Reason, Morality, and Law

The Philosophy of John Finnis

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Author: John Keown,Robert P. George

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199675503

Category: Law

Page: 615

View: 4633

This volume gathers leading moral, legal, and political philosophers alongside theologians to examine John Finnis' work. The book offers the first sustained critical study of Finnis' contribution across the philosophy of rationality, legal and political philosophy, and theology. It includes a substantial response from Finnis himself in which he defends and develops his ideas.

Reason, Morality, and Law

The Philosophy of John Finnis

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Author: John Keown DCL,Robert P. George

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191665517

Category: Law

Page: 632

View: 3735

John Finnis is a pioneer in the development of a new yet classically-grounded theory of natural law. His work offers a systematic philosophy of practical reasoning and moral choosing that addresses the great questions of the rational foundations of ethical judgments, the identification of moral norms, human agency, and the freedom of the will, personal identity, the common good, the role and functions of law, the meaning of justice, and the relationship of morality and politics to religion and the life of faith. The core of Finnis' theory, articulated in his seminal work Natural Law and Natural Rights, has profoundly influenced later work in the philosophy of law and moral and political philosophy, while his contributions to the ethical debates surrounding nuclear deterrence, abortion, euthanasia, sexual morality, and religious freedom have powerfully demonstrated the practical implications of his natural law theory. This volume, which gathers eminent moral, legal, and political philosophers, and theologians to engage with John Finnis' work, offers the first sustained, critical study of Finnis' contribution across the range of disciplines in which rational and morally upright choosing is a central concern. It includes a substantial response from Finnis himself, in which he comments on each of their 27 essays and defends and develops his ideas and arguments.

Reason in Action

Collected Essays

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Author: John Finnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199580057

Category: Law

Page: 365

View: 731

Reason in Action collects John Finnis's work on practical reason and moral philosophy. Ranging from foundational issues of meta-ethics to modern ethical debates, the essays trace the emergence and development of his new classical theory of natural law through close engagement with a broad range of contemporary thinkers and problems.

Reine Rechtslehre

Einleitung in die rechtswissenschaftliche Problematik

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Author: Hans Kelsen

Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek

ISBN: 9783161497032

Category: Law

Page: 181

View: 5654

Die von Hans Kelsen im Jahre 1934 vorgelegte "Reine Rechtslehre" gehört zu den rechtstheoretischen Schlüsselschriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. In ihr entwickelt Kelsen erstmals systematisch seine einerseits das Recht von der Moral, andererseits die Norm vom Faktum konsequent scheidende, ideologiekritische Rechtstheorie. Wer auf der Höhe der Zeit über Struktur und Geltung von Recht und die Eigenart von Rechtswissenschaft, kurz: wer über das Rechtliche am Recht nachdenken will, kommt an der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre" nicht vorbei. Die Erstauflage der "Reine[n] Rechtslehre", die weltweit in rund ein Dutzend Sprachen übersetzt worden ist, wurde in deutscher Sprache mehrfach nachgedruckt, ist indes derzeit vergriffen. Sie wird hier in Gestalt einer Studienausgabe vorgelegt, die am Recht Interessierte zum Hineinlesen ermutigen und zum kritischen Nach- und Weiterdenken einladen möchte.

Natural Law Theory

Contemporary Essays

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Author: Robert P. George

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198235521

Category: Philosophy

Page: 371

View: 2594

This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.

Law and Life in Common

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Author: Timothy Macklem

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191054682

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 4887

We live in a moral world in which reasons come in different kinds as well as different weights, so that the claims of one reason upon us are often different from but no greater than the claims of some other reason. Yet law, in its self-presentation and in theoretical accounts of it, proceeds as if its rational pull was conclusive, as if there were no sensible alternative to compliance with its terms. In itself that should not be surprising: each of us often acts as if the reasons that animate us were morally determinative. Why should law operate in any other way? Yet we know that in fact reasons are usually not determinative of action, and while pretence to the contrary may not much matter in individual settings, it matters very much in the setting of the law. The ability of the law to build a life in common, of whatever kind, is dependent on its ability to function, most of the time at least, as if its claims were pre-eminent, rather than undefeated at best. If law is to succeed in its basic project of binding people to its aims, it must buttress its limited rational claims with arational appeals. It needs partners, not only in the prudential considerations that force gives rise to, but also in the beguilement that shared imaginings make possible. This book is an exploration of those partnerships, in principle and in their most important details.

