Robust Regression and Outlier Detection

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Author: Peter J. Rousseeuw,Annick M. Leroy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471725374

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 7247

WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "The writing style is clear and informal, and much of the discussion is oriented to application. In short, the book is a keeper." –Mathematical Geology "I would highly recommend the addition of this book to the libraries of both students and professionals. It is a useful textbook for the graduate student, because it emphasizes both the philosophy and practice of robustness in regression settings, and it provides excellent examples of precise, logical proofs of theorems. . . .Even for those who are familiar with robustness, the book will be a good reference because it consolidates the research in high-breakdown affine equivariant estimators and includes an extensive bibliography in robust regression, outlier diagnostics, and related methods. The aim of this book, the authors tell us, is ‘to make robust regression available for everyday statistical practice.’ Rousseeuw and Leroy have included all of the necessary ingredients to make this happen." –Journal of the American Statistical Association

Outliers in Statistical Data

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Author: Vic Barnett,Professor of Statistics Vic Barnett,Toby Lewis

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 584

View: 5958

From its initial publication this book has been the standard text on the subject. Since then there has been a continuing high level of activity, and work has developed in all major areas. This third edition reflects the latest state of knowledge with fully revised and extended coverage of all topics. Additional topics and new emphases are presented and a richer coverage of practical fields and computer-based facilities, together with a fully updated reference list, are provided.

Robust Statistics

Theory and Methods

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Author: Ricardo A. Maronna,Douglas R. Martin,Victor J. Yohai

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470010921

Category: Mathematics

Page: 436

View: 8026

Classical statistical techniques fail to cope well with deviations from a standard distribution. Robust statistical methods take into account these deviations while estimating the parameters of parametric models, thus increasing the accuracy of the inference. Research into robust methods is flourishing, with new methods being developed and different applications considered. Robust Statistics sets out to explain the use of robust methods and their theoretical justification. It provides an up-to-date overview of the theory and practical application of the robust statistical methods in regression, multivariate analysis, generalized linear models and time series. This unique book: Enables the reader to select and use the most appropriate robust method for their particular statistical model. Features computational algorithms for the core methods. Covers regression methods for data mining applications. Includes examples with real data and applications using the S-Plus robust statistics library. Describes the theoretical and operational aspects of robust methods separately, so the reader can choose to focus on one or the other. Supported by a supplementary website featuring time-limited S-Plus download, along with datasets and S-Plus code to allow the reader to reproduce the examples given in the book. Robust Statistics aims to stimulate the use of robust methods as a powerful tool to increase the reliability and accuracy of statistical modelling and data analysis. It is ideal for researchers, practitioners and graduate students of statistics, electrical, chemical and biochemical engineering, and computer vision. There is also much to benefit researchers from other sciences, such as biotechnology, who need to use robust statistical methods in their work.

Robust Methods in Biostatistics

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Author: Stephane Heritier,Eva Cantoni,Samuel Copt,Maria-Pia Victoria-Feser

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470740545

Category: Medical

Page: 292

View: 3808

Robust statistics is an extension of classical statistics that specifically takes into account the concept that the underlying models used to describe data are only approximate. Its basic philosophy is to produce statistical procedures which are stable when the data do not exactly match the postulated models as it is the case for example with outliers. Robust Methods in Biostatistics proposes robust alternatives to common methods used in statistics in general and in biostatistics in particular and illustrates their use on many biomedical datasets. The methods introduced include robust estimation, testing, model selection, model check and diagnostics. They are developed for the following general classes of models: Linear regression Generalized linear models Linear mixed models Marginal longitudinal data models Cox survival analysis model The methods are introduced both at a theoretical and applied level within the framework of each general class of models, with a particular emphasis put on practical data analysis. This book is of particular use for research students,applied statisticians and practitioners in the health field interested in more stable statistical techniques. An accompanying website provides R code for computing all of the methods described, as well as for analyzing all the datasets used in the book.

