Reconsidering Social Constructionism

Social Problems and Social Issues

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Author: Gale Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351494430

Category: Social Science

Page: 572

View: 676

With the impact of social interactionist and ethnographic methodology twenty-five years ago, the research agenda in social problems began to shift its focus, giving rise to the Social Constructionism movement. The present volume and the related shorter text, Constructionist Controversies, review the substantial contributions made by social constructionist theorists over that period, as well as recent debates about the future of the perspective. These contributions redefine the purpose and central questions of social problems theory and articulate a research program for analyzing social problems as social constructions. A generation of theorists has been trained in the constructionist perspective and has extended it through numerous analyses of diverse aspects of contemporary social life.The debates in this volume pose fundamental questions about the major assumptions of the perspective, the ways in which it is practiced, and the purposes of social problems theory. Their point of departure is Ibarra and Kitsuse's essay, cutting new theoretical ground in calling for ""investigating vernacular resources, especially rhetorical forms, in the social problems process.""Contributors are forceful proponents both within and outside of the social constructionist community, who take a broad array of positions on the current state of social problems theory and on the rhetorical forms that need exploring. They also lay down the general lines for diverse and often competing programs for the future development of the constructionist agenda.

Challenges and Choices

Constructionist Perspectives on Social Problems

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Author: James A. Holstein,Gale Miller

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202364650

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 6074

The social constructionist perspective has revolutionized the way that social scientists investigate social problems. Constructing Social Problems (Spector and Kitsuse [1977] 2001) offered the guiding statement of the approach, which both transformed and revitalized the sociology of social problems, propelling it into a quarter century of exciting and innovative empirical research. John Kitsuse and Malcolm Spector challenged conventional approaches to the field; they insisted on treating social problems as social constructions--as the products of claims-making and constitutive definitional processes. The purpose of this book is to highlight contemporary challenges to the social constructionist perspective on social problems. In 1993, two collections of essays, Reconsidering Social Constructionism: Debates in Social Problems Theory (Holstein and Miller 1993) and Constructionist Controversies: Issues in Social Problems Theory (Miller and Holstein 1993), brought a wide variety of constructionist challenges into focus. Challenges and Choices attempts to distill these debates, and offers some compelling suggestions for how challenges may be met and where constructionist studies might proceed in the future. While each of the essays in this volume deeply appreciates the constructionist approach, each of them points to issues and choices that social constructionists must confront if the perspective is to continue to be a vital part of ongoing debates on social problems. The essays critique previous constructionist formulations; make suggestions for advancing, expanding, or diversifying the constructionist agenda; and challenge the perspective to move in new directions. They remind us that social constructionism is an ongoing, not a finished, product, and the essays point to some of the choices available to social constructionists in moving their projects into new, even uncharted, territories. James A. Holstein and Gale Miller are professors in the Department of Social and Cultural Sciences at Marquette University.

Social Constructionism in Housing Research

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Author: Jim Kemeny

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351899627

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 8092

By stressing the importance of subjectivity and interpretation, social constructionism offers a different conception of reality from the traditional approach to housing policy analysis. This book provides an up-to-date review of the social constructionist perspective and considers its philosophical basis. It discusses how social problems are constructed and, in turn, how this informs policy-making. It is divided into two parts. The first section is theoretical and discusses the variety of conceptual approaches utilised within the constructionist paradigm. The second part provides a number of empirically based case studies from the UK and Australia to illustrate the different methodologies that form the social constructionist corpus. The book also evaluates both the criticisms that have been made against the social constructionist perspective and the strengths and weaknesses of constructionist methods. It therefore contributes to the development of a future research agenda for social constructionist research in housing and urban policy.

Thinking About Social Problems

An Introduction to Constructionist Perspectives

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Author: Donileen Loseke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351472097

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8082

The new second edition of this distinctive and widely adopted textbook brings into the classroom an overview of how images of social problems can shape not only public policy and social services, but also the ways in which we make sense of ourselves and others. It introduces two primary changes. First, some attention is devoted to the "new social movements" that emphasize social change through identity transformation rather than through structural change. Second, the text now also looks more closely at the importance of emotions in constructing public consciousness of social problems.When the first edition was published, Teaching Sociology noted, "Loseke does a superb job explaining the relationship between sociology and social problems in a text that is very well research and engaging, yet with tremendous attention to detail and accuracy... [W]ould provide a solid base for any social problems class." Contemporary Sociology wrote that the book is "engagingly well written in a personal, unpretentious style, and well informed by the author's knowledge of the professional literature."

Information Seeking Behavior and Technology Adoption: Theories and Trends

Theories and Trends

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Author: Al-Suqri, Mohammed Nasser

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466681578

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 321

View: 6533

With the increasingly complex and ubiquitous data available through modern technology, digital information is being utilized daily by academics and professionals of all disciplines and career paths. Information Seeking Behavior and Technology Adoption: Theories and Trends brings together the many theories and meta-theories that make information science relevant across different disciplines. Highlighting theories that had their base in the early days of text-based information and expanding to the digitization of the Internet, this book is an essential reference source for those involved in the education and training of the next-generation of information science professionals, as well as those who are currently working on the design and development of our current information products, systems, and services.

