Risk and Blame

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Author: Professor Mary Douglas,Mary Douglas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136490116

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 8894

First published in 1992, this volume follows on from the programme for studying risk and blame that was implied in Purity and Danger. The first half of the book Douglas argues that the study of risk needs a systematic framework of political and cultural comparison. In the latter half she examines questions in cultural theory. Through the eleven essays contained in Risk and Blame, Douglas argues that the prominence of risk discourse will force upon the social sciences a programme of rethinking and consolidation that will include anthropological approaches.

Risk, Culture, and Health Inequality

Shifting Perceptions of Danger and Blame

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Author: Barbara Herr Harthorn,Laury Oaks

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275978693

Category: Medical

Page: 241

View: 5890

Examines uses and abuses of "risk" by social actors in sites around the globe, with a particular focus on health inequality. Ethnographic accounts demonstrate how people make sense of everyday health risks as they confront urgent health concerns ranging from safe sex to global food security.

Risk and Society

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Author: David Denney

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947400

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 6216

What does it mean to live in `risk society'? How does the idea of risk change how we live with each other? Risk currently dominates individual and collective consciousness. Globally, insecurity is related to terrorism, pollution, global epidemics and famine, yet smoking, sunlight and travel have also become major preoccupations. This book provides a powerful and lucid account of risk in society today. Denney critically examines the social construction of risk, by considering a range of social theories, addressing the literature and providing an authoritative guide to the key issues raised. An analysis of the nature of risk to aspects of everyday life – of the meanings which have been assigned to notions of risk – is also considered. Finally, global themes such as terrorism, global regulation governance and developments in international relations are examined. This book will be required reading for students of risk within the fields of Sociology, International Relations and Media, Culture and Communications.

Film and Risk

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Author: Mette Hjort

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 9780814336113

Category: Art

Page: 328

View: 3101

An interdisciplinary collection exploring the many ways risk plays a role in film.

Constructing Risk and Safety in Technological Practice

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Author: Boel Berner,Jane Summerton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134450419

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 3195

Modern technological systems entail risks and uncertainties of hitherto unknown dimensions. This book discusses the construction of risk and safety within a variety of empirical contexts where technologies and their risk are debated and handled by individuals, groups or organizations. With contributions from leading scholars from Europe and the USA, it presents original theoretical discussions, linked to detailed empirical case studies.

Corporate Risk and National Security Redefined

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Author: Karen Lund Petersen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136718761

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 3570

Contemporary security policy is no longer a matter of protecting borders or fighting an identified foreign enemy. With counterterrorism high on the security agenda, private citizens and companies have all come to be seen as central to the aim of providing security. Situated within the debate on terrorism risk and security, Corporate Risk and National Security Redefined offers a detailed analysis of the role of private companies in American and Danish counter-terrorism policies. The book shows that a ‘responsibilization strategy’ is central to both the American and Danish security policy – a strategy which tends to portray security as a ‘duty’ rather than the ‘right’ that it traditionally has been considered as. The study however finds that such strategies have been received very differently in the business communities of the two countries. The book brings the corporate understandings of the relation between corporate risk and national security to the fore, and let the reader in on a constant conceptual battle and negotiation on the meaning of national security and corporate risk. Corporate Risk and National Security Redefined will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, critical security, business and terrorism.

Risks and Legal Theory

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Author: Jenny Steele,John Gardner

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841130893

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 8127

Jenny Steele argues that ideas about risk and most areas of the law, whilst of interest to the legal profession, have not been widely addressed. The author explores the conceptual place of risk across a number of different fields of law.

The Consumption and Representation of Lifestyle Sports

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Author: Belinda Wheaton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317979095

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 264

View: 9186

Since their emergence in the 1960s, lifestyle sports (also referred to as action sport, extreme sports, adventure sports) have experienced unprecedented growth both in terms of participation and in their increased visibility across public and private space. book seeks to explore the changing representation and consumption of lifestyle sport in the twenty-first century. The essays, which cover a range of sports, and geographical contexts (including Brazil, Europe, North America and Australasia) focus on three themes. First, essays scrutinise aspects of the commercialisation process and impact of the media, reviewing and reconsidering theoretical frameworks to understand these processes. The scholars here emphasise the need to move beyond simplistic understandings of commercialisation as co-option and resistance, to capture the complexity and messiness of the process, and of the relationships between the cultural industries, participants and consumers. The second theme examines gender identity and representations, exploring the potential of lifestyle sport to be a politically transformative space in relation to gender, sexuality and ‘race’. The last theme explores new theoretical directions in research on lifestyle sport, including insights from philosophy, sociology and cultural geography. The themes the monograph addresses are wide reaching, and centrally concerned with the changing meaning of sport and sporting identity in the twenty-first century. This book was previously published as a Special Issue of Sport in Society.

Environmental Risks and the Media

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Author: Barbara Adam,Stuart Allan,Cynthia Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134610920

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 1680

Environmental Risks and the Media explores the ways in which environmental risks, threats and hazards are represented, transformed and contested by the media. At a time when popular conceptions of the environment as a stable, natural world with which humanity interferes are being increasingly contested, the medias methods of encouraging audiences to think about environmental risks - from the BSE or 'mad cow' crisis to global climate change - are becoming more and more controversial. Examining large-scale disasters, as well as 'everyday' hazards, the contributors consider the tensions between entertainment and information in media coverage of the environment. How do the media frame 'expert', 'counter-expert' and 'lay public' definitions of environmental risk? What role do environmental pressure groups like Greenpeace or 'eco-warriors' and 'green guerrillas' play in shaping what gets covered and how? Does the media emphasis on spectacular events at the expense of issue-sensitive reporting exacerbate the public tendency to overestimate sudden and violent risks and underestimate chronic long-term ones?

