Robotics, Vision and Control

Fundamental Algorithms in MATLAB

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Author: Peter Corke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642201431

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 5377

The practice of robotics and computer vision both involve the application of computational algorithms to data. Over the fairly recent history of the fields of robotics and computer vision a very large body of algorithms has been developed. However this body of knowledge is something of a barrier for anybody entering the field, or even looking to see if they want to enter the field — What is the right algorithm for a particular problem?, and importantly, How can I try it out without spending days coding and debugging it from the original research papers? The author has maintained two open-source MATLAB Toolboxes for more than 10 years: one for robotics and one for vision. The key strength of the Toolboxes provide a set of tools that allow the user to work with real problems, not trivial examples. For the student the book makes the algorithms accessible, the Toolbox code can be read to gain understanding, and the examples illustrate how it can be used —instant gratification in just a couple of lines of MATLAB code. The code can also be the starting point for new work, for researchers or students, by writing programs based on Toolbox functions, or modifying the Toolbox code itself. The purpose of this book is to expand on the tutorial material provided with the toolboxes, add many more examples, and to weave this into a narrative that covers robotics and computer vision separately and together. The author shows how complex problems can be decomposed and solved using just a few simple lines of code, and hopefully to inspire up and coming researchers. The topics covered are guided by the real problems observed over many years as a practitioner of both robotics and computer vision. It is written in a light but informative style, it is easy to read and absorb, and includes a lot of Matlab examples and figures. The book is a real walk through the fundamentals of robot kinematics, dynamics and joint level control, then camera models, image processing, feature extraction and epipolar geometry, and bring it all together in a visual servo system. Additional material is provided at http://www.petercorke.com/RVC

Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications

Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications

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Author: Garcia-Rodriguez, Jose

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466627034

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 535

View: 8601

Robotic systems consist of object or scene recognition, vision-based motion control, vision-based mapping, and dense range sensing, and are used for identification and navigation. As these computer vision and robotic connections continue to develop, the benefits of vision technology including savings, improved quality, reliability, safety, and productivity are revealed. Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications is a comprehensive collection which highlights a solid framework for understanding existing work and planning future research. This book includes current research on the fields of robotics, machine vision, image processing and pattern recognition that is important to applying machine vision methods in the real world.

The 8th International Conference on Robotic, Vision, Signal Processing & Power Applications

Innovation Excellence Towards Humanistic Technology

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Author: Harsa Amylia Mat Sakim,Mohd Tafir Mustaffa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9814585424

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 539

View: 8388

The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented, at the 8th International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Signal Processing and Power Applications (ROVISP 2013), by researchers, scientists, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all around the globe. The topics of interest are as follows but are not limited to: • Robotics, Control, Mechatronics and Automation • Vision, Image, and Signal Processing • Artificial Intelligence and Computer Applications • Electronic Design and Applications • Telecommunication Systems and Applications • Power System and Industrial Applications

9th International Conference on Robotic, Vision, Signal Processing and Power Applications

Empowering Research and Innovation

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Author: Haidi Ibrahim,Shahid Iqbal,Soo Siang Teoh,Mohd Tafir Mustaffa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811017212

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 861

View: 7001

The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented, at the 9th International Conference on Robotics, Vision, Signal Processing & Power Applications (ROVISP 2016), by researchers, scientists, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all around the globe to present their research results and development activities for oral or poster presentations. The topics of interest are as follows but are not limited to: • Robotics, Control, Mechatronics and Automation • Vision, Image, and Signal Processing • Artificial Intelligence and Computer Applications • Electronic Design and Applications • Telecommunication Systems and Applications • Power System and Industrial Applications • Engineering Education

Robot Vision

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Author: A. Pugh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662097710

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 6020

Over the past five years robot vision has emerged as a subject area with its own identity. A text based on the proceedings of the Symposium on Computer Vision and Sensor-based Robots held at the General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Michigan in 1978, was published by Plenum Press in 1979. This book, edited by George G. Dodd and Lothar Rosso!, probably represented the first identifiable book covering some aspects of robot vision. The subject of robot vision and sensory controls (RoViSeC) occupied an entire international conference held in the Hilton Hotel in Stratford, England in May 1981. This was followed by a second RoViSeC held in Stuttgart, Germany in November 1982. The large attendance at the Stratford conference and the obvious interest in the subject of robot vision at international robot meetings, provides the stimulus for this current collection of papers. Users and researchers entering the field of robot vision for the first time will encounter a bewildering array of publications on all aspects of computer vision of which robot vision forms a part. It is the grey area dividing the different aspects of computer vision which is not easy to identify. Even those involved in research sometimes find difficulty in separating the essential differences between vision for automated inspection and vision for robot applications. Both of these are to some extent applications of pattern recognition with the underlying philosophy of each defining the techniques used.

