Protagoras

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Author: Plato,Michael Frede

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1624666159

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 3015

Lombardo and Bell have translated this important early dialogue on virtue, wisdom, and the nature of Sophistic teaching into an idiom remarkable for its liveliness and subtlety. Michael Frede has provided a substantial introduction that illuminates the dialogue's perennial interest, its Athenian political background, and the particular difficulties and ironic nuances of its argument.

Plato’s Protagoras

Essays on the Confrontation of Philosophy and Sophistry

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Author: Olof Pettersson,Vigdis Songe-Møller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319455850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 5979

This book presents a thorough study and an up to date anthology of Plato’s Protagoras. International authors' papers contribute to the task of understanding how Plato introduced and negotiated a new type of intellectual practice – called philosophy – and the strategies that this involved. They explore Plato’s dialogue, looking at questions of how philosophy and sophistry relate, both on a methodological and on a thematic level. While many of the contributing authors argue for a sharp distinction between sophistry and philosophy, this is contested by others. Readers may consider the distinctions between philosophy and traditional forms of poetry and sophistry through these papers. Questions for readers' attention include: To what extent is Socrates’ preferred mode of discourse, and his short questions and answers, superior to Protagoras’ method of sophistic teaching? And why does Plato make Socrates and Protagoras reverse positions as it comes to virtue and its teachability? This book will appeal to graduates and researchers with an interest in the origins of philosophy, classical philosophy and historical philosophy.

Protagoras and the Challenge of Relativism

Plato's Subtlest Enemy

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Author: Ugo Zilioli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317074475

Category: Philosophy

Page: 172

View: 4567

Protagoras was an important Greek thinker of the fifth century BC, the most famous of the so called Sophists, though most of what we know of him and his thought comes to us mainly through the dialogues of his strenuous opponent Plato. In this book, Ugo Zilioli offers a sustained and philosophically sophisticated examination of what is, in philosophical terms, the most interesting feature of Protagoras' thought for modern readers: his role as the first Western thinker to argue for relativism. Zilioli relates Protagoras' relativism with modern forms of relativism, in particular the 'robust relativism' of Joseph Margolis, gives an integrated account both of the perceptual relativism examined in Plato's Theaetetus and the ethical or social relativism presented in the first part of Plato's Protagoras and offers an integrated and positive analysis of Protagoras' thought, rather than focusing on ancient criticisms and responses to his thought. This is a deeply scholarly work which brings much argument to bear to the claim that Protagoras was and remains Plato's subtlest philosophical enemy.

Plato's Anti-hedonism and the Protagoras

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Author: J. Clerk Shaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316240207

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 484

Plato often rejects hedonism, but in the Protagoras, Plato's Socrates seems to endorse hedonism. In this book, J. Clerk Shaw removes this apparent tension by arguing that the Protagoras as a whole actually reflects Plato's anti-hedonism. He shows that Plato places hedonism at the core of a complex of popular mistakes about value and especially about virtue: that injustice can be prudent, that wisdom is weak, that courage is the capacity to persevere through fear, and that virtue cannot be taught. The masses reproduce this system of values through shame and fear of punishment. The Protagoras and other dialogues depict sophists and orators who have internalized popular morality through shame, but who are also ashamed to state their views openly. Shaw's reading not only reconciles the Protagoras with Plato's other dialogues, but harmonizes it with them and even illuminates Plato's wider anti-hedonism.

Socrates and the Sophists

Plato's Protagoras, Euthydemus, Hippias and Cratylus

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Author: Plato

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1585105058

Category: Philosophy

Page: 234

View: 301

This is an English translation of four of Plato’s dialogue (Protagoras, Euthydemus, Hippias Major, and Cratylus) that explores the topic of sophistry and philosophy, a key concept at the source of Western thought. Includes notes and an introductory essay. Focus Philosophical Library translations are close to and are non-interpretative of the original text, with the notes and a glossary intending to provide the reader with some sense of the terms and the concepts as they were understood by Plato’s immediate audience.

Utilitarismus

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Author: John S Mill

Publisher: Felix Meiner Verlag

ISBN: 3787320873

Category: Philosophy

Page: 117

View: 7661

In seiner 1861 zunächst in Frazer's Magazine publizierten und zu seinen Lebzeiten in weiteren vier Auflagen vorgelegten Schrift "Utlitarism" verteidigt John Stuart Mill das Nützlichkeitsprinzip als das grundlegende Kriterium für die Beurteilung der Moralität aller Handlungen, sei es der freien Handlungen der Individuen, sei es der Einschränkungen dieser Freiheit durch von Gesellschaft und Staat vorgegebene Regeln.Dabei geht es ihm vor allem darum, den Utilitarismus vor dem Einwand zu retten, er gebe dem hedonistischen Eigennutz Vorrang vor der ethischen Maxime einer gerechten Verteilung der Güter. So glaubt er, aus dem Prinzip des "größten Glücks der größten Zahl" ein Modell der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit ableiten zu können, das das Nützlichkeitsprinzip als das erste Prinzip der Moral erweist.Die hier in neuer deutscher Übersetzung vorgelegte Schrift gilt als das Hauptwerk der klassischen utilitaristischen Ethik.

