Rigoberta Menchú and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans

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Author: David Stoll

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 9780813343969

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 5742

Rigoberta Menchú is a living legend, a young woman who said that her odyssey from a Mayan Indian village to revolutionary exile was “the story of all poor Guatemalans.” By turning herself into an everywoman, she became a powerful symbol for 500 years of indigenous resistance to colonialism. Her testimony, I, Rigoberta Menchú, denounced atrocities by the Guatemalan army and propelled her to the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize. But her story was not the eyewitness account that she claimed. In this hotly debated book, key points of which have been corroborated by the New York Times, David Stoll compares a cult text with local testimony from Rigoberta Menchú’s hometown. His reconstruction of her story goes to the heart of debates over political correctness and identity politics and provides a dramatic illustration of the rebirth of the sacred in the postmodern academy.This expanded edition includes a new foreword from Elizabeth Burgos, the editor of I, Rigoberta Menchú, as well as a new afterword from Stoll, who discusses Rigoberta Menchú’s recent bid for the Guatemalan presidency and addresses the many controversies and debates that have arisen since the book was first published.

Rigoberta Menchu and the Story of All Poor Guatemalans

New Foreword by Elizabeth Burgos

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Author: David Stoll

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 0786732520

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 3266

Rigoberta Menchú is a living legend, a young woman who said that her odyssey from a Mayan Indian village to revolutionary exile was “the story of all poor Guatemalans.” By turning herself into an everywoman, she became a powerful symbol for 500 years of indigenous resistance to colonialism. Her testimony, I, Rigoberta Menchú, denounced atrocities by the Guatemalan army and propelled her to the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize. But her story was not the eyewitness account that she claimed. In this hotly debated book, key points of which have been corroborated by the New York Times, David Stoll compares a cult text with local testimony from Rigoberta Menchú's hometown. His reconstruction of her story goes to the heart of debates over political correctness and identity politics and provides a dramatic illustration of the rebirth of the sacred in the postmodern academy.This expanded edition includes a new foreword from Elizabeth Burgos, the editor of I, Rigoberta Menchú, as well as a new afterword from Stoll, who discusses Rigoberta Menchú's recent bid for the Guatemalan presidency and addresses the many controversies and debates that have arisen since the book was first published.

The Rigoberta Menchú Controversy

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Author: Arturo Arias,David Stoll

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816636266

Category: Social Science

Page: 418

View: 2533

Guatemalan indigenous rights activist Rigoberta Menchu first came to international prominence following the 1983 publication of her memoir, I, Rigoberta Menchu, which chronicled in compelling detail the violence and misery that she and her people suffered during her country's brutal civil war. The book focused world attention on Guatemala and led to her being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. In 1999, a book by David Stoll challenged the veracity of key details in Menchu's account, generating a storm of controversy. Journalists and scholars squared off regarding whether Menchu had lied about her past and, if so, what that would mean about the larger truths revealed in her book. In The Rigoberta Menchu Controversy, Arturo Arias has assembled a casebook that offers a balanced perspective on the debate. The first section of this volume collects the primary documents -- newspaper articles, interviews, and official statements -- in which the debate raged, many translated into English for the first time. In the second section, a distinguished group of international scholars assesses the political, historical, and cultural contexts of the debate, and considers its implications for such issues as the "culture wars", historical truth, and the politics of memory. Also included is a new essay by David Stoll in which he responds to his critics.