Applications of AI, Machine Vision and Robotics

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Author: Kim L. Boyer,Louise Stark,Horst Bunke

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810221508

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 259

View: 2481

This text features a broad array of research efforts in computer vision including low level processing, perceptual organization, object recognition and active vision. The volume's nine papers specifically report on topics such as sensor confidence, low level feature extraction schemes, non-parametric multi-scale curve smoothing, integration of geometric and non-geometric attributes for object recognition, design criteria for a four degree-of-freedom robot head, a real-time vision system based on control of visual attention and a behavior-based active eye vision system. The scope of the book provides an excellent sample of current concepts, examples and applications from multiple areas of computer vision.

Robot vision

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Author: Berthold Horn

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 509

View: 7037

This book presents a coherent approach to the fast moving field of machine vision, using a consistent notation based on a detailed understanding of the image formation process. It covers even the most recent research and will provide a useful and current reference for professionals working in the fields of machine vision, image processing, and pattern recognition. An outgrowth of the author's course at MIT, Robot Vision presents a solid framework for understanding existing work and planning future research. Its coverage includes a great deal of material that important to engineers applying machine vision methods in the real world. The chapters on binary image processing, for example, help explain and suggest how to improve the many commercial devices now available. And the material on photometric stereo and the extended Gaussian image points the way to what may be the next thrust in commercialization of the results in this area. The many exercises complement and extend the material in the text, and an extensive bibliography will serve as a useful guide to current research. Contents: Image Formation and Image Sensing. Binary Images: Geometrical Properties; Topological Properties. Regions and Image Segmentation. Image Processing: Continuous Images; Discrete Images. Edges and Edge Finding. Lightness and Color. Reflectance Map: Photometric Stereo Reflectance Map; Shape from Shading. Motion Field and Optical Flow. Photogrammetry and Stereo. Pattern Classification. Polyhedral Objects. Extended Gaussian Images. Passive Navigation and Structure from Motion. Picking Parts out of a Bin. Berthold Klaus Paul Horn is Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT. Robot Vision is included in the MIT Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Series.

Three-Dimensional Machine Vision

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Author: Takeo Kanade

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780898381887

Category: Computers

Page: 610

View: 5796

Arobotmustperceivethethree-dimensionalworldifitistobeeffective there. Yet recovering 3-D information from projected images is difficult, and still remains thesubjectofbasic research. Alternatively, onecan use sensorsthatcanprovidethree-dimensionalrangeinformationdirectly. The technique ofprojecting light-stripesstartedto be used in industrialobject recognition systems asearly asthe 1970s, andtime-of-flight laser-scanning range finders became available for outdoor mobile robotnavigation in the mid-eighties. Once range data are obtained, a vision system must still describe the scene in terms of 3-D primitives such as edges, surfaces, and volumes, and recognize objeCts of interest. Today, the art of sensing, extractingfeatures, and recognizing objectsbymeans ofthree-dimensional rangedataisoneofthemostexcitingresearchareasincomputervision. Three-Dimensional Machine Vision is a collection of papers dealing withthree-dimensionalrangedata. Theauthorsarepioneeringresearchers: some are founders and others are bringingnew excitements in thefield. I have tried to select milestone papers, and my goalhas beento make this bookareferenceworkforresearchersinthree-dimensionalvision. The book is organized into four parts: 3-D Sensors, 3-D Feature Extractions, ObjectRecognitionAlgorithms, andSystemsandApplications. Part I includes four papers which describe the development of unique, capable 3-D range sensors, as well as discussions of optical, geometrical, electronic, and computational issues. Mundy and Porter describe asensor systembasedonstructuredilluminationforinspectingmetalliccastings. In order to achieve high-speed data acquisition, it uses multiple lightstripes withwavelength multiplexing. Case, Jalkio, andKim alsopresentamulti- stripe system and discuss various design issues in range sensing by triangulation. ThenumericalstereocameradevelopedbyAltschuler, Bae, Altschuler, Dijak, Tamburino, and Woolford projects space-coded grid patterns which are generated by an electro-optical programmable spatial viii PREFACE light modulator. Kanade and Fuhrman present a proximity sensor using multipleLEDswhich areconically arranged. Itcan measurebothdistance andorientationofanobject'ssurface.

Active Robot Vision

Camera Heads, Model Based Navigation and Reactive Control

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Author: H. I. Christensen,Kevin Bowyer,Horst Bunke

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810213213

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 8357

One of the series in Machine Perception and Artificial Intelligence, this book covers subjects including the Harvard binocular head; heads, eyes, and head-eye systems; a binocular robot head with torsional eye movements; and escape and dodging behaviours for reactive control.

Robot Vision

International Workshop RobVis 2001 Auckland, New Zealand, February 16-18, 2001 Proceedings

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Author: Reinhard Klette,Shmuel Peleg,Gerald Sommer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540446907

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 7216

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop on Robot Vision, RobVis 2001, held in Auckland, New Zealand in February 2001.The 17 revised full papers presented together with 17 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers and posters are organized in topical sections on active perception, computer vision, robotics and video, computational stereo, robotic vision, and image acquisition.

New Development in Robot Vision

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Author: Yu Sun,Aman Behal,Chi-Kit Ronald Chung

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662438593

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 199

View: 4350

The field of robotic vision has advanced dramatically recently with the development of new range sensors. Tremendous progress has been made resulting in significant impact on areas such as robotic navigation, scene/environment understanding, and visual learning. This edited book provides a solid and diversified reference source for some of the most recent important advancements in the field of robotic vision. The book starts with articles that describe new techniques to understand scenes from 2D/3D data such as estimation of planar structures, recognition of multiple objects in the scene using different kinds of features as well as their spatial and semantic relationships, generation of 3D object models, approach to recognize partially occluded objects, etc. Novel techniques are introduced to improve 3D perception accuracy with other sensors such as a gyroscope, positioning accuracy with a visual servoing based alignment strategy for microassembly, and increasing object recognition reliability using related manipulation motion models. For autonomous robot navigation, different vision-based localization and tracking strategies and algorithms are discussed. New approaches using probabilistic analysis for robot navigation, online learning of vision-based robot control, and 3D motion estimation via intensity differences from a monocular camera are described. This collection will be beneficial to graduate students, researchers, and professionals working in the area of robotic vision.

Interactive Image Processing for Machine Vision

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Author: Bruce G. Batchelor,Frederick Waltz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447103939

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 385

View: 3864

Machine vision systems offer great potential in a large number of areas of manufacturing industry and are used principally for Automated Visual Inspection and Robot Vision. This publication presents the state of the art in image processing. It discusses techniques which have been developed for designing machines for use in industrial inspection and robot control, putting the emphasis on software and algorithms. A comprehensive set of image processing subroutines, which together form the basic vocabulary for the versatile image processing language IIPL, is presented. This language has proved to be extremely effective, working as a design tool, in solving numerous practical inspection problems. The merging of this language with Prolog provides an even more powerful facility which retains the benefits of human and machine intelligence. The authors bring together the practical experience and the picture material from a leading industrial research laboratory and the mathematical foundations necessary to understand and apply concepts in image processing. Interactive Image Processing is a self-contained reference book that can also be used in graduate level courses in electrical engineering, computer science and physics.

Advances in Machine Vision

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Author: Jorge L.C. Sanz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387968223

Category: Computers

Page: 420

View: 8658

Machine Vision technology is becoming an indispensible part of the manufacturing industry. Biomedical and scientific applications of machine vision and imaging are becoming more and more sophisticated, and new applications continue to emerge. This book gives an overview of ongoing research in machine vision and presents the key issues of scientific and practical interest. A selected board of experts from the US, Japan and Europe provides an insight into some of the latest work done on machine vision systems and appliccations.

Advances in Machine Vision

Strategies and Applications

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Author: Colin Archibald

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810209766

Category: Computers

Page: 370

View: 9773

This book describes recent strategies and applications for extracting useful information from sensor data. For example, the methods presented by Roth and Levine are becoming widely accepted as the ?best? way to segment range images, and the neural network methods for Alpha-numeric character recognition, presented by K Yamada, are believed to be the best yet presented. An applied system to analyze the images of dental imprints presented by J C“t‚, et al. is one of several examples of image processing systems that have already been proven to be practical, and can serve as a model for the image processing system designer. Important aspects of the automation of processes are presented in a practical way which can provide immediate new capabilities in fields as diverse as biomedical image processing, document processing, industrial automation, understanding human perception, and the defence industries. The book is organized into sections describing Model Driven Feature Extraction, Data Driven Feature Extraction, Neural Networks, Model Building, and Applications.

Robot Vision

Video-based Indoor Exploration with Autonomous and Mobile Robots

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Author: Stefan Florczyk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352760491X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 6336

The book is intended for advanced students in physics, mathematics, computer science, electrical engineering, robotics, engine engineering and for specialists in computer vision and robotics on the techniques for the development of vision-based robot projects. It focusses on autonomous and mobile service robots for indoor work, and teaches the techniques for the development of vision-based robot projects. A basic knowledge of informatics is assumed, but the basic introduction helps to adjust the knowledge of the reader accordingly. A practical treatment of the material enables a comprehensive understanding of how to handle specific problems, such as inhomogeneous illumination or occlusion. With this book, the reader should be able to develop object-oriented programs and show mathematical basic understanding. Such topics as image processing, navigation, camera types and camera calibration structure the described steps of developing further applications of vision-based robot projects.

Machine Vision Algorithms in Java

Techniques and Implementation

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Author: Paul F. Whelan,Derek Molloy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447102517

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 3808

This book presents key machine vision techniques and algorithms, along with the associated Java source code. Special features include a complete self-contained treatment of all topics and techniques essential to the understanding and implementation of machine vision; an introduction to object-oriented programming and to the Java programming language, with particular reference to its imaging capabilities; Java source code for a wide range of real-world image processing and analysis functions; an introduction to the Java 2D imaging and Java Advanced Imaging (JAI) API; and a wide range of illustrative examples.

Active Perception and Robot Vision

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Author: Arun K. Sood,Harry Wechsler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642772250

Category: Computers

Page: 756

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Intelligent robotics has become the focus of extensive research activity. This effort has been motivated by the wide variety of applications that can benefit from the developments. These applications often involve mobile robots, multiple robots working and interacting in the same work area, and operations in hazardous environments like nuclear power plants. Applications in the consumer and service sectors are also attracting interest. These applications have highlighted the importance of performance, safety, reliability, and fault tolerance. This volume is a selection of papers from a NATO Advanced Study Institute held in July 1989 with a focus on active perception and robot vision. The papers deal with such issues as motion understanding, 3-D data analysis, error minimization, object and environment modeling, object detection and recognition, parallel and real-time vision, and data fusion. The paradigm underlying the papers is that robotic systems require repeated and hierarchical application of the perception-planning-action cycle. The primary focus of the papers is the perception part of the cycle. Issues related to complete implementations are also discussed.

Learning-Based Robot Vision

Principles and Applications

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Author: Josef Pauli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540451242

Category: Computers

Page: 292

View: 6984

Industrial robots carry out simple tasks in customized environments for which it is typical that nearly all e?ector movements can be planned during an - line phase. A continual control based on sensory feedback is at most necessary at e?ector positions near target locations utilizing torque or haptic sensors. It is desirable to develop new-generation robots showing higher degrees of autonomy for solving high-level deliberate tasks in natural and dynamic en- ronments. Obviously, camera-equipped robot systems, which take and process images and make use of the visual data, can solve more sophisticated robotic tasks. The development of a (semi-) autonomous camera-equipped robot must be grounded on an infrastructure, based on which the system can acquire and/or adapt task-relevant competences autonomously. This infrastructure consists of technical equipment to support the presentation of real world training samples, various learning mechanisms for automatically acquiring function approximations, and testing methods for evaluating the quality of the learned functions. Accordingly, to develop autonomous camera-equipped robot systems one must ?rst demonstrate relevant objects, critical situations, and purposive situation-action pairs in an experimental phase prior to the application phase. Secondly, the learning mechanisms are responsible for - quiring image operators and mechanisms of visual feedback control based on supervised experiences in the task-relevant, real environment. This paradigm of learning-based development leads to the concepts of compatibilities and manifolds. Compatibilities are general constraints on the process of image formation which hold more or less under task-relevant or accidental variations of the imaging conditions.