Plato and Protagoras

Truth and Relativism in Ancient Greek Philosophy

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Author: Oded Balaban

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 345

View: 4514

Drawing on his years of teaching the two Greek thinkers to graduate students, Balaban (philosophy, U. of Haifa) compares their thought. He explains that Plato adopts the point of the view of the content of knowledge, which can be either true or false, and insists that a criterion for determining truth is available and that salvation consists in learning it by instruction. Protagoras he describes as adopting the perspective of the form of knowledge, which is the aspect of it that is neither true nor false, and concluding that such a criterion for determining truth is not available, and therefore all we need to do is change our natural dispositions, a task he reserves for education. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Nikomachische Ethik

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Author: Aristoteles

Publisher: Tredition Classics

ISBN: 9783842469549

Category:

Page: 356

View: 7715

Dieses Werk ist Teil der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS. Der Verlag tredition aus Hamburg veroffentlicht in der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS Werke aus mehr als zwei Jahrtausenden. Diese waren zu einem Grossteil vergriffen oder nur noch antiquarisch erhaltlich. Mit der Buchreihe TREDITION CLASSICS verfolgt tredition das Ziel, tausende Klassiker der Weltliteratur verschiedener Sprachen wieder als gedruckte Bucher zu verlegen - und das weltweit! Die Buchreihe dient zur Bewahrung der Literatur und Forderung der Kultur. Sie tragt so dazu bei, dass viele tausend Werke nicht in Vergessenheit geraten

Platons Gorgias

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Author: Heinrich Kratz,J. B. Metzler (Stuttgart)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 175

View: 7784

Theaitetos

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Author: Platon

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 384961803X

Category:

Page: 89

View: 8174

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Der Theaitetos (griechisch Θεαίτητος, eingedeutscht auch Theaetet oder Theätet) ist eines der mittleren bis späteren Werke des Philosophen Platon. Es gehört zusammen mit den Dialogen Kratylos, Sophistes und dem Politikos zur zweiten Tetralogie der platonischen Werke. Neben Sokrates treten darin Theodoros von Kyrene und der namensgebende Theaitetos auf. Der Dialog diskutiert drei verschiedene Konzepte des Wissens, ohne dabei eine definitive Antwort zu finden. (aus wikipedia.de)

Der Staat

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Author: Platon

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843030944

Category: Philosophy

Page: 356

View: 8115

Platon: Der Staat Entstanden etwa in der Mitte der siebziger Jahre des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Erstdruck (in lateinischer Übersetzung durch Marsilio Ficino) in: Opera, Florenz o. J. (ca. 1482/84). Erstdruck des griechischen Originals in: Hapanta ta tu Platônos, herausgegeben von M. Musuros, Venedig 1513. Erste deutsche Übersetzung (in Auszügen) durch G. Lauterbeck unter dem Titel »Summa der Platonischen Lere, von den Gesetzen und Regierung des gemeinen Nutzes« in: G. Lauterbeck, Regentenbuch, Leipzig 1572. Erste vollständige deutsche Übersetzung durch Johann Friedrich Kleuker unter dem Titel »Die Republik oder ein Gespräch über das Gerechte« in: Werke, 2. Band, Lemgo 1780. Der Text folgt der Übersetzung durch Wilhelm Siegmund Teuffel (Buch I-V) und Wilhelm Wiegand (Buch VI-X) von 1855/56. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Platon: Sämtliche Werke. Berlin: Lambert Schneider, [1940]. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Raffael, Die Schule von Athen (Detail). Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt.

