Revolution and World Order

The Revolutionary State in International Society

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Author: James David Armstrong

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198275285

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 8026

In this important study David Armstrong examines the impact of revolutionary states on the international system. These states have always posed major problems for the achievement of world order: revolution is often accompanied by international as well as civil conflict, while revolutionary doctrines have proven to be highly disruptive of the existing structure of international politics.Dr Armstrong asks whether revolutionary states are `socialized' into adopting acceptable patterns of international behaviour or whether it is international society that is forced to change when these new states appear.He looks in detail at the French, American, and Russian revolutions and at several post-1945 revolutionary states; he also examines the relationship between revolutionary states and the principal ordering devices of international society: international law, diplomacy, and the balance of power. His book is a major contribution to international relations and an important development and application of the `international society' concept.

Revolution and War

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Author: Stephen M. Walt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801470005

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 1009

Revolution within a state almost invariably leads to intense security competition between states, and often to war. In Revolution and War, Stephen M. Walt explains why this is so, and suggests how the risk of conflicts brought on by domestic upheaval might be reduced in the future. In doing so, he explores one of the basic questions of international relations: What are the connections between domestic politics and foreign policy? Walt begins by exposing the flaws in existing theories about the relationship between revolution and war. Drawing on the theoretical literature about revolution and the realist perspective on international politics, he argues that revolutions cause wars by altering the balance of threats between a revolutionary state and its rivals. Each state sees the other as both a looming danger and a vulnerable adversary, making war seem both necessary and attractive. Walt traces the dynamics of this argument through detailed studies of the French, Russian, and Iranian revolutions, and through briefer treatment of the American, Mexican, Turkish, and Chinese cases. He also considers the experience of the Soviet Union, whose revolutionary transformation led to conflict within the former Soviet empire but not with the outside world. An important refinement of realist approaches to international politics, this book unites the study of revolution with scholarship on the causes of war.

Debatten zwischen Staaten

Eine Argumentationstheorie internationaler Systemkonflikte

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322993736

Category: Social Science

Page: 417

View: 6651

1.1. Die theoretische Herausforderung der Osteuropäischen Revolution: Anlaß und Ziele der Untersuchung In den Staaten Osteuropas setzte 1989 ein Systemwandel ein, der die kom munistischen Parteien ihres Herrschaftsmonopols beraubte und eine Trans formation der sozialistischen Gesellschaftsordnungen auslöste. Er orientierte sich an den Grundwerten der liberalen Demokratie: "Rechtsstaatlichkeit"und "Demokratie", "Marktwirtschaft" und "Privateigentum". Im Gefolge dieser Veränderungen lösten sich der "Ostblock", der europäische Systemgegensatz zwischen Kommunismus und liberaler Demokratie und damit der Ost-West Konflikt als zentrale Konfliktformationdes internationalen Systems auf. 1991 fiel schließlich die vormalige "Supermacht" Sowjetunion selbst den Zerfalls prozessen zum Opfer, die der Systemwandel im kommunistischen Imperium verursacht hatte. Ähnlich wie 200 Jahre zuvor die Französische Revolution markierte diese Osteuropäische Revolution schon im Bewußtsein der Zeitgenossen einen Wendepunkt der europäischen Geschichte. Wie ,,1789" wurde auch die Jahreszahl ,,1989" zum Symbol einer tiefgreifenden geschichtlichen Umwäl zung. "Ende der Nachkriegszeit", "Ende des Kalten Krieges", "Ende des Kommunismus", "Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts", "Ende der Utopie", "Ende der Geschichte" - so und ähnlich lauteten die stets dem gleichen Muster folgenden Versuche, den Wendepunkt auf den Begriff zu bringen.! Diese historische Bedeutung macht die Osteuropäische Revolution zu einem erst rangigen Forschungsobjekt der Sozialwissenschaften.

Mao's China and the Cold War

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Author: Jian Chen

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807898902

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 9563

This comprehensive study of China's Cold War experience reveals the crucial role Beijing played in shaping the orientation of the global Cold War and the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. The success of China's Communist revolution in 1949 set the stage, Chen says. The Korean War, the Taiwan Strait crises, and the Vietnam War--all of which involved China as a central actor--represented the only major "hot" conflicts during the Cold War period, making East Asia the main battlefield of the Cold War, while creating conditions to prevent the two superpowers from engaging in a direct military showdown. Beijing's split with Moscow and rapprochement with Washington fundamentally transformed the international balance of power, argues Chen, eventually leading to the end of the Cold War with the collapse of the Soviet Empire and the decline of international communism. Based on sources that include recently declassified Chinese documents, the book offers pathbreaking insights into the course and outcome of the Cold War.

Republics at War, 1776-1840

Revolutions, Conflicts, and Geopolitics in Europe and the Atlantic World

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Author: P. Serna,A. De Francesco,J. Miller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137328827

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 7196

This collection probes the troubling connections between war and republic during Revolutionary era, 1776-1840. It presents the work of an international team of scholars, some of them in English for the first time.

Towards the Dignity of Difference?