Genocide, Collective Violence, and Popular Memory

The Politics of Remembrance in the Twentieth Century

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Author: David E. Lorey,William H. Beezley

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780842029827

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 7164

The twentieth century has been scarred by political violence and genocide, reaching its extreme in the Holocaust. Yet, at the same time, the century has been marked by a growing commitment to human rights. This volume highlights the importance of history-of socially processed memory-in resolving the wounds left by massive state-sponsored political violence and in preventing future episodes of violence. In Genocide, Collective Violence, and Popular Memory: The Politics of Remembrance in the Twentieth Century, the editors present and discuss the many different social responses to the challenge of coming to terms with past reigns of terror and collective violence.p Designed for undergraduate courses in political violence and revolution, this volume treats a wide variety of incidents of collective violence-from decades-long genocide to short-lived massacres. The selection of essays provides a broad range of thought-provoking case studies from Latin America, Africa, Europe, and Asia. This provocative collection of readings from around the world will spur debate and discussion of this timely and important topic in the classroom and beyond.p

Rigoberta Menchú Tum

Activist for Indigenous Rights in Guatemala

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Author: Heather Lehr Wagner

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438104502

Category: Electronic books

Page: 121

View: 1880

Rigoberta Menchu Tum experienced firsthand the oppression of the native Indian population in Guatemala. This biography profiles the unwavering activist who was awarded the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize for her remarkable work promoting social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples."

Rereading Women in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Political Economy of Gender

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Author: Jennifer Abbassi,Sheryl Lutjens

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742510753

Category: Social Science

Page: 393

View: 4985

This indispensable text reader provides a broad-ranging and thoughtfully organized feminist introduction to the ongoing controversies of development in Latin America and the Caribbean. Designed for use in a variety of college courses, the volume collects an influential group of essays first published in Latin American Perspectives--a theoretical and scholarly journal focused on the political economy of capitalism, imperialism, and socialism in the Americas. The reader is organized into thematic sections that focus on work, politics, and culture, and each section includes substantive introductions that identify key issues, trends, and debates in the scholarly literature on women and gender in the region. Demonstrating the rich and multidisciplinary nature of Latin American studies, this collection of timely, empirical studies promotes critical thinking about women's place and power; about theory and research strategies; and about contemporary economic, political, and social conditions in Latin America and the Caribbean. Valuable as both a supplementary or primary text, Rereading Women makes a convincing claim for a materialist feminist analysis. It convincingly shows why women have become an increasingly important subject of research, acknowledges their gains and struggles over time, and explores the contributions that feminist theory has made toward the recognition of gender as a relevant--indeed essential--category for analyzing the political economy of development.

The Limits of Idealism

When Good Intentions Go Bad

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Author: Melvyn L. Fein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0585296014

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 4385

If the truth be known, I am only a partially reformed idealist. In the secret depths of my soul, I still wish to make the world a better place and sometimes fantasize about heroically eradicating its faults. When I encounter its limitations, it is consequently with deep regret and continued surprise. How, I ask myself, is it possible that that which seems so fight can be a chimera? And why, I wonder, aren't people as courageous, smart, or nice as I would like? The pain of realizing these things is sometimes so intense that I want to close my eyes and lose myself in the kinds of daydreams that comforted me as a youngster. One thing is clear, my need to come to grips with my idealism had its origin in a lifetime of naivet6. From the beginning, I wanted to be a "good" person. Often when life was most treacherous, I retreated into a comer from whence I escaped into reveries of moral glory. When I was very young, my faith was in religion. In Hebrew school, I took my lessons seriously and tried to apply them at home. By my teen years, this had been replaced by an allegiance to socialism. In the Brooklyn where I grew up, my teachers and relatives made this seem the natural course. When I reached my twenties, however, and was obliged to confront a series of personal deficiencies, psychotherapy shouldered its way to the fore.