Of Art and Wisdom

Plato's Understanding of Techne

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Author: David Roochnik

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 300

View: 3190

A comprehensive discussion of Plato's treatment of techne (technical knowledge), which shows that the final goal of Platonic philosophy is nontechnical wisdom. The Greek word "techne," typically translated as "art," but also as "craft," "skill," "expertise," "technical knowledge," and even "science," has been decisive in shaping our "technological" culture. Here David Roochnik comprehensively analyzes Plato's treatment of this crucial word. Roochnik maintains that Plato's understanding of both the goodness of techne, as well as its severe limitations and consequent need to be supplemented by "nontechnical" wisdom, can speak directly to our own concerns about the troubling impact technology has had on contemporary life. For most commentators, techne functions as a positive, theoretical model through which Plato attempts to articulate the nature of moral knowledge. Scholars such as Terence Irwin and Martha Nussbaum argue that Plato’s version of moral knowledge is structurally similar to techne. In arguing thus, they attribute to Plato what Nietzsche called "theoretical optimism," the view that technical knowledge can become an efficient panacea for the dilemmas and painful contingencies of human life. Conventional wisdom has it, in short, that for Plato technical, moral knowledge can solve life's problems. By systematically analyzing Socrates’ analogical arguments, Roochnik shows the weakness of the conventional view. The basic pattern of these arguments is this: if moral knowledge is analogous to techne, then insurmountable difficulties arise, and moral knowledge becomes impossible. Since moral knowledge is not impossible, it cannot be analogous to techne. In other words, the purpose of Socrates' analogical arguments is to reveal the limitations of techne as a model for the wisdom Socrates so ardently seeks. For all the reasons Plato is so careful to present in his dialogues, wisdom cannot be rendered technical; it cannot become techne. Thus, Roochnik concludes, Plato wrote dialogues instead of technical treatises, as they are the appropriate vehicle for his expression of nontechnical wisdom.

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3880

Reading Plato's Theaetetus

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Author: Timothy D. J. Chappell

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872207608

Category: Philosophy

Page: 246

View: 4330

Timothy Chappell's new translation of the Theaetetus is presented here in short sections of text, each preceded by a summary of the argument and followed by his philosophical commentary on it. Introductory remarks discuss Plato and his works, his use of dialogue, the structure of the Theaetetus, and alternative interpretations of the work as a whole. A glossary and bibliography are provided.

Philosophy in Dialogue

Plato's Many Devices

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Author: Gary Alan Scott

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 4397

Traditional Plato scholarship, in the English-speaking world, has assumed that Platonic dialogues are merely collections of arguments. Inevitably, the question arises: If Plato wanted to present collections of arguments, why did he write dialogues instead of treatises? Concerned about this question, some scholars have been experimenting with other, more contextualized ways of reading the dialogues. This anthology is among the first to present these new approaches as pursued by a variety of scholars. As such, it offers new perspectives on Plato as well as a suggestive view of Plato scholarship as something of a laboratory for historians of philosophy generally.

Lysis

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Author: Platon

Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag

ISBN: 3849617904

Category:

Page: 39

View: 6465

Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung für Ihren eBook Reader. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem Reader. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors. Der platonische Dialog Lysis über die Freundschaft ist einer der reizvollsten und schwierigsten Dialoge Platons. Denn trotz der kunstvollen Gestaltung der Szenerie (Palaistra) und der dramatischen Situation sowie der vordergründig einfachen Gesprächsführung mit Jugendlichen - vermeintlich sicheres Kennzeichen eines Frühdialogs - ist er nur scheinbar ein Frühwerk. Das hat wesentliche Konsequenzen für die Interpretation des philosophischen Gehalts. (aus wikipedia.de)

The Trials of Socrates

Six Classic Texts

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Author: C. D. C. Reeve,Plato,Aristophanes,Xenophon

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872205895

Category: Philosophy

Page: 200

View: 4445

This unique and expertly annotated collection of the classic accounts of Socrates left by Plato, Aristophanes, and Xenophon features new translations of Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and the death scene from Phaedo by C. D. C. Reeve, Peter Meineck's translation of Clouds, and James Doyle's translation of Apology of Socrates.

Vorsokratiker

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Author: Christof Rapp

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547614

Category: Pre-Socratic philosophers

Page: 262

View: 748

Sexuality and Globalization: An Introduction to a Phenomenology of Sexualities

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Author: L. Bibard

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137469293

Category: Political Science

Page: 101

View: 9506

The book argues that a universally widespread virility currently prevents humans from realizing their sexualities, which are originally the feminine and the masculine. This obstacle may be traced back to Renaissance humanism, whose core intention is to take control over the so-called 'nature."

The Greatest Educators Ever

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Author: Frank M. Flanagan

Publisher: Continuum

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 234

View: 6092

'The Great Educators' brings together the most influential and interesting educators of all time. With entries ranging from Plato to Jesus, and Froebel to Freire, this book provides a fascinating overview of the development of educational thought through the ages. Frank Flanagan writes engagingly and accessibly, considering each educator's unique contribution and placing it in a historical and intellectual context. A fascinating read for educators and students alike.