Risk and Blame

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Professor Mary Douglas,Mary Douglas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136490116

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5996

First published in 1992, this volume follows on from the programme for studying risk and blame that was implied in Purity and Danger. The first half of the book Douglas argues that the study of risk needs a systematic framework of political and cultural comparison. In the latter half she examines questions in cultural theory. Through the eleven essays contained in Risk and Blame, Douglas argues that the prominence of risk discourse will force upon the social sciences a programme of rethinking and consolidation that will include anthropological approaches.

Risk

Second Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Deborah Lupton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135090319

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 6673

Risk (second edition) is a fully revised and expanded update of a highly-cited, influential and well-known book. It reviews the three major approaches to risk in social and cultural theory, devoting a chapter to each one. These approaches were first identified and described by Deborah Lupton in the original edition and have since become widely used as a categorisation of risk perspectives. The first draws upon the work of Mary Douglas to articulate the ‘cultural/symbolic’ perspective on risk. The second approach is that of the ‘risk society’ perspective, based on the writings of Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens. The third approach explored here is that of the ‘governmentality’ perspective, which builds on Michel Foucault’s work. Other chapters examine in detail the relationship between concepts of risk and concepts of selfhood and the body, the notion of Otherness and how this influences the ways in which people respond to and think about risk, and the pleasures of voluntary risk-taking, including discussion of edgework. This new edition examines these themes in relation to the newly emerging threats of the twenty-first century, such as climate change, extreme weather events, terrorism and global financial crises. It will appeal to students and scholars throughout the social sciences and humanities.

Film and Risk

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mette Hjort

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814336113

Category: Art

Page: 328

View: 8355

An interdisciplinary collection exploring the many ways risk plays a role in film.

Calculating Political Risk

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Catherine Althaus

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317973151

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 6147

Calculating Political Risk is rich and illuminating, and much more than a political science treatise. Althaus draws on diverse literature, extensive interviews and intriguing case studies to offer interdisciplinary, practical and nuanced insight. This book provides new perspectives and more precise language for making sense of a critical dimension of politics, policy-making and public management. Evert Lindquist, Director and Professor, School of Public Administration, University of Victoria, Canada This powerful new book is the first ever examination of the hard edge of how political risk - something faced by all political actors innumerable times every day - is calculated and used in decision-making. It opens with an outline of the historical and linguistic origins of risk, the various disciplinary understandings of risk, the risk society concept, and how risk has come to be so prominent in the context of environmental disaster and terrorism. The book then defines political risk and looks at its manifestations in the public sector, from project to high-level political risk. It also looks at risk identification versus risk management and compares the concept of political risk with the private sector practice of risk management. Unique research findings from interviews with over 100 risk practitioners and politicians provide a detailed look at how political actors calculate political risk. Case study-based chapters look in-depth at neat and discrete examples: risk calculation in state development plans in Australia; political risk identification and management in the UK during the mad cow crisis; and US government risk calculation in the post-September 11 context. The final chapters draw together the experiences and lessons learned from the case studies and practitioner insights to formulate a better understanding of what political risk is and what its calculation means in political practice. The author shows how political risk calculation provides a fresh perspective on policy analysis and identifies how political risk is relevant to a broader understanding of politics and political science, as well as policy formulation and implementation on the ground.

The Consumption and Representation of Lifestyle Sports

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Belinda Wheaton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317979095

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 252

View: 4709

Since their emergence in the 1960s, lifestyle sports (also referred to as action sport, extreme sports, adventure sports) have experienced unprecedented growth both in terms of participation and in their increased visibility across public and private space. book seeks to explore the changing representation and consumption of lifestyle sport in the twenty-first century. The essays, which cover a range of sports, and geographical contexts (including Brazil, Europe, North America and Australasia) focus on three themes. First, essays scrutinise aspects of the commercialisation process and impact of the media, reviewing and reconsidering theoretical frameworks to understand these processes. The scholars here emphasise the need to move beyond simplistic understandings of commercialisation as co-option and resistance, to capture the complexity and messiness of the process, and of the relationships between the cultural industries, participants and consumers. The second theme examines gender identity and representations, exploring the potential of lifestyle sport to be a politically transformative space in relation to gender, sexuality and ‘race’. The last theme explores new theoretical directions in research on lifestyle sport, including insights from philosophy, sociology and cultural geography. The themes the monograph addresses are wide reaching, and centrally concerned with the changing meaning of sport and sporting identity in the twenty-first century. This book was previously published as a Special Issue of Sport in Society.

