Questioning Crime and Criminology

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Author: Moira Peelo,Keith Soothill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134021984

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9590

This is a text for criminology students designed to take them to the heart of the contradictions, confusions and blurred boundaries around the subject of crime, about what crime is, about social regulation and control, and about social responsibility. It focuses on the key questions and issues underpinning them in contemporary definitions, representations and explanations of crime. It aims to question the platitudes and cliches surrounding public discussion of crime, by acknowledging the individual, social and political frameworks within which we explore crime and criminality.

Questioning Crime and Criminology

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Author: Moira T. Peelo,Keith Soothill

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843921264

Category: Law

Page: 171

View: 953

Aimed at criminology students, this text focuses on the key issues associated with crime, social regulation and control, and social responsibility. It questions the clichés associated with public discussion of crime by acknowledging the common frameworkswithin which crime and criminality are explored.

Animal Harm

Perspectives on Why People Harm and Kill Animals

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Author: Dr Angus Nurse

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409472590

Category: Law

Page: 306

View: 8780

Why do people harm, injure, torture and kill animals? This book evaluates the reasons why these crimes are committed and outlines the characteristics of the animal offender. It considers ethical and value judgements made about animals and the tacit acknowledgement and justification of unacceptable criminal behaviour towards the harming of animals made by offenders. Situating animal abuse, wildlife crime, illegal wildlife trading and other unlawful activities directed at animals firmly within Green Criminology, the book contends that this is a distinct, multi-dimensional type of criminality which persists despite the introduction of relevant legislation. Taking a broad approach, the book considers the killing and harming of animals in an international context and examines the effectiveness of current legislation, policy and sentencing. Including a section on further reading and useful organizations, this book is a valuable exploration into perspectives on the responsibility owed by man to animals as part of broader ecological and legal concerns. It will interest criminologists, ecologists, animal protectionists and those interested in law and society and law and the environment.

Communities, Identities and Crime

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Author: Basia Spalek

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861348045

Category: Political Science

Page: 241

View: 4350

This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.

Youth and Crime

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Author: John Muncie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761944645

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 3465

The Second Edition of this best-selling text provides a fully revised and up-to-date critical analysis of a wide range of issues surrounding young people, disorder and crime. To develop a comprehensive criminology of youth the book deliberately moves beyond traditional criminological concerns and draws insights from other academic disciplines such as cultural studies, gender studies, media studies, social policy, social work, political science and human geography. Now thoroughly updated, this second edition has been rewritten to include new material on anti-social behaviour, street crime, youth gangs, victimisation, social exclusion, drugs, surveillance, crime prevention, policing and restoration as well as a sustained critical analysis of New Labour's youth, social and criminal justice reforms as they have emerged over the past five years. To make sense of these developments theories of risk management, governance, globalisation and cultural criminology are introduced and assessed. Building on the strengths of the first edition, this highly influential work remains the most integrated and comprehensive analysis of theory, research, policy and politics in this area. It is an essential text for students of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, youth studies, social policy and social work.

Women in Prison

A Reference Handbook

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Author: Cyndi Banks

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576079295

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 2645

A concise survey of the treatment of jailed women in America since the early 1800s, their unique problems, the effect on their families, and the state of prisons today. * Includes an abundance of resources for further research including extensive statistics on the number of women in state and federal prisons by race, the proportion of women jailed for violent offenses, and characteristics of female state prison inmates * An annotated bibliography of print and nonprint resources such as Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, Corrections Today, and Women, Crime, and Justice

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

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Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960525

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 539

Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

Exploring Green Crime

Introducing the Legal, Social and Criminological Contexts of Environmental Harm

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Author: Matthew Hall

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137310235

Category: Nature

Page: 296

View: 2141

The application of criminological perspectives to discussion of the environment is a rapidly developing field at the cutting edge of criminology. This innovative but accessible introduction to the key debates in green criminology both familiarises newcomers to the field with the core theories and methodological precepts and challenges them to take a critical approach. In addition to analysing an extensive range of contemporary issues – environmental harm, food and water security, fracking, climate change and genetically modified crops – the text steps back to examine overarching themes, including the power relationships between states, corporations and the human and non-human components of our environment. In this way, Exploring Green Crime prepares readers to approach environmental criminology with a questioning and analytical mind-set. With useful end of chapter summaries, review questions and further reading, the text is ideal for students of criminology, criminal justice, law, sociology and environmental studies.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