Power and Welfare

Understanding Citizens' Encounters with State Welfare

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Author: Nanna Mik-Meyer,Kaspar Villadsen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415534429

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 162

View: 1188

When the state punishes criminals, removes children at risk, or makes demands upon welfare recipients it is immediately apparent that it is exercising power. It is less readily evident that power is at stake when the state seeks to educate, advise, or empower citizens. This book focuses on how power frames these less coercive encounters, promoting critical reflection on the relationship between citizens and the state, and the exercise of professional power. Each chapter includes an introduction to a key thinker or conceptual framework from...

Risk

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Author: Deborah Lupton

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415183338

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2051

In this lively and engaging introduction to one of today's major sociocultural concepts, Deborah Lupton examines why risk has come to such prominence recently.

Human Safety and Risk Management, Second Edition

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Author: A. Ian Glendon,Sharon Clarke,Eugene McKenna

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420004687

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 2375

Reflecting a decade’s worth of changes, Human Safety and Risk Management, Second Edition contains new chapters addressing safety culture and models of risk as well as an extensive re-working of the material from the earlier edition. Examining a wide range of approaches to risk, the authors define safety culture and review theoretical models that elucidate mechanisms linking safety culture with safety performance. Filled with practical examples and case studies and drawing on a range of disciplines, the book explores individual differences and the many ways in which human beings are alike within a risk and safety context. It delineates a risk management approach that includes a range of techniques such as risk assessment, safety audit, and safety interventions. The authors address concepts central to workplace safety such as attitudes and their link with behavior. They discuss managing behavior in work environments including key functions and benefits of groups, factors influencing team effectiveness, and barriers to effectiveness such as groupthink.

Learning Disabilities - E-Book

Towards Inclusion

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Author: Helen Atherton,Debbie Crickmore

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047015

Category: Medical

Page: 624

View: 1084

Learning Disabilities: Toward Inclusion (formerly edited by Bob Gates) is one of the leading textbooks in this field. It offers real ways to improve quality of experience for people with learning disabilities in all areas of life. This new edition brings together a comprehensive and coherent collection of material from eminent authors with a wealth of professional backgrounds and roles. Its contemporary focus reflects practice developments including the impact of changing policy and legislation on the nature and configuration of services. The leading textbook for carers of people with learning disabilities A comprehensive overview of the field of learning disabilities care Well-written accessible content Activities, case studies, diagrams and further resources including useful web links the embedding of key themes across chapters to draw diverse material into an integrated whole. These are: person-centredness, values, the reality of practice, the range of ability, the range of services and national and international perspectives. chapters on advocacy, personal narratives and life story, inclusive research, risk, safeguarding, sensory awareness, epilepsy and end-of-life care online case studies and activities with critical-thinking questions and ‘hot links’ to web resources to extend knowledge and understanding thereby facilitating learning a fully searchable, customisable electronic version of the text to enable easy access and quick reference

War as Risk Management

Strategy and Conflict in an Age of Globalised Risks

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Author: Yee-Kuang Heng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113418560X

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 9663

This major new study shows how war can be thought of in terms of proactive risk management rather than in terms of conventional threat response. It addresses why the study of ‘risk management’ has helped fields such as sociology and criminology conceptualize new policy challenges but has made limited impact on Strategic Studies with new case studies of recent Anglo-American military campaigns in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. The author shows how ‘risk' is now a key defining feature of our globalized era, encompassing issues from global financial meltdown, terrorism, infectious diseases, to environmental degradation and how its vocabulary, such as the Precautionary Principle, now permeates the way we think about war, and how it now appears in US and UK defence policy documents, and speeches from both civilian and military staff. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies, war studies, international relations and globalization.

The emotional politics of social work and child protection

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Author: Warner, Joanne

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447318463

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4768

For several decades, social work and child protection systems have been subject to accelerating cycles of crisis and reform, with each crisis involving intense media and political scrutiny. In understanding the nature and causes of this cycle, little attention has been paid to the importance of collective emotions. Using a range of cases from the UK, and also considering cases from the Netherlands, the US and New Zealand, this book introduces the concept of emotional politics. It shows how collective emotions, such as anger, shame, fear and disgust, are central to constructions of risk and blame, and are generated and reflected by official documents, politicians and the media. The book considers strategies for challenging these ‘emotional politics’, including identifying models for a more politically engaged stance for the social work profession.

Risk and 'The Other'

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Author: Hélène Joffé

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521669696

Category: Psychology

Page: 165

View: 8177

Explores personal responses to risk from a social psychological framework.

Trusting on the Edge

Managing Uncertainty and Vulnerability in the Midst of Serious Mental Health Problems

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Author: Patrick Brown,Michael Calnan

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847428894

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 6045

This book explores issues central to contemporary theoretical debates around the nature of trust, linking abstract concerns to empirical analysis with interviews with service-users, practitioners and managers.