Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Science, Engineering, and Planning: Coastal Risk Reduction

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309305896

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1071

Hurricane- and coastal-storm-related losses have increased substantially during the past century, largely due to increases in population and development in the most susceptible coastal areas. Climate change poses additional threats to coastal communities from sea level rise and possible increases in strength of the largest hurricanes. Several large cities in the United States have extensive assets at risk to coastal storms, along with countless smaller cities and developed areas. The devastation from Superstorm Sandy has heightened the nation's awareness of these vulnerabilities. What can we do to better prepare for and respond to the increasing risks of loss? Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts reviews the coastal risk-reduction strategies and levels of protection that have been used along the United States East and Gulf Coasts to reduce the impacts of coastal flooding associated with storm surges. This report evaluates their effectiveness in terms of economic return, protection of life safety, and minimization of environmental effects. According to this report, the vast majority of the funding for coastal risk-related issues is provided only after a disaster occurs. This report calls for the development of a national vision for coastal risk management that includes a long-term view, regional solutions, and recognition of the full array of economic, social, environmental, and life-safety benefits that come from risk reduction efforts. To support this vision, Reducing Coastal Risk states that a national coastal risk assessment is needed to identify those areas with the greatest risks that are high priorities for risk reduction efforts. The report discusses the implications of expanding the extent and levels of coastal storm surge protection in terms of operation and maintenance costs and the availability of resources. Reducing Coastal Risk recommends that benefit-cost analysis, constrained by acceptable risk criteria and other important environmental and social factors, be used as a framework for evaluating national investments in coastal risk reduction. The recommendations of this report will assist engineers, planners and policy makers at national, regional, state, and local levels to move from a nation that is primarily reactive to coastal disasters to one that invests wisely in coastal risk reduction and builds resilience among coastal communities.

Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts

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Author: Committee on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Science, Engineering, and Planning: Coastal Risk Reduction,Water Science and Technology Board,Ocean Studies Board,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies

Publisher: National Academy Press

ISBN: 9780309305860

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 1474

Hurricane- and coastal-storm-related losses have increased substantially during the past century, largely due to increases in population and development in the most susceptible coastal areas. Climate change poses additional threats to coastal communities from sea level rise and possible increases in strength of the largest hurricanes. Several large cities in the United States have extensive assets at risk to coastal storms, along with countless smaller cities and developed areas. The devastation from Superstorm Sandy has heightened the nation's awareness of these vulnerabilities. What can we do to better prepare for and respond to the increasing risks of loss? "Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts" reviews the coastal risk-reduction strategies and levels of protection that have been used along the United States East and Gulf Coasts to reduce the impacts of coastal flooding associated with storm surges. This report evaluates their effectiveness in terms of economic return, protection of life safety, and minimization of environmental effects. According to this report, the vast majority of the funding for coastal risk-related issues is provided only after a disaster occurs. This report calls for the development of a national vision for coastal risk management that includes a long-term view, regional solutions, and recognition of the full array of economic, social, environmental, and life-safety benefits that come from risk reduction efforts. To support this vision, "Reducing Coastal Risk" states that a national coastal risk assessment is needed to identify those areas with the greatest risks that are high priorities for risk reduction efforts. The report discusses the implications of expanding the extent and levels of coastal storm surge protection in terms of operation and maintenance costs and the availability of resources. "Reducing Coastal Risk" recommends that benefit-cost analysis, constrained by acceptable risk criteria and other important environmental and social factors, be used as a framework for evaluating national investments in coastal risk reduction. The recommendations of this report will assist engineers, planners and policy makers at national, regional, state, and local levels to move from a nation that is primarily reactive to coastal disasters to one that invests wisely in coastal risk reduction and builds resilience among coastal communities.

Meeting Research and Education Needs in Coastal Engineering

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Author: Marine Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309518105

Category: Science

Page: 58

View: 2789

Meeting Research and Education Needs in Coastal Engineering

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Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063817

Category: Science

Page: 74

View: 4151

After discussions with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Office of Naval Research, the National Research Council (NRC) convened a committee under the auspices of the Marine Board to examine present and anticipated national needs in coastal engineering research and education and assess the adequacy and effectiveness of existing institutions in meeting those needs.

Living on the Edge of the Gulf

The West Florida and Alabama Coast

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Author: David M. Bush

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822325659

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 340

View: 2067

A new look at the West Florida and Alabama Gulf shoreline, in the context of burgeoning development and revised coastal regulations.

Climate Adaptation and Flood Risk in Coastal Cities

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Author: Jeroen Aerts,Wouter Botzen,Malcolm Bowman,Piet Dircke,Philip Ward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113652892X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 3631

This book presents climate adaptation and flood risk problems and solutions in coastal cities including an independent investigation of adaptation paths and problems in Rotterdam, New York and Jakarta. The comparison draws out lessons that each city can learn from the others. While the main focus is on coastal flooding, cities are also affected by climate change in other ways, including impacts that occur away from the coast. The New York City Water Supply System, for example, stretches as far as 120 miles upstate, and the New York City Department of Environmental Protection has undertaken extensive climate assessment not only for its coastal facilities, but also for its upstate facilities, which will be affected by rising temperatures, droughts, inland flooding and water quality changes. The authors examine key questions, such as: Are current city plans climate proof or do we need to finetune our ongoing investments? Can we develop a flood proof subway system? Can we develop new infrastructure in such a way that it serves flood protection, housing and natural values?

Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters

The Perspective from the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Mississippi: Summary of a Workshop

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Author: The National Academies,Disasters Roundtable,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309215277

Category: Science

Page: 138

View: 6642

Natural disasters are having an increasing effect on the lives of people in the United States and throughout the world. Every decade, property damage caused by natural disasters and hazards doubles or triples in the United States. More than half of the U.S. population lives within 50 miles of a coast, and all Americans are at risk from such hazards as fires, earthquakes, floods, and wind. The year 2010 saw 950 natural catastrophes around the world--the second highest annual total ever--with overall losses estimated at $130 billion. The increasing impact of natural disasters and hazards points to increasing importance of resilience, the ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from, or more successfully adapt to actual or potential adverse events, at the individual , local, state, national, and global levels. Assessing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters reviews the effects of Hurricane Katrina and other natural and human-induced disasters on the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Mississippi and to learn more about the resilience of those areas to future disasters. Topics explored in the workshop range from insurance, building codes, and critical infrastructure to private-sector issues, public health, nongovernmental organizations and governance. This workshop summary provides a rich foundation of information to help increase the nation's resilience through actionable recommendations and guidance on the best approaches to reduce adverse impacts from hazards and disasters.

An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century

Final Report

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Author: United States. Commission on Ocean Policy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Oceanography and state

Page: N.A

View: 3206

Hurricanes of the North Atlantic

Climate and Society

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Author: James B. Elsner,A. Birol Kara

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195352283

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 2241

Called the greatest storms on the planet, hurricanes of the North Atlantic Ocean often cause tremendous social and economic upheaval in the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean. And with the increasing development of coastal areas, the impact of these storms will likely increase. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of North Atlantic hurricanes and what they mean to society. It is intended as an intermediary between hurricane climate research and the users of hurricane information. Topics include the climatology of tropical cyclones in general and those of the North Atlantic in particular; the major North Atlantic hurricanes, focusing on U.S. landfalling storms; the prediction models used in forecasting; and societal vulnerability to hurricanes, including ideas for modeling the relationship between climatological data and analysis in the social and economic sciences.

The Architect's Handbook of Professional Practice

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Author: American Institute of Architects

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118667131

Category: Architecture

Page: 1184

View: 4348

The definitive guide to architectural practice Business, legal, and technical trends in architecture areconstantly changing. The Architect's Handbook of ProfessionalPractice has offered firms the latest guidance on those trendssince 1920. The Fifteenth Edition of this indispensable guidefeatures nearly two-thirds new content and covers all aspects ofcontemporary practice, including updated material on: Small-firm practice, use of technologies such as BIM, andproject delivery methods, such as IPD and architect-leddesign-build Career development and licensure for emerging professionals andstate-mandated continuing education for established architects Business management topics, such as organizational development,marketing, finance, and human resources Research as an integrated aspect of architectural practice,featuring such topics as evidence-based design and research in asmall-firm context The Fifteenth Edition of The Architect's Handbook ofProfessional Practice includes access to a website thatcontains samples of all AIA Contract Documents (in PDF format forMac and PC computers). With comprehensive coverage of contemporarypractices in architecture, as well as the latest developments andtrends in the industry, The Architect's Handbook of ProfessionalPractice continues to be the essential reference for everyarchitect who must meet the challenges of today's marketplace withinsight and confidence.

2004 Atlantic Boating Almanac

Gulf of Mexico

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Author: N.A

Publisher: ProStar Publications

ISBN: 9781577855125

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1169

2004 Gulf of Mexico Boating Almanac Volume 5 covers the Eastern United Stated coastline from the Gulf of Mexico, Puerto Rico to the Virgin Islands. Within this text is information covering U.S. coast piloting, tide and current tables, electronics, maps and charts, weather, navigation, and first aid.

Greenhouse Effect, Sea Level and Drought

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Author: R. Paepe,Rhodes W. Fairbridge,Saskia Jelgersma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792310174

Category: Science

Page: 744

View: 9428

Shortly after the creation of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University Brussels) in 1970, currently labelled as VUB, a Department of Quaternary Geology was installed within the Faculty of Science in 1974. At the beginning it dealt mainly with the study of periglacial loess deposits of the Pleistocene Glacial Period in Central Belgium and with coastal deposits in relation to sea level rise during the warm Holocene period covering the last 10,000 years, in which the dawn of civilization took place step by step. Today the same research teams widen their scope of interest: they are presently studying the loess plateau in the People's Republic of China and the world-wide problems associated with sea level rise, coastal erosion being one of the most devastating natural hazards. More and more emphasis is put on problems concerning environmental engineering and those dealing with global change. Since 1975 UNESCO sponsored a number of symposia of the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA), whose secretariat was located on the VUB Campus grounds from 1973 to 1982. In 1981 the Applied Geology Department ofthe Faculty of Applied Sciences was created. The NATO-Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) , organized in Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain) in March 1989 was a climax of this series of Global Change gatherings. As Rector of the VUB, I am satisfied that the VUB, through its Earth Technology Institute, of both USA and Belgium could cooperate with NATO and the National Science Foundations in cosponsoring such an initiative.

Russia's Arctic Strategies and the Future of the Far North

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Author: Marlene Laruelle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317460332

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 1039

This book offers the first comprehensive examination of Russia's Arctic strategy, ranging from climate change issues and territorial disputes to energy policy and domestic challenges. As the receding polar ice increases the accessibility of the Arctic region, rival powers have been manoeuvering for geopolitical and resource security. Geographically, Russia controls half of the Arctic coastline, 40 percent of the land area beyond the Circumpolar North, and three quarters of the Arctic population. In total, the sea and land surface area of the Russian Arctic is about 6 million square kilometres. Economically, as much as 20 percent of Russia's GDP and its total exports is generated north of the Arctic Circle. In terms of resources, about 95 percent of its gas, 75 percent of its oil, 96 percent of its platinum, 90 percent of its nickel and cobalt, and 60 percent of its copper reserves are found in Arctic and Sub-Arctic regions. Add to this the riches of the continental shelf, seabed, and waters, ranging from rare earth minerals to fish stocks. After a spike of aggressive rhetoric when Russia planted its flag in the Arctic seabed in 2007, Moscow has attempted to strengthen its position as a key factor in developing an international consensus concerning a region where its relative advantages are manifest, despite its diminishing military, technological, and human capacities.

Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn E-Book

Expert Consult - Online and Print

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Author: Christopher B. Wilson,Victor Nizet,Jack S. Remington,Jerome O. Klein,Yvonne Maldonado

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1437736378

Category: Medical

Page: 1280

View: 5021

Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant, written and edited by Drs. Remington, Klein, Wilson, Nizet, and Maldonado, remains the definitive source of information in this field. The 7th edition of this authoritative reference provides the most up-to-date and complete guidance on infections found in utero, during delivery, and in the neonatal period in both premature and term infants. Special attention is given to the prevention and treatment of these diseases found in developing countries as well as the latest findings about new antimicrobial agents, gram-negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization of the fetus/mother. Nationally and internationally recognized in immunology and infectious diseases, new associate editors Nizet and Maldonado bring new insight and fresh perspective to the book. Get the latest information on maternal infections when they are pertinent to the infant or developing fetus, including disease transmission through breastfeeding Diagnose, prevent, and treat neonatal infectious diseases with expert guidance from the world's leading authorities and evidence-based recommendations. Incorporate the latest findings about infections found in utero, during delivery, and in the neonatal period. Find the critical answers you need quickly and easily thanks to a consistent, highly user-friendly format Get fresh perspectives from two new associate editors—Drs. Yvonne Maldonado, head of the Pediatric Infectious Disease program at Stanford, and Victor Nizet, Professor of Pediatrics & Pharmacy at University of California, San Diego and UCSD School of Medicine. Keep up with the most relevant topics in fetal/neonatal infectious disease including new antimicrobial agents, gram- negative infections and their management, and recommendations for immunization of the fetus/mother. Overcome the clinical challenges in developing countries where access to proper medical care is limited. Apply the latest recommendations for H1N1 virus and vaccines. Identify and treat infections with the latest evidence-based information on fighting life-threatening diseases in the fetus and newborn infants.

The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for 1840

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Author: Various,Various Authors

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108053920

Category: History

Page: 948

View: 5944

The 1840 Nautical Magazine focuses on Australia, New Zealand and the Antarctic, and reports research on electricity, magnetism and scurvy.