The Basics of Social Research


Author: Earl Babbie

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495094684

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 576

View: 1664

This thorough revision of Babbie's standard-setting book presents a succinct, straightforward introduction to the field of research methods as practiced by social scientists. Contemporary examples+such as terrorism, Alzheimer's disease, anti-gay prejudice and education, and the legalization of marijuana make this Fourth Edition thoroughly fascinating as it introduces you to the how-tos and whys of social research methods. The book's new qualitative coverage combined with its already strong quantitative material makes this new edition Babbie's best yet. Babbie, long respected in the field and renowned for his engaging and friendly writing style, gives you the tools you need for understanding social research methods and for applying these concepts both inside and outside the classroom+as a researcher and as a consumer of research. With a strong emphasis on ethics and additional qualitative material, this Fourth Edition is authoritative yet student-friendly . . . and engaging enough to help you connect the dots between the world of social research and the real world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Practice of Social Research


Author: Earl R. Babbie

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495093254

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 9264

A guide to conducting effective social research.

Study Guide for Research Methods in the Social Sciences


Author: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias,David Nachmias

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9781429202992

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 9179

The guide includes chapter objectives, key terms and concepts, and main points for each chapter, plus self-evaluation quizzes, review tests, exercises and projects.

RealWorld Evaluation

Working Under Budget, Time, Data, and Political Constraints


Author: Michael Bamberger,Jim Rugh,Linda Mabry

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1483306984

Category: Social Science

Page: 712

View: 3716

This book addresses the challenges of conducting program evaluations in real-world contexts where evaluators and the agencies face budget and time constraints and where critical data is missing. The book is organized around a seven-step model developed by the authors, which has been tested and refined in workshops. Vignettes and case studies—representing evaluations from a variety of geographic regions and sectors—demonstrate adaptive possibilities for small projects with budgets of a few thousand dollars to large-scale, long-term evaluations. The text incorporates quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method designs and this Second Edition reflects important developments in the field over the last five years.



Author: John R. Weeks

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780534627799

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1724

Resources for Teaching Middle School Science


Author: Smithsonian Institution,National Academy of Engineering,National Science Resources Center of the National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309174740

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 7746

With age-appropriate, inquiry-centered curriculum materials and sound teaching practices, middle school science can capture the interest and energy of adolescent students and expand their understanding of the world around them. Resources for Teaching Middle School Science, developed by the National Science Resources Center (NSRC), is a valuable tool for identifying and selecting effective science curriculum materials that will engage students in grades 6 through 8. The volume describes more than 400 curriculum titles that are aligned with the National Science Education Standards. This completely new guide follows on the success of Resources for Teaching Elementary School Science, the first in the NSRC series of annotated guides to hands-on, inquiry-centered curriculum materials and other resources for science teachers. The curriculum materials in the new guide are grouped in five chapters by scientific area--Physical Science, Life Science, Environmental Science, Earth and Space Science, and Multidisciplinary and Applied Science. They are also grouped by type--core materials, supplementary units, and science activity books. Each annotation of curriculum material includes a recommended grade level, a description of the activities involved and of what students can be expected to learn, a list of accompanying materials, a reading level, and ordering information. The curriculum materials included in this book were selected by panels of teachers and scientists using evaluation criteria developed for the guide. The criteria reflect and incorporate goals and principles of the National Science Education Standards. The annotations designate the specific content standards on which these curriculum pieces focus. In addition to the curriculum chapters, the guide contains six chapters of diverse resources that are directly relevant to middle school science. Among these is a chapter on educational software and multimedia programs, chapters on books about science and teaching, directories and guides to science trade books, and periodicals for teachers and students. Another section features institutional resources. One chapter lists about 600 science centers, museums, and zoos where teachers can take middle school students for interactive science experiences. Another chapter describes nearly 140 professional associations and U.S. government agencies that offer resources and assistance. Authoritative, extensive, and thoroughly indexed--and the only guide of its kind--Resources for Teaching Middle School Science will be the most used book on the shelf for science teachers, school administrators, teacher trainers, science curriculum specialists, advocates of hands-on science teaching, and concerned parents.

Documentation Abstracts


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Information storage and retrieval systems

Page: N.A

View: 2206

Essentials of Nursing Research, 7th Edition, Polit & Beek, 2010

Essentials of Nursing Research


Author: Wolters-Kluwer, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Publisher: Bukupedia


Category: Medical

Page: 626

View: 2733

This book marks the seventh time we have worked on this textbook, which is designed to teach students how to read research reports and critique the methods used in nursing studies. It is perhaps difficult to imagine that writing a seventh edition of a textbook on research methods could be fun—but that is exactly the right word to describe our experience in working on this new edition. We have made many changes to the content and organization of this textbook, and the revisions kept our enthusiasm and energy for this project at a very high level. We are confident that we have introduced numerous improvements—but at the same time, we have retained many features that have made this book a classic throughout the world. We think that this edition will make it easier and more satisfying for nurses to pursue a professional pathway that incorporates thoughtful appraisals of evidence. NEW TO THIS EDITION Up-front, Consistent Emphasis on Evidence-Based Practice To an even greater extent than in the past, we emphasize in this edition that research is a crucial enterprise for building an evidence base for nursing practice. We have given the topic of evidence-based practice (EBP) greater prominence by making the chapter on EBP the second chapter of the book (previously the last chapter), and by expanding its content. We emphasize throughout that high-quality evidence is a product of researchers’ decisions in designing and executing a study. Every chapter offers guidance on how to appraise research evidence for its utility in informing nurses’ clinical decisions. We have also added a new chapter on how to read, interpret, and critique systematic reviews, which are considered by many to be a cornerstone of EBP. The Study Guide that supplements this textbook includes a full report of an EBP project. The increased focus on EBP prompted us to modify the book’s title to emphasize the important link between research and evidence. New Material Relating to Medical Research Methodology Nurse researchers have tended to use methods and jargon that originated in the social sciences, but the push for EBP in medicine has led to methodologic innovations that are relevant to all healthcare research. Moreover, nurses can profit from familiarity with medical research terms and approaches so they can comfortably read articles in a broad range of health care journals. This edition offers a more balanced presentation of medical and social science methods and nomenclature. Improved Content on Qualitative Methods In every new edition we have expanded content on qualitative research methods, and this edition is no exception. We are especially pleased to include a new chapter P R E F A C E vii on the issue of quality and trustworthiness in qualitative inquiry, Chapter 18. We believe that the content and breadth of this important chapter is unparalleled in other general textbooks on research methods for nurses. Greater Assistance With Interpretation Many books on research methods describe the techniques used to generate evidence, but they typically offer little or no guidance on interpreting research results. We have made efforts to address this deficiency by offering an interpretive framework for both quantitative (Chapter 16) and qualitative (Chapter 18) research. Additional Support for Research Appraisals—The Toolkit Each chapter of the book includes questions to aid students in reading and appraising research journal articles. In this edition, these critiquing guidelines are also available on the accompanying Student CD-ROM and . With electronic files of these resources, students can download the guidelines, adapt them as needed, and then enter their answers to the questions directly, without having to photocopy pages from the book. Many faculty have told us that the general critiquing guidelines (which we have put in an earlier chapter than in previous editions) are useful as handouts, and now they are more readily accessible. ORGANIZATION OF THE TEXT The content of this edition is organized into five main parts. * Part I—Overview of Nursing Research and Its Role in Evidence-Based Practice introduces fundamental concepts in nursing research. Chapter 1 summarizes the history and future of nursing research, discusses the philosophical underpinnings of qualitative research versus quantitative research, and describes major purposes of nursing research. Chapter 2 offers guidance on using research to build an EBP. Chapter 3 introduces readers to key research terms, and presents an overview of steps in the research process for both qualitative and quantitative studies. Chapter 4 focuses on research reports, explaining what they are and how to read them. Chapter 5 discusses ethics in nursing studies. * Part II—Preliminary Steps in the Appraisal of Evidence further sets the stage for learning about the research process by considering aspects of a study’s conceptualization. Chapter 6 focuses on the development of research questions and the formulation of research hypotheses. Chapter 7 discusses how to prepare and critique literature reviews. Chapter 8 