Rome's Cultural Revolution

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Author: Andrew Wallace-Hadrill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521896843

Category: Art

Page: 502

View: 6481

Original interpretation of the fundamental transformations of Rome's society, culture and identity during the period of its imperial expansion.

The Roman Cultural Revolution

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Author: Thomas Habinek,Alessandro Schiesaro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521580922

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 2441

Multi-disciplinary exploration of the Roman Revolution as a cultural phenomenon.

Greece and the Augustan Cultural Revolution

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Author: A. J. S. Spawforth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139505025

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2041

This book examines the impact of the Roman cultural revolution under Augustus on the Roman province of Greece. It argues that the transformation of Roman Greece into a classicizing 'museum' was a specific response of the provincial Greek elites to the cultural politics of the Roman imperial monarchy. Against a background of Roman debates about Greek culture and Roman decadence, Augustus promoted the ideal of a Roman debt to a 'classical' Greece rooted in Europe and morally opposed to a stereotyped Asia. In Greece the regime signalled its admiration for Athens, Sparta, Olympia and Plataea as symbols of these past Greek glories. Cued by the Augustan monarchy, provincial Greek notables expressed their Roman orientation by competitive cultural work (revival of ritual; restoration of buildings) aimed at further emphasising Greece's 'classical' legacy. Reprised by Hadrian, the Augustan construction of 'classical' Greece helped to promote the archaism typifying Greek culture under the principate.

Rome's Revolution

Death of the Republic and Birth of the Empire

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Author: Richard Alston

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190231602

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 2831

On March 15th, 44 BC a group of senators stabbed Julius Caesar, the dictator of Rome. By his death, they hoped to restore Rome's Republic. Instead, they unleashed a revolution. By December of that year, Rome was plunged into a violent civil war. Three men--Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian--emerged as leaders of a revolutionary regime, which crushed all opposition. In time, Lepidus was removed, Antony and Cleopatra were dispatched, and Octavian stood alone as sole ruler of Rome. He became Augustus, Rome's first emperor, and by the time of his death in AD 14 the 500-year-old republic was but a distant memory and the birth of one of history's greatest empires was complete. Rome's Revolution provides a riveting narrative of this tumultuous period of change. Historian Richard Alston digs beneath the high politics of Cicero, Caesar, Antony, and Octavian to reveal the experience of the common Roman citizen and soldier. He portrays the revolution as the crisis of a brutally competitive society, both among the citizenry and among the ruling class whose legitimacy was under threat. Throughout, he sheds new light on the motivations that drove men to march on their capital city and slaughter their compatriots. He also shows the reasons behind and the immediate legacy of the awe inspiringly successful and ruthless reign of Emperor Augustus. An enthralling story of ancient warfare, social upheaval, and personal betrayal, Rome's Revolution offers an authoritative new account of an epoch which still haunts us today.

The Roman Retail Revolution

The Socio-Economic World of the Taberna

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Author: Steven J. R. Ellis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198769938

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2491

Tabernae were ubiquitous in all Roman cities, lining the busiest streets and dominating their most crowded intersections in numbers far exceeding those of any other form of building. That they played a vital role in the operation of the city, and indeed in the very definition of urbanizationin ancient Rome, is a point too often under-appreciated in Roman studies, and one which bears fruitful further exploration. The Roman Retail Revolution offers a thorough investigation into the social and economic worlds of the Roman shop, focusing on food and drink outlets in particular. Combining critical analysis of both archaeological material and textual sources, it challenges many of the conventional ideas about theplace of retailing in the Roman city and unravels the historical development of tabernae to identify three major waves or revolutions in the shaping of retail landscapes. The volume is underpinned by two new and important bodies of evidence: the first generated from the University of Cincinnati'srecent archaeological excavations into a Pompeian neighborhood of close to twenty shop-fronts, and the second resulting from a field-survey of the retail landscapes of more than a hundred cities from across the Roman world. The richness of this information, combined with the volume'sinterdisciplinary approach to the lives of the Roman sub-elite, results in a refreshingly original look at the history of retailing and urbanism in the Roman world.

