Questioning Crime and Criminology

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Author: Moira Peelo,Keith Soothill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134021984

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 568

This is a text for criminology students designed to take them to the heart of the contradictions, confusions and blurred boundaries around the subject of crime, about what crime is, about social regulation and control, and about social responsibility. It focuses on the key questions and issues underpinning them in contemporary definitions, representations and explanations of crime. It aims to question the platitudes and cliches surrounding public discussion of crime, by acknowledging the individual, social and political frameworks within which we explore crime and criminality.

Questioning Crime and Criminology

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Author: Moira T. Peelo,Keith Soothill

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843921264

Category: Law

Page: 171

View: 376

Aimed at criminology students, this text focuses on the key issues associated with crime, social regulation and control, and social responsibility. It questions the clichés associated with public discussion of crime by acknowledging the common frameworkswithin which crime and criminality are explored.

Besondere Probleme der Kriminologie

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Author: Hans Joachim Schneider

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3899496620

Category: Law

Page: 1086

View: 2110

Das Internationale Handbuch der Kriminologie dient Lehr-, Forschungs- und Nachschlagezwecken und informiert über alle wesentlichen Bereiche der Kriminologie auf dem neuesten internationalen und nationalen Stand der Forschung. Dabei legt es besonderes Gewicht auf die europäische und internationale, sozialwissenschaftliche und empirische Kriminologie, ohne die deutschsprachige Kriminologie zu vernachlässigen. Praktiker der Strafrechtspflege werden über die neuesten kriminologischen Erkenntnisse informiert und erhalten so Hilfestellung bei der Lösung praktischer Probleme des strafrechtlichen, strafprozessualen und strafvollzuglichen Alltags. Durch seine internationale und europäische, sozialwissenschaftliche Ausrichtung will es der Bereicherung und Entwicklung der deutschsprachigen Kriminologie dienen. Vierzig führende Kriminologen aus zehn Ländern haben die Bearbeitung vorgenommen.

Youth and Crime

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Author: John Muncie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761944645

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 5684

The Second Edition of this best-selling text provides a fully revised and up-to-date critical analysis of a wide range of issues surrounding young people, disorder and crime. To develop a comprehensive criminology of youth the book deliberately moves beyond traditional criminological concerns and draws insights from other academic disciplines such as cultural studies, gender studies, media studies, social policy, social work, political science and human geography. Now thoroughly updated, this second edition has been rewritten to include new material on anti-social behaviour, street crime, youth gangs, victimisation, social exclusion, drugs, surveillance, crime prevention, policing and restoration as well as a sustained critical analysis of New Labour's youth, social and criminal justice reforms as they have emerged over the past five years. To make sense of these developments theories of risk management, governance, globalisation and cultural criminology are introduced and assessed. Building on the strengths of the first edition, this highly influential work remains the most integrated and comprehensive analysis of theory, research, policy and politics in this area. It is an essential text for students of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, youth studies, social policy and social work.

Exploring Green Crime

Introducing the Legal, Social and Criminological Contexts of Environmental Harm

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Author: Matthew Hall

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137310235

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 9702

The application of criminological perspectives to discussion of the environment is a rapidly developing field at the cutting edge of criminology. This innovative but accessible introduction to the key debates in green criminology both familiarises newcomers to the field with the core theories and methodological precepts and challenges them to take a critical approach. In addition to analysing an extensive range of contemporary issues – environmental harm, food and water security, fracking, climate change and genetically modified crops – the text steps back to examine overarching themes, including the power relationships between states, corporations and the human and non-human components of our environment. In this way, Exploring Green Crime prepares readers to approach environmental criminology with a questioning and analytical mind-set. With useful end of chapter summaries, review questions and further reading, the text is ideal for students of criminology, criminal justice, law, sociology and environmental studies.

