The British Working Class 1832-1940

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Author: Andrew August

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317877977

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 1831

In this insightful new study, Andrew August examines the British working class in the period when Britain became a mature industrial power, working men and women dominated massive new urban populations, and the extension of suffrage brought them into the political nation for the first time. Framing his subject chronologically, but treating it thematically, August gives a vivid account of working class life between the mid-nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries, examining the issues and concerns central to working-class identity. Identifying shared patterns of experience in the lives of workers, he avoids the limitations of both traditional historiography dominated by economic determinism and party politics, and the revisionism which too readily dismisses the importance of class in British society.

Currents of Radicalism

Popular Radicalism, Organised Labour and Party Politics in Britain, 1850-1914

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Author: Eugenio F. Biagini,Alastair J. Reid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521394550

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 8951

'Those who were originally called radicals and afterwards reformers, are called Chartists', declared Thomas Duncombe before Parliament in 1842, a comment which can be adapted for a later period and as a description of this collection of papers: 'those who were originally called Chartists were afterwards called Liberal and Labour activists'. In other words, the central argument of this book is that there was a substantial continuity in popular radicalism throughout the nineteenth and into the twentieth century. The papers stress both the popular elements in Gladstonian Liberalism and the radical liberal elements in the early Labour party. The first part of the book focuses on the continuity of popular attitudes across the commonly-assumed mid-century divide, with studies of significant personalities and movements, as well as a local case study. The second part examines the strong links between Gladstonian Liberalism and the working classes, looking in particular at labour law, taxation, and the Irish crisis. The final part assesses the impact of radical traditions on early Labour politics, in Parliament, the unions, and local government. The same attitudes towards liberty, the rule of law, and local democracy are highlighted throughout, and new questions are therefore posed about the major transitions in the popular politics of the period.

Democratisation in Britain

Elites, Civil Society and Reform Since 1800

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Author: John Garrard

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137170409

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 7705

Democratisation in Britain is a novel reinterpretation of British social and political history since 1800 in light of the continuing debate about democratisation. As such, the book goes far beyond standard histories of political reform. In common with the politics in Northern Europe, North America and Australasia, Britain's democratisation began early and in highly favourable circumstances. The process took place in stages, only half-consciously and in the context of a generally benign economic cycle. The country possessed a vibrant civil society at most levels of its adult population, along with a flexible, competitive and opportunistic set of political elites. Partly as a result, the popular expectations and demands released by democratisation were modest and untroublesome. Countries undergoing democratisation since 1918 have been far less fortunate, and the process in thereby much more difficult. Thus this book may be seen as portraying an 'ideal type' against which to compare and contrast these later experiences. Democratisation in Britain combines the disciplines of political science and history, and will be of interest to scholars and students in both fields.

Popular Politics in Nineteenth Century England

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Author: Rohan McWilliam,Rohan Mcwilliam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134839898

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 6032

Popular Politics in Nineteenth Century England provides an accessible introduction to the culture of English popular politics between 1815 and 1900, the period from Luddism to the New Liberalism. This is an area that has attracted great historical interest and has undergone fundamental revision in the last two decades. Did the industrial revolution create the working class movement or was liberalism (which transcended class divisions) the key mode of political argument? Rohan McWilliam brings this central debate up to date for students of Nineteenth Century British History. He assesses popular ideology in relation to the state, the nation, gender and the nature of party formation, and reveals a much richer social history emerging in the light of recent historiographical developments.

A History of the British Labour Party, Third Edition

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Author: Andrew Thorpe

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137248157

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 7028

Thorpe's book is widely seen as the best single-volume study of the whole of the Labour party's history. Now thoroughly updated in the light of ongoing historiographical debates, this third edition brings the story up to the present with new and revised chapters on the development of 'New Labour' and the legacy of the Blair government.

Bernstein: The Preconditions of Socialism

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Author: Eduard Bernstein,Henry Tudor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521398084

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 8772

A new translation of Bernstein's classic defence of democratic socialism.

Why Nations Fail

The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

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Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: Crown Books

ISBN: 0307719227

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 529

View: 3561

An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.

The International Anarchist Movement in Late Victorian London (RLE: Terrorism and Insurgency)

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Author: Hermia Oliver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138899742

Category:

Page: 192

View: 9055

This book traces the history of the London anarchist movement and stress the complex network continuing to link it closely with European countries and North America. At the time of original publication in 1983, fresh biographical material concerning the chief British converts, threw new light on the Greenwich Park bomb of 1894. The study analyses anarchist view on education, work, trade unions, marriage and alternatives to the centralised social and political system established by western capitalism.

Ours to Master and to Own

Workers' Control from the Commune to the Present

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Author: Immanuel Ness,Dario Azzellini

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 160846119X

Category: History

Page: 443

View: 4326

From the very dawn of the industrial epoch, wage earners have organised themselves into unions, fought bitter strikes and even gone so far as to challenge the premises of the system by enacting democratic self-management aimed at controlling production. A groundbreaking volume on workers' history, Ours to Master and to Own illuminates this under-appreciated and under-investigated aspect of working-class resistance.