Natural Law and Moral Inquiry

Ethics, Metaphysics, and Politics in the Thought of Germain Grisez

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Author: Robert P. George

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589013803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 7806

Germain Grisez has been a leading voice in moral philosophy and theology since the Second Vatican Council. In this book, such major thinkers as John Finnis, Ralph McInerny, and William E. May consider issues in ethics, metaphysics, and politics that have been central to Grisez's work. Grisez's reconsideration of the philosophical foundations of Christian moral teaching, seeking to eliminate both legalistic interpretation and theological dissent, has won the support of a number of leading Catholic moralists. In the past decade, moreover, many philosophers outside of Catholicism have weighed carefully Grisez's alternatives to theories that have long dominated secular moral philosophy. This book presents a broad spectrum of viewpoints on subjects ranging from contraception to capital punishment and considers such controversies as the scriptural basis of Grisez's work his interpretations of Aquinas, and his new natural law theory. The collection includes not only contributions from Grisez's supporters but also from critics of his thought, from proportionalist Edward Collins Vacek, SJ, to the neo-Thomist Ralph McInerny. A reply by Grisez, written with Joseph M. Boyle Jr., addresses the issues and viewpoints expressed, while an afterword by Russell Shaw reviews Grisez's pioneering work and conveys a vivid sense of the philosopher's personality. As Grisez's influence grows, this volume will serve as an important touchstone on his contributions to moral and political philosophy and theology.

The Autonomy of Law

Essays on Legal Positivism

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Author: Robert P. George

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198267904

Category: Law

Page: 339

View: 9491

This collection of original essays from distinguished legal philosophers offers a challenging assessment of the nature and viability of legal positivism, an approach to legal theory that continues to dominate contemporary legal theoretical debates. To what extent is the law adequately described as autonomous? Should legal theorists maintain a conceptual separation of law and morality? These and other questions are addressed by the authors of this carefully edited collection, which will beof interest to all lawyers and scholars interested in legal philosophy.

Religion and Public Reasons

Collected Essays

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Author: John Finnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019958009X

Category: Law

Page: 421

View: 6818

Religion and Public Reasons collects the theological work of John Finnis, spanning his contribution to such foundational issues as the justification for belief in revelation and moral-theological methodology; to the role of religion in public reason and law; and to major controversies within Catholic thought and practice since the 1960s.

Human Rights and Common Good

Collected Essays

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Author: John Finnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199580073

Category: Law

Page: 429

View: 2745

Human Rights and Common Good collects John Finnis's wide-ranging work on central issues in political philosophy. The subjects explored include the general theory of political community and justice; the nature and role of human rights; national territory and migrants' and non-citizens' rights; the justification of punishment; and the public control of euthanasia, abortion, and marriage.

Die Perspektive der Moral

Philosophische Grundlagen der Tugendethik

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Author: Martin Rhonheimer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050079657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 4253