Communities, Identities and Crime

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Author: Basia Spalek

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861348045

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 5677

This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

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Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 6271

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Women in Prison

A Reference Handbook

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Author: Cyndi Banks

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576079295

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 8163

A concise survey of the treatment of jailed women in America since the early 1800s, their unique problems, the effect on their families, and the state of prisons today. * Includes an abundance of resources for further research including extensive statistics on the number of women in state and federal prisons by race, the proportion of women jailed for violent offenses, and characteristics of female state prison inmates * An annotated bibliography of print and nonprint resources such as Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, Corrections Today, and Women, Crime, and Justice

What Is a Crime?

Defining Criminal Conduct in Contemporary Society

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Author: Law Commission of Canada

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774810876

Category: Law

Page: 194

View: 7786

We all have notions of what it means to commit a crime. Most of usare very much aware of the behaviours which, by law, constitute crime.Rarely, however, do we stop to consider why certain activities andbehaviours are deemed criminal and others are not. What Is A Crime? examines how we define criminal conduct incontemporary society, and how we respond to it once it has beenidentified. Drawing from diverse scholarly traditions, including law, sociology,criminology and socio-legal studies, this rich collection of essayslooks at the processes of defining crime and considers the varied andcomplex implications of our decisions to criminalize certain unwantedbehaviour. From the perspective of various case studies, thecontributors reflect on the social processes that inform definitions ofcrime, criminal law, and its enforcement, while illuminating thesubjective nature of crime and questioning the role of law in dealingwith complex social issues. What Is A Crime? will be of interest to a broad spectrum ofreaders with an interest in the governance of crime and its control incontemporary society. Students and scholars of law, sociology,political science, philosophy, and criminology will find this bookinvaluable in furthering their understanding of the processes ofdefining and responding to crime and criminal behaviour. It will alsohold sway with policymakers, criminal justice practitioners, and anyonewith a stake in our current approaches to crime.

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

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Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960525

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 5427

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

Criminal Justice and Criminology

Terms, Concepts, and Cases

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Author: James F. Anderson,Laronistine Dyson,Adam Langsam,Willie Jr Brooks

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761836490

Category: Reference

Page: 301

View: 4783

This dictionary contains criminal justice terms, criminological concepts, and over 100 cases decided by courts in the federal system, including the United States Supreme Court. These cases address aspects of criminal procedures, as well as individual rights in the U.S. Constitution related to the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Using professional terms in an easy-to-read format, this book will provide the reader with a clear understanding of past and present concepts, terms, and case laws that are related to criminal justice and criminology. It serves as a perfect text for criminal justice and criminology programs at the undergraduate and graduate level. It can also be used as a supplemental adoption for these programs since most texts are written in an esoteric manner.

Introducing Criminology

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Author: Clive Coleman,Clive Norris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134016875

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 4392

Criminology, or the study of crime, has developed rapidly as a subject in recent years, while crime and the problem of how to respond to it have become major concerns for society as a whole. This book provides a succinct, highly readable - and much needed - introduction to criminology for those who want to learn more, whether they are already studying the subject, thinking of doing so, or just interested to discover what criminology is about. Introducing Criminology begins by asking basic questions: what is crime? what is criminology?, before examining the ways in which crime has been studied, and looking at the main approaches and schools of thought within criminology and how these have been developed. The authors focus particularly upon attempts to understand and explain crime by the disciplines of psychology and sociology, and consider also the impact of feminist and postmodern thought on the development of the subject. In the second part of the book the authors take three very different topics to illustrate themes raised in the first half of the book, exploring the particular issues raised by each topic, and showing how criminologists have gone about their work.

State Crime and Resistance

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Author: Elizabeth Stanley,Jude McCulloch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415691931

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 7564

Within criminology 'the state' is often ignored as an active participant, or represented as a neutral force. While state crime studies have proliferated, criminologists have not paid attention to the history and impact of resistance to state crime. This book recognises that crimes of the state are far more serious and harmful than crimes committed by individuals, and considers how such crimes may be contested, prevented, challenged or stopped. Gathering together key scholars from the UK, USA, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, this book offers a deepened understanding of state crime through the practical and analytical lens of resistance. This book focuses on crimes ranging from gross violations of human rights (such as genocide, war crimes, mass killings, summary executions, torture, harsh detention and rape during war), to entrenched discrimination, unjust social policies, border controls, corruption, fraud, resource plunder and the failure to provide the regulatory environment and principled leadership necessary to deal with global warming. As the first to focus on state crime and resistance, this collection inspires new questions as it maps the contours of previously unexplored territory. It is aimed at students and academics researching state crimes, resistance, human rights and social movements. It is also essential reading for all those interested in joining the struggles to champion ways of living that value humanity and justice over power.

