Raphael Lemkin and the Concept of Genocide

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Author: Douglas Irvin-Erickson

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081229341X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 8276

Raphaël Lemkin (1900-1959) coined the word "genocide" in the winter of 1942 and led a movement in the United Nations to outlaw the crime, setting his sights on reimagining human rights institutions and humanitarian law after World War II. After the UN adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide in 1948, Lemkin slipped into obscurity, and within a few short years many of the same governments that had agreed to outlaw genocide and draft a Universal Declaration of Human Rights tried to undermine these principles. This intellectual biography of one of the twentieth century's most influential theorists and human rights figures sheds new light on the origins of the concept and word "genocide," contextualizing Lemkin's intellectual development in interwar Poland and exploring the evolving connection between his philosophical writings, juridical works, and politics over the following decades. The book presents Lemkin's childhood experience of anti-Jewish violence in imperial Russia; his youthful arguments to expand the laws of war to protect people from their own governments; his early scholarship on Soviet criminal law and nationalities violence; his work in the 1930s to advance a rights-based approach to international law; his efforts in the 1940s to outlaw genocide; and his forays in the 1950s into a social-scientific and historical study of genocide, which he left unfinished. Revealing what the word "genocide" meant to people in the wake of World War II—as the USSR and Western powers sought to undermine the Genocide Convention at the UN, while delegations from small states and former colonies became the strongest supporters of Lemkin's law—Raphaël Lemkin and the Concept of Genocide examines how the meaning of genocide changed over the decades and highlights the relevance of Lemkin's thought to our own time.

Genocide

Conceptual and Historical Dimensions

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Author: George J. Andreopoulos

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812216165

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 1865

Part II: The reality of genocide.

Naming Violence

A Critical Theory of Genocide, Torture, and Terrorism

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Author: Mathias Thaler

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231547684

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 5140

Much is at stake when we choose a word for a form of violence: whether a conflict is labeled civil war or genocide, whether we refer to “enhanced interrogation techniques” or to “torture,” whether a person is called a “terrorist” or a “patriot.” Do these decisions reflect the rigorous application of commonly accepted criteria, or are they determined by power structures and partisanship? How is the language we use for violence entangled with the fight against it? In Naming Violence, Mathias Thaler articulates a novel perspective on the study of violence that demonstrates why the imagination matters for political theory. His analysis of the politics of naming charts a middle ground between moralism and realism, arguing that political theory ought to question whether our existing vocabulary enables us to properly identify, understand, and respond to violence. He explores how narrative art, thought experiments, and historical events can challenge and enlarge our existing ways of thinking about violence. Through storytelling, hypothetical situations, and genealogies, the imagination can help us see when definitions of violence need to be revisited by shedding new light on prevalent norms and uncovering the contingent history of ostensibly self-evident beliefs. Naming Violence demonstrates the importance of political theory to debates about violence across a number of different disciplines from film studies to history.

Human Rights and Memory

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Author: Daniel Levy,Natan Sznaider

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027107602X

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 2876

Memories of historical events like the Holocaust have played a key role in the internationalization of human rights. Their importance lies in their ability to bridge the universal and the particular—the universality of human values and the particularity of memories rooted in local human experiences. In Human Rights and Memory, Levy and Sznaider trace the growth of human rights discourse since World War II and interpret its deployment of memories as a new form of cosmopolitanism, exemplifying a dynamic through which global concerns become part of local experiences, and vice versa.

Genozid im Völkerrecht

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Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930908882

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 792

View: 718

Memory and Theory in Eastern Europe

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Author: Uilleam Blacker,Alexander Etkind

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137322063

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 8140

It is the aim of this volume to investigate how academic practices of Memory Studies are being applied, adapted, and transformed in the countries of East-Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. It affords a new, startlingly different perspective for scholars of both Eastern European history and Memory Studies.

Genocide

The Act as Idea

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Author: Berel Lang

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812293649

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7490

The term "genocide"—"group killing"—which first appeared in Raphael Lemkin's 1944 book, Axis Rule in Occupied Europe, had by 1948 established itself in international law through the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Since then the charge of genocide has been both widely applied but also contested. In Genocide: The Act as Idea, Berel Lang examines and illuminates the concept of genocide, at once articulating difficulties in its definition and proposing solutions to them. In his analysis, Lang explores the relation of genocide to group identity, individual and corporate moral responsibility, the concept of individual and group intentions, and the concept of evil more generally. The idea of genocide, Lang argues, represents a notable advance in the history of political and ethical thought which proposed alternatives to it, like "crimes against humanity," fail to take into account.

