The Ethics of Social Research

Surveys and Experiments

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Author: Joan E. Sieber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461257190

Category: Psychology

Page: 249

View: 7504

Social scientists are unprepared for many of the ethical problems that arise in their research, and for criticisms of their ethics that seem to ignore such cherished scientific values as objectivity and freedom of inquiry. Yet, they possess method ological talent and insight into human nature that can be used to understand and resolve these problems. The contributors to this book demonstrate that criticism of the ethics of social research can stimulate constructive development of meth odology. Both volumes of The Ethics of Social Research were written for and by social scientists to show how ethical dilemmas arise in the day-to-day conduct of social research and how they can be resolved. The topics discussed in this book include ethical problems that arise in experiments and sample surveys; the companion volume deals with the ethical issues involved in fieldwork and in the regulation and publication of research. With candor and humor, many of the contributors describe lessons they have learned about themselves, their methods, and their research participants. Collectively, they illustrate that both humanists and detenninists are likely to encounter ethical dilemmas in their research, albeit different ones, and that a blending of detenninistic and humanistic approaches may be needed to solve these dilemmas. The aim of this book is to assist irwestigators in preparing to meet some of the ethical problems that await the unwary. It offers perspectives, values, and guidelines for anticipating problems and devising solutions.

Program Evaluation in Social Research

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Author: Jonathan A. Morell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483149951

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 3788

Program Evaluation in Social Research presents a plan for developing evaluation into a form of applied social research that is not only methodologically sound, but also relevant to the problems of society and built on a technological (as opposed to a scientific) model. This book views evaluation as applied, relevant social research and as social technology and assesses its validity and usefulness. This monograph is comprised of eight chapters and begins with an assessment of the consequences of program evaluation for the conduct of social research and for society at large, and how evaluation can be made into a method of generating practical and powerful suggestions for planning successful social programs. The concept of ""outcome evaluation"" is also organized into meaningful categories which can be used for the intelligent planning of appropriate evaluation activities. The reader is then introduced to the types of evaluation that are carried out, the relative merits of each type, and how to optimize the validity and utility of each type. Evaluation as a technological, rather than a scientific, pursuit is also discussed. The remaining chapters focus on the frictions that arise during the implementation of program evaluation; program evaluation as a profession; and how evaluation can be developed into a relevant and powerful method of guiding the course of social innovations. This text will be a useful resource for sociologists, social scientists, and social researchers.

Perspectives in Social Research Methods and Analysis

A Reader for Sociology

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Author: Howard Lune,Enrique S. Pumar,Ross Koppel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412967392

Category: Social Science

Page: 445

View: 8110

This book shows students the steps involved in the research process, the various strategies for conducting a valid social inquiry, and most importantly, the persuasiveness and elegance of reliable social research. It highlights the link between academic research and the real world. Included are carefully chosen examples of each of the major methodological techniques-survey, interviews, fieldwork observations, experiments, content analysis, secondary analysis and program evaluation. Also included are selections on sampling strategies, research ethics and both qualitative and quantitative data analysis.

The Basics of Social Research

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Author: Earl Babbie

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495094684

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 576

View: 595

This thorough revision of Babbie's standard-setting book presents a succinct, straightforward introduction to the field of research methods as practiced by social scientists. Contemporary examples+such as terrorism, Alzheimer's disease, anti-gay prejudice and education, and the legalization of marijuana make this Fourth Edition thoroughly fascinating as it introduces you to the how-tos and whys of social research methods. The book's new qualitative coverage combined with its already strong quantitative material makes this new edition Babbie's best yet. Babbie, long respected in the field and renowned for his engaging and friendly writing style, gives you the tools you need for understanding social research methods and for applying these concepts both inside and outside the classroom+as a researcher and as a consumer of research. With a strong emphasis on ethics and additional qualitative material, this Fourth Edition is authoritative yet student-friendly . . . and engaging enough to help you connect the dots between the world of social research and the real world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods

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Author: Bruce Thyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278881

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 4325

Click on the Supplements tab above for further details on the different versions of SPSS programs. The canonical Handbook is completely updated with more student-friendly features The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods is a cutting-edge volume that covers all the major topics that are relevant for Social Work Research methods. Edited by Bruce Thyer and containing contributions by leading authorities, this Handbook covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches as well as a section that delves into more general issues such as evidence based practice, ethics, gender, ethnicity, International Issues, integrating both approaches, and applying for grants. New to this Edition More content on qualitative methods and mixed methods More coverage of evidence-based practice More support to help students effectively use the Internet A companion Web site at www.sagepub.com/thyerhdbk2e containing a test bank and PowerPoint slides for instructors and relevant SAGE journal articles for students. This Handbook serves as a primary text in the methods courses in MSW programs and doctoral level programs. It can also be used as a reference and research design tool for anyone doing scholarly research in social work or human services.

