Public Health Law

Power, Duty, Restraint

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Author: Larry Ogalthorpe Gostin,Lawrence Ogalthorpe Gostin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520226487

Category: Law

Page: 491

View: 6100

The first comprehensive treatment of public health law by the nation's leading expert in the field. In his research and teaching, Gostin has defined the field of public health law; this book represents the culmination of his research and thinking on the subject.

Public Health Law

Power, Duty, Restraint

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Author: Lawrence O. Gostin,Lindsay F. Wiley

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520958586

Category: Law

Page: 768

View: 5498

Lawrence O. Gostin’s seminal Public Health Law is widely acclaimed as the definitive statement on public health law at the turn of the twenty-first century. In this bold third edition, Gostin is joined by Lindsay F. Wiley to analyze major health threats of our time such as chronic diseases, emerging infectious diseases, antimicrobial resistance, bioterrorism, natural disasters, opiod overdose, and gun violence. The authors draw on constitutional law, administrative law, local government law, and tort law to develop their conception of law as a tool for protecting the public’s health. The book creates an intellectual framework for modern public health law and supports that framework with illustrations of the scientific, political, and ethical issues involved. In proposing innovative solutions for the future of the public’s health, Gostin and Wiley’s essential study provides a blueprint for public and political debates to come. New issues covered in this edition: • Corporate personhood rights raised in response to regulations of tobacco, food and beverages, alcohol, firearms, prescription drugs, and marijuana. • Local government authority to protect the public’s health. • Deregulation and harm reduction as modes of public health law intervention. • Taxation, spending, and alteration of the socioeconomic environment as modes of public health law intervention. • Access to health care as a strategy for protecting the public’s health. • Taxation, spending, licensing, zoning, and shared-use strategies for chronic disease prevention. • The public health law perspective on violence and injury prevention. • Health justice as a framework for reducing health disparities and protecting the public’s health.

Public Health Law

Power, Duty, Restraint

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Author: Lawrence O. Gostin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520934385

Category: Medical

Page: 800

View: 1360

Public Health Law, first published in 2000, has been widely acclaimed as the definitive statement on public health law at the start of the twenty-first century. Lawrence O. Gostin's definition was based on the notion that government bears a responsibility for advancing the health and well-being of the general population, and the book developed a rich understanding of the government's powers and duties while showing law to be an effective tool in the realization of a healthier and safer population. In this second edition, Gostin analyzes the major health threats of our times, from emerging infectious diseases and bioterrorism to chronic diseases caused by obesity.

Public Health Law and Ethics

A Reader

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Author: Lawrence O. Gostin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520946057

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 4989

Now revised and expanded to cover today’s most pressing health threats, Public Health Law and Ethics probes the legal and ethical issues at the heart of public health through an incisive selection of government reports, scholarly articles, and relevant court cases. Companion to the internationally acclaimed text Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint, this reader can also be used as a stand-alone resource for students, practitioners, scholars,and teachers. It encompasses global issues that have changed the shape of public health in recent years including anthrax, SARS, pandemic flu, biosecurity, emergency preparedness, and the transition from infectious to chronic diseases caused by lifestyle changes in eating and physical activity. In addition to covering these new arenas, it includes discussion of classic legal and ethical tensions inherent to public health practice, such as how best to balance the police power of the state with individual autonomy.

Public Health Law and Ethics

A Reader

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Author: Milbank Memorial Fund

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520231757

Category: Law

Page: 523

View: 4916

A collection of articles and documents designed as a companion to Gostin's textbook, American Public Health Law.

Biosecurity in the Global Age

Biological Weapons, Public Health, and the Rule of Law

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Author: David Fidler,Lawrence Ogalthorpe Gostin

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804750295

Category: Law

Page: 306

View: 3861

"The renewed threat of biological weapons highlights the importance of crafting policy responses informed by the rule of law. This book explores patterns in recent governance initiatives and advocates building a "global biosecurity concert" as a way to address the threats presented by biological weapons and infectious diseases in the early 21st century."--BOOK JACKET.

