Raphael Lemkin and the Concept of Genocide

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Author: Douglas Irvin-Erickson

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812248643

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 2653

Raphaël Lemkin was one of the twentieth century's most influential human rights figures, coining the word "genocide" in 1942 and working to enshrine the idea into international law. This book sheds new light on the concept of genocide, exploring the connection between Lemkin's philosophical writings, juridical works, and politics.

Naming Violence

A Critical Theory of Genocide, Torture, and Terrorism

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Author: Mathias Thaler

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231547684

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 4725

Much is at stake when we choose a word for a form of violence: whether a conflict is labeled civil war or genocide, whether we refer to “enhanced interrogation techniques” or to “torture,” whether a person is called a “terrorist” or a “patriot.” Do these decisions reflect the rigorous application of commonly accepted criteria, or are they determined by power structures and partisanship? How is the language we use for violence entangled with the fight against it? In Naming Violence, Mathias Thaler articulates a novel perspective on the study of violence that demonstrates why the imagination matters for political theory. His analysis of the politics of naming charts a middle ground between moralism and realism, arguing that political theory ought to question whether our existing vocabulary enables us to properly identify, understand, and respond to violence. He explores how narrative art, thought experiments, and historical events can challenge and enlarge our existing ways of thinking about violence. Through storytelling, hypothetical situations, and genealogies, the imagination can help us see when definitions of violence need to be revisited by shedding new light on prevalent norms and uncovering the contingent history of ostensibly self-evident beliefs. Naming Violence demonstrates the importance of political theory to debates about violence across a number of different disciplines from film studies to history.

Human Rights and Memory

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Author: Daniel Levy,Natan Sznaider

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027107602X

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 3137

Memories of historical events like the Holocaust have played a key role in the internationalization of human rights. Their importance lies in their ability to bridge the universal and the particular—the universality of human values and the particularity of memories rooted in local human experiences. In Human Rights and Memory, Levy and Sznaider trace the growth of human rights discourse since World War II and interpret its deployment of memories as a new form of cosmopolitanism, exemplifying a dynamic through which global concerns become part of local experiences, and vice versa.

Memory and Theory in Eastern Europe

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Author: Uilleam Blacker,Alexander Etkind

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137322063

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 2526

It is the aim of this volume to investigate how academic practices of Memory Studies are being applied, adapted, and transformed in the countries of East-Central Europe and the former Soviet Union. It affords a new, startlingly different perspective for scholars of both Eastern European history and Memory Studies.

Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence

The Wars of Independence in Kenya and Algeria

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Author: Fabian Klose

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812207823

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 3857

Based on previously inaccessible material from international archives, Human Rights in the Shadow of Colonial Violence examines the relationship between emerging human rights concepts after 1945 and repressive British and French actions against anticolonial movements in Africa.

No Enchanted Palace

The End of Empire and the Ideological Origins of the United Nations

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Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400831661

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 5550

No Enchanted Palace traces the origins and early development of the United Nations, one of the most influential yet perhaps least understood organizations active in the world today. Acclaimed historian Mark Mazower forces us to set aside the popular myth that the UN miraculously rose from the ashes of World War II as the guardian of a new and peaceful global order, offering instead a strikingly original interpretation of the UN's ideological roots, early history, and changing role in world affairs. Mazower brings the founding of the UN brilliantly to life. He shows how the UN's creators envisioned a world organization that would protect the interests of empire, yet how this imperial vision was decisively reshaped by the postwar reaffirmation of national sovereignty and the unanticipated rise of India and other former colonial powers. This is a story told through the clash of personalities, such as South African statesman Jan Smuts, who saw in the UN a means to protect the old imperial and racial order; Raphael Lemkin and Joseph Schechtman, Jewish intellectuals at odds over how the UN should combat genocide and other atrocities; and Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, who helped transform the UN from an instrument of empire into a forum for ending it. A much-needed historical reappraisal of the early development of this vital world institution, No Enchanted Palace reveals how the UN outgrew its origins and has exhibited an extraordinary flexibility that has enabled it to endure to the present day.

Genocide and its Threat to Contemporary International Order

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Author: A. Gallagher

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137280263

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 504

For far too long the discipline of International Relations has failed to engage with the study of genocide. This is despite the fact that genocide holds a direct relationship with the central concepts of international relations: the state, war, power, and security. This bold, innovative and unique book sets out to tackle this by bringing the concept of genocide into the discipline of IR, via the English School, in order to theorise the relationship between genocide, justice, and order. Drawing on a wide-range of primary and secondary interdisciplinary material from International Relations, Genocide Studies, Security Studies, International Law, History, Politics and Political Theory, this book aims to understand genocide within the context of International Relations and the implications that this has on policymaking. Gallagher identifies the obstacles and challenges involved in bringing the study of genocide into IR and uniquely analyses the impact of genocide on the ordering structure of international society.

Genocide

Conceptual and Historical Dimensions

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Author: George J. Andreopoulos

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812216165

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 3014

Part II: The reality of genocide.

Rethinking Jewish Faith

The Child of a Survivor Responds

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Author: Steven L. Jacobs

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791419588

Category: Religion

Page: 150

View: 8220

This book addresses the faith of a member of the “Second Generation”—the offspring of the original survivors of the Shoah . It is a re-examination of those categories of faith central to the Jewish Religious Experience in light of the Shoah: God, Covenant, Prayer, Halakhah and Mitzvot, Life-Cycle, Festival Cycle, Israel and Zionism, and Christianity from the perspective of a child of a survivor.