Die erste Fassung dieses Buches wurde 1994 in einer italienischen Übersetzung unter dem Titel La prospettiva della morale im Verlag Armando in Rom veröffentlicht. Im Jahre 2000 folgte eine erweiterte Version in spanischer Übersetzung (La perspectiva de la moral) im Verlag Rialp, Madrid. Schließlich ist nun auch die Zeit gekommen, das deutsche Original zu veröffentlichen, allerdings in einer wiederum erheblich erweiterten und aktualisierten Version. Abgesehen von einigen substantiellen inhaltlichen Zusätzen versuche ich hier nun auch auf Kritik an einigen meiner Ansichten und Positionen zu antworten, wie ich sie in der ersten, im deutschen Sprachraum kaum rezipierten Version dieses Buches wie auch in anderen Arbeiten vertreten habe. Dies betrifft vor allem die Studie „Natur als Grundlage der Moral" (Tyrolia, Innsbruck 1987, in einer englischen Übersetzung unter dem Titel Natural Law and Practical Reason: A Thomist View of Moral Autonomy bei Fordham University Press, New York 2000 erschienen) und die breit angelegten Untersuchungen zur ethischen Handlungstheorie bei Aristoteles und Thomas von Aquin, die 1994 unter dem Titel „Praktische Vernunft und Vernünftigkeit der Praxis" ebenfalls im Berliner Akademie Verlag erschienen sind.

Natural Law and Public Reason

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Author: Robert P. George,Christopher Wolfe

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9780878407668

Category: Law

Page: 210

View: 2788

"Public reason" is one of the central concepts in modern liberal political theory. As articulated by John Rawls, it presents a way to overcome the difficulties created by intractable differences among citizens' religious and moral beliefs by strictly confining the place of such convictions in the public sphere. Identifying this conception as a key point of conflict, this book presents a debate among contemporary natural law and liberal political theorists on the definition and validity of the idea of public reason. Its distinguished contributors examine the consequences of interpreting public reason more broadly as "right reason," according to natural law theory, versus understanding it in the narrower sense in which Rawls intended. They test public reason by examining its implications for current issues, confronting the questions of abortion and slavery and matters relating to citizenship. This energetic exchange advances our understanding of both Rawls's contribution to political philosophy and the lasting relevance of natural law. It provides new insights into crucial issues facing society today as it points to new ways of thinking about political theory and practice.

Gerechtigkeit für Igel

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Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518780204

Category: Philosophy

Page: 813

View: 9987

»Der Fuchs weiß viele Dinge, aber der Igel weiß eine große Sache.« Der griechische Dichter Archilochos hat diesen Satz formuliert, Isaiah Berlin hat ihn mit seinem Tolstoi-Essay berühmt gemacht. Aber was ist diese »eine große Sache«? Ronald Dworkin liefert eine Antwort: Es sind Werte in all ihren Erscheinungsformen. Wenn wir verstehen wollen, was Wahrheit und Schönheit sind, was dem Leben Sinn verleiht, was die Moral fordert und die Gerechtigkeit verlangt, so müssen wir der Spur jener moralischen Einstellungen nachgehen, die menschliches Denken, Fühlen und Handeln durchdringen und zu einer Einheit formen. »Gerechtigkeit für Igel« ist eines jener Bücher, wie es sie in Zeiten der Füchse – der Spezialisten und Skeptiker – immer seltener gibt: eines, das aus einem einzigen Prinzip eine ganze Welt erklären und zugleich Orientierung geben möchte.

Philosophy of Law

Collected Essays

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Author: John Finnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199580081

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 509

View: 9263

John Finnis has been a central figure in the development of legal philosophy over the past half-century. This volume of his Collected Essays shows the full range and power of his contributions to core problems in the philosophy of law: the foundations of law's authority; legal reasoning; constitutional theory; and the logic of law-making.

Der Begriff des Rechts

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Author: Herbert L. A. Hart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296097

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 395

View: 4510

Aquinas

Moral, Political, and Legal Theory

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Author: John Finnis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198780847

