Radiative Processes in Astrophysics

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Author: George B. Rybicki,Alan P. Lightman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352761818X

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 6534

Radiative Processes in Astrophysics: This clear, straightforward, and fundamental introduction is designed to present-from a physicist's point of view-radiation processes and their applications to astrophysical phenomena and space science. It covers such topics as radiative transfer theory, relativistic covariance and kinematics, bremsstrahlung radiation, synchrotron radiation, Compton scattering, some plasma effects, and radiative transitions in atoms. Discussion begins with first principles, physically motivating and deriving all results rather than merely presenting finished formulae. However, a reasonably good physics background (introductory quantum mechanics, intermediate electromagnetic theory, special relativity, and some statistical mechanics) is required. Much of this prerequisite material is provided by brief reviews, making the book a self-contained reference for workers in the field as well as the ideal text for senior or first-year graduate students of astronomy, astrophysics, and related physics courses. Radiative Processes in Astrophysics also contains about 75 problems, with solutions, illustrating applications of the material and methods for calculating results. This important and integral section emphasizes physical intuition by presenting important results that are used throughout the main text; it is here that most of the practical astrophysical applications become apparent.

Radiative processes in astrophysics

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Author: George B. Rybicki,Alan P. Lightman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 382

Radiative Processes in Astrophysics: This clear, straightforward, and fundamental introduction is designed to present-from a physicist's point of view-radiation processes and their applications to astrophysical phenomena and space science. It covers such topics as radiative transfer theory, relativistic covariance and kinematics, bremsstrahlung radiation, synchrotron radiation, Compton scattering, some plasma effects, and radiative transitions in atoms. Discussion begins with first principles, physically motivating and deriving all results rather than merely presenting finished formulae. However, a reasonably good physics background (introductory quantum mechanics, intermediate electromagnetic theory, special relativity, and some statistical mechanics) is required. Much of this prerequisite material is provided by brief reviews, making the book a self-contained reference for workers in the field as well as the ideal text for senior or first-year graduate students of astronomy, astrophysics, and related physics courses. Radiative Processes in Astrophysics also contains about 75 problems, with solutions, illustrating applications of the material and methods for calculating results. This important and integral section emphasizes physical intuition by presenting important results that are used throughout the main text; it is here that most of the practical astrophysical applications become apparent.

Radiative Processes in High Energy Astrophysics

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Author: Gabriele Ghisellini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319006126

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 9221

This book grew out of the author’s notes from his course on Radiative Processes in High Energy Astrophysics. The course provides fundamental definitions of radiative processes and serves as a brief introduction to Bremsstrahlung and black body emission, relativistic beaming, synchrotron emission and absorption, Compton scattering, synchrotron self-compton emission, pair creation and emission. The final chapter discusses the observed features of Active Galactic Nuclei and their interpretation based on the radiative processes presented in the book. Written in an informal style, this book will guide students through their first encounter with high-energy astrophysics.

Sterne und Sternhaufen

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Author: Cecilia Helena Payne Gaposchkin

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322862666

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 5954

Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie

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Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540305890

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 8178

In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

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Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 5667

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang

Theoretische Konzepte der Physik

Eine alternative Betrachtung

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Author: Malcolm S. Longair

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642761119

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 8289

"Dies ist kein Lehrbuch der theoretischen Physik, auch kein Kompendium der Physikgeschichte ... , vielmehr eine recht anspruchsvolle Sammlung historischer Miniaturen zur Vergangenheit der theoretischen Physik - ihrer "Sternstunden", wenn man so will. Frei vom Zwang, etwas Erschöpfendes vorlegen zu müssen, gelingt dem Autor etwas Seltenes: einen "lebendigen" Zugang zum Ideengebäude der modernen Physik freizulegen, ... zu zeigen, wie Physik in praxi entsteht... Als Vehikel seiner Absichten dienen dem Autor geschichtliche Fallstudien, insgesamt sieben an der Zahl. Aus ihnen extrahiert er das seiner Meinung nach Lehrhafte, dabei bestrebt, mathematische Anachronismen womöglich zu vermeiden... Als Student hätte ich mir diese gescheiten Essays zum Werden unserer heutigen physikalischen Weltsicht gewünscht. Sie sind originell, didaktisch klug und genieren sich auch nicht, von der Faszination zu sprechen, die ... von der Physik ausgeht. Unnötig darauf hinzuweisen, das sie ein gründliches "konventionelles" Studium weder ersetzen wollen noch können, sie vermögen aber, dazu zu ermuntern." #Astronomische Nachrichten (zur englischen Ausgabe)#1

New Quests in Stellar Astrophysics II

Ultraviolet Properties of Evolved Stellar Populations

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Author: Miguel Chavez Dagostino,Emanuele Bertone,Daniel Rosa Gonzalez,Lino Hector Rodriguez-Merino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387876219

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 9421

This book presents an up-to-date collection of reviews and contributed articles in the field of ultraviolet astronomy. Its content has been mainly motivated by the recent access to the rest frame UV light of distant red galaxies, gained through large optical facilities. This driveway has derived in a renewed interest on the stars that presumably dominate or have important effects on the integrated UV properties of evolved systems of the nearby and faraway Universe. The topics included in this volume extend from the fresh spectroscopic analyses of high redshift early-type galaxies observed with the 8-10m class telescopes to the fundamental outcomes from various satellites, from the long-lived International Ultraviolet Explorer to current facilities, such as the Galaxy Evolution Explorer. This is one of the few volumes published in recent years devoted to UV astronomical research and the only one dedicated to the properties of evolved stellar populations at these wavelengths. This contemporary panorama will be an invaluable resource in the preparation of the next planned space missions, such as the World Space Observatory and the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope.

Vorlesungen Über Die Theorie Der Wärmestrahlung

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Author: Max Planck

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270103861

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 371

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Einführung in die Extragalaktische Astronomie und Kosmologie

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Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540305890

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 7781

In diesem kompetent geschriebenen Lehrbuch wird, ausgehend von der Beschreibung unserer Milchstraße, die Astronomie der Galaxien und ihrer großräumigen Verteilung eingehend dargestellt und schließlich im kosmologischen Kontext diskutiert. Aufbauend auf eine Einführung in die moderne beobachtende und theoretische Kosmologie wird die Entstehung von Strukturen und astronomischen Objekten im frühen Universum besprochen.

Der neue Kosmos

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Author: Albrecht Unsöld,Bodo Baschek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662004917

Category: Science

Page: 434

View: 8528

Astronomie, Astrophysik und Weltraumforschung haben innerhalb weniger Jahrzehnte eine geradezu explosive Entwicklung genommen. Die neuen Beobachtungsmöglichkeiten durch die Raumfahrt, die Entwicklung hochempfindlicher Lichtdetektoren und der Einsatz leistungsstarker Computer haben uns neuartige Aspekte in der faszinierenden Welt der Galaxien und Quasare, der Sterne und Planeten erschlossen. Nachdem die dritte Auflage vergriffen ist, trägt die vorliegende vierte, völlig neubearbeitete Auflage des NEUEN KOSMOS dieser stürmischen Entwicklung Rechnung. In überschaubarem Umfang wird - bei bescheidenen Ansprüchen an die mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Vorbildung des Lesers - eine zusammenhängende Einführung in das Gesamtgebiet der Astronomie und Astrophysik gegeben, welche die Beobachtungen und die Grundgedanken ihrer theoretischen Deutung in gleicher Weise berücksichtigt. Auch in seiner neuen Gestalt wird der NEUE KOSMOS den Studenten und Forschern in Bereichen der Astronomie, Physik und Geowissenschaften sowie einem weiten Kreis ernsthaft interessierter Amateure viel Neues und viel Freude bringen.

Herr G.

Ein Roman der Schöpfung. Übersetzung des amerikanischen Originals "Mr g. A Novel About the Creation" von Lutz Wolff

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Author: Alan Lightman

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3838716531

Category: Fiction

Page: 223

View: 8063

Mit seinem hinreißenden Roman "Und immer wieder die Zeit. Einstein's Dreams" hat der herausragende Astrophysiker Alan Lightman gezeigt, dass er die seltene Gabe besitzt, Naturwissenschaft und Philosophie in einem literarischen Werk zu vereinen. In seinem neuen Roman erweitert er das Spektrum um die Theologie. "Ich war gerade von einem Mittagsschlaf erwacht, da beschloss ich, das Universum zu erschaffen." So beginnt Herrn G.s Erzählung von seiner Schöpfung. Mit seiner zänkischen Tante Penelope und Onkel Deva lebt er in einem großen Vakuum und macht sich nun daran, Zeit, Raum und Materie zu erschaffen. Dann kommen Sterne, Planeten, Bewusstsein und schließlich intelligente Wesen mit moralischen Dilemmata. Herr G. ist allmächtig, aber nicht allwissend, und im Schöpfungsprozess entdeckt er, dass selbst durchdachte Pläne auf Widerstände stoßen können; vor allem Belhor macht ihm zu schaffen, ein brillanter, hinterhältiger Konkurrent, der die Notwendigkeit des Bösen durchzusetzen trachtet -

Atomic Spectroscopy and Radiative Processes

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Author: Egidio Landi Degl'Innocenti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8847028086

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 951

This book describes the basic physical principles of atomic spectroscopy and the absorption and emission of radiation in astrophysical and laboratory plasmas. It summarizes the basics of electromagnetism and thermodynamics and then describes in detail the theory of atomic spectra for complex atoms, with emphasis on astrophysical applications. Both equilibrium and non-equilibrium phenomena in plasmas are considered. The interaction between radiation and matter is described, together with various types of radiation (e.g., cyclotron, synchrotron, bremsstrahlung, Compton). The basic theory of polarization is explained, as is the theory of radiative transfer for astrophysical applications. Atomic Spectroscopy and Radiative Processes bridges the gap between basic books on atomic spectroscopy and the very specialized publications for the advanced researcher: it will provide under- and postgraduates with a clear in-depth description of theoretical aspects, supported by practical examples of applications.

Theorie der Elektrizität

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Author: Max Abraham,August Föppl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electromagnetic theory

Page: N.A

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Extragalactic Astronomy and Cosmology

An Introduction

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Author: Peter Schneider

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 364254083X

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 4729

This second edition has been updated and substantially expanded. Starting with the description of our home galaxy, the Milky Way, this cogently written textbook introduces the reader to the astronomy of galaxies, their structure, active galactic nuclei, evolution and large scale distribution in the Universe. After an extensive and thorough introduction to modern observational and theoretical cosmology, the focus turns to the formation of structures and astronomical objects in the early Universe. The basics of classical astronomy and stellar astrophysics needed for extragalactic astronomy are provided in the appendix. While this book has grown out of introductory university courses on astronomy and astrophysics and includes a set of problems and solutions, it will not only benefit undergraduate students and lecturers; thanks to the comprehensive coverage of the field, even graduate students and researchers specializing in related fields will appreciate it as a valuable reference work.

Quantum Optics and Spectroscopy

Proceedings of the 18-th International School of Quantum Optics and Spectroscopy, Gdańsk-Sobieszewo, 3-8 September 1990

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Author: J. Fiutak,J. Mizerski

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560721109

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 159

View: 3406

Quantum Optics & Spectroscopy Proceedings Of The 18th International School Of Quantum Optics & Spectroscopy, Gdansk-Sobieszewo, 3-8 September 1990.