Reaction Dynamics

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Author: M. Brouard

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198559078

Category: Science

Page: 86

View: 6554

Understanding the factors which determine the rates and products of elementary reactions is of fundamental importance to chemists. This informative book contains a concise introductory account of the theoretical framework and experimental methods used to elucidate the detailed mechanism of gas phase elementary reactions.

The Mechanisms of Reactions at Transition Metal Sites

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Author: Richard A. Henderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557463

Category: Science

Page: 87

View: 2741

Understanding the mechanisms of the reactions at transition metal sites is a key component in designing synthetic methods, developing industrial homogeneous catalysts, and investigating metalloenzymes. These mechanisms are therefore an essential part of undergraduate chemistry courses. This primer provides a broad-based, systematic guide to the fundamentals of transition-metal mechanistic chemistry, including substitution, electron transfer, and reactions of ligands. It serves as an ideal text for undergraduate students with a foundation in basic inorganic chemistry but who are new to inorganic reaction mechanisms.

Aromatic Chemistry

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Author: Malcolm Sainsbury

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198556748

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 8442

All the basic principles of the field of aromatic chemistry are clearly presented in this important account. Many compounds of industrial and biological significance are used as examples with consideration given to structure, reactions, and properties. Topics such as thermodynamic versus kinetic control and pericyclic reactions are also introduced. In addition to benzene and the classes of aromatic compounds derived from it, the text covers polycyclic arenes, and the small and large ring systems which are embraced by the wider definition of aromaticity. The text will be especially useful for courses in organic chemistry.

Tutorials in Molecular Reaction Dynamics

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Author: Mark Brouard,Claire Vallance

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262614X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 601

The focus of this excellent textbook is the topic of molecular reaction dynamics. The chapters are all written by internationally recognised researchers and, from the outset, the contributors are writing with the young scientist in mind. The easy to use, stand-alone, chapters make it of value to students, teachers, and researchers alike. Subjects covered range from the more traditional topics, such as potential energy surfaces, to more advanced and rapidly developing areas, such as femtochemistry and coherent control. The coverage of reaction dynamics is very broad, so many students studying chemical physics will find elements of this text interesting and useful. Tutorials in Molecular Reaction Dynamics includes extensive references to more advanced texts and research papers, and a series of 'Study Boxes' help readers grapple with the more difficult concepts. Each chapter is thoroughly cross-referenced, helping the reader to link concepts from different branches of the subject. Worked problems are included, and each chapter concludes with a selection of problems designed to test understanding of the subjects covered. Supplementary reading material, and worked solutions to the problems, are contained on a secure website.

Electrode Dynamics

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Author: A. C. Fisher

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198556909

Category: Science

Page: 83

View: 931

This excellent new text dispels the fear that the word electrochemistry commonly instils in chemistry students. Throughout the mathematical content has been left to a minimum for clarity, whilst retaining the important necessary physical insight.

Thermodynamics of Chemical Processes

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Author: Gareth J. Price

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198559634

Category: Science

Page: 86

View: 1018

This primer describes the basic principles which govern reactivity and phase equilibria in chemical systems. It is written at the first year undergraduate level and contains a number of worked examples and problems to help students through this introductory material. The ideas of enthalpy, internal energy and entropy are covered to lead into Gibbs free energy and how it can be used to correlate and predict the equilibrium position and properties of chemical reactions and multi-phase systems. Some background mathematical ideas are introduced as needed as well as material describing how the physicochemical principles can be applied to related areas such as materials science or biochemistry.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

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Author: P. J. Hore

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198703414

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 4213

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. The learning features provided, including questions at the end of every chapter and online multiple-choice questions, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams, margin notes, and glossary definitions all help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance offers a concise and accessible introduction to the physical principles of liquid-state NMR, a powerful technique for probing molecular structures. Examples, applications, and exercises are provided throughout to enable beginning undergraduates to get to grips with this important analytical technique. Online Resource Centre The Online Resource Centre to accompany Nuclear Magnetic Resonance features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Multiple-choice questions for self-directed learning * Full worked solutions to the end-of-chapter exercises

SURFACES. Edition en anglais

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Author: Gary Attard,Colin Barnes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198556862

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 5511

This primer provides an introduction to the subject of surfaces at the level of undergraduates and first year postgraduates. There are four chapters, the first concerns basic thermodynamic material used to understand the properties of surfaces including; surface tension, Gibbs adsorption, surface pressure and surface phase equilibria, surfactants and micelles, wetting, detergency, and contact angle. The second chapter concentrates on gas adsorbtion at solid surfaces and covers topics including adsorbtion, Langmuir isotherms, heats of adsorbtion, BET isotherms, physisorbtion, chemisorbtion, precursor adsorbtion kinetics, well-defined surfaces, UHV, surface sensitivity and selectivity, surface diffusion and electrons interacting with matter. Chapter three then outlines the physico- chemical principles of XPS, AES, LEED, STM, AFM, work function measurements, UPS, TPD, molecular beams, HREELS and PAIRS and the types of fundamental surface information each of these techniques provides. The final chapter contains a series of worked examples and problems, bringing together the various strands developed in Chapters 1-3 in order to elucidate surface phenomena. The book is unique in its mix of 'Classical' and 'Modern' surface science and should be relevant to physicists, chemists and material scientists.

Electrode Potentials

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Author: Richard G. Compton,Giles H. W. Sanders

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198556848

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 2439

Another winning primer! This new addition to the popular series provides a basic introduction to equilibrium electrochemistry, focusing on electrode potentials and their applications. It builds on a knowledge of elementary thermodynamics giving the student an appreciation of the origin of electrode potentials and shows how these are used to deduce a wealth of chemically important information and data such as equilibrium constants, the free energy, enthalpy and entropy changes of chemical reactions, activity coefficients, the selective sensing of ions. It is mathematically simple, the emphasis throughout is on understanding the foundations of the subject and how it may be used to study problems of chemical interest.

Pericyclic Reactions

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Author: Ian Fleming

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199680906

Category: Addition reactions

Page: 118

View: 3545

Key texts in the renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series have been fully refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous and yet accessible treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting to know more about a particular topic not covered comprehensively in existing undergraduate texts. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout the texts show the relevance of thechemistry being described to the real world. Pericyclic reactions constitute a fundamental class of organic chemistry, including such commercially important synthetic reactions as theDiels-Alder reaction. This primer gives a concise and accessible account of these reactions, enabling students to recognise the different types of pericyclic reaction and understand their application in organic synthesis.

Modern Liquid Phase Kinetics

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Author: Brian G. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557449

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 847

The world is not at equilibrium, and the events that give vitality and movement are transitions towards equilibrium from the present state of imbalance. Chemical transformations often contribute fundamentally to this process and their study is challenging and important. The early chapters of this text provide a basic introduction to the kinetics of simple and complex reaction systems in solution. The remaining chapters present a treatment of the more advanced topics, comprising solvent effects, fast reaction techniques, and heterogeneous liquid - liquid two-phase systems. The last introduces currently active and important research areas in solution kinetics, including phase-transfer catalysis, and diffusion and transport in chemical and biological membranes.

An Introduction to Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics

Oscillations, Waves, Patterns, and Chaos

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Author: Irving R. Epstein,John A. Pojman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198025665

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 2029

Just a few decades ago, chemical oscillations were thought to be exotic reactions of only theoretical interest. Now known to govern an array of physical and biological processes, including the regulation of the heart, these oscillations are being studied by a diverse group across the sciences. This book is the first introduction to nonlinear chemical dynamics written specifically for chemists. It covers oscillating reactions, chaos, and chemical pattern formation, and includes numerous practical suggestions on reactor design, data analysis, and computer simulations. Assuming only an undergraduate knowledge of chemistry, the book is an ideal starting point for research in the field. The book begins with a brief history of nonlinear chemical dynamics and a review of the basic mathematics and chemistry. The authors then provide an extensive overview of nonlinear dynamics, starting with the flow reactor and moving on to a detailed discussion of chemical oscillators. Throughout the authors emphasize the chemical mechanistic basis for self-organization. The overview is followed by a series of chapters on more advanced topics, including complex oscillations, biological systems, polymers, interactions between fields and waves, and Turing patterns. Underscoring the hands-on nature of the material, the book concludes with a series of classroom-tested demonstrations and experiments appropriate for an undergraduate laboratory.

Statistical Thermodynamics

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Author: Andrew Maczek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198777485

Category:

Page: 128

View: 3103

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subjectarea is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research.The learning features provided, including end of book problems and online multiple-choice questions, encourage active learning and promote understanding. Furthermore, frequent diagrams and margin notes help to enhance a student's understanding of these essential areas of chemistry.Statistical Thermodynamics gives a concise and accessible account of this fundamental topic by emphasizing the underlying physical chemistry, and using this to introduce the mathematics in an approachable way. The material is presented in short, self-contained sections making it flexible to teachand learn from, and concludes with the application of the theory to real systems.Online Resource Centre: The Online Resource Centre to accompany Statistical Thermodynamics features: For registered adopters of the text: * Figures from the book available to download For students: * Worked solutions to the questions and problems at the end of the book.* Multiple-choice questions for self-directed learning

Computational Organic Chemistry

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Author: Steven M. Bachrach

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118671228

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 7492

The Second Edition demonstrates how computational chemistry continues to shed new light on organic chemistry The Second Edition of author Steven Bachrach’s highly acclaimed Computational Organic Chemistry reflects the tremendous advances in computational methods since the publication of the First Edition, explaining how these advances have shaped our current understanding of organic chemistry. Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover new and revised material in all chapters, including new case studies and examples. There’s also a new chapter dedicated to computational enzymology that demonstrates how principles of quantum mechanics applied to organic reactions can be extended to biological systems. Computational Organic Chemistry covers a broad range of problems and challenges in organic chemistry where computational chemistry has played a significant role in developing new theories or where it has provided additional evidence to support experimentally derived insights. Readers do not have to be experts in quantum mechanics. The first chapter of the book introduces all of the major theoretical concepts and definitions of quantum mechanics followed by a chapter dedicated to computed spectral properties and structure identification. Next, the book covers: Fundamentals of organic chemistry Pericyclic reactions Diradicals and carbenes Organic reactions of anions Solution-phase organic chemistry Organic reaction dynamics The final chapter offers new computational approaches to understand enzymes. The book features interviews with preeminent computational chemists, underscoring the role of collaboration in developing new science. Three of these interviews are new to this edition. Readers interested in exploring individual topics in greater depth should turn to the book’s ancillary website www.comporgchem.com, which offers updates and supporting information. Plus, every cited article that is available in electronic form is listed with a link to the article.

Photochemistry

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Author: Carol E. Wayne,Richard Peer Wayne

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558866

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 8663

The fascinating subject of photochemistry is the explained in a basic and comprehensive manner in this primer. Aimed at an undergraduate audience, the text describes the new chemistry that follows the absorption of light and explains how light has this extraordinary influence on chemical behaviour.

Oscillations, Waves, and Chaos in Chemical Kinetics

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Author: Stephen K. Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558446

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 3070

This series of short texts provides accessible accounts of a range of essential topics in chemistry. Written with the needs of the student in mind, the Oxford Chemistry Primers offer just the right level of detail for undergraduate study, and will be invaluable as a source of material commonly presented in lecture courses yet not adequately covered in existing texts. All the basic principles and facts in a particular area are presented in a clear and straightforward style, to produce concise yet comprehensive accounts of topics covered in both core and specialist courses.

Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis

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Author: N. Leo Benoiton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420027697

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 1566

Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis is a complete overview of how peptides are synthesized and what techniques are likely to generate the most desirable reactions. Incorporating elements from the author’s role of Career Investigator of the Medical Research Council of Canada and his extensive teaching career, the book emphasizes learning rather than memorization. The text uses clear language and schematics to present concepts progressively, carefully excluding unnecessary details and providing a historical context in which to appreciate the development of the field. The author first outlines the fundamentals of peptide synthesis, focusing on the intermediates in aminolysis reactions. Gradually the text builds into discussions of the applicability of coupling reactions, stereomutation, methods of deprotection, solid-phase synthesis, side-chain protection and side reactions, and amplification on coupling methods. The book clarifies the differences between oxazolones from amino-acid derivatives and segments and the implications of their formation on the chiral integrity of products. The author offers a critical analysis of the mechanisms of coupling reactions and the desirability of preactivation. The text explains hindrance and the nucleophilicity of tertiary amines and rationalizes their use. The book also explores mechanisms of acidolysis and the dual role of nucleophiles as reactants and scavengers. Chemistry of Peptide Synthesis supplies a broad, yet straightforward approach that appeals to those with limited knowledge of organic chemistry or chemists from other fields as well as in-depth coverage that can be appreciated by experienced peptidologists.

Surfing the Quantum World

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Author: Frank S. Levin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198808275

Category: Quantum theory

Page: 312

View: 4236

The ideas and phenomena of the quantum world are strikingly unlike those encountered in our visual world. Surfing the Quantum World shows why and how this is so. It does this via a historical review and a gentle introduction to the fundamental principles of quantum theory, whose core concepts and symbolic representations are used to explain not only "ordinary" microscopic phenomena like the properties of the hydrogen atom and the structure of the Periodic Table of the Elements, but also a variety of mind-bending phenomena. Readers will learn that particles such as electrons and photons can behave like waves, allowing them to be in two places simultaneously, why white dwarf and neutron stars are gigantic quantum objects, how the maximum height of mountains has a quantum basis, and why quantum objects can tunnel through seemingly impenetrable barriers. Included among the various interpretational issues addressed is whether Schrodinger's cat is ever both dead and alive.

Computational Chemistry

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Author: Jeremy Harvey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780198755500

Category:

Page: 160

View: 8828

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primers series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study orresearch.Computational Chemistry provides a user-friendly introduction to this powerful way of characterizing and modelling chemical systems. This primer provides the perfect introduction to the subject, leading the reader through thebasic principles before showing a variety of ways in which computational chemistry is applied in practice to study real molecules, all illustrated by frequent examples.