Category: Medical

Page: 385

View: 5155

Founders of Modern Political and Social Thought Series Editor: Dr Mark Philp, Oriel College, University of Oxford Founders of Modern Political and Social Thought present critical examinations of the work of major political philosophers and social theorists, assessing both their initial contribution and continuing relevance to politics and society. Each volume provides a clear, accessible, historically-informed account of each thinker's work, focusing on a re-assessment of their central ideas and arguments. Founders encourage scholars and students to link their study of classic texts to current debates in political philosophy and social theory. This launch volume in the Founders of Modern Political and Social Thought series presents a critical examination of Aquinas' thought, combining an accessible, historically-informed account of his work with a re-assessment of his central ideas and arguments. John Finnis presents a richly-documented review of Aquinas' ideas on morality, politics, law, and method in social science, using the philosopher's own long-neglected distinctions between types of order and types of theory. Unique in his coverage of Aquinas' primary and secondary texts and his own vigorous argumentation on many themes, the author focuses on the Aquinas' philosophy while also demonstrating how this interconnects with the theological elements. In his fresh, far-reaching re-reading of Aquinas, John Finnis argues out such questions as: Is egoism rational? Why is Aristotle's paternalism wrong? Has sexual morality any reasonable principle? What's wrong with lying and usury? Why are democracy and the rule of law aspects of the best polity? Drawing on over 60 of Aquinas' works, the author shows how, despite some medieval limitations, Aquinas makes profound, powerful contributions to present debates.

Norbert Horn, Gesammelte Schriften

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Author: Harald Herrmann,Klaus Peter Berger

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110474182

Category: Law

Page: 1368

View: 5227

Der Autor verbindet Praxisnähe und rechtstechnische Genauigkeit mit dem Sinn für übergreifende wirtschaftliche und rechtspolitische Perspektiven und Gerechtigkeitsfragen. Schwerpunkte: Vertragsrecht, AGB, Bürgschaft, Handels- und Unternehmensrecht, Bank- und Kapitalmarktrecht, dazu jeweils die internationale Dimension bis hin zum Eurowährungsrecht. Anregend für Juristen dieser Gebiete, mit Ausblicken auf die Konstanten der juristischen Arbeit.

The Threads of Natural Law

Unravelling a Philosophical Tradition

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Author: Francisco José Contreras

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400756569

Category: Philosophy

Page: 242

View: 5909

The notion of “natural law” has repeatedly furnished human beings with a shared grammar in times of moral and cultural crisis. Stoic natural law, for example, emerged precisely when the Ancient World lost the Greek polis, which had been the point of reference for Plato's and Aristotle's political philosophy. In key moments such as this, natural law has enabled moral and legal dialogue between peoples and traditions holding apparently clashing world-views. This volume revisits some of these key moments in intellectual and social history, partly with an eye to extracting valuable lessons for ideological conflicts in the present and perhaps near future. The contributions to this volume discuss both historical and contemporary schools of natural law. Topics on historical schools of natural law include: how Aristotelian theory of rules paved the way for the birth of the idea of "natural law"; the idea's first mature account in Cicero's work; the tension between two rival meanings of “man’s rational nature” in Aquinas’ natural law theory; and the scope of Kant’s allusions to “natural law”. Topics on contemporary natural law schools include: John Finnis's and Germain Grisez's “new natural law theory”; natural law theories in a "broader" sense, such as Adolf Reinach’s legal phenomenology; Ortega y Gasset’s and Scheler’s “ethical perspectivism”; the natural law response to Kelsen’s conflation of democracy and moral relativism; natural law's role in 20th century international law doctrine; Ronald Dworkin’s understanding of law as “a branch of political morality”; and Alasdair Macintyre’s "virtue"-based approach to natural law.​

The Defence of Natural Law

A Study of the Ideas of Law and Justice in the Writings of Lon L. Fuller, Michael Oakeshot, F. A. Hayek, Ronald Dworkin and John Finnis

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Author: Charles Covell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 134922359X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 279

View: 7680

The Defence of Natural Law comprises a study of the philosophies of law expounded by Lon L. Fuller, Michael Oakeshott, F.A. Hayek, Ronald Dworkin and John Finnis. The work of these theorists is situated in relation to the modern tradition in legal philosophy. In this way, it is demonstrated that the theorists adhered closely to the natural law standpoint in legal philosophy, while also defending the particular view of the proper functions of law and the state that distinguished the tradition of modern liberalism.