Readings in Computer Vision

Issues, Problem, Principles, and Paradigms

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Martin A. Fischler,Oscar Firschein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080515819

Category: Computers

Page: 816

View: 5632

The field of computer vision combines techniques from physics, mathematics, psychology, artificial intelligence, and computer science to examine how machines might construct meaningful descriptions of their surrounding environment. The editors of this volume, prominent researchers and leaders of the SRI International AI Center Perception Group, have selected sixty papers, most published since 1980, with the viewpoint that computer vision is concerned with solving seven basic problems: Reconstructing 3D scenes from 2D images Decomposing images into their component parts Recognizing and assigning labels to scene objects Deducing and describing relations among scene objects Determining the nature of computer architectures that can support the visual function Representing abstractions in the world of computer memory Matching stored descriptions to image representation Each chapter of this volume addresses one of these problems through an introductory discussion, which identifies major ideas and summarizes approaches, and through reprints of key research papers. Two appendices on crucial assumptions in image interpretation and on parallel architectures for vision applications, a glossary of technical terms, and a comprehensive bibliography and index complete the volume.

Readings in Information Visualization

Using Vision to Think

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Stuart K. Card,Jock D. Mackinlay,Ben Shneiderman

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558605336

Category: Computers

Page: 686

View: 1693

This groundbreaking book defines the emerging field of information visualization and offers the first-ever collection of the classic papers of the discipline, with introductions and analytical discussions of each topic and paper. The authors' intention is to present papers that focus on the use of visualization to discover relationships, using interactive graphics to amplify thought. This book is intended for research professionals in academia and industry; new graduate students and professors who want to begin work in this burgeoning field; professionals involved in financial data analysis, statistics, and information design; scientific data managers; and professionals involved in medical, bioinformatics, and other areas. * Full-color reproduction throughout * Author power team - an exciting and timely collaboration between the field's pioneering, most-respected names * The only book on Information Visualization with the depth necessary for use as a text or as a reference for the information professional * Text includes the classic source papers as well as a collection of cutting edge work

Group and Crowd Behavior for Computer Vision

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Vittorio Murino,Marco Cristani,Shishir Shah,Silvio Savarese

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128092807

Category: Computers

Page: 438

View: 3436

Group and Crowd Behavior for Computer Vision provides a multidisciplinary perspective on how to solve the problem of group and crowd analysis and modeling, combining insights from the social sciences with technological ideas in computer vision and pattern recognition. The book answers many unresolved issues in group and crowd behavior, with Part One providing an introduction to the problems of analyzing groups and crowds that stresses that they should not be considered as completely diverse entities, but as an aggregation of people. Part Two focuses on features and representations with the aim of recognizing the presence of groups and crowds in image and video data. It discusses low level processing methods to individuate when and where a group or crowd is placed in the scene, spanning from the use of people detectors toward more ad-hoc strategies to individuate group and crowd formations. Part Three discusses methods for analyzing the behavior of groups and the crowd once they have been detected, showing how to extract semantic information, predicting/tracking the movement of a group, the formation or disaggregation of a group/crowd and the identification of different kinds of groups/crowds depending on their behavior. The final section focuses on identifying and promoting datasets for group/crowd analysis and modeling, presenting and discussing metrics for evaluating the pros and cons of the various models and methods. This book gives computer vision researcher techniques for segmentation and grouping, tracking and reasoning for solving group and crowd modeling and analysis, as well as more general problems in computer vision and machine learning. Presents the first book to cover the topic of modeling and analysis of groups in computer vision Discusses the topics of group and crowd modeling from a cross-disciplinary perspective, using social science anthropological theories translated into computer vision algorithms Focuses on group and crowd analysis metrics Discusses real industrial systems dealing with the problem of analyzing groups and crowds

Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781848829466

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 1473

Humans perceive the three-dimensional structure of the world with apparent ease. However, despite all of the recent advances in computer vision research, the dream of having a computer interpret an image at the same level as a two-year old remains elusive. Why is computer vision such a challenging problem and what is the current state of the art? Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Readings in Human-Computer Interaction

Toward the Year 2000

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ronald M. Baecker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080515746

Category: Computers

Page: 900

View: 3179

The effectiveness of the user-computer interface has become increasingly important as computer systems have become useful tools for persons not trained in computer science. In fact, the interface is often the most important factor in the success or failure of any computer system. Dealing with the numerous subtly interrelated issues and technical, behavioral, and aesthetic considerations consumes a large and increasing share of development time and a corresponding percentage of the total code for any given application. A revision of one of the most successful books on human-computer interaction, this compilation gives students, researchers, and practitioners an overview of the significant concepts and results in the field and a comprehensive guide to the research literature. Like the first edition, this book combines reprints of key research papers and case studies with synthesizing survey material and analysis by the editors. It is significantly reorganized, updated, and enhanced; over 90% of the papers are new. An invaluable resource for systems designers, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, managers, and anyone concerned with the effectiveness of user-computer interfaces, it is also designed for use as a primary or supplementary text for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in human-computer interaction and interface design. Human computer interaction--historical, intellectual, and social Developing interactive systems, including design, evaluation methods, and development tools The interaction experience, through a variety of sensory modalities including vision, touch, gesture, audition, speech, and language Theories of information processing and issues of human-computer fit and adaptation

Vision and Mind

Selected Readings in the Philosophy of Perception

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alva Noë

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262640473

Category: Philosophy

Page: 627

View: 4563

A collection of works, many of them classics, on the orthodox view of visual perception.

Readings & Cases in Information Security: Law & Ethics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Whitman,Herbert Mattord

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1435441575

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 6163

Readings and Cases in Information Security: Law and Ethics provides a depth of content and analytical viewpoint not found in many other books. Designed for use with any Cengage Learning security text, this resource offers readers a real-life view of information security management, including the ethical and legal issues associated with various on-the-job experiences. Included are a wide selection of foundational readings and scenarios from a variety of experts to give the reader the most realistic perspective of a career in information security. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Computer Vision

Models, Learning, and Inference

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Simon J. D. Prince

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011795

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 3681

A modern treatment focusing on learning and inference, with minimal prerequisites, real-world examples and implementable algorithms.

Computer Vision for Assistive Healthcare

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Leo Marco,Giovanni Maria Farinella

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128134461

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 3192

Computer Vision for Assistive Healthcare describes how advanced computer vision techniques provide tools to support common human needs, such as mental functioning, personal mobility, sensory functions, daily living activities, image processing, pattern recognition, machine learning and how language processing and computer graphics cooperate with robotics to provide such tools. Users will learn about the emerging computer vision techniques for supporting mental functioning, algorithms for analyzing human behavior, and how smart interfaces and virtual reality tools lead to the development of advanced rehabilitation systems able to perform human action and activity recognition. In addition, the book covers the technology behind intelligent wheelchairs, how computer vision technologies have the potential to assist blind people, and about the computer vision-based solutions recently employed for safety and health monitoring. Gives the state-of-the-art computer vision techniques and tools for assistive healthcare Includes a broad range of topic areas, ranging from image processing, pattern recognition, machine learning to robotics, natural language processing and computer graphics Presents a wide range of application areas, ranging from mobility, sensory substitution, and safety and security, to mental and physical rehabilitation and training Written by leading researchers in this growing field of research Describes the outstanding research challenges that still need to be tackled, giving researchers good indicators of research opportunities

Computer Vision

A Modern Approach

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David A. Forsyth,Jean Ponce

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273764144

Category: Computer vision

Page: 791

View: 3821

Appropriate for upper-division undergraduate and graduate level courses in computer vision found in departments of computer science, computer engineering and electrical engineering, this book offers a treatment of modern computer vision methods.