God, Space, and City in the Roman Imagination

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Author: Richard Jenkyns

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019166300X

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 9302

God, Space, and City in the Roman Imagination is a unique exploration of the relationship between the ancient Romans' visual and literary cultures and their imagination. Drawing on a vast range of ancient sources, poetry and prose, texts, and material culture from all levels of Roman society, it analyses how the Romans used, conceptualized, viewed, and moved around their city. Jenkyns pays particular attention to the other inhabitants of Rome, the gods, and investigates how the Romans experienced and encountered them, with a particular emphasis on the personal and subjective aspects of religious life. Through studying interior spaces, both secular (basilicas, colonnades, and forums) and sacred spaces (the temples where the Romans looked upon their gods) and their representation in poetry, the volume also follows the development of an architecture of the interior in the great Roman public works of the first and second centuries AD. While providing new insights into the working of the Romans' imagination, it also offers powerful challenges to some long established orthodoxies about Roman religion and cultural behaviour.

Das Vorbild der Vergangenheit

Geschichtsbild und Reformvorschläge bei Cicero und Sallust

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Author: Iris Samotta

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515091671

Category: History

Page: 506

View: 4739

The imaginary subjects of the Roman writers Cicero and Sallust demonstrate how strongly the political culture of Rome was influenced by historical perception. Both authors derived the impulse for their political actions from the place within historical continuity at which they located themselves. Additionally, the impressive self-confidence with which they predicted the future success of the radical changes they proposed constitutes a clear indication of the unbroken capacity for learning and regeneration of the republican institutional system. German text.

Rome

An Empire's Story

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Author: Greg Woolf

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199972176

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 799

The very idea of empire was created in ancient Rome and even today traces of its monuments, literature, and institutions can be found across Europe, the Near East, and North Africa--and sometimes even further afield. In Rome, historian Greg Woolf expertly recounts how this mammoth empire was created, how it was sustained in crisis, and how it shaped the world of its rulers and subjects--a story spanning a millennium and a half of history. The personalities and events of Roman history have become part of the West's cultural lexicon, and Woolf provides brilliant retellings of each of these, from the war with Carthage to Octavian's victory over Cleopatra, from the height of territorial expansion under the emperors Trajan and Hadrian to the founding of Constantinople and the barbarian invasions which resulted in Rome's ultimate collapse. Throughout, Woolf carefully considers the conditions that made Rome's success possible and so durable, covering topics as diverse as ecology, slavery, and religion. Woolf also compares Rome to other ancient empires and to its many later imitators, bringing into vivid relief the Empire's most distinctive and enduring features. As Woolf demonstrates, nobody ever planned to create a state that would last more than a millennium and a half, yet Rome was able, in the end, to survive barbarian migrations, economic collapse and even the conflicts between a series of world religions that had grown up within its borders, in the process generating an image and a myth of empire that is apparently indestructible. Based on new research and compellingly told, this sweeping account promises to eclipse all previously published histories of the empire.

A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds

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Author: Beryl Rawson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390759

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 664

View: 7708

A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds draws from both established and current scholarship to offer a broad overview of the field, engage in contemporary debates, and pose stimulating questions about future development in the study of families. Provides up-to-date research on family structure from archaeology, art, social, cultural, and economic history Includes contributions from established and rising international scholars Features illustrations of families, children, slaves, and ritual life, along with maps and diagrams of sites and dwellings Honorable Mention for 2011 Single Volume Reference/Humanities & Social Sciences PROSE award granted by the Association of American Publishers

Latin Poetry: From the Beginnings through the End of the Republic: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

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Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803095

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 36

View: 899

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In classics, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of classics. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Egypt, Greece, and Rome

Civilizations of the Ancient Mediterranean

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Author: Charles Freeman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191509701

Category: History

Page: 784

View: 5461

Egypt, Greece, and Rome is regarded as one of the best general histories of the ancient world, having sold more than 80,000 copies in its first two editions. It is written for the general reader and the student coming to the subject for the first time and provides a reliable and highly accessible point of entry to the period. Beginning with the early Middle Eastern civilizations of Sumer, and continuing right through to the Islamic invasions and the birth of modern Europe after the collapse of the Roman empire, the book ranges beyond political history to cover art and architecture, philosophy, literature, society, and economy. A wide range of maps, illustrations, and photographs complements the text. This third edition has been extensively revised to appeal to the general reader with several chapters completely rewritten and a great deal of new material added, including a new selection of images.