Social Research and Reflexivity

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Author: Tim May

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761962832

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 3328

What are the critical gaps in thinking about reflexivity and social research? How is reflexive practice shaped by the contexts and cultures in which researchers work? How might research practice respond to twin demands of excellence and relevance in the knowledge-based economy? Thinking reflexively about the inter-relationships between social research and societal practices is all the more important in the so-called knowledge economy. Developing reflexive practices in social research is not achieved through applying a method. Where and how researchers work is fundamental in shaping the capacities and capabilities to produce research as content and context lie in a dynamic interaction. This book not only provides a history of reflexive thought, but its consequences for the practice of social research and an understanding of the contexts in which it is produced. Overall, the book offers an exciting new position on reflexive research that will generate much debate through its successful achievement of two difficult feats: providing essential reading for orientations on reflexivity and social research in the twenty-first century and making a landmark contribution to thinking and practice in the field.

Methods in Social Epidemiology

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Author: J. Michael Oakes,Jay S. Kaufman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780787985943

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 907

Social epidemiology is the study of how socialinteractions—social norms, laws, institutions, conventia,social conditions and behavior—affect the health ofpopulations. This practical, comprehensive introduction to methodsin social epidemiology is written by experts in the field. It isperfectly timed for the growth in interest among those in publichealth, community health, preventive medicine, sociology, politicalscience, social work, and other areas of social research. Topics covered are: Introduction: Advancing Methods in Social Epidemiology The History of Methods of Social Epidemilogy to 1965 Indicators of Socioeconomic Position Measuring and Analyzing 'Race' Racism and Racial Discrimination Measuring Poverty Measuring Health Inequalities A Conceptual Framework for Measuring Segregation and itsAssociation with Population Outcomes Measures of Residential Community Contexts Using Census Data to Approximate Neighborhood Effects Community-based Participatory Research: Rationale and Relevancefor Social Epidemiology Network Methods in Social Epidemiology Identifying Social Interactions: A Review, MultilevelStudies Experimental Social Epidemiology: Controlled CommunityTrials Propensity Score Matching Methods for Social Epidemiology Natural Experiments and Instrumental Variable Analyses inSocial Epidemiology and Using Causal Diagrams to Understand Common Problems inSocial Epidemiology. "Publication of this highly informative textbook clearlyreflects the coming of age of many social epidemiology methods, theimportance of which rests on their potential contribution tosignificantly improving the effectiveness of the population-basedapproach to prevention. This book should be of great interest notonly to more advanced epidemiology students but also toepidemiologists in general, particularly those concerned withhealth policy and the translation of epidemiologic findings intopublic health practice. The cause of achieving a ‘morecomplete’ epidemiology envisaged by the editors has beensignificantly advanced by this excellent textbook." —Moyses Szklo, professor of epidemiology andeditor-in-chief, American Journal of Epidemiology, JohnsHopkins University "Social epidemiology is a comparatively new field of inquirythat seeks to describe and explain the social and geographicdistribution of health and of the determinants of health. This bookconsiders the major methodological challenges facing this importantfield. Its chapters, written by experts in a variety ofdisciplines, are most often authoritative, typically provocative,and often debatable, but always worth reading." —Stephen W. Raudenbush, Lewis-Sebring DistinguishedService Professor, Department of Sociology, University ofChicago "The roadmap for a new generation of social epidemiologists. Thepublication of this treatise is a significant event in the historyof the discipline." —Ichiro Kawachi, professor of social epidemiology,Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, HarvardUniversity "Methods in Social Epidemiology not only illuminates thedifficult questions that future generations of socialepidemiologists must ask, it also identifies the paths they mustboldly travel in the pursuit of answers, if this excitinginterdisciplinary science is to realize its full potential. Thisbeautifully edited volume appears at just the right moment to exerta profound influence on the field." —Sherman A. James, Susan B. King Professor of PublicPolicy Studies, professor of Community and Family Medicine,professor of African-American Studies, Duke University

Realism and Racism

Concepts of Race in Sociological Research

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Author: Bob Carter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134568711

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 7299

There are continuing difficulties within social science surrounding concepts of race. This book suggests that these difficulties stem from the uncertain ontological and epistemological status of ideas about race, itself a consequence of the recognition that concepts of race have all but lost their relevance as sociologically significant descriptions. This book surveys ways in which social scientists have attempted to come to terms with this situation, before developing an alternative approach based on recent work by realist authors. This approach offers a radical revision of orthodox debates about race concepts, about the possibility of a social science and about the nature of empirical research. This illustrated through two policy examples: an account of post war migration to the UK, and debates about trans-racial adoption in the UK and the USA.