Probability and Statistics for Computer Science

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: James L. Johnson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118165969

Category: Mathematics

Page: 760

View: 9238

Comprehensive and thorough development of both probability and statistics for serious computer scientists; goal-oriented: "to present the mathematical analysis underlying probability results" Special emphases on simulation and discrete decision theory Mathematically-rich, but self-contained text, at a gentle pace Review of calculus and linear algebra in an appendix Mathematical interludes (in each chapter) which examine mathematical techniques in the context of probabilistic or statistical importance Numerous section exercises, summaries, historical notes, and Further Readings for reinforcement of content

Readings in Database Systems

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Joseph M. Hellerstein,Michael Stonebraker

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262693141

Category: Computers

Page: 865

View: 4763

The latest edition of a popular text and reference on database research, with substantial new material and revision; covers classical literature and recent hot topics.

Ontology Representation

Design Patterns and Ontologies that Make Sense

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Rinke Hoekstra

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607500132

Category: Computers

Page: 236

View: 1929

As the (in)famous definition states: 'An ontology is an explicit specification of a conceptualization'. However, an ontology is also a philosophical theory of existence, a knowledge management resource, a database schema, or a type of knowledge representation artefact on the semantic web. Over the years the term 'ontology' has been used in so many different ways that one can no longer be sure what is meant by it at any given occasion. This book clarifies the role ontologies play in knowledge representation; it discusses the distinctions with their use in philosophy, gives insight in the features, rationale and limitations of the OWL 2 web ontology language, and provides a critical review of methodologies and design principles advocated to improve the quality of ontologies. It covers both theory and practice of knowledge acquisition, representation and ontologies; it emphasises human understanding as knowledge structuring principle, and demonstrates this approach in the development of a core ontology of basic legal concepts (LKIF Core) and in the exploration of expressive ontology design patterns for the representation of social reality, change and causation, actions and transactions. In doing so it contributes to a better understanding of the representation of ontologies, or rather, what it means to do ontology representation.

Readings in Fuzzy Sets for Intelligent Systems

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Didier J. Dubois,Henri Prade,Ronald R. Yager

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 1483214508

Category: Computers

Page: 928

View: 6704

Readings in Fuzzy Sets for Intelligent Systems is a collection of readings that explore the main facets of fuzzy sets and possibility theory and their use in intelligent systems. Basic notions in fuzzy set theory are discussed, along with fuzzy control and approximate reasoning. Uncertainty and informativeness, information processing, and membership, cognition, neural networks, and learning are also considered. Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with a historical background on fuzzy sets and possibility theory, citing some forerunners who discussed ideas or formal definitions very close to the basic notions introduced by Lotfi Zadeh (1978). The reader is then introduced to fundamental concepts in fuzzy set theory, including symmetric summation and the setting of fuzzy logic; uncertainty and informativeness; and fuzzy control. Subsequent chapters deal with approximate reasoning; information processing; decision and management sciences; and membership, cognition, neural networks, and learning. Numerical methods for fuzzy clustering are described, and adaptive inference in fuzzy knowledge networks is analyzed. This monograph will be of interest to both students and practitioners in the fields of computer science, information science, applied mathematics, and artificial intelligence.

Programming Computer Vision with Python

Tools and algorithms for analyzing images

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jan Erik Solem

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449341934

Category: Computers

Page: 264

View: 2672

If you want a basic understanding of computer vision’s underlying theory and algorithms, this hands-on introduction is the ideal place to start. You’ll learn techniques for object recognition, 3D reconstruction, stereo imaging, augmented reality, and other computer vision applications as you follow clear examples written in Python. Programming Computer Vision with Python explains computer vision in broad terms that won’t bog you down in theory. You get complete code samples with explanations on how to reproduce and build upon each example, along with exercises to help you apply what you’ve learned. This book is ideal for students, researchers, and enthusiasts with basic programming and standard mathematical skills. Learn techniques used in robot navigation, medical image analysis, and other computer vision applications Work with image mappings and transforms, such as texture warping and panorama creation Compute 3D reconstructions from several images of the same scene Organize images based on similarity or content, using clustering methods Build efficient image retrieval techniques to search for images based on visual content Use algorithms to classify image content and recognize objects Access the popular OpenCV library through a Python interface

