Revolution and World Order

The Revolutionary State in International Society

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Author: James David Armstrong

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198275285

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 4172

In this important study David Armstrong examines the impact of revolutionary states on the international system. These states have always posed major problems for the achievement of world order: revolution is often accompanied by international as well as civil conflict, while revolutionary doctrines have proven to be highly disruptive of the existing structure of international politics.Dr Armstrong asks whether revolutionary states are `socialized' into adopting acceptable patterns of international behaviour or whether it is international society that is forced to change when these new states appear.He looks in detail at the French, American, and Russian revolutions and at several post-1945 revolutionary states; he also examines the relationship between revolutionary states and the principal ordering devices of international society: international law, diplomacy, and the balance of power. His book is a major contribution to international relations and an important development and application of the `international society' concept.

Revolution and War

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Author: Stephen M. Walt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801470005

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 3353

Revolution within a state almost invariably leads to intense security competition between states, and often to war. In Revolution and War, Stephen M. Walt explains why this is so, and suggests how the risk of conflicts brought on by domestic upheaval might be reduced in the future. In doing so, he explores one of the basic questions of international relations: What are the connections between domestic politics and foreign policy? Walt begins by exposing the flaws in existing theories about the relationship between revolution and war. Drawing on the theoretical literature about revolution and the realist perspective on international politics, he argues that revolutions cause wars by altering the balance of threats between a revolutionary state and its rivals. Each state sees the other as both a looming danger and a vulnerable adversary, making war seem both necessary and attractive. Walt traces the dynamics of this argument through detailed studies of the French, Russian, and Iranian revolutions, and through briefer treatment of the American, Mexican, Turkish, and Chinese cases. He also considers the experience of the Soviet Union, whose revolutionary transformation led to conflict within the former Soviet empire but not with the outside world. An important refinement of realist approaches to international politics, this book unites the study of revolution with scholarship on the causes of war.

Debatten zwischen Staaten

Eine Argumentationstheorie internationaler Systemkonflikte

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322993736

Category: Social Science

Page: 417

View: 6082

1.1. Die theoretische Herausforderung der Osteuropäischen Revolution: Anlaß und Ziele der Untersuchung In den Staaten Osteuropas setzte 1989 ein Systemwandel ein, der die kom munistischen Parteien ihres Herrschaftsmonopols beraubte und eine Trans formation der sozialistischen Gesellschaftsordnungen auslöste. Er orientierte sich an den Grundwerten der liberalen Demokratie: "Rechtsstaatlichkeit"und "Demokratie", "Marktwirtschaft" und "Privateigentum". Im Gefolge dieser Veränderungen lösten sich der "Ostblock", der europäische Systemgegensatz zwischen Kommunismus und liberaler Demokratie und damit der Ost-West Konflikt als zentrale Konfliktformationdes internationalen Systems auf. 1991 fiel schließlich die vormalige "Supermacht" Sowjetunion selbst den Zerfalls prozessen zum Opfer, die der Systemwandel im kommunistischen Imperium verursacht hatte. Ähnlich wie 200 Jahre zuvor die Französische Revolution markierte diese Osteuropäische Revolution schon im Bewußtsein der Zeitgenossen einen Wendepunkt der europäischen Geschichte. Wie ,,1789" wurde auch die Jahreszahl ,,1989" zum Symbol einer tiefgreifenden geschichtlichen Umwäl zung. "Ende der Nachkriegszeit", "Ende des Kalten Krieges", "Ende des Kommunismus", "Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts", "Ende der Utopie", "Ende der Geschichte" - so und ähnlich lauteten die stets dem gleichen Muster folgenden Versuche, den Wendepunkt auf den Begriff zu bringen.! Diese historische Bedeutung macht die Osteuropäische Revolution zu einem erst rangigen Forschungsobjekt der Sozialwissenschaften.

Mao's China and the Cold War

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Author: Jian Chen

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807898902

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 7975

This comprehensive study of China's Cold War experience reveals the crucial role Beijing played in shaping the orientation of the global Cold War and the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. The success of China's Communist revolution in 1949 set the stage, Chen says. The Korean War, the Taiwan Strait crises, and the Vietnam War--all of which involved China as a central actor--represented the only major "hot" conflicts during the Cold War period, making East Asia the main battlefield of the Cold War, while creating conditions to prevent the two superpowers from engaging in a direct military showdown. Beijing's split with Moscow and rapprochement with Washington fundamentally transformed the international balance of power, argues Chen, eventually leading to the end of the Cold War with the collapse of the Soviet Empire and the decline of international communism. Based on sources that include recently declassified Chinese documents, the book offers pathbreaking insights into the course and outcome of the Cold War.

Republics at War, 1776-1840

Revolutions, Conflicts, and Geopolitics in Europe and the Atlantic World

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Author: P. Serna,A. De Francesco,J. Miller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137328827

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 1886

This collection probes the troubling connections between war and republic during Revolutionary era, 1776-1840. It presents the work of an international team of scholars, some of them in English for the first time.

Towards the Dignity of Difference?

Neither 'End of History' nor 'Clash of Civilizations'

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Author: Dr Mojtaba Mahdavi,Professor W Andy Knight

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409483517

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 3358

This volume suggests that there is a 'third way' of addressing global tensions - one that rejects the extremes of both universalism and particularism. This third way acknowledges the 'dignity of difference' and promotes both self-respect and respect for others. It is also a radical call for an epistemic shift in our understanding of 'us-other' and 'good-evil'. The authors strengthen their alternative approach with a practical policy guide, by challenging existing policies that either exclude or assimilate other cultures, that wage the constructed 'global war on terror', and that impose a western neo-liberal discourse on non-western societies.