Hoodwinked

How Intellectual Hucksters Have Hijacked American Culture

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Author: Jack Cashill

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 1418570044

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9934

For the last century, many intellectuals and activists responsible for shaping the way we think about sex, crime, government, and even our very history have been fabricating the facts. And yet they have been published, praised, promoted, and protected by a cultural establishment that has its agendas advanced by disinformation, half-truths, and lies. As a student of American intellectual history, Cashill has come to see that much of what is taught about the last century is not merely biased but knowingly false. A Ph.D. in American studies from Purdue, and a former Fulbright professor in France, Cashill has taught at several American universities and knows all too well the spin and dissembling of the academic world and public debate. In this sensational and essential book, Cashill tells the stories behind the fraud and reveals an unsettling pattern of institutional and cultural deception. With wide scope and fine-point scrutiny, Hoodwinked finally and definitively exposes the intellectual elite's trumpery?from unwitting self-deception to conscious manipulation of data, from the merely false to the purely fraudulent?and is the perfect antidote for the corrosive disinformation that has poisoned our society, culture, and understanding of the world at large. Norm Chomsky is one of America's best known public intellectuals, the nation's self-appointed conscience. And, says Arthur Schlesinger, "it has long been impossible to believe anything he says." The bigger problem is that the same?and worse?can be said for much of America's cultural elite, and Jack Cashill exposes them all. The sexual revolution. Alfred Kinsey encouraged the sexual torture of small boys. Masters and Johnson created an imiainary heterosexual AIDS crisis. Planned Parenthood buried margaret Sanger's plan to sterilize the racially and genetically "impure." Multiculturalism. Mumia is guilty. Alex Haley's Roots was almost pure fraud. Edward Said grew up a wealthy American, not a persecuted palestinian refugee. University of Colorado professor Ward Churchill faked his identity as Native American and much of his scholarship on genocide. And Michael Moore? He faked just about everything. Marxism. The New York Times' Waltar Duranty won a Pulitzer for denying Stalin's holocaust. Lillian Hellman papered over the communist sabotage of Hollywood with lies. Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs were guilty as geese. Radical Naturalism. Rachel Carson's bogus case against DDT has killed millions needlessly. Overpopulation alarmists predicted worldwide famines before 1999 and were honored for their insights. Neo-Darwinians have been faking their proofs for a century in textbooks and getting away with it. Hoodwinked is a powerful and devastating book that exposes the myriad lies and half-truths that America's progressive elite has used to hijack an entire culture.

A Beauty That Hurts

Life and Death in Guatemala

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Author: W. George Lovell

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 029279293X

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 9626

Though a 1996 peace accord brought a formal end to a conflict that had lasted for thirty-six years, Guatemala's violent past continues to scar its troubled present and seems destined to haunt its uncertain future. George Lovell brings to this revised and expanded edition of A Beauty That Hurts decades of fieldwork throughout Guatemala, as well as archival research. He locates the roots of conflict in geographies of inequality that arose during colonial times and were exacerbated by the drive to develop Guatemala's resources in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The lines of confrontation were entrenched after a decade of socioeconomic reform between 1944 and 1954 saw modernizing initiatives undone by a military coup backed by U.S. interests and the CIA. A United Nations Truth Commission has established that civil war in Guatemala claimed the lives of more that 200,000 people, the vast majority of them indigenous Mayas. Lovell weaves documentation about what happened to Mayas in particular during the war years with accounts of their difficult personal situations. Meanwhile, an intransigent elite and a powerful military continue to benefit from the inequalities that triggered armed insurrection in the first place. Weak and corrupt civilian governments fail to impose the rule of law, thus ensuring that Guatemala remains an embattled country where postwar violence and drug-related crime undermine any semblance of orderly, peaceful life.

The Exhaustion of Difference

The Politics of Latin American Cultural Studies

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Author: Alberto Moreiras

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822380595

Category: Education

Page: 362

View: 2992

The conditions for thinking about Latin America as a regional unit in transnational academic discourse have shifted over the past decades. In The Exhaustion of Difference Alberto Moreiras ponders the ramifications of this shift and draws on deconstruction, Marxian theory, philosophy, political economy, subaltern studies, literary criticism, and postcolonial studies to interrogate the minimal conditions for an effective critique of knowledge given the recent transformations of the contemporary world. What, asks Moreiras, is the function of critical reason in the present moment? What is regionalistic knowledge in the face of globalization? Can regionalistic knowledge be an effective tool for a critique of contemporary reason? What is the specificity of Latin Americanist reflection and how is it situated to deal with these questions? Through examinations of critical regionalism, restitutional excess, the historical genealogy of Latin American subalternism, testimonio literature, and the cultural politics of magical realism, Moreiras argues that while cultural studies is increasingly institutionalized and in danger of reproducing the dominant ideologies of late capitalism, it is also ripe for giving way to projects of theoretical reformulation. Ultimately, he claims, critical reason must abandon its allegiance to aesthetic-historicist projects and the destructive binaries upon which all cultural theories of modernity have been constructed. The Exhaustion of Difference makes a significant contribution to the rethinking of Latin American cultural studies.

Can the Subaltern Speak?

Reflections on the History of an Idea

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Author: Rosalind Morris

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231512856

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 336

View: 7894

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's original essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?" transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of Marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism's "worlding" of the world. Spivak's essay hones in on the historical and ideological factors that obstruct the possibility of being heard for those who inhabit the periphery. It is a probing interrogation of what it means to have political subjectivity, to be able to access the state, and to suffer the burden of difference in a capitalist system that promises equality yet withholds it at every turn. Since its publication, "Can the Subaltern Speak?" has been cited, invoked, imitated, and critiqued. In these phenomenal essays, eight scholars take stock of the effects and response to Spivak's work. They begin by contextualizing the piece within the development of subaltern and postcolonial studies and the quest for human rights. Then, through the lens of Spivak's essay, they rethink historical problems of subalternity, voicing, and death. A final section situates "Can the Subaltern Speak?" within contemporary issues, particularly new international divisions of labor and the politics of silence among indigenous women of Guatemala and Mexico. In an afterword, Spivak herself considers her essay's past interpretations and future incarnations and the questions and histories that remain secreted in the original and revised versions of "Can the Subaltern Speak?" both of which are reprinted in this book.

Native and National in Brazil

Indigeneity after Independence

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Author: Tracy Devine Guzmán

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469602105

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3914

How do the lives of indigenous peoples relate to the romanticized role of "Indians" in Brazilian history, politics, and cultural production? Native and National in Brazil charts this enigmatic relationship from the sixteenth century to the present, focusing on the consolidation of the dominant national imaginary in the postindependence period and highlighting Native peoples' ongoing work to decolonize it. Engaging issues ranging from sovereignty, citizenship, and national security to the revolutionary potential of art, sustainable development, and the gendering of ethnic differences, Tracy Devine Guzman argues that the tensions between popular renderings of "Indianness" and lived indigenous experience are critical to the unfolding of Brazilian nationalism, on the one hand, and the growth of the Brazilian indigenous movement, on the other. Devine Guzman suggests that the "indigenous question" now posed by Brazilian indigenous peoples themselves--how to be Native and national at the same time--can help us to rethink national belonging in accordance with the protection of human rights, the promotion of social justice, and the consolidation of democratic governance for indigenous and nonindigenous citizens alike.

Childhood and Postcolonization

Power, Education, and Contemporary Practice

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Author: Gaile S. Cannella,Radhika Viruru

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135953694

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 9688

This book opens the door to the effects of intellectual, educational, and economic colonization of young children throughout the world. Using a postcolonial lens on current educational practices, the authors hope to lift those practices out of reproducing traditional power structures and push our thinking beyond the adult/child dichotomy into new possibilities for the lives that are created with children.

Third World Studies

Theorizing Liberation

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Author: Gary Y. Okihiro

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822373831

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4343

In 1968 the Third World Liberation Front at San Francisco State College demanded the creation of a Third World studies program to counter the existing curricula that ignored issues of power—notably, imperialism and oppression. The administration responded by institutionalizing an ethnic studies program; Third World studies was over before it began. Detailing the field's genesis and premature death, Gary Y. Okihiro presents an intellectual history of ethnic studies and Third World studies and shows where they converged and departed by identifying some of their core ideas, concepts, methods, and theories. In so doing, he establishes the contours of a unified field of study—Third World studies—that pursues a decolonial politics by examining the human condition broadly, especially in regard to oppression, and critically analyzing the locations and articulations of power as manifested in the social formation. Okihiro's framing of Third World studies moves away from ethnic studies' liberalism and its U.S.-centrism to emphasize the need for complex thinking and political action in the drive for self-determination.

