Regulatory Impact Assessment

Towards Better Regulation?

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Author: C. H. Kirkpatrick,David Parker

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847208770

Category: Law

Page: 286

View: 1696

The practice of regulatory impact assessment has long needed a critical evaluation. This volume, which is interdisciplinary and international, and combines academic and practitioner insights, hits the spot to great effect. Colin Scott, UCD College of Business and Law and UCD School of Law, Ireland Better state regulation is a key component of economic reform. This is the first book to comprehensively explore international experience in the use of Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA), which involves assessing the potential benefits and costs of any regulatory change. The contributors reveal that RIA is being adopted by an increasing number of countries as a route to better regulation with varying degrees of success. The book includes contributions from leading experts on regulatory reform and introduces a range of case studies from developed, developing and transitional economies. Comprehensive in its approach, this book contributes to the literature on evidence-based decision making as part of the new public management. By rigorously examining the principles of better regulation and focusing on the problem of applicability and adoption of RIA practices around the world, it will greatly aid understanding of regulatory policy design and implementation. The book will be invaluable for academics and researchers of public policy and management in developed, developing and transitional countries. It will also be of great practical relevance to government administrators and policymakers challenged by the need to understand the scope and limitations of RIA.

Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment

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Author: Claire A. Dunlop,Claudio M. Radaelli

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782549560

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 2369

Regulatory impact assessment (RIA) is the main instrument used by governments and regulators to appraise the likely effects of their policy proposals. This pioneering Handbook provides a comparative and comprehensive account of this tool, situating it in the relevant theoretical traditions and scrutinizing its use across countries, policy sectors and policy instruments. Comprising six parts, university researchers, international consultants and practitioners working in international organizations examine regulatory impact assessment from many perspectives, which include: • research traditions in the social sciences • implementation, regulatory indicators and effects • tools and dimensions such as courts and gender • sectoral case studies including environment, enterprise and international development • international diffusion in the European Union (EU), Americas, Asia and developing countries • appraisal, training and education. With its wealth of detail and lessons to be learned, the Handbook of Regulatory Impact Assessment will undoubtedly be of great value to practitioners and scholars working in governance, political science and socio-legal studies.

Evaluation of regulatory impact assessments 2006-07

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Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0102947201

Category: Political Science

Page: 35

View: 2952

This NAO report evaluates the quality of Regulatory Impact Assessments (RIAs) produced by the Department of Health and the Department for Communities and Local Government, and considers how these departments are seeking to raise standards and improve their use. The aim of RIAs is to assess the need for, and impact of, proposed regulations and amendments to existing regulations. They are a tool to help policy makers understand the consequences of possible Government regulation. RIAs are required for all forms of government intervention that impose, or reduce, costs on businesses, the third sector or the public sector. The NAO concludes that RIAs were not always being used effectively. That they often did not form an integral part of the policy making process, from initial development through to implementation and review. The quality of RIAs as used by both departments was mixed, with assessment of costs and benefits the weakest area and insufficient consideration of the impact of regulations following implementation. Further, RIAs were often not commissioned or used early enough in policy formation. Also, RIAs were only occasionally used by Parliamentary Committees and to inform Parliamentary debate. Among the recommendations, set out by the NAO, include: that RIAs should consider more explicitly the impacts of legislation when it comes into force; that Departments should ensure their guidance, training and procedures emphasise the need for high quality analysis; that Departmental RIAs need to ensure there are clear statements on how and when post-implementation reviews will be conducted and that Departments need to develop a targeted package of training and support which integrates RIAs into mainstream policy development.

Evaluation of Regulatory Impact Assessments 2005-06

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Author: Great Britain: National Audit Office

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780102938685

Category: Law

Page: 43

View: 5468

Regulatory Impact Assessments (RIAs) are designed to enable policy makers to assess the need for, and impact of, new regulations. In 2005 Government departments produced around 200 'Final' RIAs. They have been used to assess the likely economic, social and environmental impacts of the proposed regulation, and the range of options for implementing it. They have grown in scope in recent years as additional assessment criteria, such as sustainable development, have been added. Departments have primary responsibility for undertaking RIAs, and the Better Regulation Executive (BRE), which forms part of the Cabinet Office, has primary responsibility for taking forward the Government's Better Regulation agenda. The National Audit Office focused its examination on four departments - Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS); Trade and Industry; Home Office; and Transport (DfT). RIAs are often not used in the right way. The purpose of RIAs is not always understood; there is a lack of clarity in the presentation of the analysis; and persistent weaknesses in the assessments. RIAs are only occasionally used to challenge the need for regulation and influence policy decisions. If used well, RIAs can offer an effective tool for assessing different options and identifying regulatory solutions that do not impose unnecessary costs on those being regulated. There are three ways the BRE should bolster RIAs. Firstly, it should re-emphasise that economics should lie at the heart of RIAs, considering market failure, counterfactuals, competition, and how consumers and organisations behave. Secondly, RIAs need to be supplemented by a broader toolkit that policy makers can use earlier in the life of a policy. Thirdly, the BRE could re-emphasise the importance of the RIA process in challenging the introduction of new regulations.

Evaluation of Environmental Data for Regulatory and Impact Assessment

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Author: S. Ramamoorthy,E. Baddaloo

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080875002

Category: Science

Page: 465

View: 2789

Mounting concern for the state of the environment has led to a substantial increase in the collection of environmental data in the past two decades. This trend raises issues with regard to the quality assurance and quality control of the data gathering process, from sampling to analysis. The evaluation of environmental data in terms of quality, and relevance for use in the management of toxic chemicals in the enviroment, has reached a critical phase. An enormous volume of data is being generated, on both residue levels and their effects, to meet short- and long-term needs for regulatory procedures and (environmental) impact assessments. Therefore, it is important to verify not only the quality of the data collected, but also the choice of relevant test parameters. This volume deals with the evolution of analytical methodologies to the current state-of-the-art techniques, quality assurance/quality control of data acquirements, and testing procedures for screening of toxic chemicals - including their hazard identification, persistence, and fate processes in the environment. The models currently employed in environmental impact assessment and risk assessment are also discussed in detail. Public involvement and participation in regulatory decision-making processess is also described. It is intended for managers and scientists involved in environmental management and research of toxic chemicals in the environment.

Draft Legal Services Bill, Explanatory Notes and Regulatory Impact Assessment

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Author: Great Britain. Department for Constitutional Affairs

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 0101683928

Category: Justice, Administration of

Page: 328

View: 5390

This Command Paper brings together the Draft Legal Services Bill, explanatory notes and Regulatory Impact Assessment. The Bill sets out its' objective to establish the Legal Services Board and its various functions. The Bill itself contains 159 clauses and 15 schedules. The parts of the Bill can be set out as follows: Part 1: The Regulatory Objectives, sets out 7 regulatory objectives of the regulators, which guides the Legal Services Board; Part 2: The Legal Services Board, sets out the structure and functions of the Board; Part 3: Reserved Legal Activities, lists and defines the reserved legal activities, and explains who is entitled to carry out these activities, and the penalties for those not entitled; Part 4: Regulation of Approved Regulators, sets out the general duties of approved regulators, and the powers that the Board has to ensure that these are being carried out; Part 5: Alternative Business Structures, makes provision for new business structures in legal services; Part 6: Legal Complaints, establishes an independent complaints handling body called the Office for Legal Complaints (OLC); Part 7: Financial Provisions, sets out arrangements for the funding of both the Board and the Office for Legal Complaints; Part 7: Miscellaneous and General Provisions makes provision for any guidance to be produced by the Board, and allows the Board to enter into voluntary arrangements. The Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) sets out the rationale for reform of the regulation of legal services.

The Oxford Handbook of Regulation

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Author: Robert Baldwin,Martin Cave,Martin Lodge

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 019162943X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

View: 9100

Regulation is often thought of as an activity that restricts behaviour and prevents the occurrence of certain undesirable activities, but the influence of regulation can also be enabling or facilitative, as when a market could potentially be chaotic if uncontrolled. This Handbook provides a clear and authoritative discussion of the major trends and issues in regulation over the last thirty years, together with an outline of prospective developments. It brings together contributions from leading scholars from a range of disciplines and countries. Each chapter offers a broad overview of key current issues and provides an analysis of different perspectives on those issues. Experiences in different jurisdictions and insights from various disciplines are drawn upon, and particular attention is paid to the challenges that are encountered when specific approaches are applied in practice. Contributors develop their own distinctive arguments relating to the central issues in regulation and apply scholarly rigour and clear writing to matters of high policy-relevance. The essays are original, accessible, and agenda-setting, and the Handbook will be essential reading both to students and researchers and to with regulatory and regulated professionals.

Impact Assessment in the EU

The State of the Art and the Art of the State

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Author: Andrea Renda

Publisher: CEPS

ISBN: 9290796006

Category: History

Page: 164

View: 1813

The importance of ex ante and ex post impact assessment in streamlining the regulatory environment and improving the legislative process has been stressed by scholars and testified to by international best practices. The potential benefits of regulatory impact assessment are also being rediscovered by EU officials, who lose no chance to recall that the Commission's ambitious "growth and jobs" strategy heavily depends on the pervasiveness of impact assessment in the regulatory process at EU and member state level. This study, conceived for scholars and policymakers, provides an overview of the state of the art on impact assessment. It focuses on the latest developments in the United States, UK, and EU, and presents a scorecard analysis of the Commission's extended impact assessments. The author concludes with a road map for improving the transparency, efficiency, and effectiveness of the EU Integrated Impact Assessment model.

Economic Analyses at EPA

Assessing Regulatory Impact

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Author: Richard D. Morgenstern

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135891109

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 9124

For years, the Environmental Protection Agency has been conducting programmatic 'economic analyses,' also known as Regulatory Impact Analyses (RIAs), to assess the economic effects of its regulatory efforts. This important volume explains the purpose of these analyses, along with their design, execution, conclusions, and their ultimate impact on environmental rules. Richard Morgenstern, formerly director of EPAs Office of Policy Analysis, has assembled twelve original case studies of RIAs performed over the past decade on matters such as lead in gasoline, ozone depletion, asbestos, clean drinking water, and sewage management. The contributors, most of whom actually worked on these RIAs, provide detailed examination of why and how they were performed. The case studies critique the nature, amount, and quality of data used by the EPA in their benefit-cost and cost-effectiveness analyses as well as the use (or abuse) of the results in final decisionmaking. The authors illustrate how the analyses take into account difficult issues such as discounting, risk, nonmonetized benefits and costs, and equity. Morgenstern provides the necessary historical context and the legal framework for requiring and conducting EAs. He describes new procedures outlined by the Clinton administration and synthesizes the case studies into thoughtful cross-cutting conclusions, drawing important lessons that will improve future analyses.

Privacy Impact Assessment

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Author: David Wright,Paul de Hert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400725434

Category: Law

Page: 523

View: 7492

Virtually all organisations collect, use, process and share personal data from their employees, customers and/or citizens. In doing so, they may be exposing themselves to risks, from threats and vulnerabilities, of that data being breached or compromised by negligent or wayward employees, hackers, the police, intelligence agencies or third-party service providers. A recent study by the Ponemon Institute found that 70 per cent of organisations surveyed had suffered a data breach in the previous year. Privacy impact assessment is a tool, a process, a methodology to identify, assess, mitigate or avoid privacy risks and, in collaboration with stakeholders, to identify solutions. Contributors to this book – privacy commissioners, academics, consultants, practitioners, industry representatives – are among the world’s leading PIA experts. They share their experience and offer their insights to the reader in the policy and practice of PIA in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States and elsewhere. This book, the first such on privacy impact assessment, will be of interest to any organisation that collects or uses personal data and, in particular, to regulators, policy-makers, privacy professionals, including privacy, security and information officials, consultants, system architects, engineers and integrators, compliance lawyers and marketing professionals. In his Foreword, surveillance studies guru Gary Marx says, “This state-of-the-art book describes the most comprehensive tool yet available for policy-makers to evaluate new personal data information technologies before they are introduced.” This book could save your organisation many thousands or even millions of euros (or dollars) and the damage to your organisation’s reputation and to the trust of employees, customers or citizens if it suffers a data breach that could have been avoided if only it had performed a privacy impact assessment before deploying a new technology, product, service or other initiative involving personal data.