Readings in the Philosophy of Social Science

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael Martin,Lee C. McIntyre

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631518

Category: Science

Page: 785

View: 7079

the first comprehensive anthology in the philosophy of social science to appear since the late 1960s

Scientific Inquiry

Readings in the Philosophy of Science

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Klee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3561

Scientific Inquiry: Readings in the Philosophy of Science features an impressive collection of classical and contemporary readings on a wide range of issues in the philosophy of science. The volume is organized into six sections, each with its own introduction, and includes a general introduction that situates the philosophy of science in relation to other areas of intellectual inquiry. The selections focus on the main issues in the field, including the structure of scientific theories, models of scientific explanation, reductionism, historicist challenges to the objectivity of science, and the dispute over the ontological interpretation of mature scientific theories. Both the positivist model of science and its competitors, including contemporary social constructivist models, are included. Ideal for introductory philosophy of science courses, Scientific Inquiry strives to provide students and other readers with a thorough knowledge of the philosophical complexity of modern science and an appreciation of its authoritative intellectual standing in contemporary life.

Readings in the Philosophy of Science: From Positivism to Postmodernism

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Theodore Schick

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

ISBN: 9780767402774

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 7168

This anthology traces the development of thinking in the philosophy of science from logical positivism to the present. Subsequent articles often clarify or critique preceding ones. As a result, students get a sense of how philosophical theories develop in response to one another.

Ethics in Computing

A Concise Module

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Joseph Migga Kizza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319291068

Category: Computers

Page: 276

View: 5469

This textbook raises thought-provoking questions regarding our rapidly-evolving computing technologies, highlighting the need for a strong ethical framework in our computer science education. Ethics in Computing offers a concise introduction to this topic, distilled from the more expansive Ethical and Social Issues in the Information Age. Features: introduces the philosophical framework for analyzing computer ethics; describes the impact of computer technology on issues of security, privacy and anonymity; examines intellectual property rights in the context of computing; discusses such issues as the digital divide, employee monitoring in the workplace, and health risks; reviews the history of computer crimes and the threat of cyberbullying; provides coverage of the ethics of AI, virtualization technologies, virtual reality, and the Internet; considers the social, moral and ethical challenges arising from social networks and mobile communication technologies; includes discussion questions and exercises.

Great Readings in Clinical Science

Essential Selections for Mental Health Professionals

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Scott O. Lilienfeld,William T. O'Donohue

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780205698035

Category: Psychology

Page: 202

View: 6970

An accessible guide to clinical practice Great Readings in Clinical Science: Essential Selections for Mental Health Professions is the first book to focus exclusively on teaching students how to think scientifically about clinical practice. These user-friendly and accessible readings provide students with basic critical thinking skills needed to evaluate evidence concerning the assessment, causes, and treatment of mental disorders, and will allow students to become better informed consumers of the literature in clinical psychology, counseling psychology, social work, psychiatry, and other allied disciplines. It will also be an indispensable guide to graduate students in training, as it will help show them how to think critically about psychotherapy and other domains of clinical practice. The book consists of classic selections about both science in general and clinical science in particular, and should be required reading for all students who aspire to become mental health professionals. Great Readings in Clinical Science is intended for undergraduates and graduate students, as well as teachers, researchers, and practicing clinicians. Teaching & Learning Experience Improve Critical Thinking – Classic readings focus on scientific thinking as applied to clinical research and practice. Engage Students – Formal academic readings are combined with light/humorous sections to create a user-friendly guide. Explore Research – A diverse selection of readings allows students to examine the science behind clinical practice.