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Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 1888

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Criminal Justice and Criminology

Terms, Concepts, and Cases

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Author: James F. Anderson,Laronistine Dyson,Adam Langsam,Willie Jr Brooks

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761836490

Category: Reference

Page: 301

View: 7422

This dictionary contains criminal justice terms, criminological concepts, and over 100 cases decided by courts in the federal system, including the United States Supreme Court. These cases address aspects of criminal procedures, as well as individual rights in the U.S. Constitution related to the First, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendments. Using professional terms in an easy-to-read format, this book will provide the reader with a clear understanding of past and present concepts, terms, and case laws that are related to criminal justice and criminology. It serves as a perfect text for criminal justice and criminology programs at the undergraduate and graduate level. It can also be used as a supplemental adoption for these programs since most texts are written in an esoteric manner.

State Crime and Resistance

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Author: Elizabeth Stanley,Jude McCulloch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415691931

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 5243

Within criminology 'the state' is often ignored as an active participant, or represented as a neutral force. While state crime studies have proliferated, criminologists have not paid attention to the history and impact of resistance to state crime. This book recognises that crimes of the state are far more serious and harmful than crimes committed by individuals, and considers how such crimes may be contested, prevented, challenged or stopped. Gathering together key scholars from the UK, USA, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, this book offers a deepened understanding of state crime through the practical and analytical lens of resistance. This book focuses on crimes ranging from gross violations of human rights (such as genocide, war crimes, mass killings, summary executions, torture, harsh detention and rape during war), to entrenched discrimination, unjust social policies, border controls, corruption, fraud, resource plunder and the failure to provide the regulatory environment and principled leadership necessary to deal with global warming. As the first to focus on state crime and resistance, this collection inspires new questions as it maps the contours of previously unexplored territory. It is aimed at students and academics researching state crimes, resistance, human rights and social movements. It is also essential reading for all those interested in joining the struggles to champion ways of living that value humanity and justice over power.

What is a Crime?

Defining Criminal Conduct in Contemporary Society

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Author: Law Commission of Canada

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774810876

Category: Law

Page: 194

View: 5009

We all have notions of what it means to commit a crime. Most of us are very much aware of the behaviours which, by law, constitute crime. Rarely, however, do we stop to consider why certain activities and behaviours are deemed criminal and others are not. What Is A Crime? examines how we define criminal conduct in contemporary society, and how we respond to it once it has been identified. Drawing from diverse scholarly traditions, including law, sociology, criminology and socio-legal studies, this rich collection of essays looks at the processes of defining crime and considers the varied and complex implications of our decisions to criminalize certain unwanted behaviour. From the perspective of various case studies, the contributors reflect on the social processes that inform definitions of crime, criminal law, and its enforcement, while illuminating the subjective nature of crime and questioning the role of law in dealing with complex social issues. What Is A Crime? will be of interest to a broad spectrum of readers with an interest in the governance of crime and its control in contemporary society. Students and scholars of law, sociology, political science, philosophy, and criminology will find this book invaluable in furthering their understanding of the processes of defining and responding to crime and criminal behaviour. It will also hold sway with policymakers, criminal justice practitioners, and anyone with a stake in our current approaches to crime.