The Rough Guide to Guatemala

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Rough Guides UK

ISBN: 1409362477

Category: Travel

Page: 376

View: 4411

The new full-colour Rough Guide to Guatemala is the definitive guide to this fascinating Central American country. Fully updated, detailed accounts of every attraction, along with clear, colour maps, will show you everything Guatemala has to offer, from ancient Mayan cities to beautiful rainforest scenery and stunning lakes. The Rough Guide is packed full of insider tips about off-the-beaten-track destinations, hiking trails, surf spots, kayak and rafting trips and jungle walks, plus all the best hotels, cafés, restaurants and bars for every budget. Whether you're taking in the grand Mayan site of Tikal, the graceful, colonial architecture of Antigua, a traditional market or an adventurous jungle trek, The Rough Guide to Guatemala will help you make the most of your holiday. Originally published in print in 2012. Make the most of your time with The Rough Guide to Guatemala. Now available in ePub format.

El Norte Or Bust

How Migration Fever and Microcredit Produced a Financial Crash in a Latin American Town

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Author: David Stoll

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442220686

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 281

View: 2665

In this unexpected story of a financial bubble and collapse, David Stoll puts a compelling human face on the global economic crisis. Tracing the desperate plight of Latin Americans moving north in search of higher wages, he shows how for the Mayas of Nebaj, an indigenous town in Guatemala that is running out of land, the biggest challenge is finding employment for their youth. The Nebajenses have tried to solve that problem by using U.S. development aid funds to smuggle themselves to the United States and earn enough to support their families back home. As their experience shows, migration streams to the United States have become a pyramid scheme in which migrants recoup their losses by transferring risk, and with it the increasing likelihood of losing everything they own, to their relatives and neighbors. Ever-deepening debt, Stoll convincingly argues, is the powerful engine driving undocumented migration to the United States.

Der weite Weg der Hoffnung

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Author: Loung Ung

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104902380

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 3926

***Ein ergreifendes Buch über eine zerstörte Kindheit in einem zerstörten Land – jetzt auch verfilmt von Angelina Jolie*** Kambodscha im April 1975. Soldaten der Roten Khmer rücken in die Hauptstadt Phnom Penh vor. Das Land versinkt in Hunger, Grauen und Mord. Aus dem umhegten Kind Loung Ung wird ein elternloser Flüchtling, der im kambodschanischen Dschungel verzweifelt ums Überleben kämpft. Unsagbares Leid bricht über sie herein. Loung muss sich in einem Waisenlager zum Kindersoldaten ausbilden lassen, ihre Brüder und Schwestern kämpfen in Arbeitslagern verzweifelt um ihr Leben. Allein die Hoffnung, ihre Familie am Ende der Schreckensherrschaft wiederzusehen, spendet Loung Ung Trost. »Reden heißt, meine Familie in große Gefahr zu bringen. Mir fünf Jahren beginne ich zu verstehen, wie es ist, allein zu sein, still und einsam mit der Erwartung, dass mich jeder verletzen könnte.«

Literature and Politics in the Central American Revolutions

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Author: John Beverley,Marc Zimmerman

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Central American poetry

Page: 252

View: 9029

A study of the co-evolution of both the literary and political cultures in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Beverly and Zimmerman discuss the theories of the relationship between literature, ideology, and politics, applying them to the rise of revolutionary organizations in Central America. Paper edition (74672-5), $12.95. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Die Konkurrenz der Opfer

Genozid, Identität und Anerkennung

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Author: Jean-Michel Chaumont

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783934920057

Category: Genocide

Page: 359

View: 3959