This text pairs two of archaeology's most recognized names, Robert L. Kelly and David Hurst Thomas, who together have over 75 years of experience leading excavations. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Next to Godliness: Confronting Dirt and Despair in Progressive Era New York City

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Author: Daniel Eli Burnstein

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252030249

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 9526

To many Progressive Era reformers, the extent of street cleanliness was an important gauge for determining whether a city was providing the conditions necessary for impoverished immigrants to attain a state of "decency"--a level of individual well-being and morality that would help ensure a healthy and orderly city. Daniel Eli Burnstein's study examines prominent street sanitation issues in Progressive Era New York City--ranging from garbage strikes to "juvenile cleaning leagues"--to explore how middle-class reformers amassed a cross-class and cross-ethnic base of support for social reform measures to a degree greater than in practically any other period of prosperity in U.S. history. The struggle for enhanced civic sanitation serves as a window for viewing Progressive Era social reformers' attitudes, particularly their emphasis on mutual obligations between the haves and have-nots, and their recognition of the role of negative social and physical conditions in influencing individual behaviors.

Garbage

Investigate What Happens When You Throw It Out with 25 Projects

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Author: Donna Latham

Publisher: Build it Yourself

ISBN: 9781936313464

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 117

View: 5417

Introduces waste and recycling, examines the effectiveness of recycling, and uses projects to investigate the world of trash.

Trash Talks

Revelations in the Rubbish

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Author: Elizabeth V. Spelman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190239352

Category: Material culture

Page: 256

View: 6534

A lively investigation of the intimate connections we maintain with the things we toss away It's hard to think of trash as anything but a growing menace. Our communities face crises over what to do with the mountains of rubbish we produce, the enormous amount of biological waste generated by humans and animals, and the truckloads of electronic equipment judged to be obsolete. All this effluvia poses widespread problems for human health, the well-being of the planet, and the quality of our lives. But though our notorious habits of disposal have put us well on the way to making the earth inhospitable to life, our relation to rejectamenta includes much more than shedding and tossing. In Trash Talks, philosopher Elizabeth V. Spelman explores the extent to which we rely on trash and waste to make sense of our lives. Examples are rich: We use people's rubbish to gain information about them. We trumpet wastefulness as a means of signaling social status. We take the occupation of handling trash and garbage as revelatory of possible moral or spiritual shortcomings. We are intrigued by or in distress over the idea that evolution is a prodigiously wasteful process and that it is to the dustbin that each of us, and our species, shall ultimately repair. In the heaps of our trash, some see consequences of dissatisfaction, while others find confirmation of a flourishing consumer economy. While we may want to shove debris and detritus out of sight, many of our most impassioned projects involve keeping these objects resolutely in mind. Trash talks, and there is much of which it speaks.

Waste and Want

A Social History of Trash

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Author: Susan Strasser

Publisher: Holt Paperbacks

ISBN: 1466872284

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 5083

An unprecedented look at that most commonplace act of everyday life--throwing things out--and how it has transformed American society. Susan Strasser's pathbreaking histories of housework and the rise of the mass market have become classics in the literature of consumer culture. Here she turns to an essential but neglected part of that culture--the trash it produces--and finds in it an unexpected wealth of meaning. Before the twentieth century, streets and bodies stank, but trash was nearly nonexistent. With goods and money scarce, almost everything was reused. Strasser paints a vivid picture of an America where scavenger pigs roamed the streets, swill children collected kitchen garbage, and itinerant peddlers traded manufactured goods for rags and bones. Over the last hundred years, however, Americans have become hooked on convenience, disposability, fashion, and constant technological change--the rise of mass consumption has led to waste on a previously unimaginable scale. Lively and colorful, Waste and Want recaptures a hidden part of our social history, vividly illustrating that what counts as trash depends on who's counting, and that what we throw away defines us as much as what we keep.

It's True! This book is a load of rubbish (14)

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Author: Deborah Burnside,Andrew Plant

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 1741155983

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 5768

Pssst! It's true! This is the best book on rubbish you'll ever read! Here's a racy review of rubbish and recycling through the ages, from the times when pigs were let loose in the street to clean up garbage to today's high-tech methods for re-using glass and plastic. Dive into drains and delve into dumps to find out the lore and law of rubbish, and unearth the facts about spies who fossicked in trash cans looking for evidence of dirty deeds.

Just curious

essays

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Author: Cullen Murphy

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 251

View: 9968

Offering a new look at everyday things, the editor of The Atlantic Monthly considers a variety of topics ranging from tax courts to religion, archaeology to ventriloquism, in a collection of unpredictable, shrewd, and informative essays.

Global Garbage

Urban imaginaries of waste, excess, and abandonment

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Author: Christoph Lindner,Miriam Meissner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317554434

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 3633

Global Garbage examines the ways in which garbage, in its diverse forms, is being produced, managed, experienced, imagined, circulated, concealed, and aestheticized in contemporary urban environments and across different creative and cultural practices. The book explores the increasingly complex relationship between globalization and garbage in locations such as Beirut, Detroit, Hong Kong, London, Los Angeles, Manchester, Naples, Paris, Rio de Janeiro and Tehran. In particular, the book examines how, and under what conditions, contemporary imaginaries of excess, waste, and abandonment perpetuate – but also sometimes counter – the imbalances of power that are frequently associated with the global metropolitan condition. This interdisciplinary collection will appeal to the fields of anthropology, architecture, film and media studies, geography, urban studies, sociology, and cultural analysis.

The Waste Crisis

Landfills, Incinerators, and the Search for a Sustainable Future

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Author: Hans Y. Tammemagi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195351682

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 1470

As populations continue to increase, society produces more and more waste. Yet it is becoming increasingly difficult to build new landfills, and the existing landfills are causing significant environmental damage. Finding solutions is not simple; the problem is enormous in size, vital in terms of its impact on the environment, and complex in scope. This book provides a vast look at solid waste management in North America and seeks solutions to the waste crisis. It describes the magnitude and complexity of the problem, focusing on municipal wastes and placing them in the perspective of other wastes such as hazardous, biochemical, and radioactive debris. It describes the components of an integrated waste management program, including recycling, composting, landfills, and waste incinerators, and it presents in detail the scientific and engineering principles underlying these technologies. To illustrate both the problems and solutions of waste management programs, the authors provide seven case histories, among them the Fresh Kills (Staten Island, New York), the East Carbon Landfill (Utah), and the Lancaster County Municipal Waste Incinerator (Pennsylvania). The Waste Crisis is unique in its attempt to analyze waste management in a broader societal context and to propose solutions based on basic principles. And by doing so, it encourages readers to challenge commonly held perceptions and to seek new and better ways of dealing with waste. As such, this book deserves a place on the bookshelf of anyone who deals with or feels the need to confront the growing problems of waste management.

At Home with the Aztecs

An Archaeologist Uncovers Their Daily Life

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Author: Michael Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317328256

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 4974

At Home with the Aztecs provides a fresh view of Aztec society, focusing on households and communities instead of kings, pyramids, and human sacrifice. This new approach offers an opportunity to humanize the Aztecs, moving past the popular stereotype of sacrificial maniacs to demonstrate that these were successful and prosperous communities. Michael Smith also engagingly describes the scientific, logistic and personal dimensions of archaeological fieldwork, drawing on decades of excavating experience and considering how his research was affected by his interaction with contemporary Mexican communities. Through first-hand accounts of the ways archaeologists interpret sites and artifacts, the book illuminates how the archaeological process can provide information about ancient families. Facilitating a richer understanding of the Aztec world, Smith’s research also redefines success, prosperity and resilience in ancient societies, making this book suitable not only for those interested in the Aztecs but in the examination of complex societies in general.

Encyclopedia of Consumption and Waste

The Social Science of Garbage

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Author: Carl A. Zimring,William L. Rathje

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412988195

Category: Science

Page: 1177

View: 6200

These volumes convey what daily life is like in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Entries will aid readers in understanding the importance of cultural sociology, to appreciate the effects of cultural forces around the world.

Reading Archaeology

An Introduction

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Author: Robert James Muckle

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: 9781551118765

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 6337

"Not many archaeology books are as useful and well written, with both faculty and student in mind." - Mark Lewine, Cuyahoga Community College

What It Means to Be 98% Chimpanzee

Apes, People, and Their Genes

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Author: Jonathan Marks

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520240642

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 5670

Focusing on the remarkable similarity between chimp and human DNA, the author explores the role of molecular genetics, anthropology, biology, and psychology in the human-ape relationship.

Gone Tomorrow

The Hidden Life of Garbage

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Author: Heather Rogers

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595581200

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 4930

A sobering exploration of our high-octane trash output that was named an Editor's Choice by the New York Times and a nonfiction choice by The Guardian.

Are We Rome?

The Fall of an Empire and the Fate of America

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Author: Cullen Murphy

Publisher: HMH

ISBN: 0547527071

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3184

What went wrong in imperial Rome, and how we can avoid it: “If you want to understand where America stands in the world today, read this.” —Thomas E. Ricks The rise and fall of ancient Rome has been on American minds since the beginning of our republic. Depending on who’s doing the talking, the history of Rome serves as either a triumphal call to action—or a dire warning of imminent collapse. In this “provocative and lively” book, Cullen Murphy points out that today we focus less on the Roman Republic than on the empire that took its place, and reveals a wide array of similarities between the two societies (The New York Times). Looking at the blinkered, insular culture of our capitals; the debilitating effect of bribery in public life; the paradoxical issue of borders; and the weakening of the body politic through various forms of privatization, Murphy persuasively argues that we most resemble Rome in the burgeoning corruption of our government and in our arrogant ignorance of the world outside—two things that must be changed if we are to avoid Rome’s fate. “Are We Rome? is just about a perfect book. . . . I wish every politician would spend an evening with this book.” —James Fallows

Warrior Women

An Archaeologist's Search for History's Hidden Heroines

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Author: Jeannine Davis-Kimball,Mona Behan

Publisher: Grand Central Publishing

ISBN: 9780446679831

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5608

Davis-Kimball weaves science, mythology and mystical cultures into a bold new historical tapestry of female warriors, heroines and leaders who have been left out of the history books-- until now.