Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Water Resources Science, Engineering, and Planning: Coastal Risk Reduction

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309305896

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 6896

Hurricane- and coastal-storm-related losses have increased substantially during the past century, largely due to increases in population and development in the most susceptible coastal areas. Climate change poses additional threats to coastal communities from sea level rise and possible increases in strength of the largest hurricanes. Several large cities in the United States have extensive assets at risk to coastal storms, along with countless smaller cities and developed areas. The devastation from Superstorm Sandy has heightened the nation's awareness of these vulnerabilities. What can we do to better prepare for and respond to the increasing risks of loss? Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts reviews the coastal risk-reduction strategies and levels of protection that have been used along the United States East and Gulf Coasts to reduce the impacts of coastal flooding associated with storm surges. This report evaluates their effectiveness in terms of economic return, protection of life safety, and minimization of environmental effects. According to this report, the vast majority of the funding for coastal risk-related issues is provided only after a disaster occurs. This report calls for the development of a national vision for coastal risk management that includes a long-term view, regional solutions, and recognition of the full array of economic, social, environmental, and life-safety benefits that come from risk reduction efforts. To support this vision, Reducing Coastal Risk states that a national coastal risk assessment is needed to identify those areas with the greatest risks that are high priorities for risk reduction efforts. The report discusses the implications of expanding the extent and levels of coastal storm surge protection in terms of operation and maintenance costs and the availability of resources. Reducing Coastal Risk recommends that benefit-cost analysis, constrained by acceptable risk criteria and other important environmental and social factors, be used as a framework for evaluating national investments in coastal risk reduction. The recommendations of this report will assist engineers, planners and policy makers at national, regional, state, and local levels to move from a nation that is primarily reactive to coastal disasters to one that invests wisely in coastal risk reduction and builds resilience among coastal communities.

Living on the Edge of the Gulf

The West Florida and Alabama Coast

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Author: David M. Bush

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822325659

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 340

View: 9072

A new look at the West Florida and Alabama Gulf shoreline, in the context of burgeoning development and revised coastal regulations.

Meeting Research and Education Needs in Coastal Engineering

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Author: Marine Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309518105

Category: Science

Page: 58

View: 2438

Meeting Research and Education Needs in Coastal Engineering

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Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063817

Category: Science

Page: 74

View: 4551

After discussions with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the Office of Naval Research, the National Research Council (NRC) convened a committee under the auspices of the Marine Board to examine present and anticipated national needs in coastal engineering research and education and assess the adequacy and effectiveness of existing institutions in meeting those needs.

Oil Spill Risks From Tank Vessel Lightering

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Author: Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Ocean Studies Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Marine Board

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309061903

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 5486

The safety record of lightering (the transfer of petroleum cargo at sea from a large tanker to smaller ones) has been excellent in U.S. waters in recent years, as evidenced by the very low rate of spillage of oil both in absolute terms and compared with all other tanker-related accidental spills. The lightering safety record is likely to be maintained or even improved in the future as overall quality improvements in the shipping industry are implemented. Risks can be reduced even further through measures that enhance sound lightering standards and practices, support cooperative industry efforts to maintain safety, and increase the availability of essential information to shipping companies and mariners. Only continued vigilance and attention to safety initiatives can avert serious accidents involving tankers carrying large volumes of oil.

Oil Spill Risks From Tank Vessel Lightering

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Author: Marine Board,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Ocean Studies Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309523028

Category: Science

Page: 118

View: 3459

Southeastern Geographer

Spring 2014 Issue

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Author: David M. Cochran Jr.,Carl A. Reese

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469616017

Category: Social Science

Page: 193

View: 1612

Southeastern Geographer VOLUME 54, NUMBER 1 : SPRING 2014 Table of Contents Introduction to Southeastern Geographer, Volume 54, Number 1 David M. Cochran and Carl A. Reese Part I: Papers The Great Lakes-to-Florida Highway: A Politics of Road Space in 1920s West Virginia and Virginia Jessey Gilley Do Incentives Work? An Analysis of Residential Solar Energy Adoption in Miami-Dade County, Florida Jeffery Onsted and Aileen Varela-Margolles Disaster Vulnerability of Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers: A Comparison of Texas and North Carolina Christine E. Gares and Burrell E. Montz Louisiana: Apprehending a Complex Web of Vernacular Regional Geography John McEwen Spatial Trends and Factors Associated with Hardwood Mortality in the Southeastern United States Michael Crosby, Zhaofei Fan, Theodor D. Leninger, Martin A. Spetich and A. Brady Self Part II: Reviews The Geography of Wine: How Landscapes, Cultures, Terror, and the Weather Make a Good Drop Brian J. Sommers Reviewed by David M. Cochran, Jr. Dear Appalachia: Readers, Identity, and Popular Fiction since 1878 Emily Satterwhite Reviewed by Taulby H. Edmondson Trash Animals: How We Live with Nature's Filthy, Feral, Invasive, and Unwanted Species Kelsi Nagy and David Johnson II Reviewed by Matthew L. Fahrenbruch Southeastern Geographer is published by UNC Press for the Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers (www.sedaag.org). The quarterly journal publishes the academic work of geographers and other social and physical scientists, and features peer-reviewed articles and essays that reflect sound scholarship and contain significant contributions to geographical understanding, with a special interest in work that focuses on the southeastern United States.

Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters

The Perspective from the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Mississippi: Summary of a Workshop

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Author: The National Academies,Disasters Roundtable,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Committee on Increasing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309215277

Category: Science

Page: 138

View: 3089

Natural disasters are having an increasing effect on the lives of people in the United States and throughout the world. Every decade, property damage caused by natural disasters and hazards doubles or triples in the United States. More than half of the U.S. population lives within 50 miles of a coast, and all Americans are at risk from such hazards as fires, earthquakes, floods, and wind. The year 2010 saw 950 natural catastrophes around the world--the second highest annual total ever--with overall losses estimated at $130 billion. The increasing impact of natural disasters and hazards points to increasing importance of resilience, the ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, recover from, or more successfully adapt to actual or potential adverse events, at the individual , local, state, national, and global levels. Assessing National Resilience to Hazards and Disasters reviews the effects of Hurricane Katrina and other natural and human-induced disasters on the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Mississippi and to learn more about the resilience of those areas to future disasters. Topics explored in the workshop range from insurance, building codes, and critical infrastructure to private-sector issues, public health, nongovernmental organizations and governance. This workshop summary provides a rich foundation of information to help increase the nation's resilience through actionable recommendations and guidance on the best approaches to reduce adverse impacts from hazards and disasters.

Climate Adaptation and Flood Risk in Coastal Cities

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Author: Jeroen Aerts,Wouter Botzen,Malcolm Bowman,Piet Dircke,Philip Ward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113652892X

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 2136

This book presents climate adaptation and flood risk problems and solutions in coastal cities including an independent investigation of adaptation paths and problems in Rotterdam, New York and Jakarta. The comparison draws out lessons that each city can learn from the others. While the main focus is on coastal flooding, cities are also affected by climate change in other ways, including impacts that occur away from the coast. The New York City Water Supply System, for example, stretches as far as 120 miles upstate, and the New York City Department of Environmental Protection has undertaken extensive climate assessment not only for its coastal facilities, but also for its upstate facilities, which will be affected by rising temperatures, droughts, inland flooding and water quality changes. The authors examine key questions, such as: Are current city plans climate proof or do we need to finetune our ongoing investments? Can we develop a flood proof subway system? Can we develop new infrastructure in such a way that it serves flood protection, housing and natural values?

Nonnative Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Nonnative Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309090520

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 1141

Nonnative Oysters in the Chesapeake Bay discusses the proposed plan to offset the dramatic decline in the bay’s native oysters by introducing disease-resistant reproductive Suminoe oysters from Asia. It suggests this move should be delayed until more is known about the environmental risks, even though carefully regulated cultivation of sterile Asian oysters in contained areas could help the local industry and researchers. It is also noted that even though these oysters eat the excess algae caused by pollution, it could take decades before there are enough of them to improve water quality.

An Ocean Blueprint for the 21st Century

Final Report

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Author: United States. Commission on Ocean Policy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Oceanography and state

Page: N.A

View: 9468

Hurricanes of the North Atlantic

Climate and Society

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Author: James B. Elsner,A. Birol Kara

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195352283

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 369

Called the greatest storms on the planet, hurricanes of the North Atlantic Ocean often cause tremendous social and economic upheaval in the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean. And with the increasing development of coastal areas, the impact of these storms will likely increase. This book provides a comprehensive analysis of North Atlantic hurricanes and what they mean to society. It is intended as an intermediary between hurricane climate research and the users of hurricane information. Topics include the climatology of tropical cyclones in general and those of the North Atlantic in particular; the major North Atlantic hurricanes, focusing on U.S. landfalling storms; the prediction models used in forecasting; and societal vulnerability to hurricanes, including ideas for modeling the relationship between climatological data and analysis in the social and economic sciences.

Boats of the World

From the Stone Age to Medieval Times

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Author: Sean McGrail

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199271860

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 9077

Maritime archaeology, the study of man's early encounter with the rivers and seas of the world, only came to the fore in the last decades of the twentieth century, long after its parent discipline, terrestrial archaeology, had been established. Yet there were seamen long before there were farmers, navigators before there were potters, and boatbuilders before there were wainwrights. In this book Professor McGrail attempts to correct some of the imbalance in our knowledge of the past by presenting the evidence for the building and use of early water transport: rafts, boats, and ships.