Neither 'End of History' nor 'Clash of Civilizations'

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Author: Dr Mojtaba Mahdavi,Professor W Andy Knight

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409483517

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 7140

This volume suggests that there is a 'third way' of addressing global tensions - one that rejects the extremes of both universalism and particularism. This third way acknowledges the 'dignity of difference' and promotes both self-respect and respect for others. It is also a radical call for an epistemic shift in our understanding of 'us-other' and 'good-evil'. The authors strengthen their alternative approach with a practical policy guide, by challenging existing policies that either exclude or assimilate other cultures, that wage the constructed 'global war on terror', and that impose a western neo-liberal discourse on non-western societies.

Revolution and International Politics

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Author: Peter Calvert

Publisher: Pinter Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 8867

Presenting an analysis of the role of revolution in international politics, this edition takes account of developments since the first edition was published in 1984, such as the dramatic changes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union between 1989 and 1991, and the re-evaluation by a number of scholars of the French Revolution. This is followed by various revisionist studies of revolution itself. The book incorporates recent work in the field, which calls for some significant changes of emphasis in order to understand the nature of international politics today. International relations as a discipline has moved away from state-centred theory; the new emphasis is on globalization, interdependence and the importance of non-state actors.

Slavic Review

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 3295

Renegade States

The Evolution of Revolutionary Foreign Policy

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Author: Stephen Chan,Andrew J. Williams

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719031700

Category: Civil war.

Page: 211

View: 5509

This textbook investigates the tortuous relationship between established status quo powers and revolutionary states, such as China, North Korea, Iran, Nicaragua and Iraq. It bridges the gap between analyses of revolutions, which tend to concentrate on their domestic causes, and the study of renegade states' impact on the international system. It sees revolutionary states as a central dynamic of modern international society, rather than as aberrations damaging an otherwise stable international body politic. The book provides a series of historical and contemporary case studies and theoretical analyses.

Der Staat

Zeitschrift für Staatslehre, öffentliches Recht und Verfassungsgeschichte

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public law

Page: N.A

View: 1141

Historical Abstracts

Modern history abstracts, 1450-1914

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History, Modern

Page: N.A

View: 4181

Weltordnung

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Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 9172

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

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Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 9920

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Revolution and Human Rights

Proceeding of the 14th IVR World Congress in Edinburgh, August 1989

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Author: Werner Maihofer,Gerhard Sprenger

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515056120

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 3785

Content: I. Revolution and Law: H.P. Glenn: Law, Revolution and Rights u M.A. Simon: Must a Revolution Preserve Rights? u C. Wellman: Locke's Right to Revolution Reexamined u W.E. Murnion: Aquinas on Revolution u Shing-I Liu: Menschenrecht, Widerstandsrecht u. Revolution u II. Human Rights and Democracy: A. Mineau: L'origine des droits de l'homme u H. Kochler: Menschenrechtskonformitat demokrat. Systeme u M. Scheinin: Legal Protection of Human Rights and Different Conceptions of Democracy u J.F. Doyle: Fulfilling Revolutionary Promises u N. Lopez-Calera: Naturaleza dialectica de los derechos humanos u J. Wetlesen: Inherent Dignity as a Ground of Human Rights u M.-R. Ollila: Virtue Ethics and Violations of Human Rights u P. Duran y Lalaguna: Human Rights in Democratic Society u C.B. Gray: Fraternity and Nonobstante u III. Human Rights and International Law: A. Bragyova: Is it Possible to Base Human Rights on Internaional Law? u L. Lukaszuk: The Concept of Protection of Human and Civic Rights According to the Principles and Rules of Both the International and Constitutional Law u A.N. Georgiadou: Les droits fondamentaux en droit communautaire u IV. Human Rights and Socialism: K.A. Mollnau: Entwicklungsdenken in der Rechtswissenschaft u W. Sokolewicz: Constitutionality as a Precondition of the Rule of Law u R. Wieruszewski: The Principle of Interrelation Between Human Rights and Duties u P.D. Swan: The Contributions of J. Habermas and C. Lefort u A. Lopatka: Revolution and Socialist Renewal in Poland u M. Samu: The Connection Between Human Rights and Democracy u D.J. Galligan: The Foundations of Due Process in Socialism u R. Bellamy: Liberal Rights and Socialist Goals .

Inter-civilizational Relations and the Destiny of the West

Dialogue Or Confrontation?

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Author: Victor Segesvary

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761817246

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 1296

Inter-Civilization Relations and the Destiny of the West examines in scholarly detail, historical and philosophical background to the current turning-point of history. Segesvary brings together hermeneutics and history, and, philosophy and politics in a thought-provoking synthesis which will interest politicians, diplomats and economic development specialists.

Iran After the Revolution

Crisis of an Islamic State

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Author: Saeed Rahnema,Sohrab Behdad

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860641282

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 620

In this work writers on Iran explore the ideological and political divisions within the Islamic movement and explain the post-revolutionary period in terms of economic policy, education, attitudes to women, and national and religious policies.

Federal Union, Modern World

The Law of Nations in an Age of Revolutions, 1776-1814

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Author: Peter S. Onuf,Peter S Onuf,Nicholas Greenwood Onuf

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780945612346

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 2019

In this thought-provoking analysis of international relations, the authors relate the emergence of the modern state-societies to the experiments in constitution-making in the United States.