An Introduction to Entomology

Or, Elements of the Natural History of Insects : Comprisng an Account of Noxious and Useful Insects, of Their Metamorphoses, Food, Strategems, Habitations, Societies, Motions, Noises, Hybernation, Instinct, Etc. Etc


Author: William Kirby,William Spence

Publisher: N.A


Category: Insects

Page: N.A

View: 1136

The Continental System

An Economic Interpretation


Author: Eli Filip Heckscher

Publisher: N.A


Category: Blocus continental

Page: 420

View: 5200

The Rise of Experimental Biology

An Illustrated History


Author: Peter L. Lutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592591639

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 1273

Peter Lutz, PhD, brilliantly traverses the major milestones along the evolutionary path of biomedicine from earliest recorded times to the dawn of the 20th century. With an engaging narrative that will have you turning "just one more page" well into the night, this book revealingly demonstrates just how the modern scientific method has been shaped by the past. Along the way the reader is treated to some delightfully obscure anecdotes and a treasure trove of rich illustrations that chronicle the tortuous history of biomedical developments, ranging from the bizarre and amusing to the downright macabre. The reader will also be introduced to the major ideas shaping contemporary physiology and the social context of its development, and also gain an understanding of how advances in biological science have occasionally been improperly used to satisfy momentary social or political needs.

Science and Hypothesis

Historical Essays on Scientific Methodology


Author: Larry Laudan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401572887

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 260

View: 8205

This book consists of a collection of essays written between 1965 and 1981. Some have been published elsewhere; others appear here for the first time. Although dealing with different figures and different periods, they have a common theme: all are concerned with examining how the method of hy pothesis came to be the ruling orthodoxy in the philosophy of science and the quasi-official methodology of the scientific community. It might have been otherwise. Barely three centuries ago, hypothetico deduction was in both disfavor and disarray. Numerous rival methods for scientific inquiry - including eliminative and enumerative induction, analogy and derivation from first principles - were widely touted. The method of hypothesis, known since antiquity, found few proponents between 1700 and 1850. During the last century, of course, that ordering has been inverted and - despite an almost universal acknowledgement of its weaknesses - the method of hypothesis (usually under such descriptions as 'hypothetico deduction' or 'conjectures and refutations') has become the orthodoxy of the 20th century. Behind the waxing and waning of the method of hypothesis, embedded within the vicissitudes of its fortunes, there is a fascinating story to be told. It is a story that forms an integral part of modern science and its philosophy.

Colonising Egypt

With a new preface


Author: Timothy Mitchell

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520911660

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 8259

Extending deconstructive theory to historical and political analysis, Timothy Mitchell examines the peculiarity of Western conceptions of order and truth through a re-reading of Europe's colonial encounter with nineteenth-century Egypt.

The Story of Physics


Author: Lloyd Motz,Jefferson Hane Weaver

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489963057

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 724

The Life of James Clerk Maxwell

With a Selection from His Correspondence and Occasional Writings and a Sketch of His Contributions to Science


Author: Lewis Campbell,William Garnett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108013708

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 704

View: 2638

This 1882 biography is an essential starting point for studying the brilliant and influential nineteenth-century physicist James Clerk Maxwell.

Studies of Pallas in the Early Nineteenth Century

Historical Studies in Asteroid Research


Author: Clifford J. Cunningham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319328484

Category: Science

Page: 477

View: 7654

Based on extensive primary sources, many never previously translated into English, this is the definitive account of the discovery of Pallas as it went from being classified as a new planet to reclassification as the second of a previously unknown group of celestial objects. Cunningham, a dedicated scholar of asteroids, includes a large set of newly translated correspondence as well as the many scientific papers about Pallas in addition to sections of Schroeter's 1805 book on the subject. It was Olbers who discovered Pallas, in 1802, the second of many asteroids that would be officially identified as such. From the Gold Medal offered by the Paris Academy to solve the mystery of Pallas' gravitational perturbations to Gauss' Pallas Anagram, the asteroid remained a lingering mystery to leading thinkers of the time. Representing an intersection of science, mathematics, and philosophy, the puzzle of Pallas occupied the thoughts of an amazing panorama of intellectual giants in Europe in the early 1800s.

Each Wild Idea

Writing, Photography, History


Author: Geoffrey Batchen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262523240

Category: Photography

Page: 236

View: 9008

Essays on photography and the medium's history and evolving identity.

A History of Science



Author: Henry Smith Williams,Edward Huntington Williams

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6124

Undertaker of the Mind

John Monro and Mad-Doctoring in Eighteenth-Century England


Author: Jonathan Andrews,Andrew Scull

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520927858

Category: Medical

Page: 386

View: 1183

As visiting physician to Bethlem Hospital, the archetypal "Bedlam" and Britain's first and (for hundreds of years) only public institution for the insane, Dr. John Monro (1715–1791) was a celebrity in his own day. Jonathan Andrews and Andrew Scull call him a "connoisseur of insanity, this high priest of the trade in lunacy." Although the basics of his life and career are well known, this study is the first to explore in depth Monro's colorful and contentious milieu. Mad-doctoring grew into a recognized, if not entirely respectable, profession during the eighteenth century, and besides being affiliated with public hospitals, Monro and other mad-doctors became entrepreneurs and owners of private madhouses and were consulted by the rich and famous. Monro's close social connections with members of the aristocracy and gentry, as well as with medical professionals, politicians, and divines, guaranteed him a significant place in the social, political, cultural, and intellectual worlds of his time. Andrews and Scull draw on an astonishing array of visual materials and verbal sources that include the diaries, family papers, and correspondence of some of England's wealthiest and best-connected citizens. The book is also distinctive in the coverage it affords to individual case histories of Monro's patients, including such prominent contemporary figures as the Earls Ferrers and Orford, the religious "enthusiast" Alexander Cruden, and the "mad" King George III, as well as his crazy would-be assassin, Margaret Nicholson. What the authors make clear is that Monro, a serious physician neither reactionary nor enlightened in his methods, was the outright epitome of the mad-trade as it existed then, esteemed in some quarters and ridiculed in others. The fifty illustrations, expertly annotated and integrated with the text, will be a revelation to many readers.

Machines as the Measure of Men

Science, Technology, and Ideologies of Western Dominance


Author: Michael Adas

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801497605

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 7588

This new edition of what has become a standard account of Western expansion and technological dominance includes a new preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.