Revolution and International Politics

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Author: Peter Calvert

Publisher: Pinter Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 1139

Presenting an analysis of the role of revolution in international politics, this edition takes account of developments since the first edition was published in 1984, such as the dramatic changes in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union between 1989 and 1991, and the re-evaluation by a number of scholars of the French Revolution. This is followed by various revisionist studies of revolution itself. The book incorporates recent work in the field, which calls for some significant changes of emphasis in order to understand the nature of international politics today. International relations as a discipline has moved away from state-centred theory; the new emphasis is on globalization, interdependence and the importance of non-state actors.

Weltordnung

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Author: Henry A. Kissinger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641155487

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 8910

Henry Kissinger über die größte Herausforderung des 21. Jahrhunderts Hat das westlich geprägte Wertesystem im 21. Jahrhundert angesichts aufstrebender Mächte mit gänzlich anderem Menschenbild und Gesellschaftskonzept als Basis einer Frieden stiftenden Weltordnung ausgedient? Henry Kissinger, über Jahrzehnte zentrale Figur der US-Außenpolitik und Autorität für Fragen der internationalen Beziehungen, sieht unsere Epoche vor existenziellen Herausforderungen angesichts zunehmender Spannungen. In der heutigen global eng vernetzten Welt wäre eine Ordnung vonnöten, die von Menschen unterschiedlicher Kultur, Geschichte und Tradition akzeptiert wird und auf einem Regelwerk beruht, das in der Lage ist, regionale wie globale Kriege einzudämmen. Der Autor analysiert die Entstehung der unterschiedlichen Ordnungssysteme etwa in China, den islamischen Ländern oder im Westen und unternimmt den Versuch, das Trennende zwischen ihnen zusammenzuführen und den Grundstein für eine zukünftige friedliche Weltordnung zu legen.

Renegade States

The Evolution of Revolutionary Foreign Policy

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Author: Stephen Chan,Andrew J. Williams

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719031700

Category: Civil war.

Page: 211

View: 9626

This textbook investigates the tortuous relationship between established status quo powers and revolutionary states, such as China, North Korea, Iran, Nicaragua and Iraq. It bridges the gap between analyses of revolutions, which tend to concentrate on their domestic causes, and the study of renegade states' impact on the international system. It sees revolutionary states as a central dynamic of modern international society, rather than as aberrations damaging an otherwise stable international body politic. The book provides a series of historical and contemporary case studies and theoretical analyses.

Slavic Review

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 3669

The French Revolution in Germany

Occupation and Resistance in the Rhineland, 1792-1802

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Author: T. C. W. Blanning

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198225644

Category: History

Page: 353

View: 6734

This book is a study of the occupation of western Germany by the armies of the French Revolution in the decade which separated the first invasion in 1792 from the final absorption of the left bank of the Rhineland into the French Republic ten years later.

Der Staat

Zeitschrift für Staatslehre, öffentliches Recht und Verfassungsgeschichte

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public law

Page: N.A

View: 1493

Theory of the Global State

Globality as an Unfinished Revolution

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Author: Martin Shaw,Shaw Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521597302

Category: Political Science

Page: 295

View: 1745

This book, first published in 2000, analyses global change which critiques modern social thought and global theory, examining global-democratic revolution.

Historical Abstracts

Modern history abstracts, 1450-1914

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History, Modern

Page: N.A

View: 9435

Zehn Tage, die die Welt erschütterten

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Author: John Reed

Publisher: MEHRING Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3886346927

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 3791

Die berühmten Augenzeugenberichte und Reportagen John Reeds von der Russischen Revolution 1917 sind gerade heute angesichts der revolutionären Entwicklungen in den arabischen Ländern hochaktuell. "Im Kampf waren meine Sympathien nicht neutral. Aber in meiner Schilderung der Geschichte dieser großen Tage habe ich versucht, die Ereignisse mit den Augen eines gewissenhaften Reporters zu sehen, der nichts anderes will als die Wahrheit schreiben." John Reed

Mecca of Revolution

Algeria, Decolonization, and the Third World Order

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Author: Jeffrey James Byrne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199899142

Category: Algeria

Page: 408

View: 8943

Amid the burgeoning literature on the connections between the global north and the global south, Mecca of Revolution is a pure example of post-colonial, or "south-south," international history. Through an examination of Algeria's interactions with the wider world, from the beginning of its warof independence to the fall of its first post-colonial regime, the Third Worldist perspective on the twentieth century comes into view. Hitherto dominant historical paradigms such as the Cold War are situated in the larger context of decolonization and the re-inclusion of the large majority ofhumanity in international affairs. At the same time, groundbreaking research in the archives of Algeria and a half-dozen other countries enable Mecca of Revolution to advance beyond the focus on discourse analysis that has typified previous studies of Third World internationalism. It demystifiesterms like Non-Alignment, Afro-Asianism, and Bandung, and sheds new light on the relationships between the emergent elites of Africa, the Middle East, Asian, and Latin America. As one of the most prominent sites of post-colonial socialist experimentation and an epicenter of transnational guerrilla activity, Algeria was at the heart of efforts to transform global political and economic structures. Yet, the book also shows how Third Worldism evolved from a subversivetransnational phenomenon into a mode of elite cooperation that reinforced the authority of the post-colonial state. In so doing, the Third World movement played a key role in the construction of the totalizing international order of the late-twentieth century. Ultimately, Mecca of Revolution showsthe "post-colonial world" is all of our world.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

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Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 3173

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.