Recent Advances in BIS Guided TCI Anesthesia

Author: David A. Ferreira,Luis Antunes,Pedro Amorim,Catarina Nunes

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781616686277

Category: Medical

Page: 66

View: 6284

Anaesthetic drugs with a rapid onset of action and a short half-live, such as the hypnotic propofol and the analgesic opioid remifentanil, allow easy control of the anaesthetic depth and noxious stimuli associated to surgical interventions, and reveal most of the potential of target controlled infusion for general anaesthesia. Furthermore, mathematical models were incorporated in microcomputers in delivery system devices, calculating the drug concentrations in the blood and brain, according to the infusion rate. This book approaches the characteristics of propofol and remifentanil that allow the fast emergence of target controlled infusion for general anaesthesia, and its potential for closed loop control anaesthesia.

Essentials of Pharmacology for Anesthesia, Pain Medicine, and Critical Care

Author: Alan David Kaye,Adam M. Kaye,Richard D. Urman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461489482

Category: Medical

Page: 904

View: 6130

In anesthesiology, pain medicine, and critical care, practitioners at all levels need help to stay current with the continually evolving drug knowledge-base and trainees need tools to prepare for in-training and board exams that increasingly test their knowledge of pharmacology. This practical book is aimed at both readerships. It features a unique and practical chapter on the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) “black box” warnings that describe what safety precautions should be taken with commonly used drugs. The editors and contributors are pharmacology experts representing a cross-section of clinical specialties and institutions in the United States and include pharmacologists, pharmacists, as well as physicians.

The Wondrous Story of Anesthesia

Author: Edmond I Eger II,Lawrence J. Saidman,Rod N. Westhorpe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461484413

Category: Medical

Page: 944

View: 1004

Edited and written by an international "who's who" of more than 100 authors, including anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, bench scientists, a surgeon, and representatives of industry, this text provides a comprehensive history of anesthesia, unique in its focus on the people and events that shaped the specialty around the world, particularly during the past 70 years when anesthesia emerged from empiricism and developed into a science-based practice.

Miller's Anesthesia E-Book

Author: Ronald D. Miller,Lars I. Eriksson,Lee A Fleisher,Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish,Neal H Cohen,William L. Young

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323280110

Category: Medical

Page: 3312

View: 7367

From fundamental principles to advanced subspecialty procedures, Miller’s Anesthesia covers the full scope of contemporary anesthesia practice. This go-to medical reference book offers masterful guidance on the technical, scientific, and clinical challenges you face each day, in addition to providing the most up-to-date information available for effective board preparation. Consult this title on your favorite e-reader, conduct rapid searches, and adjust font sizes for optimal readability. Address the unique needs of pediatric patients with guidance from an entire section on pediatric anesthesia. View more than 1,500 full-color illustrations for enhanced visual clarity. Access step-by-step instructions for patient management, as well as an in-depth analysis of ancillary responsibilities and problems. Quickly reference important concepts with ‘Key Points’ boxes integrated into every chapter. Stay current on today's most recent anesthetic drugs and guidelines/protocols for anesthetic practice and patient safety, and access expanded coverage on new techniques such as TEE and other monitoring procedures. Take advantage of the unique, international perspectives of prominent anesthesiologists from all over the world, including the UK, Australia, India, Brazil, and Germany. Remain at the forefront of new developments in anesthesia with coverage of hot topics including Non-OR Anesthesia; Role of the Anesthesiologist in Disasters; Sleep Medicine in Anesthesia; Perioperative and Anesthesia-related Neurotoxicity; Anesthetic Implications of Complementary and Alternative Medicine; and Robotics. Study brand-new chapters on Perioperative Fluid Management; Extracorporeal Support Therapies; Anesthesia for Organ Donation/Procurement; and Malignant Hyperthermia and other Genetic Disorders.

Perioperative Care of the Elderly

Clinical and Organizational Aspects

Author: Gabriella Bettelli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108166784

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 4009

This innovative, comprehensive book covers the key elements of perioperative management of older patients. The book's chapter structure coincides with the clinical path patients tread during their treatment, from preoperative evaluation to post-hospital care. Epidemiological aspects and aging processes are illustrated, providing keys to understanding the quick expansion of geriatric surgery and defining the clinical profile of older surgical patients in a cybernetic perspective. Preoperative evaluation and preparation for surgery, including medication reconciliation and pre-habilitation, are developed in the light of supporting decision-making about surgery in an evidence-based and patient-focused way. Intra- and postoperative management are discussed, aiming to tailor anesthetic, surgical and nursing approaches to specific patients' needs, in order to prevent both general and age-related complications. This volume also addresses issues relevant to geriatric surgery, from different organizational models to clinical risk management and systems engineering applied to hospital organization.

The Structured Oral Examination in Anaesthesia

Practice Papers for Teachers and Trainees

Author: Shyam Balasubramanian,Cyprian Mendonca,Colin Pinnock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521680506

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 4196

Comprising questions and answers which simulate examination format, this is an essential aid for anaesthesia trainees

Primary Care English

Author: Ramón Ribes,Isabel Garcia Gimeno,Roger Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540496173

Category: Medical

Page: 506

View: 7506

This book is the ideal introduction to the medical English language used in primary care and in hospitals. It is written for family doctors and other health care professionals involved in primary care around the world who want to advance their medical English. The language of the consultation is central to this book and its contents modulated according to real clinical practice. The reader is expected to have at least an intermediate level of English.

The Structured Oral Examination in Clinical Anaesthesia

Practice examination papers

Author: Cyprian Mendonca,,Carl Hillermann,,Josephine James,,Anil Kumar,

Publisher: tfm Publishing Limited

ISBN: 190898645X

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 3261

Winner of a HIGHLY COMMENDED AWARD in the Anaesthesia category of the 2010 BMA Medical Book Competition. This book comprises structured questions and answers that closely simulate the structured oral examination (SOE) format of The Royal College of Anaesthetists' final FRCA examination. The style of exam questions has changed over the years and this book matches the most recent changes in this updated exam. It consists of ten sets (chapters) of complete SOE papers. Each SOE set (chapter) includes one long case, three short cases and four different applied basic science topics (anatomy, physiology, pharmacology and clinical measurement). As this book is presented in the format of complete examination papers, it will enable candidates to assess their knowledge and skills. It will also assist trainers in setting up mock exams. With thorough revision of this book, trainees can confidently sit their exams. The authors have been organising final FRCA viva courses for the past five years, running four exam preparation courses a year, attended by about 200 trainees each year. This book includes updated knowledge based on the syllabus and more recent questions asked in the FRCA examination. It is, therefore, essential study material for trainees and a great educational tool for trainers. This book will also help candidates all over the world to pass highly competitive postgraduate examinations in anaesthesia. It is an invaluable educational resource for all anaesthetists.

Memory and Awareness in Anesthesia

Author: Peter Sebel,Benno Bonke,Eugene Winograd

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 519

View: 3473

Reflecting recent findings by anaesthesiologists and psychologists, these proceedings discuss: implicit memory function, the use of therapeutic suggestion during anaesthesia, effective drug combinations to achieve maximum impact, monitoring the depth of anaesthesia and patient awareness.

Springer Handbook of Medical Technology

Author: Rüdiger Kramme,Klaus-Peter Hoffmann,Robert Pozos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540746584

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1497

View: 2942

This concise, user-oriented and up-to-date desk reference offers a broad introduction to the fascinating world of medical technology, fully considering today’s progress and further development in all relevant fields. The Springer Handbook of Medical Technology is a systemized and well-structured guideline which distinguishes itself through simplification and condensation of complex facts. This book is an indispensable resource for professionals working directly or indirectly with medical systems and appliances every day. It is also meant for graduate and post graduate students in hospital management, medical engineering, and medical physics.

Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions

A Comprehensive Global Anthology

Author: Anthony R. Absalom,Keira P. Mason

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319476092

Category: Medical

Page: 824

View: 4674

This is a comprehensive and authoritative presentation of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and target controlled infusion (TCI). The editors’ international reputation has enabled them to recruit leading experts from around the world to write single-author chapters in their area of expertise. Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions is the first multi-disciplinary, globally authored volume on the topic. Providing a single source of information on all aspects of TIVA and TCI, from pharmacologic modeling and the pharmacology of intravenous anesthetic drugs to practical considerations in the clinical setting and the requirements of special populations, Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions examines the debate about the risks and advantages of TIVA, analyze outcome studies, and provides guidance on creating a curriculum to teach TIVA and TCI.

Biological Aspects of Human Health and Well-Being

Author: Tsisana Shartava

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781612091341

Category: Medical

Page: 277

View: 6446

This book presents and discusses current research in the field of biology, with a particular emphasis on biological factors and their role in health and well-being. Topics discussed include the biotechnology of cyanobacteria; the reasons why glucose is the principal source of energy for living beings; post-transcriptional effects of oestrogen on gene expression; sialylation mechanism in bacteria and the evolution biology of health and disease clinical medicine from a Darwinian perspective.

Cardiac Arrhythmias

From Basic Mechanism to State-of-the-Art Management

Author: Ambrose S. Kibos,Bradley P. Knight,Vidal Essebag,Steven B. Fishberger,Mark Slevin,Ion C. Țintoiu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447153162

Category: Medical

Page: 678

View: 9083

This book covers all the major aspects associated with pathophysiological development of cardiac arrhythmias (covering enhanced or suppressed automaticity, triggered activity, or re-entry), from basic concepts through disease association, limitations of current pharmacotherapy and implant therapies and on-going trials and analysis of new biomarkers based on current knowledge of cellular interaction and signalling. The book describes novel and state-of-the-art methods for differentiating between the major types of arrhythmia, structural abnormalities and current practice guidelines and determination of risk stratification associated with sudden cardiac death. A particular focus is on arrhythmias associated with atrial fibrillation and includes details of associations with cardiac disease, current detection, analysis and imaging and future perspectives.​

Biomaterials Developments and Applications

Author: Henri Bourg,Amaury Lisle

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781608764761

Category: Medical

Page: 497

View: 9409

Despite the huge impact that biomaterials have had on patients' quality of life, improvements in device performance and the development of alternatives to augment available therapies are continuously being sought. This book explores the development and application of biomaterials over the past 25 years, examining the current clinical demand, the scientific rationale, and the technical challenges to be overcome. Furthermore, this book introduces the blood components involved in hemostasis and thrombosis, followed by the common biomaterials applied in blood-contacting devices. The complications induced by the interactions between blood and biomaterials is also briefly addressed, as well as the commonly used techniques for improving biomaterials' hemocompatibility. In addition, the authors give some valuable insight into calcium orthophosphate cements and concretes, as excellent biomaterials suitable for both dental and bone grafting application. Despite the growth of potential hydrogel based therapies, the route to market for new products is constrained by the need to develop an appropriate regulatory and metrological framework under which they will be assessed. This book outlines the role that metrology has to play in the regulation of emerging hydrogel-based therapies and detail possible strategies for assessing their safety and effectiveness. Other chapters examine the surface of CoCrMo alloy prior and after exposure into different solutions simulating oral conditions, recent research on delivery of gold nanoparticles inside the cells and their potential applications in nanomedicine, and the widely used biomedical applications for hydrogels.

Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation and Difficult Weaning in Critical Care

Key Topics and Practical Approaches

Author: Antonio M. Esquinas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319042599

Category: Medical

Page: 466

View: 6779

This book establishes the indications for the use of NIV in the context of weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation. It provides a comprehensive overview of key topics relevant for correct practical application, including NIV and weaning principles, important aspects of patient care before and after weaning, and pediatric and neonatology weaning. Finally, the book summarizes international guidelines and new perspectives of NIV during weaning. With contributions by international experts in the field on noninvasive mechanical ventilation, the book will serve as a valuable guide for critical care physicians, respiratory physiotherapists, and pulmonologists.