Introduction to Criminology

Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior

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Author: Frank E. Hagan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412979714

Category: Social Science

Page: 553

View: 8574

Introduction to Criminology, Seventh Edition is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology designed for an introductory undergraduate courses. The book focuses on the vital core of criminological theory--theory, method, and criminal behavior. Hagan investigates all forms of criminal activity, such as organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. He explains the methods of operation, the effects on society, and how various theories account for criminal behavior. New to this edition: Expansion of material on psycho-social and bio-social theories Additional coverage of terrorism in Ch. 11, along with ethics in the research methods chapter, Ch. 2 New chapter on Cybercrime New Epilogue on the future of crime and the newest criminological theories New Career Feature Boxes New Crime Files Feature Boxes End-of-Chapter Web Research Exercises New full-color design and photo program In-text links to study site Expanded study site resources including video of the author and original podcasts recorded by the author for each chapter Blackboard and Web CT compatibility

Ökologie der Angst

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

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Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 6229

Law and Evidence: A Primer for Criminal Justice, Criminology, Law and Legal Studies

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Author: Charles P. Nemeth

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449666337

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 3284

"Law and Evidence: A Primer for Criminal Justice, Criminology, Law and Legal Studies, Second Edition," introduces the complex topics of evidence law in a straightforward and accessible manner. The use and function of criminal evidence and civil evidence in cases is examined to offer a complete understanding of how evidence principles play out in the real world of litigation and advocacy. This revised Second Edition includes new sections on Rules and Case Law Analysis, Forensic Cases, and Evidentiary Software Programs. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention

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Author: Brandon C. Welsh,David P. Farrington

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199396698

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 1985

How can a society prevent-not deter, not punish-but prevent crime? Criminal justice prevention, commonly called crime control, aims to prevent crime after an initial offence has been commited through anything from an arrest to a death penalty sentence. These traditional means have been frequently examined and their efficacy just as frequently questioned. Promising new forms of crime prevention have emerged and expanded as important components of an overall strategy to reduce crime. Crime prevention today has developed along three lines: interventions to improve the life chances of children and prevent them from embarking on a life of crime; programs and policies designed to ameliorate the social conditions and institutions that influence offending; and the modification or manipulation of the physical environment, products, or systems to reduce everyday opportunities for crime. Each strategy aims at preventing crime or criminal offending in the first instance - before the act has been committed. Each, importantly, takes place outside of the formal criminal justice system, representing an alternative, perhaps even socially progressive way to reduce crime. The Oxford Handbook of Crime Prevention is a comprehensive, up-to-date, and authoritative review of research on crime prevention. Bringing together top scholars in criminology, public policy, psychology, and sociology, this Handbook includes critical reviews of the main theories that form the basis of crime prevention, evidence-based assessments of the effectiveness of the most important interventions, and cross-cutting essays that examine implementation, evaluation methodology, and public policy. Covering the three major crime prevention strategies active today-developmental, community, and situational-this definitive volume addresses seriously and critically the ways in which the United States and the Western world have attempted, and should continue to strive for the of crime.

Qualitative Interviews

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Author: Sabina Misoch

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110354616

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 4194

Qualitative interviews are a key tool in modern research practice. What are the different forms of the qualitative interview? Which method is suitable for which situation? How does one conduct qualitative interviews in practice? The book answers these and other questions by presenting methodological principles and different interview methods with schemata, figures, and examples, along with a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages.

Detecting Deception

Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

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Author: Pär Anders Granhag,Aldert Vrij,Bruno Verschuere

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118509668

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 6267

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts