Reading Like a Historian

Teaching Literacy in Middle and High School History Classrooms

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Author: Sam Wineburg,Daisy Martin,Chauncey Monte-Sano

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807772372

Category: Education

Page: 168

View: 8766

This practical resource shows you how to apply Sam Wineburgs highly acclaimed approach to teaching, "Reading Like a Historian," in your middle and high school classroom to increase academic literacy and spark students curiosity. Chapters cover key moments in American history, beginning with exploration and colonization and ending with the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Reading Like a Historian

A Document-based History Curriculum Intervention in Urban High Schools

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5006

Enthusiasm about the instructional potential of primary sources dates to the late 19th century and has been echoed recently in the work of literacy experts, historians, and educational psychologists. Yet, no extended intervention study has been undertaken to test the effectiveness of primary source instruction in real history classrooms. This study, with 236 eleventh-grade students in five San Francisco high schools, represented the first large-scale extended curriculum intervention in disciplinary reading in an urban district. The Reading Like a Historian (RLH) curriculum constituted a radical departure from traditional textbook-driven instruction by using a new activity structure, the "Document-Based Lesson, " in which students used background knowledge and disciplinary reading strategies to interrogate, and then reconcile, historical accounts from multiple texts. A quasi-experiment control design measured the effects of a six-month intervention on four dimensions: 1) students' historical thinking; 2) their ability to transfer historical thinking strategies to contemporary issues; 3) their mastery of factual knowledge; and 4) their growth in general reading comprehension. MANCOVA analysis yielded significant main effects for the treatment condition on all four outcome-measures. Qualitative analyses of videotaped classroom lessons were conducted to determine the frequency and nature of whole-class text-based discussion. Only nine whole-class text-based discussions were identified in over 100 videotaped classroom lessons, despite the presence of instructional materials explicitly designed to support student discussion of debatable historical questions. Analysis of teacher and student participation suggests a relationship between active teacher facilitation that reviews background knowledge and poses direct questions about texts and higher levels of student argumentation. This dissertation is structured as three free-standing papers, each of which addresses one aspect of the larger study. In the first paper, I discuss the design of the quasi-experimental study and report quantitative findings. In the second paper, I locate teacher facilitation of whole-class historical discussion in the literature on classroom discourse, and I propose a developmental framework for analyzing student historical argumentation in classroom discussion. In the third and final paper, I discuss the theoretical underpinnings of the intervention curriculum and offer two examples to illustrate the structure of the "Document-Based Lesson.".

Thinking Like a Historian

Rethinking History Instruction

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Author: Nikki Mandell,Bobbie Malone

Publisher: Wisconsin Historical Society

ISBN: 0870204831

Category: Education

Page: 136

View: 4356

Thinking Like a Historian: Rethinking History Instruction by Nikki Mandell and Bobbie Malone is a teaching and learning framework that explains the essential elements of history and provides "how to" examples for building historical literacy in classrooms at all grade levels. With practical examples, engaging and effective lessons, and classroom activities that tie to essential questions, Thinking Like a Historian provides a framework to enhance and improve teaching and learning history. We invite you to use Thinking Like a Historian to bring history into your classroom or to re-energize your teaching of this crucial discipline in new ways. The contributors to Thinking Like a Historian are experienced historians and educators from elementary through university levels. This philosophical and pedagogical guide to history as a discipline uses published standards of the American Historical Association, the Organization of American Historians, the National Council for History Education, the National History Standards and state standards for Wisconsin and California.

Historical Thinking and Other Unnatural Acts

Charting the Future of Teaching the Past

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Author: Sam Wineburg

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781439903018

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 8377

Since ancient times, the pundits have lamented young people's lack of historical knowledge and warned that ignorance of the past surely condemns humanity to repeating its mistakes. In the contemporary United States, this dire outlook drives a contentious debate about what key events, nations, and people are essential for history students. Sam Wineburg says that we are asking the wrong questions. This book demolishes the conventional notion that there is one true history and one best way to teach it. Although most of us think of history -- and learn it -- as a conglomeration of facts, dates, and key figures, for professional historians it is a way of knowing, a method for developing and understanding about the relationships of peoples and events in the past. A cognitive psychologist, Wineburg has been engaged in studying what is intrinsic to historical thinking, how it might be taught, and why most students still adhere to the one damned thing after another concept of history. Whether he is comparing how students and historians interpret documentary evidence or analyzing children's drawings, Wineburg's essays offer rough maps of how ordinary people think about the past and use it to understand the present. Arguing that we all absorb lessons about history in many settings -- in kitchen table conversations, at the movies, or on the world-wide web, for instance -- these essays acknowledge the role of collective memory in filtering what we learn in school and shaping our historical thinking.