A Guide to Hemorrhoidal Disease

Author: Pravin Jaiprakash Gupta

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781608764310

Category: Medical

Page: 169

View: 364

This new book A Guide to Hemorrhoidal Disease" covers all aspects of this important and common disorder. Topics covered in the 18 chapters include historical background, basic anatomy and physiology, etiology and pathogenesis, presentation, diagnostic methods, conservative and office procedures, surgical treatment, and complications of hemorrhoids, offering a comprehensive critical analysis of advantages and disadvantages of the recognized treatment options, covering both recent advances and traditional treatments in the field. It provides authoritative in-depth presentations of all perspectives and latest techniques available, their advantages and disadvantages. The book includes a wealth of full-color clinical images to support the visual aspects of hemorrhoidal disease.

Drug Design and Discovery

Methods and Protocols

Author: Seetharama D. Satyanarayanajois

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 9781617790119

Category: Medical

Page: 284

View: 4193

Research in the pharmaceutical sciences and medicinal chemistry has taken an important new direction in the past two decades with a focus on large molecules, especially peptides and proteins, as well as DNA therapeutics. In Drug Design and Discovery: Methods and Protocols, leading experts provide an in-depth view of key protocols that are commonly used in drug discovery laboratories. Covering both classic and cutting-edge techniques, this volume explores computational docking, quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR), peptide synthesis, labeling of peptides and proteins with fluorescent labels, DNA-microarray, zebrafish model for drug screening, and other analytical screening and biological assays that are routinely used during the drug discovery process. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and accessible, Drug Design and Discovery: Methods and Protocols serve as a vital laboratory reference for pharmaceutical chemists, medicinal chemists, and pharmacologists as well as for molecular biologists.

Core Topics in Neuroanaesthesia and Neurointensive Care

Author: Basil F. Matta,David K. Menon,Martin Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499858

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 2331

Core Topics in Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care is an authoritative and practical clinical text that offers clear diagnostic and management guidance for a wide range of neuroanesthesia and neurocritical care problems. With coverage of every aspect of the discipline by outstanding world experts, this should be the first book to which practitioners turn for easily accessible and definitive advice. Initial sections cover relevant anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, intraoperative and critical care monitoring and neuroimaging. These are followed by detailed sections covering all aspects of neuroanesthesia and neurointensive care in both adult and pediatric patients. The final chapter discusses ethical and legal issues. Each chapter delivers a state-of-the art review of clinical practice, including outcome data when available. Enhanced throughout with numerous clinical photographs and line drawings, this practical and accessible text is key reading for trainee and consultant anesthetists and critical care specialists.

Venoms

Sources, Toxicity and Therapeutic Uses

Author: Jonas Gjersoe,Simen Hundstad

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781608764488

Category: Medical

Page: 268

View: 5666

Venom is any of a variety of toxins used by certain types of animals. Venom and toxins derived from fishes, amphibians and reptiles have always held an intense interest to biologists. This book examines the past and current literature on this topic and also presents ideas for further exploration and research in this fascinating area of toxinology. Furthermore, bee venom is used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of diseases. In recent years, it has been reported that the venom, and especially one of its major constituent's melittin, possess anticancer properties. This book explores the cytotoxicity of whole bee venom, as well as melittin towards different types of tumour cells. Other chapters in this book examine the different methods of collecting scorpion venom, which is known to be a rich source of neurotoxic proteins and peptides that specifically target different ion channels. An analysis of the specific immunonotherapy with hymenoptera venom, that has proven to be an effective treatment against certain allergic reactions, is examined as well. The composition and possible functions of the venom of the social vespids, belonging to three subfamilies Vespinae, Polistinae and Stenogastrinae, are also analysed and discussed.

Awareness During Anesthesia

Author: Mohamed M. Ghoneim

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 181

View: 6395

* First comprehensive source on facts about consciousness while under anesthesia * Includes a detailed pharmacology of drugs * Details techniques for detection and prevention. * Author is leading expert in field