Race, Labor, and Civil Rights

Griggs versus Duke Power and the Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity

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Author: Robert Samuel Smith

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 0807149373

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6744

In 1966, thirteen black employees of the Duke Power Company's Dan River Plant in Draper, North Carolina, filed a lawsuit against the company challenging its requirement of a high school diploma or a passing grade on an intelligence test for internal transfer or promotion. In the groundbreaking decision Griggs v. Duke Power (1971), the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, finding such employment practices violated Title 7 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 when they disparately affected minorities. In doing so, the court delivered a significant anti-employment discrimination verdict. Legal scholars rank Griggs v. Duke Power on par with Brown v. Board of Education (1954) in terms of its impact on eradicating race discrimination from American institutions. In Race, Labor, and Civil Rights, Robert Samuel Smith offers the first full-length historical examination of this important case and its connection to civil rights activism during the second half of the 1960s. Smith explores all aspects of Griggs, highlighting the sustained energy of the grassroots civil rights community and the critical importance of courtroom activism. Smith shows that after years of nonviolent, direct action protests, African Americans remained vigilant in the 1960s, heading back to the courts to reinvigorate the civil rights acts in an effort to remove the lingering institutional bias left from decades of overt racism. He asserts that alongside the more boisterous expressions of black radicalism of the late sixties, foot soldiers and local leaders of the civil rights community -- many of whom were working-class black southerners -- mustered ongoing legal efforts to mold Title 7 into meaningful law. Smith also highlights the persistent judicial activism of the NAACP-Legal Defense and Education Fund and the ascension of the second generation of civil rights attorneys. By exploring the virtually untold story of Griggs v. Duke Power, Smith's enlightening study connects the case and the campaign for equal employment opportunity to the broader civil rights movement and reveals the civil rights community's continued spirit of legal activism well into the 1970s.

The 1960s: Key Themes and Documents

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Author: James S. Olson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440860424

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 1164

This volume serves as an invaluable study guide covering all of the key political, social, and cultural concepts of the turbulent 1960s. • Provides for ease of reference through rigorous thematic tagging of encyclopedic entries, period chronology, and primary documents • Helps readers to study a key period of American history • Features additional elements such as a sample document-based essay question and tips for answering document-based essay questions

Not Without Honor

The Nazi POW Journal of Steve Carano; With Accounts by John C. Bitzer and Bill Blackmon

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Author: Steve Carano,Kay Sloan

Publisher: University of Arkansas Press

ISBN: 1557288844

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 159

View: 8968

Offers a personal account of a soldier who was held for eighteen months in Stalag 17 b after his bomber was shot down over the Dutch coast and the diverse experiences he had while there that helped him keep psychologically strong enough to survive the harrowing ordeal.

Freedom Rights

New Perspectives on the Civil Rights Movement

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Author: Danielle McGuire

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813134498

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 2728

In his seminal article “Freedom Then, Freedom Now,” renowned civil rights historian Steven F. Lawson described his vision for the future study of the civil rights movement. Lawson called for a deeper examination of the social, economic, and political factors that influenced the movement’s development and growth. He urged his fellow scholars to connect the “local with the national, the political with the social,” and to investigate the ideological origins of the civil rights movement, its internal dynamics, the role of women, and the significance of gender and sexuality. In Freedom Rights: New Perspectives on the Civil Rights Movement, editors Danielle L. McGuire and John Dittmer follow Lawson’s example, bringing together the best new scholarship on the modern civil rights movement. The work expands our understanding of the movement by engaging issues of local and national politics, gender and race relations, family, community, and sexuality. The volume addresses cultural, legal, and social developments and also investigates the roots of the movement. Each essay highlights important moments in the history of the struggle, from the impact of the Young Women’s Christian Association on integration to the use of the arts as a form of activism. Freedom Rights not only answers Lawson’s call for a more dynamic, interactive history of the civil rights movement, but it also helps redefine the field.

Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement

A Radical Democratic Vision

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Author: Barbara Ransby

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807827789

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 470

View: 677

A stirring new portrait of one of the most important black leaders of the twentieth century introduces readers to the fiery woman who inspired generations of activists. (Social Science)

Discipline & Punish

The Birth of the Prison

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Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307819299

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 9493

In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.

Black Power

Politics of Liberation in America

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Author: Charles V. Hamilton,Kwame Ture

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307795276

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2946

A revolutionary work since its publication, Black Power exposed the depths of systemic racism in this country and provided a radical political framework for reform: true and lasting social change would only be accomplished through unity among African-Americans and their independence from the preexisting order. An eloquent document of the civil rights movement that remains a work of profound social relevance 50 years after it was first published.

The Rights Revolution Revisited

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Author: Lynda G. Dodd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107164737

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 4145

Examines the implementation of the rights revolution, bringing together a distinguished group of political scientists and legal scholars who study the roles of agencies and courts in shaping the enforcement of civil rights statutes.