presents information about theoretical and conceptual frameworks. * Part III—Designs for Nursing Research presents material on the design of qualitative and quantitative nursing studies. Chapter 9 describes some fundamental design principles and discusses many specific aspects of quantitative research design. Chapter 10 viii PREFACE addresses the various research traditions that have contributed to the growth of naturalistic inquiry and qualitative research. Chapter 11 provides an introduction to some specific types of research (e.g., evaluations, surveys, secondary analyses), and also describes mixed method studies that integrate qualitative and quantitative components. Chapter 12 introduces designs for sampling study participants. * Part IV—Data Collection concerns the gathering of data to address research questions. Chapter 13 discusses a range of data collection options for nurse researchers, including both qualitative and quantitative approaches. Chapter 14 describes the concept of measurement and criteria for assessing data quality in quantitative studies. * Part V—Data Analysis and Interpretation discusses analytic methods for qualitative and quantitative research. Chapter 15 reviews methods of quantitative analysis. The chapter assumes no prior instruction in statistics and focuses primarily on helping readers to understand why statistics are needed, what tests might be appropriate in a given situation, and what statistical information in a research report means. Chapter 16 discusses ways of appraising rigor in quantitative studies, and approaches to interpreting statistical results. Chapter 17 presents a discussion of qualitative analysis, with an emphasis on ethnographies, phenomenologic studies, and grounded theory studies. Chapter 18 elaborates on criteria for appraising integrity and quality in qualitative studies. Finally, Chapter 19 describes systematic reviews, including how to understand and appraise both meta-analyses and metasyntheses. KEY FEATURES This edition, like its predecessors, is focused on the art—and science—of research critiques. It offers guidance to students who are learning to appraise research reports and use research findings in practice. Among the basic principles that helped to shape this and earlier editions of this book are (1) an assumption that competence in doing and appraising research are critical to the nursing profession; (2) a conviction that research inquiry is intellectually and professionally rewarding to nurses; and (3) an unswerving belief that learning about research methods need be neither intimidating nor dull. Consistent with these principles, we have tried to present research fundamentals in a way that both facilitates understanding and arouses curiosity and interest. General Features We have retained many of the key features that were successfully used in previous editions to assist consumers of nursing research: * Clear, “User-Friendly” Style. Our writing style is designed to be easily digestible and nonintimidating. Concepts are introduced carefully and systematically, difficult ideas are presented clearly, and readers are assumed to have no prior knowledge of technical terms. PREFACE ix * Critiquing Guidelines. Each chapter includes guidelines for conducting a critique of various aspects of a research report. The guidelines sections provide a list of questions that walk students through a study, drawing attention to aspects of the study that are amenable to appraisal by research consumers. Electronic versions of the guidelines are available on the accompanying student CD-ROM and thePoint. * Research Examples. Each chapter concludes with one or two actual research examples designed to highlight critical points made in the chapter and to sharpen the reader’s critical thinking skills. In addition, many research examples are used to illustrate key points in the text and to stimulate students’ thinking about areas of research inquiry. We have chosen many international examples to communicate to students that nursing research is growing in importance worldwide. * Tips for Consumers. The textbook is filled with practical guidance and “tips” on how to translate the abstract notions of research methods into more concrete applications. In these tips, we have paid special attention to helping students read research reports, which are often daunting to those without specialized research training. * Graphics. Colorful graphics, in the form of supportive tables, figures, and examples, reinforce the text and offer visual stimulation. Features for Student Learning We have used many features to enhance and reinforce learning—and, especially, to facilitate the development of critiquing skills. These include the following: * Student Objectives. Learning objectives are identified in the chapter opener to focus students’ attention on critical content. * Key Terms. New terms are defined in context (and bolded) when used for the first time in the text. Each chapter concludes with a list of new terms, and we have made the list less daunting by including only key new terms. A glossary at the end of the book provides additional support for those needing to look up the meaning of a methodologic term. * Bulleted Summary Points. A succinct list of summary points that focus on salient chapter content is included at the end of each chapter. * Full-Length Research Articles. In this edition, the textbook includes four recent fulllength studies—two quantitative and two qualitative—that students can read, analyze, and critique. Two appear in the appendices of the textbook, and two are on the CD-ROM packaged with the book and thePoint. * Critiquing Supports. Each chapter of the textbook concludes with “Critical Thinking Activities”—exercises that provide opportunities to practice critiquing. Some exercises are based on the studies that are included in their entirety in the appendices of the book, while others are based on studies that are summarized at the end of the chapters. Importantly, students can then consult the accompanying CD-ROM and thePoint to find our “answers” (our expert thoughts about each question), so that students can get immediate feedback about their grasp of material in the chapter. (In some cases, there are also thoughtful comments by the actual researchers who conducted the studies). This edition x PREFACE also includes full critiques of the two studies on the CD-ROM and thePoint, which students can use as models for a comprehensive research critique. Many more critiquing opportunities are available in the Study Guide, which includes seven studies in their entirety in the appendices and exercises in each chapter that guide students in reading, understanding, and critiquing these studies. TEACHING-LEARNING PACKAGE Essentials of Nursing Research: Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice, seventh edition, has an ancillary package designed with both students and instructors in mind. * The Study Guide augments the text and provides students with application exercises for each text chapter. Critiquing skills are emphasized, but there are also activities to support the learning of fundamental research terms and principles. Seven recent studies— including one report of an EBP project—are included in the appendices, and many chapter exercises are based on these studies. The studies represent a range of research types, including a clinical trial, a survey, an evaluation of an EBP project, a grounded theory study, a feminist study, a meta-analysis, and a metasynthesis. * Free CD-ROM. The textbook includes a CD-ROM that has many important resources. First, as noted, we provide our answers to the Critical Thinking Activities from the textbook. Critiquing guidelines for each chapter, as well as some other resources, are included as a toolkit in electronic files for downloading, adapting, and printing. Next, the CD-ROM provides hundreds of review questions to assist students in self-testing. This review program provides a rationale for both correct and incorrect answers, helping students to identify areas of strength and areas needing further study. Finally, the CD-ROM has lists of relevant and useful websites for each chapter, which can be “clicked” on directly without having to retype the URL and risk a typographical error. All of these resources are also available on thePoint. * The Instructor’s Resource CD-ROM (IRCD) includes a chapter corresponding to every chapter in the textbook. Each IRCD chapter contains the following: Statement of Intent, Special Class Projects, Answers to Selected Study Guide Exercises, and Test Questions and Answers. In the special class projects, we offer opportunities for students to develop a quantitative and (or) a qualitative data set. With regard to test questions to evaluate student learning, we offer multiple choice and true/false questions and, importantly, we have added questions specifically designed to test students’ ability to comprehend research reports. In addition, PowerPoint slides summarizing key points in each chapter are available in a format that permits easy adaptation. All of this content is also available on thePoint. It is our hope and expectation that the content, style, and organization of this seventh edition of Essentials of Nursing Research will be helpful to those students desiring to become skillful and thoughtful readers of nursing studies and to those wishing to enhance their clinical performance based on research findings. We also hope that this textbook will help to develop an enthusiasm for the kinds of discoveries and knowledge that research can produce. PREFACE xi

Gale Directory of Databases


Author: N.A

Publisher: Gale Research International, Limited

ISBN: 9780787623043

Category: Databases

Page: N.A

View: 9300

This is a guide to computer-readable databases available online, in CD-ROM format, or in other magnetic formats. Details include database descriptions, costs, and whom to contact for purchase. The material is indexed alphabetically, and by subject, vendor, and producer.

Mixed Methods

Methodologie, Forschungsdesigns und Analyseverfahren


Author: Udo Kuckartz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531932675

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 6693

Mixed Methods-Ansätze gelten mittlerweile im angelsächsischen Raum als „drittes methodologisches Paradigma“ jenseits der Dualität von qualitativ versus quantitativ. Dieses Buch macht Forscher aus den Sozial- und Erziehungswissenschaften mit diesem neuen Methodenverständnis vertraut und gibt eine praktische Einführung in Designformen und Analysemethoden.

Books in Print


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 2369

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.


Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist


Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 6112

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren