The Sociology of Healthcare

A Reader for Health Professionals

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Author: Sarah Earle,Gayle Letherby

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 113726585X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2142

A comprehensive collection of classic and contemporary readings in the sociology of health. The Sociology of Healthcare will stimulate debate, reflexive practice and critical thinking in applied sociology and is aimed at the teaching and learning needs of both lecturers and students.

Mapping the Sociology of Health and Medicine

America, Britain and Australia Compared

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Author: F. Collyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137009314

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 9690

This book studies the sociology of health and medicine across three different countries, the USA, UK and Australia, examining the nature of disciplines and their specialties and posing sociological questions about the formation of intellectual fields and their social relations.

The Palgrave Handbook of Gender and Healthcare

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Author: E. Kuhlmann,E. Annandale

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137295406

Category: Social Science

Page: 535

View: 1204

An authoritative, state-of-the-art collection that brings together key experts to provide an overview of the field. This new paperback edition includes 3 new chapters on human resources and health, end-of-life care and complementary and alternative medicine as well as thorough updates to the introduction and conclusion.

Organizations Alike and Unlike (RLE: Organizations)

International and Inter-Institutional Studies in the Sociology of Organizations

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Author: Cornelis J. Lammers,David Hickson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113593861X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 6240

This volume contrasts the life and problems of organizations in many parts of the world and highlights the differences between those societies as reflected in their different institutional sectors such as manufacturing, commerce, social services and government administration. In so doing, the book contributes to the theoretical foundations of the sociology of organizations by revealing previously unseen relationships between societies and institutions, offering an original synthesis of available research.

New Directions in the Sociology of Aging

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on New Directions in Social Demography, Social Epidemiology, and the Sociology of Aging

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309293006

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 2826

The aging of the population of the United States is occurring at a time of major economic and social changes. These economic changes include consideration of increases in the age of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare and possible changes in benefit levels. Furthermore, changes in the social context in which older individuals and families function may well affect the nature of key social relationships and institutions that define the environment for older persons. Sociology offers a knowledge base, a number of useful analytic approaches and tools, and unique theoretical perspectives that can facilitate understanding of these demographic, economic, and social changes and, to the extent possible, their causes, consequences and implications. New Directions in the Sociology of Aging evaluates the recent contributions of social demography, social epidemiology and sociology to the study of aging and identifies promising new research directions in these sub-fields. Included in this study are nine papers prepared by experts in sociology, demography, social genomics, public health, and other fields, that highlight the broad array of tools and perspectives that can provide the basis for further advancing the understanding of aging processes in ways that can inform policy. This report discusses the role of sociology in what is a wide-ranging and diverse field of study; a proposed three-dimensional conceptual model for studying social processes in aging over the life cycle; a review of existing databases, data needs and opportunities, primarily in the area of measurement of interhousehold and intergenerational transmission of resources, biomarkers and biosocial interactions; and a summary of roadblocks and bridges to transdisciplinary research that will affect the future directions of the field of sociology of aging.

Lifestyle in Medicine

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Author: Emily Hansen,Gary Easthope

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134249446

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 807

In Western societies, 'lifestyle' as an explanation for health and illness has become increasingly popular. Lifestyle in Medicine explores the ambiguity of the term 'lifestyle' and the way it is conceived and applied within medicine. Based on real doctor-patient consultations and in-depth interviews with doctors, the book discusses: the history behind current medical use of lifestyle the variable usage of the 'lifestyle' concept in different medical settings critical writings and recent shifts in sociological thinking about lifestyle public and government concerns about unhealthy lifestyles the ways in which health is discussed, doctor to patient. Evidence-based in its approach, this book uses original research to highlight this topical issue and provides professional and lay perspectives on health and illness. It is essential reading for students and academics of medical sociology, health and allied health studies and anyone interested in health and society.

Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies E-Book

Principles, Problems and Solutions

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Author: George Thomas Lewith,Wayne B. Jonas,Harald Walach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049166

Category: Medical

Page: 426

View: 6366

The use of complementary therapies is exploding, increasing the pressure to establish a rigorous science to support its practice. Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies: Principles, Problems and Solutions provides students with the tools they need to research complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) and so fill this gap. Essential for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, this second edition is significantly updated and enhanced. Part 1 deals with research strategies and methods, explaining the major types of clinical research in CIM and how these inter-relate. New chapters are included on whole systems research, qualitative research and questionnaire development. Not all therapies can be treated the same way nor channeled through the signal process of randomized controlled trials. Therefore, detailed description of mixed methods approaches including observational, qualitative, cost-benefit and comparative effectiveness research are described. Part 2 deals with specific complementary therapies and how they are invested by experts in each field. The book analyses the key questions asked and the controversies debated in complementary medicine research and offers clear and innovative guidance for answering these questions. FEATURES • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research. • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research.

The Social Worlds of the Unborn

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Author: D. Lupton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137310723

Category: Social Science

Page: 153

View: 9039

Human embryos and foetuses are highly public and contested figures. Their visual images appear across a wide range of forums. They have become commercial commodities as part of the IVF industry and are the focus of intense debates regarding concepts of personhood. This book discusses these issues, drawing on social and cultural theory and research.

Crash Course Medical Ethics and Sociology - E-Book

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Author: Andrew Papanikitas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0723437866

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 6457

Medical ethics, sociology and epidemiology rarely arouse one's passion and can, as minor subjects within a busy curriculum, find themselves ignored by vast swathes of students. However, recent times have seen not only a greater general understanding of these subjects but also a greater appreciation of their role within modern medical practice. In addition, these subjects are increasingly appearing in exams and, more importantly, they will crop up in every field and at every level of future working lives. In writing this book, the authors hope to provide a springboard from which students can develop a reasoned ethical approach to dilemmas as and when they present, both within their practice of medicine and in the exam situation. The sociology and public health sections aim to provide key information on the theories and studies that have helped to shape the practice of these disciplines - topics that are all too often unacknowledged by medical students and doctors alike. In doing so, the authors hope to provide the essential facts on these subjects without leaving readers to wade through irrelevant material. It is hoped that all students might begin to enjoy evidence (as well as experience)-based medicine and appreciate its importance regardless of the medical or surgical careers that they pursue. More than 80 line artworks, tables and boxes present clinical, diagnostic and practical information in an easy-to-follow manner Friendly and accessible approach to the subject makes learning especially easy Written by junior doctors for students - authors who understand exam pressures Contains ‘Hints and Tips’ boxes, and other useful aide-mémoires Succinct coverage of the subject enables ‘sharp focus’ and efficient use of time during exam preparation Contains a fully updated self-assessment section - ideal for honing exam skills and self-testing Self-assessment section fully updated to reflect current exam requirements Contains ‘common exam pitfalls’ as advised by faculty Crash Courses also available electronically! Online self-assessment bank also available - content edited by Dan Horton-Szar!

Handbook of Religion and Health

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Author: Harold Koenig,Dana King,Verna B. Carson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199912718

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 1192

View: 6727

The Handbook of Religion and Health has become the seminal research text on religion, spirituality, and health, outlining a rational argument for the connection between religion and health. The Second Edition completely revises and updates the first edition. Its authors are physicians: a psychiatrist and geriatrician, a primary care physician, and a professor of nursing and specialist in mental health nursing. The Second Edition surveys the historical connections between religion and health and grapples with the distinction between the terms ''religion'' and ''spirituality'' in research and clinical practice. It reviews research on religion and mental health, as well as extensive research literature on the mind-body relationship, and develops a model to explain how religious involvement may impact physical health through the mind-body mechanisms. It also explores the direct relationships between religion and physical health, covering such topics as immune and endocrine function, heart disease, hypertension and stroke, neurological disorders, cancer, and infectious diseases; and examines the consequences of illness including chronic pain, disability, and quality of life. Finally, the Handbook reviews research methods and addresses applications to clinical practice. Theological perspectives are interwoven throughout the chapters. The Handbook is the most insightful and authoritative resource available to anyone who wants to understand the relationship between religion and health.

Qualitative Research in Social Work

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Author: Anne E. Fortune,William J. Reid,Robert L. Miller, Jr.

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231535449

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 8958

In this volume, progressive experts survey recent trends in qualitative study, which relies on small sample groups and interview data to better represent the context and complexity of social work practice. Chapters address different approaches to qualitative inquiry, applications to essential areas of research and practice, integration of qualitative and quantitative methods, and epistemological issues. This second edition brings even greater depth and relevance to social work qualitative research, including new material that tackles traditional research concerns, such as data quality, ethics, and epistemological stances, and updated techniques in data collection and analysis. To increase the usefulness for students and researchers, the editors have reorganized the text to present basic principles first and then their applications, and they have increased their focus on ethics, values, and theory. New and revised illustrative studies highlight more than ever the connection between effective research and improved social functioning among individuals and groups. The collection continues to feature scholars and practitioners who have shaped the social work research practice canon for more than twenty years, while also adding the innovative work of up-and-coming talent.