Handbook of Constructionist Research

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Author: James A. Holstein,Jaber F. Gubrium

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462514812

Category: Social Science

Page: 832

View: 6459

Constructionism has become one of the most popular research approaches in the social sciences. But until now, little attention has been given to the conceptual and methodological underpinnings of the constructionist stance, and the remarkable diversity within the field. This cutting-edge handbook brings together a dazzling array of scholars to review the foundations of constructionist research, how it is put into practice in multiple disciplines, and where it may be headed in the future. The volume critically examines the analytic frameworks, strategies of inquiry, and methodological choices that together form the mosaic of contemporary constructionism, making it an authoritative reference for anyone interested in conducting research in a constructionist vein.

Environmental Sociology Ed 2

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Author: John Hannigan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134255675

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3257

This new edition of John Hannigan's well-known and respected text has been thoroughly revised to reflect recent conceptual and empirical advances in environmental sociology and will prove to be a valuable student resource.

Native Americans and Sport in North America

Other People's Games

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Author: C. Richard King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136769161

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 221

View: 2075

Taking examples from the United States and Canada, this comprehensive text offers compassionate and critical accounts of the Native American sporting experience. It challenges popular images of indigenous athletes and athletics; it explores Native American participation in and appropriation of EuroAmerican sports; and it unpacks social categories, particularly gender, race and heritage and their implications for understanding Native Americans and sport in North America. Contributors discuss the interplay of power and possibility, difference and identity, representation and remembrance that have shaped the means and meanings of American Indians playing sport. Included in this book are discussions on: continuity and change, the place of sport in the survival and adaptation of indigenous beliefs and behaviours the play of power and the power of play within indigenous communities, intercultural spaces, and American popular culture the contradictions and conditions of possibilities sport has offered American Indians the politics and poetics of identity the axes of difference structuring the indigenous sporting experience, particularly, gender, race, and nationalism representations and stagings of Indianness in the context of sport.

Challenges and Choices

Constructionist Perspectives on Social Problems

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Author: James A. Holstein,Gale Miller

Publisher: Aldine De Gruyter

ISBN: 9780202306964

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 1235

The social constructionist perspective has revolutionized the way that social scientists investigate social problems. Constructing Social Problems (Spector and Kitsuse [1977] 2001) offered the guiding statement of the approach, which both transformed and revitalized the sociology of social problems, propelling it into a quarter century of exciting and innovative empirical research. John Kitsuse and Malcolm Spector challenged conventional approaches to the field; they insisted on treating social problems as social constructions--as the products of claims-making and constitutive definitional processes. The purpose of this book is to highlight contemporary challenges to the social constructionist perspective on social problems. In 1993, two collections of essays, Reconsidering Social Constructionism: Debates in Social Problems Theory (Holstein and Miller 1993) and Constructionist Controversies: Issues in Social Problems Theory (Miller and Holstein 1993), brought a wide variety of constructionist challenges into focus. Challenges and Choices attempts to distill these debates, and offers some compelling suggestions for how challenges may be met and where constructionist studies might proceed in the future. While each of the essays in this volume deeply appreciates the constructionist approach, each of them points to issues and choices that social constructionists must confront if the perspective is to continue to be a vital part of ongoing debates on social problems. The essays critique previous constructionist formulations; make suggestions for advancing, expanding, or diversifying the constructionist agenda; and challenge the perspective to move in new directions. They remind us that social constructionism is an ongoing, not a finished, product, and the essays point to some of the choices available to social constructionists in moving their projects into new, even uncharted, territories. James A. Holstein and Gale Miller are professors in the Department of Social and Cultural Sciences at Marquette University.

Social Problems in Everyday Life

Studies of Social Problems Work

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Author: Gale Miller,James A. Holstein

Publisher: JAI Press(NY)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 260

View: 8822

Trames

A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Humanities

Page: N.A

View: 3165

Becoming Miracle Workers

Language and Learning in Brief Therapy

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Author: Gale Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351328301

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 1534

Brief therapy is a postmodern treatment mode that treats problems as social constructions, encouraging those seeking treatment to replace personal troubles (negative stories) with new problem-solving skills (positive stories). The significant differences discussed in this book do not involve sociologists and brief therapists. The differences are between brief therapists, on the one hand, and practitioners of psychotherapy and family therapy on the other. One indicator of these is brief therapists' describing the people who seek their services as clients. The terminology may be contrasted with the language of patients used by many other therapists. At the very least, this difference suggests how brief therapy departs from therapy approaches that are based on the medical model. Becoming Miracle Workers takes the reader inside "Northland Clinic," one of the most innovative and important centers of brief therapy in the world. Based on twelve years of research, Miller's book discusses how brief therapy has evolved into its present, postmodern form. He describes the details of brief therapist-client interactions, and the behind-the-scenes discussions among brief therapists about their clients' problems. This readable account of the workings of brief therapy invites readers to sit in on brief therapy sessions, provides them with new understandings of personal troubles as social constructions, and shows how brief therapists help their clients develop new, untroubled, life stories.

The Social Construction of Rationality

Policy Debates and the Power of Good Reasons

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Author: Onno Bouwmeester

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317530764

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 204

View: 6778

There are many different forms of rationality. In current economic discourse the main focus is on instrumental rationality and optimizing, while organization scholars, behavioural economists and policy scientists focus more on bounded rationality and satisficing. The interplay with value rationality or expressive rationality is mainly discussed in philosophy and sociology, but never in an empirical way. This book shows that not one, but three different forms of rationality (subjective, social and instrumental) determine the final outcomes of strategic decisions executed by major organizations. Based on an argumentation analysis of six high-profile public debates, this book adds nuance to the concept of bounded rationality. The chapters show how it is socially constructed, and thus dependent on shared beliefs or knowledge, institutional context and personal interests. Three double case studies investigating the three rationalities illustrate how decision makers and stakeholders discuss the appropriateness of these rationalities for making decisions in different practice contexts. The first touches more on personal concerns, like wearing a niqab or looking at obscene art exposed in a public environment; the second investigates debates on improving the rights and position of specific minorities; and the third is based on the agreement on instrumental reasons for two kinds of investments, but the cost arguments are regarded less relevant when social norms or personal interests are violated. The Social Construction of Rationality is for those who study political economy, economic psychology and public policy, as well as economic theory and philosophy.

Social Work as Narrative

Storytelling and Persuasion in Professional Texts

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Author: Christopher Hall (Ph. D.)

Publisher: Avebury

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 7240

The author of this work asks, what is it about social work that generates so much controversy and criticism? The power that modern society has vested in professionals is not new or restricted to social work. The study, however, does not attempt to answer these big question of social workers' competence or mandate. The author's task is to explore how social workers make their actions and assessments in an atmosphere of criticism and controversy? What sort of language, explanation and analysis do social workers use in order to handle stressful situations and support their decision?

Social problems in transition

perceptions of influential groups in Estonia, Russia, and Finland

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Author: Sari Hanhinen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 6774

Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry

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Author: Norman K. Denzin,Yvonna S. Lincoln

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780761926917

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 6537

The Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry, Second Edition, the second volume in the paperback version of the Handbook of Qualitative Research, 2nd Edition, consists of Part III of the handbook ("Strategies of Inquiry"). The Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry, Second Edition isolates the major strategies--historically, the research methods--that researchers can use in conducting concrete qualitative studies. The question of methods begins with the design of the research project, which Valerie Janesick describes in dance terms. Design issues also involve matters of money and funding, issues discussed by Julianne Cheek. Questions of design always begin with a socially situated observer who moves from a research question to a paradigm or perspective, and then to the empirical world. So located, the researcher then addresses a range of methods that can be employed In any study. The history and uses of these strategies are explored extensively in this volume. The chapters move from performance ethnography to case studies, issues of ethnographic representation, grounded theory strategies, testimonios, life histories, participatory action research, and clinical research. The Handbook of Qualitative Research, Second Edition is widely considered to be the state of the art in evaluating the field of qualitative inquiry. Now published in paperback in response to the needs of classroom teachers, The Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry, Second Edition will be an ideal supplement for a course on research methods, across a wide number of academic disciplines.

Social Construction and Social Work Practice

Interpretations and Innovations

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Author: Stanley L. Witkin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231530307

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3185

Social construction addresses the cultural factors and social dynamics that give rise to and maintain values and beliefs. Drawing on postmodern philosophies and critical, social, and literary theories, social construction has become an important and influential framework for practice and research within social work and related fields. Embracing inclusivity and multiplicity, social construction provides a framework for knowledge and practice that is particularly congruent with social work values and aims. In this accessible collection, Stanley L Witkin showcases the innovative ways in which social construction may be understood and expressed in practice. He calls on experienced practitioner-scholars to share their personal accounts of interpreting and applying social constructionist ideas in different settings (such as child welfare agencies, schools, and the courts) and with diverse clientele (such as "resistant" adolescents, disadvantaged families, indigenous populations, teachers, children in protective custody, refugee youth, and adult perpetrators of sexual crimes against children). Eschewing the prescriptive stance of most theoretical frameworks, social construction can seem challenging for students and practitioners. This book responds with rich, illustrative descriptions of how social constructionist thinking has inspired practice approaches, illuminating the diversity and creative potential of practices that draw on social constructionist ideas. Writing in a direct, accessible style, contributors translate complex concepts into the language of daily encounter and care, and through a committed transnational focus they demonstrate the global reach and utility of their work. Chapters are provocative and thoughtful, reveal great suffering and courage, share inspiring stories of strength and renewal, and acknowledge the challenges of an approach that complicates evidence-based evaluations and requirements.

Rurality bites

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Author: Stewart Lockie,Lisa Bourke

Publisher: Pluto Pr Australia

ISBN: 9781864031690

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 2269