The Crusade for Equality in the Workplace

The Griggs V. Duke Power Story

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Author: Robert K. Belton,Stephen L. Wasby

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780700619535

Category: Law

Page: 412

View: 4027

The seminal history of Title VII of the civil Rights Act of 1964, workplace equality, and how Griggs v. Duke Power led to its interpretation and enforcement.

The Law of Sex Discrimination

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Author: Beth Wolfson,Carla Palumbo,J. Ralph Lindgren,Nadine Taub

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495793221

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 4633

An honest and informative text on sex discrimination and the law, THE LAW OF SEX DISCRIMINATION approaches the idea of using law to analyze sex discrimination from a variety of contexts: as an occasion for ideological disputes, as a reflection of contemporary policy debates over the future direction of society, and as part of the historical development of -- and response to -- feminism. Fully updated for 21st century, this flexibly organized text examines topics that range from reproductive rights to global trends in gender law, and includes appendices that deal with the court system, a brief discussion of how to outline cases, and a glossary of legal and technical terms. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Just Schools

The Idea of Racial Equality in American Education

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Author: David L. Kirp

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520050846

Category: History

Page: 374

View: 1019

An American Dilemma

The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy

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Author: Gunnar Myrdal,Richard Mauritz Edvard Sterner,Arnold Marshall Rose

Publisher: Random House Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 1483

View: 5408

Investigates the political, social, and economic conditions of Negroes prior to 1942, contrasting democratic principles with race relations in America

We the People, Volume 3

The Civil Rights Revolution

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Author: Bruce Ackerman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067441649X

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 3729

The Civil Rights Revolution carries Bruce Ackerman's sweeping reinterpretation of constitutional history into the era beginning with Brown v Board of Education. Laws that ended Jim Crow and ensured equal rights at work, in schools, and in the voting booth gained congressional approval only after the American people mobilized their support.

Because of Sex

One Law, Ten Cases, and Fifty Years That Changed American Women's Lives at Work

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Author: Gillian Thomas

Publisher: Picador USA

ISBN: 1250138086

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 9736

A compelling look at ten of the most important Supreme Court cases defining women’s rights on the job, as told by the brave women who brought the cases to court

Reasoning from Race

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Author: Serena Mayeri

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674061101

Category: Law

Page: 369

View: 6405

"Informed in 1944 that she was 'not of the sex' entitled to be admitted to Harvard Law School, African American activist Pauli Murray confronted the injustice she called 'Jane Crow.' In the 1960s and 1970s, the analogies between sex and race discrimination pioneered by Murray became potent weapons in the battle for women's rights, as feminists borrowed rhetoric and legal arguments from the civil rights movement. Serena Mayeri's Reasoning from Race is the first book to explore the development and consequences of this key feminist strategy. Mayeri uncovers the history of an often misunderstood connection at the heart of American antidiscrimination law. Her study details how a tumultuous political and legal climate transformed the links between race and sex equality, civil rights and feminism. Battles over employment discrimination, school segregation, reproductive freedom, affirmative action, and constitutional change reveal the promise and peril of reasoning from race--and offer a vivid picture of Pauli Murray, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and others who defined feminists' agenda. Looking beneath the surface of Supreme Court opinions to the deliberations of feminist advocates, their opponents, and the legal decisionmakers who heard--or chose not to hear--their claims, Reasoning from Race showcases previously hidden struggles that continue to shape the scope and meaning of equality under the law"--Publisher description.

Constitutional Choices

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Author: Laurence H. Tribe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674165397

Category: Law

Page: 458

View: 5349

Constitutional Choices illuminates the world 0f scholarship and advocacy uniquely combined by Laurence Tribe, one of the nation's leading professors of constitutional law and most successful practitioners before the Supreme Court. In his new hook, Tribe boldly moves beyond the seemingly endless debate over which judicial approaches to enforcing the Constitution are "legitimate" and which are not. Arguing that all claims to legitimacy must remain suspect, Tribe focuses instead on the choices that must nonetheless be made in resolving actual constitutional controversies. To do so, he examines problems as diverse as interstate banking, gender discrimination, church subsidies, the constitutional amendment process, the war powers of the President, and First Amendment protection of American Nazis. Challenging the ruling premises underlying many 0f the Supreme Court's positions on fundamental issues of government authority and individual rights, Tribe shows how the Court is increasingly coming to resemble a judicial Office of Management and Budget, straining constitutional discourse through a managerial sieve and defending its constitutional rulings by "balancing'' what it counts as "costs" against what it deems benefits?' Tribe explains how the Court's "Calculus" systematically excludes basic concerns about the distribution of wealth and power and conceals fundamental choices about the American polity. Calling for a more candid confrontation of those choices and of the principles and perspectives they reflect, Tribe exposes what has gone wrong and suggests how the Court can begin to reclaim the historic role entrusted to it by the Constitution.