War as Risk Management

Strategy and Conflict in an Age of Globalised Risks

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Yee-Kuang Heng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113418560X

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 9286

This major new study shows how war can be thought of in terms of proactive risk management rather than in terms of conventional threat response. It addresses why the study of ‘risk management’ has helped fields such as sociology and criminology conceptualize new policy challenges but has made limited impact on Strategic Studies with new case studies of recent Anglo-American military campaigns in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. The author shows how ‘risk' is now a key defining feature of our globalized era, encompassing issues from global financial meltdown, terrorism, infectious diseases, to environmental degradation and how its vocabulary, such as the Precautionary Principle, now permeates the way we think about war, and how it now appears in US and UK defence policy documents, and speeches from both civilian and military staff. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies, war studies, international relations and globalization.

Power and Welfare

Understanding Citizens' Encounters with State Welfare

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Nanna Mik-Meyer,Kaspar Villadsen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415534429

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 8191

When the state punishes criminals, removes children at risk, or makes demands upon welfare recipients it is immediately apparent that it is exercising power. It is less readily evident that power is at stake when the state seeks to educate, advise, or empower citizens. This book focuses on how power frames these less coercive encounters, promoting critical reflection on the relationship between citizens and the state, and the exercise of professional power. Each chapter includes an introduction to a key thinker or conceptual framework from...

Sports and Safety Management

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Steve Frosdick,Lynne Walley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113636434X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 336

View: 3485

Sport and Safety Management is a comprehensive and practical handbook for all involved with the safe management of sporting events. Disasters such as Hillsborough have concentrated managers' minds on public safety and crowd control at all major events. Sport and Safety Management provides necessary advice and guidance for all such managers. Contributions from leading academics and practitioners in the sports management field, bring together all the strands of research, best practice and advice for managing the safety of all sports stadia. Sport and Safety Management is ideal for practitioners, planners and all those studying or interested in the subject. Whilst focusing on the British experience, this book is an essential source of learning for the international world of public assembly facilities management. Steve Frosdick is a company director and a Visiting Fellow at the University of Bradford Management Centre. He is a Member of the International Institute of Risk and Safety Management and an Associate Member of the Football Safety Officers' Association. Lynne Walley is an academic lawyer with interests in criminal law and juvenile offending. She is the Deputy Head of the Centre for Public Services Management and Research at Staffordshire University.

Human Safety and Risk Management, Second Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: A. Ian Glendon,Sharon Clarke,Eugene McKenna

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420004687

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 3587

Reflecting a decade’s worth of changes, Human Safety and Risk Management, Second Edition contains new chapters addressing safety culture and models of risk as well as an extensive re-working of the material from the earlier edition. Examining a wide range of approaches to risk, the authors define safety culture and review theoretical models that elucidate mechanisms linking safety culture with safety performance. Filled with practical examples and case studies and drawing on a range of disciplines, the book explores individual differences and the many ways in which human beings are alike within a risk and safety context. It delineates a risk management approach that includes a range of techniques such as risk assessment, safety audit, and safety interventions. The authors address concepts central to workplace safety such as attitudes and their link with behavior. They discuss managing behavior in work environments including key functions and benefits of groups, factors influencing team effectiveness, and barriers to effectiveness such as groupthink.

Risk and Society

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Denney

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947400

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 7322

What does it mean to live in `risk society'? How does the idea of risk change how we live with each other? Risk currently dominates individual and collective consciousness. Globally, insecurity is related to terrorism, pollution, global epidemics and famine, yet smoking, sunlight and travel have also become major preoccupations. This book provides a powerful and lucid account of risk in society today. Denney critically examines the social construction of risk, by considering a range of social theories, addressing the literature and providing an authoritative guide to the key issues raised. An analysis of the nature of risk to aspects of everyday life – of the meanings which have been assigned to notions of risk – is also considered. Finally, global themes such as terrorism, global regulation governance and developments in international relations are examined. This book will be required reading for students of risk within the fields of Sociology, International Relations and Media, Culture and Communications.