Detecting Deception

Current Challenges and Cognitive Approaches

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Author: Pär Anders Granhag,Aldert Vrij,Bruno Verschuere

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118509668

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 3777

Detecting Deception offers a state-of-the-art guide to the detection of deception with a focus on the ways in which new cognitive psychology-based approaches can improve practice and results in the field. Includes comprehensive coverage of the latest scientific developments in the detection of deception and their implications for real-world practice Examines current challenges in the field - such as counter-interrogation strategies, lying networks, cross-cultural deception, and discriminating between true and false intentions Reveals a host of new approaches based on cognitive psychology with the potential to improve practice and results, including the strategic use of evidence, imposing cognitive load, response times, and covert lie detection Features contributions from internationally renowned experts

Ökologie der Angst

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

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Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 9004

Crime and Society

Readings in History and Theory

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Author: Mike Fitzgerald,Gregor McLennan,Jennie Pawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134972695

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 3117

First Published in 1980. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Police Criminology and Crimes

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Author: James Vadackumchery

Publisher: Gyan Publishing House

ISBN: 9788178350943

Category: Corruption

Page: 286

View: 814

1. Police Crimes down the Millennia 2. Police Crimes in the British India 3. Police Crimes during the Pre-independence Period 4. Police Crimes after the Police Commission: 1902-03 5. Police Crimes after Independence in India 6. Police Criminology: An Introduction 1. Sociology of Police Crimes 8. Psychology of Police Crimes 9. Criminology of Police Crimes 10. Criminogenesis of Police Crimes 11. Police Criminology: A Theory that Explains the Etiology of Police Crimes 12. Enforcement Criminology Bibliography Index

New Directions for Criminology

Notes from Outside the Field

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Author: Ronnie Lippens,Patrick Van Calster

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046602192

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 7399

Criminology, by its very nature as a non-disciplinary field of research and scholarship, has always relied on theoretical perspectives, derived from external disciplines and bodies of literature, for its constant renewal. The editors of New Directions for Criminology chose to consult scholars from outside the criminological community to demonstrate how the latest theoretical work in their field can be made fruitful for criminology. All contributors are familiar with the fundamentals of criminological theories and research, and all are well placed to clearly make the connections between the cutting edge of their field of research and its potential for criminology. New Directions for Criminology makes a distinction between papers that elaborate on the usefulness of particular theories and perspectives for criminology, and papers that outline particular research themes which will be of interest to those working within the broader criminological community. Contents include: Why Criminal Law? Why Break It? If Broken, Then What?' - Criminology and Assemblage Theory - Criminology and Deleuzoguattarism - Criminology and Lacan's Psychoanalytical Approach - Criminology and Forms of Life - Foundations and Origins as Criminological Objects - Criminological Conversations - Criminological Tribes.

Crime, Justice, and Society

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Author: Calvin J. Larson,Gerald R. Garrett

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781882289257

Category: Social Science

Page: 409

View: 6110

To find out more information about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at www.rowmanlittlefield.com.

Crime and Planning

Building Socially Sustainable Communities

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Author: Derek J. Paulsen, Ph.D.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466588713

Category: Law

Page: 205

View: 2879

The form and layout of a built environment has a significant influence on crime by creating opportunities for it and, in turn, shaping community crime patterns. Effective urban planners and designers will consider crime when making planning and design decisions. A co-publication with the American Planning Association, Crime and Planning: Building Socially Sustainable Communities presents a comprehensive discussion of the interconnections between urban planning, criminal victimization, and crime prevention. An introduction into the main concerns at the intersection of criminology and community planning, the book first provides an overview of crime patterns. It then explores major issues within planning and their impact on crime. Critical topics discussed include connectivity, mixed-use developments, land use and zoning, transit-oriented design, and pedestrian trails, greenways, and parks. The remaining chapters explore: Crime prevention theories Crime prevention as a central component of sustainability How to incorporate social sustainability and planning guidelines into local planning decisions Policy discussion of issues such as zoning How tools such as smart growth and form-based codes relate to crime and crime prevention Examples of how planning decisions can impact crime patterns in both a residential and retail setting, and what has already worked in real-world communities As communities continue to grapple with foreclosure, sprawl, and infill/redevelopment, a sound understanding of how the built environment impacts crime is of increasing importance. This book provides planners with the tools and knowledge necessary to minimize the impact of crime on communities with the goal of creating socially sustainable communities.