Serious Play

Desire and Authority in the Poetry of Ovid, Chaucer, and Ariosto

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Author: Robert Hanning

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231526393

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 1935

Ovid, Chaucer, and Ariosto, premodern Europe's three greatest comic poets, found abundant cause for laughter in the foibles and follies of human desire. Yet they also excelled at the dangerous game of skewering the elites on whom they depended for patronage. The resulting depictions of addled lovers and rattled rulers create a unique dynamic of trenchant critique wrapped in amusing, enlightening, and disturbing fantasy, an achievement hailed as serio ludere, serious play, by Renaissance theorists. Through an imaginative analysis of Ovid's amatory poetry, Chaucer's dream poems and excerpts from the Canterbury Tales, and Ariosto's epic Orlando Furioso, Robert W. Hanning illuminates the contrast and continuities in often hilarious, always empathetic representations of bungled desire and thwarted political authority. He also documents the response of all three poets to the "authority" of cultural predecessors and poetic convention. Each poet lived through exciting times (Augustan Rome, late-medieval London, and high-Renaissance Italy, respectively) and their outsider-insider status links them as memorable speakers of comedic truth to power. Providing fresh perspectives on Ovid, Chaucer, and Ariosto within their rich historical moments, Serious Play isolates the elements that make their work so appealing centuries after they lived, observed, and wrote.

Tales of the Barbarians

Ethnography and Empire in the Roman West

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Author: Greg Woolf

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390803

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 192

View: 3871

Tales of the Barbarians traces the creation of new mythologies in the wake of Roman expansion westward to the Atlantic, and offers the first application of modern ethnographic theory to ancient material. Investigates the connections between empire and knowledge at the turn of the millennia, and the creation of new histories in the Roman West Explores how ancient geography, local histories and the stories of wandering heroes were woven together by Greek scholars and local experts Offers a fresh perspective by examining passages from ancient writers in a new light

Taken at the Flood

The Roman Conquest of Greece

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Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191664146

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4531

The Romans first set military foot on Greek soil in 229 BCE; only sixty or so years later it was all over, and shortly thereafter Greece became one of the first provinces of the emerging Roman Empire. It was an incredible journey - a swift, brutal, and determined conquest of the land to whose art, philosophy, and culture the Romans owed so much. Rome found the eastern Mediterranean divided, in an unstable balance of power, between three great kingdoms - the three Hellenistic kingdoms that had survived and flourished after the wars of Alexander the Great's Successors: Macedon, Egypt, and Syria. Internal troubles took Egypt more or less out of the picture, but the other two were reduced by Rome. Having established itself, by its defeat of Carthage, as the sole superpower in the western Mediterranean, Rome then systematically went about doing the same in the east, until the entire Mediterranean was under her control. Apart from the thrilling military action, the story of the Roman conquest of Greece is central to the story of Rome itself and the empire it created. As Robin Waterfield shows, the Romans developed a highly sophisticated method of dominance by remote control over the Greeks of the eastern Mediterranean - the cheap option of using authority and diplomacy to keep order rather than standing armies. And it is a story that raises a number of fascinating questions about Rome, her empire, and her civilization. For instance, to what extent was the Roman conquest a planned and deliberate policy? What was it about Roman culture that gave it such a will for conquest? And what was the effect on Roman intellectual and artistic culture, on their very identity, of their entanglement with an older Greek civilization, which the Romans themselves recognized as supreme?