Learning Disabilities - E-Book

Towards Inclusion

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Helen Atherton,Debbie Crickmore

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047015

Category: Medical

Page: 624

View: 925

Learning Disabilities: Toward Inclusion (formerly edited by Bob Gates) is one of the leading textbooks in this field. It offers real ways to improve quality of experience for people with learning disabilities in all areas of life. This new edition brings together a comprehensive and coherent collection of material from eminent authors with a wealth of professional backgrounds and roles. Its contemporary focus reflects practice developments including the impact of changing policy and legislation on the nature and configuration of services. The leading textbook for carers of people with learning disabilities A comprehensive overview of the field of learning disabilities care Well-written accessible content Activities, case studies, diagrams and further resources including useful web links the embedding of key themes across chapters to draw diverse material into an integrated whole. These are: person-centredness, values, the reality of practice, the range of ability, the range of services and national and international perspectives. chapters on advocacy, personal narratives and life story, inclusive research, risk, safeguarding, sensory awareness, epilepsy and end-of-life care online case studies and activities with critical-thinking questions and ‘hot links’ to web resources to extend knowledge and understanding thereby facilitating learning a fully searchable, customisable electronic version of the text to enable easy access and quick reference

Trusting on the Edge

Managing Uncertainty and Vulnerability in the Midst of Serious Mental Health Problems

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Patrick Brown,Michael Calnan

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847428894

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 3204

This book explores issues central to contemporary theoretical debates around the nature of trust, linking abstract concerns to empirical analysis with interviews with service-users, practitioners and managers.

Risks and Legal Theory

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jenny Steele,John Gardner

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841130893

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 9288

Jenny Steele argues that ideas about risk and most areas of the law, whilst of interest to the legal profession, have not been widely addressed. The author explores the conceptual place of risk across a number of different fields of law.

Managing Motherhood, Managing Risk

Fertility and Danger in West Central Tanzania

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Denise Allen

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472030272

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 328

View: 8873

DIVAn investigation of the consequences resulting from fertility-related development interventions in Tanzania /div

Dangerous Offenders

Punishment and Social Order

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Mark Brown,John Pratt

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415200479

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 7297

This highly controversial new book considers how the dangerous offender has become such a figure of collective anxiety for the citizens of rationalised Western societies. The authors consider: * ideas of danger and social threat in historical perspective * legal responses to violent criminals * attempts to predict dangerous behaviour * why particular groups, such as women, remain at risk from violent crime. This inspired collection invites us to rethink the received wisdom on dangerous offenders, and will be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of criminology and the sociology of Risk.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Amanda Ie,Christelle T. Ngnoumen,Ellen J. Langer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118294912

Category: Psychology

Page: 1248

View: 8050

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Mindfulness brings together the latest multi-disciplinary research on mindfulness from a group of international scholars: Examines the origins and key theories of the two dominant Western approaches to mindfulness Compares, contrasts, and integrates insights from the social psychological and Eastern-derived perspectives Discusses the implications for mindfulness across a range of fields, including consciousness and cognition, education, creativity, leadership and organizational behavior, law, medical practice and therapy, well-being, and sports 2 Volumes

Environmental Risks and the Media

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Barbara Adam,Stuart Allan,Cynthia Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134610920

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 561

Environmental Risks and the Media explores the ways in which environmental risks, threats and hazards are represented, transformed and contested by the media. At a time when popular conceptions of the environment as a stable, natural world with which humanity interferes are being increasingly contested, the medias methods of encouraging audiences to think about environmental risks - from the BSE or 'mad cow' crisis to global climate change - are becoming more and more controversial. Examining large-scale disasters, as well as 'everyday' hazards, the contributors consider the tensions between entertainment and information in media coverage of the environment. How do the media frame 'expert', 'counter-expert' and 'lay public' definitions of environmental risk? What role do environmental pressure groups like Greenpeace or 'eco-warriors' and 'green guerrillas' play in shaping what gets covered and how? Does the media emphasis on spectacular events at the expense of issue-sensitive reporting exacerbate the public tendency to overestimate sudden and violent risks and underestimate chronic long-term ones?