A People's History of the United States

1492-Present

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Author: Howard Zinn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317325303

Category: History

Page: 744

View: 5206

This is a new edition of the radical social history of America from Columbus to the present. This powerful and controversial study turns orthodox American history upside down to portray the social turmoil behind the "march of progress". Known for its lively, clear prose as well as its scholarly research, A People's History is the only volume to tell America's story from the point of view of - and in the words of - America's women, factory workers, African-Americans, Native Americans, the working poor, and immigrant laborers. As historian Howard Zinn shows, many of America's greatest battles - the fights for fair wage, an eight-hour workday, child-labor laws, health and safety standards, universal suffrage, women's rights, racial equality - were carried out at the grassroots level, against bloody resistance. Covering Christopher Columbus's arrival through the Clinton years A People's History of the United States, which was nominated for the American Book Award in 1981, is an insightful analysis of the most important events in US history.

Reading, Thinking, and Writing About History

Teaching Argument Writing to Diverse Learners in the Common Core Classroom, Grades 6-12

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Author: Chauncey Monte-Sano,Susan De La Paz,Mark Felton

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807772879

Category: Education

Page: 228

View: 7481

Although the Common Core and C3 Framework highlight literacy and inquiry as central goals for social studies, they do not offer guidelines, assessments, or curriculum resources. This practical guide presents six research-tested historical investigations along with all corresponding teaching materials and tools that have improved the historical thinking and argumentative writing of academically diverse students. Each investigation integrates reading, analysis, planning, composing, and reflection into a writing process that results in an argumentative history essay. Primary sources have been modified to allow struggling readers access to the material. Web links to original unmodified primary sources are also provided, along with other sources to extend investigations. The authors include sample student essays from each investigation to illustrate the progress of two different learners and explain how to support students’ development. Each chapter includes these helpful sections: Historical Background, Literacy Practices Students Will Learn, How to Teach This Investigation, How Might Students Respond?, Student Writing and Teacher Feedback, Lesson Plans and Materials. Book Features: Integrates literacy and inquiry with core U.S. history topics. Emphasizes argumentative writing, a key requirement of the Common Core. Offers explicit guidance for instruction with classroom-ready materials. Provides primary sources for differentiated instruction. Explains a curriculum appropriate for students who struggle with reading, as well as more advanced readers. Models how to transition over time from more explicit instruction to teacher coaching and greater student independence. “The tools this book provides—from graphic organizers, to lesson plans, to the accompanying documents—demystify the writing process and offer a sequenced path toward attaining proficiency.” —From the Foreword by Sam Wineburg, co-author of Reading Like a Historian “Assuming literate practice to be at the core of history learning and historical practice, the authors provide actual units of history instruction that can be immediately applied to classroom teaching. These units make visible how a cognitive apprenticeship approach enhances history and historical literacy learning and ensure a supported transition to teaching history in accordance with Common Core State Standards.” —Elizabeth Moje, Arthur F. Thurnau Professor, School of Education, University of Michigan “The C3 Framework for Social Studies State Standards and the Common Core State Standards challenge students to investigate complex ideas, think critically, and apply knowledge in real world settings. This extraordinary book provides tried-and-true practical tools and step-by-step directions for social studies to meet these goals and prepare students for college, career, and civic life in the 21st century.” —Michelle M. Herczog, president, National Council for the Social Studies

Knowing, Teaching, and Learning History

National and International Perspectives

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Author: Peter N. Stearns,Peter Seixas,Sam Wineburg

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814781411

Category: Education

Page: 482

View: 5186

This four-part volume identifies the problems and issues in late 20th and early 21st-century history education, working towards an understanding of this evolving field. It aims to give both students and teachers insights into the best way of developing historical understanding in pupils.