Designing and Conducting Gender, Sex, and Health Research

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Author: John L. Oliffe,Lorraine Greaves

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452236550

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 9745

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Current Issues in Stuttering Research and Practice

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Author: Nan Bernstein Ratner,John A. Tetnowski

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1317777972

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 9400

This state-of-the art volume is a follow-up to the 1999 publication, Stuttering Research and Practice: Bridging the Gap, edited by Nan Ratner and E. Charles Healey. Like its predecessor, the current book is an edited collection of the presentations from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association’s Annual Leadership Conference in Fluency and Fluency Disorders. Among the topics covered are evidence-based practice, impact of the self-help and support groups, meta-analyses of selected assessment and intervention programs, current theories of stuttering, and the predicted path of stuttering intervention in the future. The authoritative representation of contributors offers the reader the most up to date presentation of fluency issues, with a special emphasis placed on the practical clinical implications of fluency assessment, treatment, and evolving theories of the disorder. The book is written for fluency specialists and graduate students in programs of fluency disorders. It will also be valuable for the clinicians who wish to upgrade their skills in treating fluency disorders.

Supervision in Social Work

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Author: Alfred Kadushin,Daniel Harkness

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231525397

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 4078

First published in 1976, Supervision in Social Work has become an essential text for social work educators and students, detailing the state of the field and the place, function, and challenges of supervision in social work practice. This fifth edition takes into account the sizable number of articles and books published on supervision since 2002. Changes in public health and social welfare policy have intensified concern about the social work supervision of licensed practitioners. Tax and spending limitations at all levels of government, combined with the unfolding effects of welfare reform and managed health care, have increasingly emphasized the need for the efficient and accountable administration of health and social services in the private and public sectors. This edition confronts issues raised by these developments, including budgetary allocation and staff management, the problems of worker burnout and safety, the changing demographics and growing diversity of the supervising workforce, evidence-based and licensure supervision, and performance appraisal.

The Routledge Handbook of Hispanic Applied Linguistics

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Author: Manel Lacorte

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134691483

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 700

View: 2049

This book provides a comprehensive overview of Hispanic applied linguistics, allowing students to understand the field from a variety of perspectives and offering insight into the ever-growing number of professional opportunies afforded to Spanish language program graduates. The goal of this book is to re-contextualize the notion of applied linguistics as simply the application of theoretical linguistic concepts to practical settings and to consider it as its own field that addresses language-based issues and problems in a real-world context. The book is organized into five parts: 1) perspectives on learning Spanish 2) issues and environments in Spanish teaching 3) Spanish in the professions 4) the discourses of Spanish and 5) social and political contexts for Spanish. The book’s all-inclusive coverage gives students the theoretical and sociocultural context for study in Hispanic applied linguistics while offering practical information on its application in the professional sector.

Mental health service users in research

Critical sociological perspectives

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Author: Staddon, Patsy

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144732059X

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8433

This book aims to show the value but also the difficulties encountered in the application of 'insider knowledge' in service user research. Mental health service users in research considers ways of 'doing research' which bring multiple understandings together effectively, and explains the sociological use of autobiography and its relevance. It examines how our identity shapes the knowledge we produce, and asks why voices which challenge contemporary beliefs about health and the role of treatment are often silenced. An imbalance of power and opportunity for service users, and the stigmatising nature of services, are considered as human rights issues.Most of the contributors to the book are service users/survivors as well as academics. Their fields of expertise include LGB issues, racial tensions, and recovering from the shame and stigma of alcoholism. They stress the importance of research approaches which involve mutualities of respect and understanding within the worlds of researcher, clinician and service user/survivor.

From Health Behaviours to Health Practices

Critical Perspectives

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Author: Simon Cohn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118898370

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 3507

A wide range of international contributions draw on theoreticaland empirical sources to explore whether alternatives exist to bothconceptualise and conduct research into what people do anddon’t do, in relation to their health and experiences ofillness. Presents a collection of international contributions thatcomplement, as well as critique, dominant conceptualisations ofhealth behaviour Includes a wide range of both theoretical perspectives andempirical cases Reasserts the unique contribution social sciences can make tohealth research Challenges assumptions about the usefulness of the concept ofhealth behaviour A timely publication given the rise of chronic and lifestylediseases and the resulting changes in global health agendas

The Sociology of Long Term Conditions and Nursing Practice

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Author: Elaine Denny,Sarah Earle

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137021217

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9291

In recent years there have been major developments in how long term conditions are managed and so it is important nurses understand the rationale behind policy initiatives and their implications for practice. This timely book provides a unique examination of the sociology surrounding long term conditions and the experiences of the patients who have them. It examines the social context of chronic illness and contains individual chapters on the common long term conditions present in the United Kingdom today.

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People

Building a Foundation for Better Understanding

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Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309210658

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 9951

At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.

Advanced Health and Social Care

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Author: Neil Moonie

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435455897

Category: Medical care

Page: 498

View: 5562

This student textbook matches the mandatory units and key skills of the GNVQ in Health and Social Care qualification, advanced level. This revised edition contains information on key areas. Chapters and sub-chapters match the headings in the AVCE specifications, to ensure students find their way easily through the book. Every chapter contains case studies about real organizations, so that students can see how the theory they are learning is used every day in the real world.