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial

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Author: Sarah Tarlow,Liv Nilsson Stutz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650390

Category: Social Science

Page: 872

View: 2085

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Death and Burial reviews the current state of mortuary archaeology and its practice, highlighting its often contentious place in the modern socio-politics of archaeology. It contains forty-four chapters which focus on the history of the discipline and its current scientific techniques and methods. Written by leading, international scholars in the field, it derives its examples and case studies from a wide range of time periods, such as the middle palaeolithic to the twentieth century, and geographical areas which include Europe, North and South America, Africa, and Asia. Combining up-to-date knowledge of relevant archaeological research with critical assessments of the theme and an evaluation of future research trajectories, it draws attention to the social, symbolic, and theoretical aspects of interpreting mortuary archaeology. The volume is well-illustrated with maps, plans, photographs, and illustrations and is ideally suited for students and researchers.

Augustan Rome

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Author: Andrew Wallace-Hadrill

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 147253297X

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 9374

Written by Andrew Wallace-Hadrill, one of the world's foremost scholars on Roman social and cultural history, this well-established introduction to Rome in the Age of Augustus provides a fascinating insight into the social and physical contexts of Augustan politics and poetry, exploring in detail the impact of the new regime of government on society. Taking an interpretative approach, the ideas and environment manipulated by Augustus are explored, along with reactions to that manipulation. Emphasising the role and impact of art and architecture of the time, and on Roman attitudes and values, Augustan Rome explains how the victory of Octavian at Actium transformed Rome and Roman life. This thought-provoking yet concise volume sets political changes in the context of their impact on Roman values, on the imaginative world of poetry, on the visual world of art, and on the fabric of the city of Rome.

Neues Testament und hellenistisch-jüdische Alltagskultur

wechselseitige Wahrnehmungen ; III. Internationales Symposium zum Corpus Judaeo-Hellenisticum Novi Testamenti 21. - 24. Mai 2009, Leipzig

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Author: Roland Deines

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 492

View: 6697

English summary: In New Testament research, the exploration of the witnesses of everyday life in antiquity has again attracted remarkable interest. However, interpreting the remains of material culture or documentary papyri raises complex methodological issues. The Third International Symposium of the Corpus Judaeo-Hellenisticum Project focused on the Hellenistic-Jewish perspectives on the conditions of everyday life. Once again, the main interest was the question of how the research on the Hellenistic-Jewish culture could contribute to the understanding of the New Testament and vice versa. This volume documents the interdisciplinary discourse between New Testament research and the fields of epigraphy, numismatics, archaeology, papyrology, iconography, geography and the history of culture. German description: Die Erforschung der lebensweltlichen Rahmenbedingungen der Entstehung neutestamentlicher Schriften erfahrt in den letzten Jahren starkere Beachtung. Die Beschaftigung mit den Zeugnissen der antiken Alltagskultur wirft aber methodische Fragen auf, die bisher in ihrer Tragweite kaum bedacht wurden. Das III. Internationale Symposium zum Corpus Judaeo-Hellenisticum Novi Testamenti hat sich dieser Thematik speziell unter dem Aspekt der judisch-hellenistischen Alltagskultur gewidmet. Dabei ging es erneut um awechselseitige Wahrnehmungen, d.h. um die Frage, welchen Beitrag die Erforschung der hellenistisch-judischen Alltagskultur fur das Verstandnis des Neuen Testaments leisten kann und umgekehrt, welche Perspektiven sich aus neutestamentlicher Sicht fur die Erforschung der judisch-hellenistischen Alltagskultur ergeben. Die Ertrage des interdisziplinaren Dialogs zwischen neutestamentlicher Forschung und Beitragen aus den Bereichen Epigraphik, Numismatik, Archaologie, Papyrologie, Ikonographie, Geographie und Kulturgeschichte sind in diesem Band dokumentiert.

Greek Athletics in the Roman World

Victory and Virtue

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Author: Zahra Newby

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 1087

The Greeks' fascination with athletics in the gymnasium and festivals such as the Olympic Games is well known. However, athletic training and festivals continued to thrive during the Roman period. This book looks at the art associated with Greek athletics to see what it meant to both Greeks and Romans during the period of the Roman Empire. It argues that athletics continued to act as a crucial sign of Greek identity as well as providing new forms of leisure activities for the citizens of Rome.