Der große Ausbruch

Health, Ealth, and the Origins of Inequality

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Author: Angus Deaton

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 3608100741

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 7067

Heute sind die Menschen gesünder, wohlhabender und sie leben länger als früher. Einem Teil der Menschheit ist »Der Große Ausbruch« aus Armut, Not, Krankheit und Entbehrung in Freiheit, Bildung, Demokratie und eine freie globale Weltwirtschaft gelungen. Dennoch nimmt die Ungleichheit zwischen Nationen und Menschen unaufhaltsam zu. Das Opus Magnum des Nobelpreisträgers beschreibt, wie Lebens- und Gesundheitsstandards sich weltweit erhöhen ließen, wenn Aufrichtigkeit und neue Fairness Einzug in die globale Weltwirtschaft hielten. Aus dem »Wohlstand der Nationen« könnte ein Wohlstand aller Nationen werden. Angus Deaton, der Träger des Wirtschaftsnobelpreises 2015, schildert die Geschichte der Weltwirtschaft überraschend neu und anders. Vor 250 Jahren bescherte die Industrielle Revolution Westeuropa und den USA nachhaltigen Aufschwung und wirtschaftlicher Fortschritt, der bis heute andauert. Viele Menschen in Großbritannien, Frankreich, den USA und Deutschland überwanden ihre Armut, eigneten sich Bildung an und gestalteten ihre Staaten freiheitlich und demokratisch um. Aber bereits damals öffnete sich die Kluft zwischen Reich und Arm. Erhellend und eindringlich entwirft der Ökonom ein Panorama überwältigender Entdeckungen und phantastischer Erfindungen: Von der Überwindung von Pest, Cholera und Epidemien, von den Errungenschaften wie Impfungen, Antibiotika, Hygiene, sauberem Trinkwasser und den Erfolgen der modernen Medizin und Technik. Dennoch holen schmerzhafte Rückschläge auch die modernen Gesellschaften – vor allem aber die Ärmsten – immer wieder ein: entsetzliche Hungersnöte, Naturkatastrophen, Drogenhandel, Krebserkrankungen und die AIDS/HIV-Epidemie auf der anderen Seite. Alternativen bieten Reformen: Die Entwicklungs- und Protektionspolitik des Westens sollte eingestellt, jedenfalls grundlegend verändert werden. Dringend müssten die Handelshemmnisse aufgehoben werden, um der ganzen globalisierten Welt ihren eigenen „Großen Ausbruch“ zu eröffnen. Unser Wohlstand ist anfällig; Umdenken und anders Handeln sind dringend erforderlich. Hatten die USA noch vor 20 Jahren einen bis dahin nie gekannten Wohlstand für viele Amerikaner erreicht, wächst das einstige Vorbild der westlichen Welt heute wirtschaftlich schleppend oder gar nicht. Die Ungleichheit unter den Amerikanern hat schlagartig zugenommen. Hingegen hat sich das Wirtschaftswachstum in Indien und China vervielfacht und das Leben von mehr als zwei Milliarden Menschen unvorstellbar verbessert. »Dieses Thema bedarf einer großen Leinwand und eines kühnen Pinselstrichs, und Angus Deaton liefert auf virtuose Weise beides.« The Economist

What Makes Health Public?

A Critical Evaluation of Moral, Legal, and Political Claims in Public Health

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Author: John Coggon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107016398

Category: Law

Page: 289

View: 9844

John Coggon analyses important ethical, legal and political claims related to public health and health regulation.

Das Haftungsdreieck Pharmaunternehmen - Arzt - Patient

Verschulden und Mitverschulden bei der Haftung für Arzneimittelschäden

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Author: Adem Koyuncu

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642171397

Category: Law

Page: 334

View: 5709

Pharmaunternehmen, Ärzte und Patienten sind die Hauptakteure der Haftung für Arzneimittelschäden, die hohe haftungsrechtliche Relevanz haben. Das Buch stellt die Verantwortlichkeiten der Akteure und das Dreiecks-Beziehungsgeflecht zwischen ihnen dar. Besonderes Augenmerk liegt dabei auf dem Mitverschulden des Patienten. Adem Koyuncu wurde für dieses Buch mit dem Wissenschaftspreis der Gesellschaft für Recht und Politik im Gesundheitswesen ausgezeichnet.

The Law of Attraction

Das kosmische Gesetz hinter THE SECRET

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Author: Esther Hicks,Jerry Hicks

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3793492028

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 272

View: 5406

THE LAW OF ATTRACTION - das Gesetz der Anziehung - steht im Mittelpunkt des Bestsellers THE SECRET und zahlreichen an diesen sensationellen Erfolg angelehnten Büchern. Jetzt gibt es endlich die Original-Lehre von Abraham zu diesem fundamentalen kosmischen Gesetz, vermittelt durch Esther und Jerry Hicks, auch in deutscher Übersetzung. Esther Hicks stellte diese Lehren in der Erstfassung der SECRET-DVD vor. Nach über 1,5 Millionen verkauften DVDs in den USA wurde der Film überarbeitet und Esther Hicks daraus entfernt. Das Geheimnis ist gar kein Geheimnis, sagt Abraham. Das Gesetz der Anziehung ist eine einfache und für jeden nachvollziehbare Wahrheit: Was wir aussenden, bekommen wir auch zurück. Unglück zieht Unglück an, Glück zieht Glück an. Wie diese einfache Erkenntnis das Leben verändern kann, zeigt THE LAW OF ATTRACTION. Entdecken Sie auch das Hörbuch zu diesem Titel!

Concepts and Methods in Infectious Disease Surveillance

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Author: Nkuchia M. M'ikanatha,John Iskander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118928636

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 6942

Infectious disease surveillance has evolved at an extraordinarypace during the past several decades, and continues to do so. It isincreasingly used to inform public health practice in addition toits use as a tool for early detection of epidemics. It is thereforecrucial that students of public health and epidemiology have asound understanding of the concepts and principles that underpinmodern surveillance of infectious disease. Written by leaders in the field, who have vast hands-onexperience in conducting surveillance and teaching applied publichealth, Concepts and Methods in Infectious DiseaseSurveillance is comprised of four sections. The first sectionprovides an overview, a description of systems used by publichealth jurisdictions in the United States and legal considerationsfor surveillance. The second section presents chapters on majorprogram-area or disease-specific surveillance systems, includingthose that monitor bacterial infections, foodborne diseases,healthcare-associated infections, and HIV/AIDS. The followingsection is devoted to methods for conducting surveillance and alsoapproaches for data analysis. A concluding section summarizescommunication of surveillance findings, including the use oftraditional and social media, in addition to showcasing lessonslearned from the New York City Department of Health’sexperience in surveillance and epidemiology training. This comprehensive new book covers major topics at an introductoryto intermediate level, and will be an excellent resource forinstructors. Suitable for use in graduate level courses in publichealth, human and veterinary medicine, and in undergraduateprograms in public-health-oriented disciplines, Concepts andMethods in Infectious Disease Surveillance is also a usefulprimer for frontline public health practitioners, hospitalepidemiologists, infection control practitioners, laboratorians inpublic health settings, infectious disease researchers, and medicaland public health informaticians interested in a concise overviewof infectious disease surveillance.

Patient Care and Professionalism

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Author: Catherine D. DeAngelis, MD, MPH

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199359253

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 5483

The chapters in Patient Care and Professionalism are ordered so that the main character in this book, the patient, has the first voice, followed by the ancient history of professionalism, the recent resurrection of professionalism in the United Kingdom (UK), and finally professionalism in the United States (US). The eleven chapters cover the various health care professions: medicine, nursing, public health, law, leadership, religion, and finally a chapter on the science of professionalism. The chapters are all written by internationally known experts. The authors share their collective experience to shine light on professionalism from a new angle, revealing the way to a new kind of relationship for patients and physicians of the future-a rebirth of trust borne in real collaboration. The volume begins with a discussion of what is meant by the term "advocacy" in the practice of medicine, and then offers perspectives on where opportunities for medical advocacy lie, the rich collaborations they engender, and ways to overcome systemic barriers to advocacy.

Resolving Ethical Dilemmas

A Guide for Clinicians

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Author: Bernard Lo

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 1451178751

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 9015

This timely Fourth Edition offers clinicians expert guidance in approaching a wide range of ethical dilemmas and developing an action plan. Most chapters include real-life sample cases that the author walks through, discussing the salient issues and how to approach them. This edition includes a new chapter on ethical issues in cross-cultural medicine and new material on conscientious objection by physicians in reproductive health and other areas. Other topics addressed include disclosure of errors to patients, gifts to physicians from drug companies, involuntary psychiatric treatment, genomic medicine, and ethical issues during public health emergencies such as pandemics. The updated discussion of organ transplantation includes increasing the donor pool and non-heart beating donors.

Global Health and International Community

Ethical, Political and Regulatory Challenges

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Author: John Coggon,Swati Gola

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1780935595

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4895

Global health arguably represents the most pressing issues facing humanity. Trends in international migration and transnational commerce render state boundaries increasingly porous. Human activity in one part of the world can lead to health impacts elsewhere. Animals, viruses and bacteria as well as pandemics and environmental disasters do not recognize or respect political borders. It is now widely accepted that a global perspective on the understanding of threats to health and how to respond to them is required, but there are many practical problems in establishing such an approach. This book offers a foundational study of these urgent and challenging problems, combining critical analysis with practically focused policy contributions. The contributors span the fields of ethics, human rights, international relations, law, philosophy and global politics. They address normative questions relating to justice, equity and inequality and practical questions regarding multi-organizational cooperation, global governance and international relations. Moving from the theoretical to the practical, Global Health and International Community is an essential resource for scholars, students, activists and policy makers across the globe.

Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners

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Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Ethical Considerations for Revisions to DHHS Regulations for Protection of Prisoners Involved in Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309101190

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 1303

In the past 30 years, the population of prisoners in the United States has expanded almost 5-fold, correctional facilities are increasingly overcrowded, and more of the country's disadvantaged populations—racial minorities, women, people with mental illness, and people with communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, and tuberculosis—are under correctional supervision. Because prisoners face restrictions on liberty and autonomy, have limited privacy, and often receive inadequate health care, they require specific protections when involved in research, particularly in today's correctional settings. Given these issues, the Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Human Research Protections commissioned the Institute of Medicine to review the ethical considerations regarding research involving prisoners. The resulting analysis contained in this book, Ethical Considerations for Research Involving Prisoners, emphasizes five broad actions to provide prisoners involved in research with critically important protections: • expand the definition of "prisoner"; • ensure universally and consistently applied standards of protection; • shift from a category-based to a risk-benefit approach to research review; • update the ethical framework to include collaborative responsibility; and • enhance systematic oversight of research involving prisoners.

Symposium

Public Health in Law

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public health laws

Page: 214

View: 9959

Annual Review of Nursing Research, Volume 29

Genetics

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Author: Ginette A. Pepper, PhD, RN, FAAN,Kenneth J. Wysocki, PhD, RN, FNP-BC, FAANP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826157556

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 7777

This landmark annual review has provided three decades of knowledge, insight, and research on topics critical to the continued advancement of the nursing profession. This latest edition is a compilation of the most significant nursing research in genetics and genomics. Articles have been carefully selected by the editors, highly respected scholars and researchers in the field of genetics, to bring together current research that has particular relevance for translation into a clinical setting or expansion into other research areas. The review provides authoritative information of the highest caliber not only to researchers, but also to clinicians and undergraduate and graduate nursing students. Key Topics: The current status of genomic molecular science Ethical, legal, and social issues in genomics Genetics of diseases and symptoms Genomics across the lifespan

Public Health and Environment Law

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Author: Christopher Reynolds

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 1862878323

Category: Law

Page: 494

View: 9743

Public and Environmental Health Law is a successor to Public Health Law and Regulation 2nd edition and offers a critical and up to date assessment of the legislation, cases and policies that impact on public health practice in Australia and New Zealand. As with earlier editions, this book outlines and discusses laws in a range of important areas including environmental health, food safety, communicable disease, obesity, tobacco and alcohol, the human health impacts of pollution control and planning law. Particular focus is given to new directions in public and environmental health law including the risk based approaches reflected in recent legislation and statutory duties to protect public health. New issues are also raised and discussed, including sustainability, the challenges of climate change, preparedness for pandemics and other public health emergencies and health impact assessment. Introductory chapters set public and environmental health law in the context of the wider legal system and discuss issues such as its constitutional structure, international trends and obligations, rights questions including natural justice and the proper exercise of statutory power by officers. The principles of legislation and its interpretation and the laws of evidence, with a particular focus on the use of epidemiological data as evidence, are also examined. Public and Environmental Health Lawis designed for students of environmental health and public health, for environmental health officers, medical officers and others working in the field and for all persons interested in the potential for law and legislation to further the practice of public health. It is written in a way that highlights the potential for law to act strategically, as a tool for improving public health outcomes, is extensively referenced to statutes and cases and is accompanied by a detailed bibliography.