Building Students' Historical Literacies

Learning to Read and Reason with Historical Texts and Evidence

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Author: Jeffery D. Nokes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415808979

Category: Education

Page: 216

View: 7962

How can teachers incorporate the richness of historical resources into classrooms in ways that are true to the discipline of history and are pedagogically sound? This book explores the notion of historical literacy, adopts a research-supported stance on literacy processes, and promotes the integration of content-area literacy instruction into history content teaching. It is unique in its focus on the discipline-specific literacies of historical inquiry. Addressing literacy from a historiane(tm)s rather than a a literacy specialiste(tm)s point of view, this book surveys a broad range of texts including those that historians and non-historians both use and produce in understanding history; and includes a wide variety of practical instructional strategies immediately available to teachers.History teachers who read this book will receive the practical tools they need in order to help their students reach the national standards for history teaching. With the recent inclusion of a historical literacy component of the English Language Arts Common Core Standards Initiative, this book is also highly relevant to English, language arts, and reading teachers, who are expected, under the new guidelines, to engage their students in historical reading and writing.Visit historicalliteracies.byu.edu for additional information and resources on teaching historical literacies.

A New History of Kentucky

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Author: Lowell H. Harrison,James C. Klotter

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 081313708X

Category: History

Page: 552

View: 5895

The first comprehensive history of the state since the publication of Thomas D. Clark's landmark History of Kentucky over sixty years ago. A New History of Kentucky brings the Commonwealth to life, from Pikeville to the Purchase, from Covington to Corbin, this account reveals Kentucky's many faces and deep traditions. Lowell Harrison, professor emeritus of history at Western Kentucky University, is the author of many books, including George Rogers Clark and the War in the West, The Civil War in Kentucky, Kentucky's Road to Statehood, Lincoln of Kentucky, and Kentucky's Governors.

Postwar

A History of Europe Since 1945

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Author: Tony Judt

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781440624766

Category: History

Page: 960

View: 3836

Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize Winner of the Council on Foreign Relations Arthur Ross Book Award One of the New York Times' Ten Best Books of the Year Almost a decade in the making, this much-anticipated grand history of postwar Europe from one of the world's most esteemed historians and intellectuals is a singular achievement. Postwar is the first modern history that covers all of Europe, both east and west, drawing on research in six languages to sweep readers through thirty-four nations and sixty years of political and cultural change-all in one integrated, enthralling narrative. Both intellectually ambitious and compelling to read, thrilling in its scope and delightful in its small details, Postwar is a rare joy.

Why Learn History (When It's Already on Your Phone)

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Author: Sam Wineburg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780226357218

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 4386

Let's start with two truths about our era that are so inescapable as to have become clichés: We are surrounded by more readily available information than ever before. And a huge percentage of it is inaccurate. Some of the bad info is well-meaning but ignorant. Some of it is deliberately deceptive. All of it is pernicious. With the internet always at our fingertips, what's a teacher of history to do? Sam Wineburg has answers, beginning with this: We definitely can't stick to the same old read-the-chapter-answer-the-questions-at-the-back snoozefest we've subjected students to for decades. If we want to educate citizens who can sift through the mass of information around them and separate fact from fake, we have to explicitly work to give them the necessary critical thinking tools. Historical thinking, Wineburg shows us in Why Learn History (When It's Already on Your Phone), has nothing to do with test prep-style ability to memorize facts. Instead, it's an orientation to the world that we can cultivate, one that encourages reasoned skepticism, discourages haste, and counters our tendency to confirm our biases. Wineburg draws on surprising discoveries from an array of research and experiments--including surveys of students, recent attempts to update history curricula, and analyses of how historians, students, and even fact checkers approach online sources--to paint a picture of a dangerously mine-filled landscape, but one that, with care, attention, and awareness, we can all learn to navigate. It's easy to look around at the public consequences of historical ignorance and despair. Wineburg is here to tell us it doesn't have to be that way. The future of the past may rest on our screens. But its fate rests in our hands.

The Lessons of History

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Author: Will Durant,Ariel Durant

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439170193

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 3314

A concise survey of the culture and civilization of mankind, The Lessons of History is the result of a lifetime of research from Pulitzer Prize–winning historians Will and Ariel Durant. With their accessible compendium of philosophy and social progress, the Durants take us on a journey through history, exploring the possibilities and limitations of humanity over time. Juxtaposing the great lives, ideas, and accomplishments with cycles of war and conquest, the Durants reveal the towering themes of history and give meaning to our own.

History Class Revisited

Tools and Projects to Engage Middle School Students in Social Studies

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Author: Jody Passanisi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317266811

Category: Education

Page: 166

View: 1273

Learn new approaches to teaching history in middle school so students are more engaged in the big ideas and eager to examine the world around them. Co-published by Routledge and MiddleWeb, this practical guide will help you consider the unique needs of middle schoolers, who are in the midst of many social and emotional changes and need to see why the study of history matters to their own lives. Author Jody Passanisi shares helpful strategies and activities to make your social studies class a place where students can relate to the material, connect past history to present events, collaborate with others, think critically about important issues, and take ownership of their learning. Topics include: Reading and analyzing primary and secondary sources for deeper comprehension of historical issues Developing a written argument and defending it with supporting details and cited sources Examining the social context of a historical event and tracing the historical underpinnings of present day issues Using field trips, games, and Project Based Learning to make learning history a fun and interactive experience Assessing your students’ progress using self-reflection, projects, essays, and presentations The appendices offer resources for each of the topics covered in the book as well as reproducible Blackline Masters of the charts and diagrams, which can be photocopied or downloaded from our website (http://www.routledge.com/products/9781138639713) for classroom use.

"Why Won't You Just Tell Us the Answer?"

Teaching Historical Thinking in Grades 7-12

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Author: Bruce A. Lesh

Publisher: Stenhouse Pub

ISBN: 9781571108128

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 6564

Reinventing my classroom: making historical thinking reality -- Introducing historical thinking: Nat Turner's Rebellion of 1831 -- Text, subtext, and context: evaluating evidence and exploring President Theodore Roosevelt and the Panama Canal -- Using the Rail Strike of 1877 to teach chronological thinking and causality -- "Revolution in the air": Using the Bonus March of 1932 to teach multiple perspectives -- Continuity and change over time: Custer's last stand or the Battle of the greasy grass? -- Long or short?: using the civil rights movement to teach historical significance -- Trying on the shoes of historical actors: using the Truman-MacArthur Debate to teach historical empathy -- How am I supposed to do this every day?: historical investigations versus sleep -- Overcoming the barrier to change.

Essential Questions

Opening Doors to Student Understanding

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Author: Jay McTighe,Grant Wiggins

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416615709

Category: Education

Page: 119

View: 1764

What are "essential questions," and how do they differ from other kinds of questions? What's so great about them? Why should you design and use essential questions in your classroom? Essential questions (EQs) help target standards as you organize curriculum content into coherent units that yield focused and thoughtful learning. In the classroom, EQs are used to stimulate students' discussions and promote a deeper understanding of the content. Whether you are an Understanding by Design (UbD) devotee or are searching for ways to address standards--local or Common Core State Standards--in an engaging way, Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins provide practical guidance on how to design, initiate, and embed inquiry-based teaching and learning in your classroom. Offering dozens of examples, the authors explore the usefulness of EQs in all K-12 content areas, including skill-based areas such as math, PE, language instruction, and arts education. As an important element of their backward design approach to designing curriculum, instruction, and assessment, the authors *Give a comprehensive explanation of why EQs are so important; *Explore seven defining characteristics of EQs; *Distinguish between topical and overarching questions and their uses; *Outline the rationale for using EQs as the focal point in creating units of study; and *Show how to create effective EQs, working from sources including standards, desired understandings, and student misconceptions. Using essential questions can be challenging--for both teachers and students--and this book provides guidance through practical and proven processes, as well as suggested "response strategies" to encourage student engagement. Finally, you will learn how to create a culture of inquiry so that all members of the educational community--students, teachers, and administrators--benefit from the increased rigor and deepened understanding that emerge when essential questions become a guiding force for learners of all ages.

A History Teaching Toolbox

Even More Practical Classroom Strategies

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Author: Russel Tarr

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781723517167

Category:

Page: 172

View: 6633

This second volume of A History Teaching Toolbox is an ideal handbook for busy classroom teachers eager to try out fresh strategies with their students. More than 65 tried and tested activities and approaches are organised into helpful categories and explained with step-by-step instructions and topic-specific examples to illustrate how they can be immediately employed. A History Teaching Toolbox Volume Two is written for both new and experienced classroom practitioners keen to bring history alive for their students and is written by award-winning history teacher Russel Tarr. Chapter outline 1. Imparting knowledge to students Escape the room! Three effective role-play techniques Hand gestures to reflect changing relations between groups Unlock the box Mysterious moments Image flash Time-wipes 2. Debate and Discussion Strategies Chat-show challenges Tell us something we donít know! Protest placards: design, anticipate, react Brilliance or Baloney? Guess the statistics Sticky notes for silent presentations Boxing match debates 3. Transforming and applying knowledge TripAdvisor graphics showing impact in various places Design a theme park based around the topic Convert statistics into infographics Design / destroy a banknote Create a Google Doodle Produce a board game Guess who? 4. Comparing, contrasting, linking Sports commentaries Crime boards Dialogue poems Speed dates / Blind dates Top trumps Which one doesn't belong? 5. Judgments and interpretations Relationship webs Living graph Factor auction How would geographers approach this question? Design a DVD Inlay Time travel agent: complaint letters v. advertising blurb 6. Group work approaches Destroy or deploy? Random name picker Re-enact a conference Which part of the body were you? Image jigsaw Peer assessment slips 7: Tests and revision Takeaway mark scheme How certain are you? Plot holes in history Spiced-up ìclozeî exercises Alphabet challenge Rhyming timelines Exam questions from hell 8: Classroom display Knowledge cubes The big picture Rice above the statistics Affordable props Meme posters Turn the topic into objects 9: Essay skills Sketch-noting and beyond Backward rainbow essays Student vocabulary bookmark Biased words knockout challenge Online essay-writing tools Compare opening paragraphs of several books 10: Other ideas Build history into the school calendar Wheel of emotions Using Emojis Dream sources Fake news Breaking news / Click bait Biographies beyond the syllabus Five ways to use music effectively

The Feminine Mystique (50th Anniversary Edition)

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Author: Betty Friedan

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393239187

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 6256

“If you’ve never read it, read it now.”—Arianna Huffington, O, The Oprah Magazine Landmark, groundbreaking, classic—these adjectives barely do justice to the pioneering vision and lasting impact of The Feminine Mystique. Published in 1963, it gave a pitch-perfect description of “the problem that has no name”: the insidious beliefs and institutions that undermined women’s confidence in their intellectual capabilities and kept them in the home. Writing in a time when the average woman first married in her teens and 60 percent of women students dropped out of college to marry, Betty Friedan captured the frustrations and thwarted ambitions of a generation and showed women how they could reclaim their lives. Part social chronicle, part manifesto, The Feminine Mystique is filled with fascinating anecdotes and interviews as well as insights that continue to inspire. This 50th–anniversary edition features an afterword by best-selling author Anna Quindlen as well as a new introduction by Gail Collins.

Saints

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Author: Orson Scott Card

Publisher: Forge Books

ISBN: 9781429958271

Category: Fiction

Page: 608

View: 4564

When ten-year-old Dinah Kirkham saw her father leave their Manchester home in the middle of the night, she basked when he would be back. "Soon," he replied. But he never came back. On that night in 1829, John Kirkham laid the foundation of his daughter's certainty that the only person Dinah could ever really trust was herself. From that day forward, Dinah worked to support her family, remaining devoted to their welfare even in the face of despair and grinding poverty. Then one day she heard a new message, a new purpose ignited in her heart, and new life opened up before her. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

A Primer for Teaching World History

Ten Design Principles

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Author: Antoinette Burton

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822351889

Category: Education

Page: 154

View: 9286

This book offers principles to consider when creating a world history syllabus; it prompts a teacher, rather than aiming for full world coverage, to pick an interpretive focus and thread it through the course. It will be used by university faculty, graduate students, and high school teachers who are teaching world history for the first time or want to rethink their approach to teaching the subject.

21 Lessons for the 21st Century

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

ISBN: 0525512187

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 7305

In Sapiens, he explored our past. In Homo Deus, he looked to our future. Now, one of the most innovative thinkers on the planet turns to the present to make sense of today’s most pressing issues. How do computers and robots change the meaning of being human? How do we deal with the epidemic of fake news? Are nations and religions still relevant? What should we teach our children? Yuval Noah Harari’s 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is a probing and visionary investigation into today’s most urgent issues as we move into the uncharted territory of the future. As technology advances faster than our understanding of it, hacking becomes a tactic of war, and the world feels more polarized than ever, Harari addresses the challenge of navigating life in the face of constant and disorienting change and raises the important questions we need to ask ourselves in order to survive. In twenty-one accessible chapters that are both provocative and profound, Harari builds on the ideas explored in his previous books, untangling political, technological, social, and existential issues and offering advice on how to prepare for a very different future from the world we now live in: How can we retain freedom of choice when Big Data is watching us? What will the future workforce look like, and how should we ready ourselves for it? How should we deal with the threat of terrorism? Why is liberal democracy in crisis? Harari’s unique ability to make sense of where we have come from and where we are going has captured the imaginations of millions of readers. Here he invites us to consider values, meaning, and personal engagement in a world full of noise and uncertainty. When we are deluged with irrelevant information, clarity is power. Presenting complex contemporary challenges clearly and accessibly, 21 Lessons for the 21st Century is essential reading.