Erinnerung im globalen Zeitalter

der Holocaust

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Author: Daniel Levy,Natan Sznaider

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518458709

Category: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)

Page: 259

View: 3159

Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence

The Wars of Independence in Kenya and Algeria

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Author: Fabian Klose

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812207823

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 7149

Based on previously inaccessible material from international archives, Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence examines the relationship between emerging human rights concepts after 1945 and repressive British and French actions against anticolonial movements in Africa.

No Enchanted Palace

The End of Empire and the Ideological Origins of the United Nations

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Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831661

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6347

No Enchanted Palace traces the origins and early development of the United Nations, one of the most influential yet perhaps least understood organizations active in the world today. Acclaimed historian Mark Mazower forces us to set aside the popular myth that the UN miraculously rose from the ashes of World War II as the guardian of a new and peaceful global order, offering instead a strikingly original interpretation of the UN's ideological roots, early history, and changing role in world affairs. Mazower brings the founding of the UN brilliantly to life. He shows how the UN's creators envisioned a world organization that would protect the interests of empire, yet how this imperial vision was decisively reshaped by the postwar reaffirmation of national sovereignty and the unanticipated rise of India and other former colonial powers. This is a story told through the clash of personalities, such as South African statesman Jan Smuts, who saw in the UN a means to protect the old imperial and racial order; Raphael Lemkin and Joseph Schechtman, Jewish intellectuals at odds over how the UN should combat genocide and other atrocities; and Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, who helped transform the UN from an instrument of empire into a forum for ending it. A much-needed historical reappraisal of the early development of this vital world institution, No Enchanted Palace reveals how the UN outgrew its origins and has exhibited an extraordinary flexibility that has enabled it to endure to the present day.

Genocide and its Threat to Contemporary International Order

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Author: A. Gallagher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280263

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 5806

For far too long the discipline of International Relations has failed to engage with the study of genocide. This is despite the fact that genocide holds a direct relationship with the central concepts of international relations: the state, war, power, and security. This bold, innovative and unique book sets out to tackle this by bringing the concept of genocide into the discipline of IR, via the English School, in order to theorise the relationship between genocide, justice, and order. Drawing on a wide-range of primary and secondary interdisciplinary material from International Relations, Genocide Studies, Security Studies, International Law, History, Politics and Political Theory, this book aims to understand genocide within the context of International Relations and the implications that this has on policymaking. Gallagher identifies the obstacles and challenges involved in bringing the study of genocide into IR and uniquely analyses the impact of genocide on the ordering structure of international society.

Rethinking Jewish Faith

The Child of a Survivor Responds

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Author: Steven L. Jacobs

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791419588

Category: History

Page: 150

View: 3093

This book addresses the faith of a member of the “Second Generation”—the offspring of the original survivors of the Shoah . It is a re-examination of those categories of faith central to the Jewish Religious Experience in light of the Shoah: God, Covenant, Prayer, Halakhah and Mitzvot, Life-Cycle, Festival Cycle, Israel and Zionism, and Christianity from the perspective of a child of a survivor.

Was ist Populismus?

Ein Essay

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Author: Jan-Werner Müller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740857

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 4235

Wer wird heute nicht alles als Populist bezeichnet: Gegner der Eurorettung, Figuren wie Marine Le Pen, Politiker des Mainstream, die meinen, dem Volk aufs Maul schauen zu müssen. Vielleicht ist ein Populist aber auch einfach nur ein populärer Konkurrent, dessen Programm man nicht mag, wie Ralf Dahrendorf einmal anmerkte? Lässt sich das Phänomen schärfer umreißen und seine Ursachen erklären? Worin besteht der Unterschied zwischen Rechts- und Linkspopulismus? Jan-Werner Müller nimmt aktuelle Entwicklungen zum Ausgangspunkt, um eine Theorie des Populismus zu skizzieren und Populismus letztlich klar von der Demokratie abzugrenzen. Seine Thesen helfen zudem, neue Strategien in der Auseinandersetzung mit Populisten zu entwickeln.

Cambodia

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Author: Helen Jarvis

Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 5462

The very name Cambodia has a resonance which commands attention, setting-off a whole series of connatations. Most of these are usually connected with the horrors of Pol Pot, the Khmwer Rouge, genocide and the severe US bombing Cambodia suffered during the Vietnam War period. At the beginning of 1998, the country is in the unenviable position of being ruled by an uneasy coalition between the former socialist Cambodian People's Party and the monarchist FUNCINPEC (National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia). Furthermore, this administration constitutes the eighth different form of government since the nation became independent from France in 1953.

Kaddisch für ein nicht geborenes Kind

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Author: Imre Kertész

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644109710

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 6538

Mit einem brüsken «Nein» antwortet B. auf die harmlose Frage eines Bekannten, ob er Kinder habe. Und so unerbittlich weigerte er sich in seiner Ehe, Kinder zu zeugen. In einem großen Monolog begründet der Erzähler seine scheinbar schockierende Absage. Eine «Todesfuge in Prosa, die in ihrer ergreifenden Schönheit noch einmal das geistige Erbe des Abendlandes aufleuchten läßt, bevor es im Grauen von Auschwitz untergeht» (Neue Zürcher Zeitung).

Lügen in Zeiten des Krieges

Roman

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Author: Louis Begley

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518745565

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 6008

Lügen in Zeiten des Krieges erzählt die Geschichte einer Kindheit in Polen. Maciek, Sohn jüdischer Eltern, wächst – in den dreißiger Jahren unseres Jahrhunderts – behütet in einem wohlhabenden Arzthaushalt auf, bis der Herbst 1939 mit einem Schlag das Schicksal seiner Familie verändert. Louis Begley erzählt in seinem ersten Roman die Geschichte unseres Jahrhunderts, eine Geschichte, die hier mit den mal märchenhaft, mal brutal einfachen Worten des jungen Maciek geschildert wird.

Die dunkle Seite der Nationalstaaten

»Ethnische Säuberungen« im modernen Europa

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Author: Philipp Ther

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647368067

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2783

»Ethnische Säuberungen« wurden nicht nur von Diktatoren, sondern auch von demokratisch gewählten Politikern veranlasst. Sie sind vor allem eine Folge des modernen Nationalismus und der Nationalstaatsbildung im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Dieses Buch bietet grundlegende Einsichten in eines der dunkelsten Kapitel des modernen Europa. Es befasst sich mit den Voraussetzungen »ethnischer Säuberungen« ebenso wie mit den Perioden und den verantwortlichen Akteuren von Flucht, Vertreibung, Zwangsaussiedlung und Deportation. Dabei beschränkt es sich nicht auf Osteuropa, sondern beleuchtet auch die Rolle der westlichen Großmächte. Der Autor spannt einen weiten thematischen Bogen von den Balkankriegen am Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs über die »ethnischen Säuberungen« während und infolge des Zweiten Weltkrieges bis zu den Bürgerkriegen im ehemaligen Jugoslawien und im Kaukasus der 1990er Jahre.

Encyclopedia of race and ethnic studies

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Author: Ernest Cashmore,Ellis Cashmore

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 512

View: 6761

This is the paperback edition ofa globally recognized sourcebook on race and ethnic relations. It has been assembled by a world-class team of international scholars led by Ellis Cashmore to provide an authoritative, single-volume reference work on all aspects of race and ethnic studies. From Aboriginal Australians to xenophobia, Nelson Mandela to Richard Wagner, sexuality to racial profiling, the Encyclopedia is organized alphabetically and reflects cultural diversity in a global context. The entries range from succinct 400 word definitions to in-depth 2000 word essays to provide comprehensive coverage of: all the key terms, concepts and debates important figures, both historical and contemporary landmark cases historical events. Although unafraid to engage with cutting-edge theory,it is uncluttered by jargon and has been written in a lucid, 'facts-fronted' style to offer an accessible introduction to race and ethnic studies. Including a new introduction and fully cross-referenced index with most entries followed by annotated up-to-date suggestions for further reading to guide the user to the key sources, the book is already established as the authoritative sourcebook used by students, scholars, lawyers, journalists, members of the caring professions and many other groups involved in race and ethnic affairs.

Im Raume lesen wir die Zeit

über Zivilisationsgeschichte und Geopolitik

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Author: Karl Schlögel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596167180

Category: Cartography

Page: 566

View: 2032