Genocide

The Act as Idea

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Author: Berel Lang

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812248856

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8416

Berel Lang's Genocide: The Act as Idea analyzes and defends the distinctiveness of the concept of genocide as a notable advance in the history of moral and political thinking and practice.

Cambodia

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Author: Helen Jarvis

Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 5597

The very name Cambodia has a resonance which commands attention, setting-off a whole series of connatations. Most of these are usually connected with the horrors of Pol Pot, the Khmwer Rouge, genocide and the severe US bombing Cambodia suffered during the Vietnam War period. At the beginning of 1998, the country is in the unenviable position of being ruled by an uneasy coalition between the former socialist Cambodian People's Party and the monarchist FUNCINPEC (National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful and Cooperative Cambodia). Furthermore, this administration constitutes the eighth different form of government since the nation became independent from France in 1953.

Encyclopedia of race and ethnic studies

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Author: Ernest Cashmore,Ellis Cashmore

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 512

View: 4046

This is the paperback edition ofa globally recognized sourcebook on race and ethnic relations. It has been assembled by a world-class team of international scholars led by Ellis Cashmore to provide an authoritative, single-volume reference work on all aspects of race and ethnic studies. From Aboriginal Australians to xenophobia, Nelson Mandela to Richard Wagner, sexuality to racial profiling, the Encyclopedia is organized alphabetically and reflects cultural diversity in a global context. The entries range from succinct 400 word definitions to in-depth 2000 word essays to provide comprehensive coverage of: all the key terms, concepts and debates important figures, both historical and contemporary landmark cases historical events. Although unafraid to engage with cutting-edge theory,it is uncluttered by jargon and has been written in a lucid, 'facts-fronted' style to offer an accessible introduction to race and ethnic studies. Including a new introduction and fully cross-referenced index with most entries followed by annotated up-to-date suggestions for further reading to guide the user to the key sources, the book is already established as the authoritative sourcebook used by students, scholars, lawyers, journalists, members of the caring professions and many other groups involved in race and ethnic affairs.

Genocide and Human Rights

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Author: Mark Lattimer

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 571

View: 2979

Genocide is both the gravest of crimes under international law and the ultimate violation of human rights. Recent years have seen major legal and political developments concerning genocide and other mass violations of rights. This collection brings together, for the first time, leading essays covering definitions, legislation, the sociology of genocide, prevention, humanitarian intervention, accountability, punishment and reconciliation.

The Biblical Masorah and the Temple Scroll

An Orthographical Inquiry

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Author: Steven L. Jacobs

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 136

View: 6938

The Temple Scroll, the last of the Dead Sea Scrolls found in 1967, contains two phenomena that are at variance with the Jewish tradition. Professor Jacobs presents a thorough study of ligature writing or "joined letters" and the insertion of both words and phrases between the lines of the text in The Biblical Masorah and the Temple Scroll.

In Search of Yesterday

The Holocaust and the Quest for Meaning

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Author: Steven L. Jacobs

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 6134

In Search of Yesterday is a distillation of the author's writings about the Holocaust / Shoah in three distinct areas: family stories, the quest for meaning in seemingly inexplicable events, and rethinking and reinterpreting biblical texts in light of the Holocaust / Shoah.

Governments, Citizens, and Genocide

A Comparative and Interdisciplinary Approach

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Author: Alex Alvarez

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 1481

Governments, Citizens, and Genocide discusses the crime of genocide through a distinctly social science lens, with specific references To The ideas and concepts that have been developed to explain criminal behaviour. it begins with a discussion of the problems in defining genocide and proceeds to examine genocide from macro, meso, and micro levels. By connecting these three points of analysis, Alvarez provides a more complete understanding of genocide than have narrower studies focusing on only one aspect of this crime. Beginning with the macro level, Alvarez reviews the role of the state in perpetrating genocide with the rationale that genocide is invariably created and carried out by governments and their agents. He then explores the organisational level since genocide is perpetrated by individuals acting in their capacities as members of bureaucratic structures. The third level of analysis examines the ways in which individuals come to participate. With this integrated approach, Alvarez is able to examine genocide from a variety of structural, organisational, and individual frames of reference, providing an impressive and skilful synthesis of the extant genocide literature. He also offers fascinating new insights into the ways in which moral inhibitions are suppressed in the implementation of and acquiescence to genocidal policies. From the lessons he draws, Alvarez concludes with a discussion of the ways in which genocide can be detected and prevented.

Genozid im Völkerrecht

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Author: William A. Schabas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783930908882

Category: Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Page: 792

View: 9848

History, memory and mass atrocity

essays on the Holocaust and genocide

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Author: Dan Stone

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 262

View: 9122

The book's main theme is the interpretation of the Holocaust and genocide in historiography, philosophy and the contemporary culture of commemoration. Running through the essays is an attempt to understand the Holocaust's relationship to 'modernity'; the need to find ways of understanding genocide through apparently 'non-rational' forms of explanation (especially derived from anthropology); and the desirability of relating the Holocaust to other instances of genocide.

ITNetwork

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Genocide

Page: N.A

View: 2614