The Origins of Nazi Genocide

From Euthanasia to the Final Solution

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Author: Henry Friedlander

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 080786160X

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 1122

Tracing the rise of racist and eugenic ideologies, Henry Friedlander explores in chilling detail how the Nazi program of secretly exterminating the handicapped and disabled evolved into the systematic destruction of Jews and Gypsies. He describes how the so-called euthanasia of the handicapped provided a practical model for the later mass murder, thereby initiating the Holocaust. The Nazi regime pursued the extermination of Jews, Gypsies, and the handicapped based on a belief in the biological, and thus absolute, inferiority of those groups. To document the connection between the assault on the handicapped and the Final Solution, Friedlander shows how the legal restrictions and exclusionary policies of the 1930s, including mass sterilization, led to mass murder during the war. He also makes clear that the killing centers where the handicapped were gassed and cremated served as the models for the extermination camps. Based on extensive archival research, the book also analyzes the involvement of the German bureaucracy and judiciary, the participation of physicians and scientists, and the nature of popular opposition.

Class in Britain

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Author: David Cannadine

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141927801

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4521

David Cannadine's unique history examines the British preoccupation with class and the different ways the British have thought about their own society. From the eighteenth through the twentieth century, he traces the different ways British society has been viewed, unveiling the different purposes each model has served. This is a social, intellectual and political history and a powerful account of how and why class has shaped British identity.

Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, 1870-1940

The Praxis of National Liberation, Internationalism, and Social Revolution

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Author: Steven Hirsch,Lucien van der Walt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004188495

Category: History

Page: 431

View: 9201

Before communism, anarchism and syndicalism were central to labour and the Left in the colonial and postcolonial world.Using studies from Africa,Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America, this groundbreaking volume examines the revolutionary libertarian Left's class politics and anti-colonialism in the first globalization and imperialism(1870/1930).

My Apprenticeship

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Author: Beatrice Potter Webb

Publisher: Read Books Ltd

ISBN: 1473378311

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 1039

This early work by Beatrice Potter Webb was originally published in 1926 and we are now republishing it with a brand new introductory biography. 'My Apprenticeship Vol. I.' is the first volume of fascinating work on Victorian society. Beatrice Potter Webb was born in Gloucester, England in 1858. Both her mother and brother died early in her childhood leaving her to be raised by her father, Richard Potter. He was a successful businessman with large railroad interests and many influential friends in politics and industry whose company the young Beatrice would become accustomed to. Upon reaching adulthood, Potter moved to London and helped her cousin, Charles, a social reformer, research his book The Life and Labour of the People in London. It was during this time that she was introduced to Sidney James Webb, who later became her husband and collaborator. The Webb's, together, wrote eleven volumes of work which arguably shaped the way subsequent scholars thought about sociology. They also collaborated on more than 100 books and articles on the conditions of factory workers, and the economic history of Britain, among other subjects.

Libertarian Socialism

Politics in Black and Red

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Author: Alex Prichard,Ruth Kinna,Saku Pinta,David Berry

Publisher: PM Press

ISBN: 1629634026

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 1773

The history of anarchist-Marxist relations is usually told as a history of factionalism and division. This collection of essays, based on original research and written especially for this collection, reveals some of the enduring sores in the revolutionary socialist movement in order to explore the important, too often neglected left-libertarian currents that have thrived in revolutionary socialist movements. Contributors include Paul Blackledge, Lewis H. Mates, Renzo Llorente, Carl Levy, Christian Høgsbjerg, Andrew Cornell, Benoît Challand, Jean-Christophe Angaut, Toby Boraman, and David Bates.

Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950

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Author: Marwa Elshakry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022600144X

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 2733

In Reading Darwin in Arabic, Marwa Elshakry questions current ideas about Islam, science, and secularism by exploring the ways in which Darwin was read in Arabic from the late 1860s to the mid-twentieth century. Borrowing from translation and reading studies and weaving together the history of science with intellectual history, she explores Darwin’s global appeal from the perspective of several generations of Arabic readers and shows how Darwin’s writings helped alter the social and epistemological landscape of the Arab learned classes. Providing a close textual, political, and institutional analysis of the tremendous interest in Darwin’s ideas and other works on evolution, Elshakry shows how, in an age of massive regional and international political upheaval, these readings were suffused with the anxieties of empire and civilizational decline. The politics of evolution infiltrated Arabic discussions of pedagogy, progress, and the very sense of history. They also led to a literary and conceptual transformation of notions of science and religion themselves. Darwin thus became a vehicle for discussing scriptural exegesis, the conditions of belief, and cosmological views more broadly. The book also acquaints readers with Muslim and Christian intellectuals, bureaucrats, and theologians, and concludes by exploring Darwin’s waning influence on public and intellectual life in the Arab world after World War I. Reading Darwin in Arabic is an engaging and powerfully argued reconceptualization of the intellectual and political history of the Middle East.