Handbook of Death and Dying

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Author: Clifton D. Bryant

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452265151

Category: Social Science

Page: 1144

View: 8181

Dying is a social as well as physiological phenomenon. Each society characterizes and, consequently, treats death and dying in its own individual ways—ways that differ markedly. These particular patterns of death and dying engender modal cultural responses, and such institutionalized behavior has familiar, economical, educational, religious, and political implications. The Handbook of Death and Dying takes stock of the vast literature in the field of thanatology, arranging and synthesizing what has been an unwieldy body of knowledge into a concise, yet comprehensive reference work. This two-volume handbook will provide direction and momentum to the study of death-related behavior for many years to come. Key Features More than 100 contributors representing authoritative expertise in a diverse array of disciplines Anthropology Family Studies History Law Medicine Mortuary Science Philosophy Psychology Social work Sociology Theology A distinguished editorial board of leading scholars and researchers in the field More than 100 definitive essays covering almost every dimension of death-related behavior Comprehensive and inclusive, exploring concepts and social patterns within the larger topical concern Journal article length essays that address topics with appropriate detail Multidisciplinary and cross-cultural coverage

Sociology for Nurses

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Author: Elaine Denny,Sarah Earle

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745631010

Category: Medical

Page: 310

View: 4102

Focuses on the relevance of sociology to contemporary nursing practice. Clearly written, and carefully illustrated, the book uses jargon-free explanations of sociological theories and evidence to show how studying sociology can be useful in all branches of professional nursing practice.

Population and Family in the Low Countries 1995

Selected Current Issues

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Author: Hans van den Brekel,F. Deven

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400916418

Category: Social Science

Page: 162

View: 1962

EDITORS Hans V AN DEN BREKEL * and Fred DEVEN** * NIDI, P. O. Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, The Netherlands ** CBGS, Markiesstraat 1, 1000 Brussels, Belgium The series "Population and Family in the Low Countries" (POPFAM), established in 1976, aims to introduce selected issues of demographic research in Flanders/Belgium and the Netherlands to an international audience. The publication series results from cooperation between the Nether lands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI, The Hague) and the Flemish Population and Family Study Centre (CBGS, Brussels). This 1995 edition is the 111h in the series. In 1995, the NIDI celebrates its 25th anniversary as the Dutch national demographic institute, making it a special year for Dutch demography. The contents of this publication obviously highlights this event as most articles selected for this edition are written by Dutch or NIDI related scholars. The article "Ageing and the demand for care: scenario studies for Europe" by Hanna van Solinge and Jenny de Jong Gierveld concerns a comparative study with respect to the consequences of ageing populations for the infrastructure of care for the elderly. It presents results of a scenario study on future developments in demand and supply of elderly care services for a selected number of European countries, summarizing an extensive study on the impact of ageing populations on the socio-medical system conducted by the authors on behalf of the European Population Committee of the Council of Europe.

Sociologists in Action on Inequalities

Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality

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Author: Shelley K. White,Jonathan M. White,Kathleen Odell Korgen

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322297

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 3901

Sociologists in Action on Inequalities: Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality, by Shelley K. White, Jonathan M. White, and Kathleen Korgen, is a brief anthology of original readings that are perfect for Race and Ethnicity; Race, Class, and Gender; Introduction to Sociology; Social Problems; Social Inequality; Senior Capstone and other courses taught through the central lens of diversity. Like its companion Sociologists in Action volume, on social change and social justice, this collection brings together dozens of accounts of sociologists who are using their sociology to make a positive impact on society. Each of the 30 selections describe, through firsthand experience, how sociology can be used to address enduring problems of prejudice and discrimination based on race, nationality, class, gender, and sexuality. Discussion questions and suggested readings and resources at the end of every chapter will provide students with opportunities to delve further into the topics covered and help create full and nuanced discussions, grounded in the "real world" work of public and applied sociologists.

Sociology in Our Times

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Author: Diana Kendall

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495813915

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 3908

This best-selling comprehensive book conveys the relevance of sociology by including a timely collection of theories, research, and examples, including its signature first-person accounts that open chapters. Experiences represented in the chapter openers accurately mirror the richness and complexity of society itself while also establishing the themes that are carried throughout the chapters. The author's vivid, inviting writing style, emphasis on applications, eye for the most compelling current examples, and use of assignable photo-essays and companion video engages readers and further highlights sociology relevance to all students. Kendall's text is acclaimed in the field for being the first textbook to integrate race, class, and gender issues, and for its thorough presentation of sociological theory, including contemporary perspectives such as feminism and postmodernism. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.