Robustness Theory and Application

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Author: Brenton R. Clarke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118669509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 4093

A preeminent expert in the field explores new and exciting methodologies in the ever-growing field of robust statistics Used to develop data analytical methods, which are resistant to outlying observations in the data, while capable of detecting outliers, robust statistics is extremely useful for solving an array of common problems, such as estimating location, scale, and regression parameters. Written by an internationally recognized expert in the field of robust statistics, this book addresses a range of well-established techniques while exploring, in depth, new and exciting methodologies. Local robustness and global robustness are discussed, and problems of non-identifiability and adaptive estimation are considered. Rather than attempt an exhaustive investigation of robustness, the author provides readers with a timely review of many of the most important problems in statistical inference involving robust estimation, along with a brief look at confidence intervals for location. Throughout, the author meticulously links research in maximum likelihood estimation with the more general M-estimation methodology. Specific applications and R and some MATLAB subroutines with accompanying data sets—available both in the text and online—are employed wherever appropriate. Providing invaluable insights and guidance, Robustness Theory and Application: Offers a balanced presentation of theory and applications within each topic-specific discussion Features solved examples throughout which help clarify complex and/or difficult concepts Meticulously links research in maximum likelihood type estimation with the more general M-estimation methodology Delves into new methodologies which have been developed over the past decade without stinting on coverage of “tried-and-true” methodologies Includes R and some MATLAB subroutines with accompanying data sets, which help illustrate the power of the methods described Robustness Theory and Application is an important resource for all statisticians interested in the topic of robust statistics. This book encompasses both past and present research, making it a valuable supplemental text for graduate-level courses in robustness.

Applied Regression Analysis

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Author: Norman R. Draper,Harry Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118625684

Category: Mathematics

Page: 736

View: 1273

An outstanding introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis-updated and expanded The methods of regression analysis are the most widely used statistical tools for discovering the relationships among variables. This classic text, with its emphasis on clear, thorough presentation of concepts and applications, offers a complete, easily accessible introduction to the fundamentals of regression analysis. Assuming only a basic knowledge of elementary statistics, Applied Regression Analysis, Third Edition focuses on the fitting and checking of both linear and nonlinear regression models, using small and large data sets, with pocket calculators or computers. This Third Edition features separate chapters on multicollinearity, generalized linear models, mixture ingredients, geometry of regression, robust regression, and resampling procedures. Extensive support materials include sets of carefully designed exercises with full or partial solutions and a series of true/false questions with answers. All data sets used in both the text and the exercises can be found on the companion disk at the back of the book. For analysts, researchers, and students in university, industrial, and government courses on regression, this text is an excellent introduction to the subject and an efficient means of learning how to use a valuable analytical tool. It will also prove an invaluable reference resource for applied scientists and statisticians.

Linear Models

An Integrated Approach

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Author: Debasis Sengupta,S. Rao Jammalamadaka

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812564900

Category: Mathematics

Page: 644

View: 5568

Linear Models: An Integrated Approach aims to provide a clearand deep understanding of the general linear model using simplestatistical ideas. Elegant geometric arguments are also invoked asneeded and a review of vector spaces and matrices is provided to makethe treatment self-contained.

Handbook of Regression Methods

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Author: Derek Scott Young

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351650742

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 7114

This book is intended to read like a handbook for regression methods. It provides a broad survey of both standard and non-standard regression models and topics. Thus, the treatment includes topics that would typically be covered in a master's-level statistics course in regression (e.g., simple/multiple linear regression, residual analysis, and ANOVA; as well as more specialized topics like biased regression procedures, multivariate regression, and count regression models).

Robust Correlation

Theory and Applications

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Author: Georgy L. Shevlyakov,Hannu Oja

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119264499

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 5898

This bookpresents material on both the analysis of the classical concepts of correlation and on the development of their robust versions, as well as discussing the related concepts of correlation matrices, partial correlation, canonical correlation, rank correlations, with the corresponding robust and non-robust estimation procedures. Every chapter contains a set of examples with simulated and real-life data. Key features: Makes modern and robust correlation methods readily available and understandable to practitioners, specialists, and consultants working in various fields. Focuses on implementation of methodology and application of robust correlation with R. Introduces the main approaches in robust statistics, such as Huber’s minimax approach and Hampel’s approach based on influence functions. Explores various robust estimates of the correlation coefficient including the minimax variance and bias estimates as well as the most B- and V-robust estimates. Contains applications of robust correlation methods to exploratory data analysis, multivariate statistics, statistics of time series, and to real-life data. Includes an accompanying website featuring computer code and datasets Features exercises and examples throughout the text using both small and large data sets. Theoretical and applied statisticians, specialists in multivariate statistics, robust statistics, robust time series analysis, data analysis and signal processing will benefit from this book. Practitioners who use correlation based methods in their work as well as postgraduate students in statistics will also find this book useful.

Regression Analysis by Example

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Author: Samprit Chatterjee,Ali S. Hadi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470055456

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 2309

The essentials of regression analysis through practical applications Regression analysis is a conceptually simple method for investigating relationships among variables. Carrying out a successful application of regression analysis, however, requires a balance of theoretical results, empirical rules, and subjective judgement. Regression Analysis by Example, Fourth Edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated to reflect recent advances in the field. The emphasis continues to be on exploratory data analysis rather than statistical theory. The book offers in-depth treatment of regression diagnostics, transformation, multicollinearity, logistic regression, and robust regression. This new edition features the following enhancements: Chapter 12, Logistic Regression, is expanded to reflect the increased use of the logit models in statistical analysis A new chapter entitled Further Topics discusses advanced areas of regression analysis Reorganized, expanded, and upgraded exercises appear at the end of each chapter A fully integrated Web page provides data sets Numerous graphical displays highlight the significance of visual appeal Regression Analysis by Example, Fourth Edition is suitable for anyone with an understanding of elementary statistics. Methods of regression analysis are clearly demonstrated, and examples containing the types of irregularities commonly encountered in the real world are provided. Each example isolates one or two techniques and features detailed discussions of the techniques themselves, the required assumptions, and the evaluated success of each technique. The methods described throughout the book can be carried out with most of the currently available statistical software packages, such as the software package R. An Instructor's Manual presenting detailed solutions to all the problems in the book is available from the Wiley editorial department.

Matrix Algebra Useful for Statistics

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Author: Shayle R. Searle,Andre I. Khuri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118935144

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 3130

This book addresses matrix algebra that is useful in the statistical analysis of data as well as within statistics as a whole. The material is presented in an explanatory style rather than a formal theorem-proof format and is self-contained. Featuring numerous applied illustrations, numerical examples, and exercises, the book has been updated to include the use of SAS, MATLAB, and R for the execution of matrix computations.

Exploring Data Tables, Trends, and Shapes

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Author: David C. Hoaglin,Frederick Mosteller,John W. Tukey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118150694

Category: Mathematics

Page: 527

View: 307

WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "Exploring Data Tables, Trends, and Shapes (EDTTS) was written as a companion volume to the same editors' book, Understanding Robust and Exploratory Data Analysis (UREDA). Whereas UREDA is a collection of exploratory and resistant methods of estimation and display, EDTTS goes a step further, describing multivariate and more complicated techniques . . . I feel that the authors have made a very significant contribution in the area of multivariate nonparametric methods. This book [is] a valuable source of reference to researchers in the area." —Technometrics "This edited volume . . . provides an important theoretical and philosophical extension to the currently popular statistical area of Exploratory Data Analysis, which seeks to reveal structure, or simple descriptions, in data . . . It is . . . an important reference volume which any statistical library should consider seriously." —The Statistician This newly available and affordably priced paperback version of Exploring Data Tables, Trends, and Shapes presents major advances in exploratory data analysis and robust regression methods and explains the techniques, relating them to classical methods. The book addresses the role of exploratory and robust techniques in the overall data-analytic enterprise, and it also presents new methods such as fitting by organized comparisons using the square combining table and identifying extreme cells in a sizable contingency table with probabilistic and exploratory approaches. The book features a chapter on using robust regression in less technical language than available elsewhere. Conceptual support for each technique is also provided.

Statistical Analysis with Missing Data

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Author: Roderick J. A. Little,Donald B. Rubin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118625889

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 7575

Praise for the First Edition of Statistical Analysis with Missing Data "An important contribution to the applied statistics literature.... I give the book high marks for unifying and making accessible much of the past and current work in this important area." —William E. Strawderman, Rutgers University "This book...provide[s] interesting real-life examples, stimulating end-of-chapter exercises, and up-to-date references. It should be on every applied statistician’s bookshelf." —The Statistician "The book should be studied in the statistical methods department in every statistical agency." —Journal of Official Statistics Statistical analysis of data sets with missing values is a pervasive problem for which standard methods are of limited value. The first edition of Statistical Analysis with Missing Data has been a standard reference on missing-data methods. Now, reflecting extensive developments in Bayesian methods for simulating posterior distributions, this Second Edition by two acknowledged experts on the subject offers a thoroughly up-to-date, reorganized survey of current methodology for handling missing-data problems. Blending theory and application, authors Roderick Little and Donald Rubin review historical approaches to the subject and describe rigorous yet simple methods for multivariate analysis with missing values. They then provide a coherent theory for analysis of problems based on likelihoods derived from statistical models for the data and the missing-data mechanism and apply the theory to a wide range of important missing-data problems. The new edition now enlarges its coverage to include: Expanded coverage of Bayesian methodology, both theoretical and computational, and of multiple imputation Analysis of data with missing values where inferences are based on likelihoods derived from formal statistical models for the data-generating and missing-data mechanisms Applications of the approach in a variety of contexts including regression, factor analysis, contingency table analysis, time series, and sample survey inference Extensive references, examples, and exercises Amstat News asked three review editors to rate their top five favorite books in the September 2003 issue. Statistical Analysis With Missing Data was among those chosen.

Outlier Analysis

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Author: Charu C. Aggarwal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319475789

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 872

This book provides comprehensive coverage of the field of outlier analysis from a computer science point of view. It integrates methods from data mining, machine learning, and statistics within the computational framework and therefore appeals to multiple communities. The chapters of this book can be organized into three categories: Basic algorithms: Chapters 1 through 7 discuss the fundamental algorithms for outlier analysis, including probabilistic and statistical methods, linear methods, proximity-based methods, high-dimensional (subspace) methods, ensemble methods, and supervised methods. Domain-specific methods: Chapters 8 through 12 discuss outlier detection algorithms for various domains of data, such as text, categorical data, time-series data, discrete sequence data, spatial data, and network data. Applications: Chapter 13 is devoted to various applications of outlier analysis. Some guidance is also provided for the practitioner. The second edition of this book is more detailed and is written to appeal to both researchers and practitioners. Significant new material has been added on topics such as kernel methods, one-class support-vector machines, matrix factorization, neural networks, outlier ensembles, time-series methods, and subspace methods. It is written as a textbook and can be used for classroom teaching.

The EM Algorithm and Extensions

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Author: Geoffrey McLachlan,Thriyambakam Krishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470191600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 3226

The only single-source——now completely updated and revised——to offer a unified treatment of the theory, methodology, and applications of the EM algorithm Complete with updates that capture developments from the past decade, The EM Algorithm and Extensions, Second Edition successfully provides a basic understanding of the EM algorithm by describing its inception, implementation, and applicability in numerous statistical contexts. In conjunction with the fundamentals of the topic, the authors discuss convergence issues and computation of standard errors, and, in addition, unveil many parallels and connections between the EM algorithm and Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms. Thorough discussions on the complexities and drawbacks that arise from the basic EM algorithm, such as slow convergence and lack of an in-built procedure to compute the covariance matrix of parameter estimates, are also presented. While the general philosophy of the First Edition has been maintained, this timely new edition has been updated, revised, and expanded to include: New chapters on Monte Carlo versions of the EM algorithm and generalizations of the EM algorithm New results on convergence, including convergence of the EM algorithm in constrained parameter spaces Expanded discussion of standard error computation methods, such as methods for categorical data and methods based on numerical differentiation Coverage of the interval EM, which locates all stationary points in a designated region of the parameter space Exploration of the EM algorithm's relationship with the Gibbs sampler and other Markov chain Monte Carlo methods Plentiful pedagogical elements—chapter introductions, lists of examples, author and subject indices, computer-drawn graphics, and a related Web site The EM Algorithm and Extensions, Second Edition serves as an excellent text for graduate-level statistics students and is also a comprehensive resource for theoreticians, practitioners, and researchers in the social and physical sciences who would like to extend their knowledge of the EM algorithm.

A Statistical Approach to Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition

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Author: Robert A. Dunne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470148143

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 2233

An accessible and up-to-date treatment featuring the connection between neural networks and statistics A Statistical Approach to Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition presents a statistical treatment of the Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), which is the most widely used of the neural network models. This book aims to answer questions that arise when statisticians are first confronted with this type of model, such as: How robust is the model to outliers? Could the model be made more robust? Which points will have a high leverage? What are good starting values for the fitting algorithm? Thorough answers to these questions and many more are included, as well as worked examples and selected problems for the reader. Discussions on the use of MLP models with spatial and spectral data are also included. Further treatment of highly important principal aspects of the MLP are provided, such as the robustness of the model in the event of outlying or atypical data; the influence and sensitivity curves of the MLP; why the MLP is a fairly robust model; and modifications to make the MLP more robust. The author also provides clarification of several misconceptions that are prevalent in existing neural network literature. Throughout the book, the MLP model is extended in several directions to show that a statistical modeling approach can make valuable contributions, and further exploration for fitting MLP models is made possible via the R and S-PLUS® codes that are available on the book's related Web site. A Statistical Approach to Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition successfully connects logistic regression and linear discriminant analysis, thus making it a critical reference and self-study guide for students and professionals alike in the fields of mathematics, statistics, computer science, and electrical engineering.

Robust Statistics

The Approach Based on Influence Functions

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Author: Frank R. Hampel,Elvezio M. Ronchetti,Peter J. Rousseeuw,Werner A. Stahel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118150686

Category: Mathematics

Page: 502

View: 9181

The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "This is a nice book containing a wealth of information, much of it due to the authors. . . . If an instructor designing such a course wanted a textbook, this book would be the best choice available. . . . There are many stimulating exercises, and the book also contains an excellent index and an extensive list of references." —Technometrics "[This] book should be read carefully by anyone who is interested in dealing with statistical models in a realistic fashion." —American Scientist Introducing concepts, theory, and applications, Robust Statistics is accessible to a broad audience, avoiding allusions to high-powered mathematics while emphasizing ideas, heuristics, and background. The text covers the approach based on the influence function (the effect of an outlier on an estimater, for example) and related notions such as the breakdown point. It also treats the change-of-variance function, fundamental concepts and results in the framework of estimation of a single parameter, and applications to estimation of covariance matrices and regression parameters.

Statistical Applications for Environmental Analysis and Risk Assessment

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Author: Joseph Ofungwu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118634519

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 571

Statistical Applications for Environmental Analysis and Risk Assessment guides readers through real-world situations and the best statistical methods used to determine the nature and extent of the problem, evaluate the potential human health and ecological risks, and design and implement remedial systems as necessary. Featuring numerous worked examples using actual data and “ready-made” software scripts, Statistical Applications for Environmental Analysis and Risk Assessment also includes: • Descriptions of basic statistical concepts and principles in an informal style that does not presume prior familiarity with the subject • Detailed illustrations of statistical applications in the environmental and related water resources fields using real-world data in the contexts that would typically be encountered by practitioners • Software scripts using the high-powered statistical software system, R, and supplemented by USEPA’s ProUCL and USDOE’s VSP software packages, which are all freely available • Coverage of frequent data sample issues such as non-detects, outliers, skewness, sustained and cyclical trend that habitually plague environmental data samples • Clear demonstrations of the crucial, but often overlooked, role of statistics in environmental sampling design and subsequent exposure risk assessment.

A User's Guide to Principal Components

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Author: J. Edward Jackson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471725323

Category: Mathematics

Page: 592

View: 8509

WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. From the Reviews of A User’s Guide to Principal Components "The book is aptly and correctly named–A User’s Guide. It is the kind of book that a user at any level, novice or skilled practitioner, would want to have at hand for autotutorial, for refresher, or as a general-purpose guide through the maze of modern PCA." –Technometrics "I recommend A User’s Guide to Principal Components to anyone who is running multivariate analyses, or who contemplates performing such analyses. Those who write their own software will find the book helpful in designing better programs. Those who use off-the-shelf software will find it invaluable in interpreting the results." –Mathematical Geology