Constructivity and Computability in Historical and Philosophical Perspective

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Author: Jacques Dubucs,Michel Bourdeau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401792178

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 2074

Ranging from Alan Turing’s seminal 1936 paper to the latest work on Kolmogorov complexity and linear logic, this comprehensive new work clarifies the relationship between computability on the one hand and constructivity on the other. The authors argue that even though constructivists have largely shed Brouwer’s solipsistic attitude to logic, there remain points of disagreement to this day. Focusing on the growing pains computability experienced as it was forced to address the demands of rapidly expanding applications, the content maps the developments following Turing’s ground-breaking linkage of computation and the machine, the resulting birth of complexity theory, the innovations of Kolmogorov complexity and resolving the dissonances between proof theoretical semantics and canonical proof feasibility. Finally, it explores one of the most fundamental questions concerning the interface between constructivity and computability: whether the theory of recursive functions is needed for a rigorous development of constructive mathematics. This volume contributes to the unity of science by overcoming disunities rather than offering an overarching framework. It posits that computability’s adoption of a classical, ontological point of view kept these imperatives separated. In studying the relationship between the two, it is a vital step forward in overcoming the disagreements and misunderstandings which stand in the way of a unifying view of logic.

Isilc - Proof Theory Symposion

Dedicated to Kurt Sch Tte on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday. Proceedings of the International Summer Institute and Logic Colloquium, Kiel 1974

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Author: Justus Diller,G H Mller,Kurt: Festschrift Schütte,International Summer Institute a,Ki Proof Theory Symposion <1974

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540075332

Category: Proof theory

Page: 383

View: 8511

Lectures on Soft Computing and Fuzzy Logic

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Author: Antonio Di Nola,Giangiacomo Gerla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783790813968

Category: Computers

Page: 337

View: 7222

The present volume collects selected papers arising from lectures delivered by the authors at the School on Fuzzy Logic and Soft Computing held during the years 1996/97/98/99 and sponsored by the Salerno University. The authors contributing to this volume agreed with editors to write down, to enlarge and, in many cases, to rethink their original lectures, in order to offer to readership, a more compact presentation of the proposed topics. The aim of the volume is to offer a picture, as a job in progress, of the effort that is coming in founding and developing soft computing's techniques. The volume contains papers aimed to report on recent results containing genuinely logical aspects of fuzzy logic. The topics treated in this area cover algebraic aspects of Lukasiewicz Logic, Fuzzy Logic as the logic of continuous t-norms, Intuitionistic Fuzzy Logic. Aspects of fuzzy logic based on similar ity relation are presented in connection with the problem of flexible querying in deductive database. Departing from fuzzy logic, some papers present re sults in Probability Logic treating computational aspects, results based on indishernability relation and a non commutative version of generalized effect algebras. Several strict applications of soft computing are presented in the book. Indeed we find applications ranging among pattern recognition, image and signal processing, evolutionary agents, fuzzy cellular networks, classi fication in fuzzy environments. The volume is then intended to serve as a reference work for foundational logico-algebraic aspect of Soft Computing and for concrete applications of soft computing technologies.

Mechanism, Mentalism and Metamathematics

An Essay on Finitism

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Author: J. Webb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940157653X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 285

View: 474

This book grew out of a graduate student paper [261] in which I set down some criticisms of J. R. Lucas' attempt to refute mechanism by means of G6del's theorem. I had made several such abortive attempts myself and had become familiar with their pitfalls, and especially with the double edged nature of incompleteness arguments. My original idea was to model the refutation of mechanism on the almost universally accepted G6delian refutation of Hilbert's formalism, but I kept getting stuck on questions of mathematical philosophy which I found myself having to beg. A thorough study of the foundational works of Hilbert and Bernays finally convinced me that I had all too naively and uncritically bought this refutation of formalism. I did indeed discover points of surprisingly close contact between formalism and mechanism, but also that it was possible to under mine certain strong arguments against these positions precisely by invok ing G6del's and related work. I also began to realize that the Church Turing thesis itself is the principal bastion protecting mechanism, and that G6del's work was perhaps the best thing that ever happened to both mechanism and formalism. I pushed these lines of argument in my dis sertation with the patient help of my readers, Raymond Nelson and Howard Stein. I would especially like to thank the latter for many valuable criticisms of my dissertation as well as some helpful suggestions for reor ganizing it in the direction of the present book.

Combinators, λ-Terms and Proof Theory

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Author: S. Stenlund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940102913X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 177

View: 9899

The aim of this monograph is to present some of the basic ideas and results in pure combinatory logic and their applications to some topics in proof theory, and also to present some work of my own. Some of the material in chapter 1 and 3 has already appeared in my notes Introduction to Combinatory Logic. It appears here in revised form since the presen tation in my notes is inaccurate in several respects. I would like to express my gratitude to Stig Kanger for his invalu able advice and encouragement and also for his assistance in a wide variety of matters concerned with my study in Uppsala. I am also in debted to Per Martin-USf for many valuable and instructive conversa tions. As will be seen in chapter 4 and 5, I also owe much to the work of Dag Prawitz and W. W. Tait. My thanks also to Craig McKay who read the manuscript and made valuable suggestions. I want, however, to emphasize that the shortcomings that no doubt can be found, are my sole responsibility. Uppsala, February 1972.

Grundlagen der Mathematik II

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Author: David Hilbert,Paul Bernays

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642868967

Category: Mathematics

Page: 568

View: 844

Der vorliegende Band schließt die Darstellung der Beweistheorie ab, die ich vor einigen Jahren zusammen mit P. BERNAYS begann. Auf meinen Wunsch hat P. BERNAYS wieder die Abfassung des Textes über nommen. Ich danke ihm für die Sorgfalt und Treue, mit der er meine Gedanken wiedergegeben hat, an deren Entwicklung er in jahrelanger Zusammenarbeit aufs stärkste beteiligt war. Ohne seine Mithilfe wäre die Vollendung dieses Buches unmöglich gewesen. Den Herren W. ACKERMANN, G. GENTZEN, A. SCHMIDT, H. SCHOLZ danke ich für ihre freundliche Mitwirkung bei den Korrekturen. Göttingen, im März 1939 HILBERT Zur Einführung Das vorliegende Buch soll einer eingehenden Orientierung über den gegenwärtigen Stoff der HILBERTschen Beweistheorie dienen. Wenn gleich das bisher hier Erreichte gemessen an den Zielen der Theorie sehr bescheiden ist, so liegt doch ein reichlicher Stoff an prägnanten Ergebnissen, an Gesichtspunkten und Beweisgedanken vor, die zur Kenntnis zu bringen als lohnend erscheint. Für die inhaltliche Gestaltung dieses zweiten Bandes waren durch den Zweck des Buches zwei Hauptthemata vorgezeichnet. - Es handelte sich einmal darum, die hauptsächlichen, an das e-Symbol sich knüpfenden beweistheoretischen Ansätze HILBERTS und ihre Durchführung zur ein gehenden Darstellung zu bringen.

The Journal of Symbolic Logic

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Author: Alonzo Church

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: N.A

View: 2952

Includes lists of members.