Process Safety Calculations

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Author: Renato Benintendi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0081012292

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 466

Process Safety Calculations is an essential guide for process safety engineers involved in calculating and predicting risks and consequences. The book focuses on calculation procedures based on basic chemistry, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, conservation equations, kinetics and practical models. This book provides helpful calculations to demonstrate compliance with regulations and standards. Standards such as Seveso directive(s)/COMAH, CLP regulation, ATEX directives, PED directives, REACH regulation, OSHA/NIOSH and UK ALARP are covered, along with risk and consequence assessment, stoichiometry, thermodynamics, stress analysis and fluid-dynamics. Includes realistic engineering models with validation from CFD modeling and/or industry testing Provides an introduction into basic principles that govern process relationships in modern industry Helps the reader find and apply the right principles to the specific problem being solved, mitigated or validated

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety

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Author: Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470925116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 698

View: 4012

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices. This new framework for thinking about process safety builds upon the original process safety management ideas published in the early 1990s, integrates industry lessons learned over the intervening years, utilizes applicable "total quality" principles (i.e., plan, do, check, act), and organizes it in a way that will be useful to all organizations - even those with relatively lower hazard activities - throughout the life-cycle of a company.

Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing

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Author: Ricardo Simpson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420058598

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 1230

Access the Latest Advances in Food Quality Optimization and Safety Assurance Thermal processing has undergone a remarkable amount of research throughout the past decade, indicating that the process not only remains viable, but that it is also expanding around the world. An organized exploration of new developments in academic and current food industry practices, Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing presents groundbreaking advances in the physical and engineering aspects of thermal food processing, paying particular attention to modeling, simulation, optimization, online control, and automation. Divided into Four Cohesive Sections Under the editorial guidance of a leading thermal processing authority, the book first covers the fundamentals and new processes in the thermal processing industry, including new packaging materials like retortable pouches. The second section moves on to mathematical modeling and simulation, which also addresses emerging preservation technology such as ohmic heating. The third section of the book is devoted to optimization, recognizing that mathematical optimization is the key ingredient for computing optimal operating policies and building advanced decision support systems. This section discusses processes like thermal sterilization, microwave processing, and in-line aseptic processing as well as an analysis of plant production productivity. The final section examines online control and automation describing a practical and efficient strategy for on-line correction of thermal process deviations during retort sterilization of canned foods. Concluding with expert analysis and discussion of the manufacturers’ businesses in today’s competitive marketplace, Engineering Aspects of Thermal Food Processing explores the entire processing line from modeling through optimization. It effectively assists manufacturers in maintaining a seamless workflow while lowering their bottom lines.

Operational Safety Economics

A Practical Approach focused on the Chemical and Process Industries

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Author: Genserik L. L. Reniers,H. R. Noel Van Erp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118871537

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 6427

Describes how to make economic decisions regading safety in the chemical and process industries Covers both technical risk assessment and economic aspects of safety decision-making Suitable for both academic researchers and practitioners in industry Addresses cost-benefit analysis for safety investments

Chemical Process Safety

Fundamentals with Applications

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Author: Daniel A. Crowl,Joseph F. Louvar

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0132440555

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 656

View: 5855

Combines academic theory with practical industry experience Updated to include the latest regulations and references Covers hazard identification, risk assessment, and inherent safety Case studies and problem sets enhance learning Long-awaited revision of the industry best seller. This fully revised second edition of Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications combines rigorous academic methods with real-life industrial experience to create a unique resource for students and professionals alike. The primary focus on technical fundamentals of chemical process safety provides a solid groundwork for understanding, with full coverage of both prevention and mitigation measures. Subjects include: Toxicology and industrial hygiene Vapor and liquid releases and dispersion modeling Flammability characterization Relief and explosion venting In addition to an overview of government regulations, the book introduces the resources of the AICHE Center for Chemical Process Safety library. Guidelines are offered for hazard identification and risk assessment. The book concludes with case histories drawn directly from the authors' experience in the field. A perfect reference for industry professionals, Chemical Process Safety: Fundamentals with Applications, Second Edition is also ideal for teaching at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels. Each chapter includes 30 problems, and a solutions manual is now available for instructors.

Generic Construction of Availability Calculation Models for Safety Loops in Process Industry

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Author: Thomas Gabriel

Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH

ISBN: 383252892X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 9059

A generic approach is proposed in this work that automatically constructs suitable calculation models from a herefore invented formal description language. Two positive effects arise from that: firstly, all inherently and explicitly contained complexity of Safety Instrumented Systems is identified once and condensed into a set of transformation formulas generating the actual calculation models. Secondly, providing a flexible and extensive description language encourages smart and quick engineering processes, enables for non-standard solutions, and relieves safety engineers from the challenge of actually deriving explicit calculation models by hand. A suitable new type of discrete time multiphase markov model is chosen as mathematical basis, and comes along with the required solver algorithms for retrieving the desired unavailability characteristics: the probability of failure on demand (PFD), and the probability of fail-safe (PFS), i.e. an operational unavailability as economical indicator.

Hydrocarbon Process Safety

A Text for Students and Professionals

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Author: John Clifford Jones

Publisher: PennWell Books

ISBN: 9781593700041

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 752

The vitally important subject of process safety in the hydrocarbon industry is addressed in this book. The coverage is broad and the author has integrated the various aspects so that the book will be readily accessible to readers of diverse backgrounds. A grasp of the material requires only familiarity with physical and organic chemistry (at first-year undergraduate level) and with heat transfer and fluid flow at the same level. The text is complemented by many numerical examples with full solutions. Contents: Foreword by Dr.Donald Olander, Goodrich Corporation Preface Background to the oil and gas industry Hydrocarbon leakage and dispersion The combustion behaviour of hydrocarbons Offshore oil and gas production Physical operations on hydrocarbons and associated hazards Chemical operations on hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives Hazards associated with particular hydrocarbon products Some relevant design principles Some relevant measurement principles Toxicity hazards Safe disposal of unwanted hydrocarbon Means of obtaining hydrocarbon other than from crude oil, and related safety issues Appendix: outline of the Canvey Study Solutions to numerical problems Self-test questions Index.

Der Dhandho-Investor

so funktioniert value investing auf Indisch

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Author: Mohnish Pabrai

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783938350768

Category:

Page: 214

View: 3002

Sie sind eine Minderheit, gleich wohin sie gehen. In der Heimat nicht gewollt, aus dem Exil vertrieben, ohne Geld, aber mit vielen hungrigen Kindern im Schlepptau so kamen die Patels aus Indien in den 70er-Jahren in den USA an. Obwohl nur ein Bruchteil der Inder in den USA zur Volksgruppe der Patels gehört, gehören Ihnen weit über 50 Prozent der Motels in den Vereinigten Staaten. Wie wurden aus den armen Immigranten so erfolgreiche Geschäftsleute? Monish Pabrai verrät Ihnen das Geheimnis: Dhandho. Dhandho heißt übersetzt etwa Unternehmungen, die Wohlstand hervorbringen. Darunter lassen sich neun Prinzipien zusammenfassen, die man bei seinen Geschäften beherzigen sollte. Indische Kultur mit westlichem Kapitalismus diese Mischung verspricht, ein Erfolgsrezept zu werden!

Process Design Tools for the Environment

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Author: Subhas Sikdar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781560328247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 9644

Much of the pollution in the air, water or soil results from discharges from industrial activities. Industrial practice can be significantly altered to reduce or eliminate the pollution if processes and products are so designed that either toxic materials are not used, or processes are inherently less polluting. This book is a collection of methods, written by experts, that would enable industry to design benign processes at the outset to achieve this purpose.

Definitions, Conversions, and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals

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Author: Edward Finucane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420048483

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 4132

This reference text, a new and expanded edition of a well-regarded professional resource, covers virtually every type and category of calculation that environmental and occupational health and safety professionals might encounter on the job. Organized by subject, Definitions, Conversions, and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals, Second Edition includes definitions and detailed descriptions of formulas, quantitative relationships, conversion factors, and more. The book includes numerous example problems, drawn from real-life situations, with detailed, step-by-step solutions that don't just provide quick answers but also indicate how the solutions were obtained. Two useful appendices provide a complete list of conversion factors and a first-ever discussion of the effects atmospheric factors can have on measurements. With almost twice as many calculations as the first edition and over 100 example problems, this is the most comprehensive resource available in the field. The second edition promises to be even more useful than the first as a ready reference for practicing professionals and a study guide for students entering health and safety professions or preparing for certification.

Fundamentals of Process Safety

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Author: Victor Christopher Marshall,Steve Ruhemann

Publisher: IChemE

ISBN: 9780852954317

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 298

View: 838

This text - primarily aimed at students of the fundamentals for process safety - presents the fundamentals of process safety in such a form those students, who typically lack such prior knowledge and experience, will fully understand and absorb the subject. The knowledge is presented in a coherent, integrated, academic framework, which is founded in fundamental science, especially in the disciplines of physics and chemistry. The text should help students find the subject more amenable to systematic study and more clearly related to other subjects covered in their curriculum. The information has been used in the teaching of a Process Safety module to undergraduate students of chemical engineering at the University of Bradford.

STOICHIOMETRY AND PROCESS CALCULATIONS

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Author: K.V. NARAYANAN ,B. LAKSHMIKUTTY

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 8120352890

Category: Mathematics

Page: 612

View: 1668

Designed as a textbook for the undergraduate students of chemical engineering and related disciplines such as biotechnology, polymer technology, petrochemical engineering, electrochemical engineering, environmental engineering and safety engineering, the chief objective of the book is to prepare students to make analysis of chemical processes through calculations and to develop systematic problem-solving skills in them. The text presents the fundamentals of chemical engineering operations and processes in a simple style that helps the students to gain a thorough understanding of chemical process calculations. The book deals with the principles of stoichiometry to formulate and solve material and energy balance problems in processes with and without chemical reactions. With the help of examples, the book explains the construction and use of reference-substance plots, equilibrium diagrams, psychrometric charts, steam tables and enthalpy composition diagrams. It also elaborates on thermophysics and thermochemistry to acquaint the students with the thermodynamic principles of energy balance calculations. The book is supplemented with Solutions Manual for instructors containing detailed solutions of all chapter-end unsolved problems.NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION • Incorporates a new chapter on Bypass, Recycle and Purge Operations • Comprises updations in some sections and presents new sections on Future Avenues and Opportunities in Chemical Engineering, Processes in Biological and Energy Systems • Contains several new worked-out examples in the chapter on Material Balance with Chemical Reaction • Includes GATE questions with answers up to the year 2016 in Objective-type questions KEY FEATURES • SI units are used throughout the book. • All basic chemical engineering operations and processes are introduced, and different types of problems are illustrated with worked-out examples. • Stoichiometric principles are extended to solve problems related to bioprocessing, environmental engineering, etc. • Exercise problems (more than 810) are organised according to the difficulty level and all are provided with answers.

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications

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Author: Arnab Chakrabarty,Sam Mannan,Tahir Cagin

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0123972833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 7754

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader

Evaluating process safety in the chemical industry

a user's guide to quantitative risk analysis

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Author: J. S. Arendt,D. K. Lorenzo

Publisher: Wiley-AIChE

ISBN: 9780816907465

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 6499

Quantitative Risk Analysis is a powerful tool used to help manage risk and improve safety. When used appropriately, it provides a rational basis for evaluating process safety and comparing alternative safety improvements. This guide, an update of an earlier American Chemistry Council (ACC) publication utilizing the "hands-on" experience of CPI risk assessment practitioners and safety professionals involved with the CCPS and ACC, explains how managers and users can make better-informed decisions about QRA, and how plant engineers and process designers can better understand, interpret and use the results of a QRA in their plant.

Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470938269

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 573

View: 884

Inherently safer plants begin with the initial design. Here is where integrity and reliability can be built in at the lowest cost, and with maximum effectiveness. This book focuses on process safety issues in the design of chemical, petrochemical, and hydrocarbon processing facilities. It discusses how to select designs that can prevent or mitigate the release of flammable or toxic materials, which could lead to a fire, explosion, or environmental damage. All engineers on the design team, the process hazard analysis team, and those who make basic decisions on plant design, will benefit from its comprehensive coverage, its organization, and the extensive references to literature, codes, and standards that accompany each chapter.

Handbook of Chemical Compound Data for Process Safety

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Author: Carl L. Yaws

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080533391

Category: Science

Page: 226

View: 1020

This book provides comprehensive safety and health-related data for hydrocarbons and organic chemicals as well as selected data for inorganic chemicals.

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis

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Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470935413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 784

View: 7708

Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is used to identify incident scenarios and evaluate their risk by defining the probability of failure, the various consequences and the potential impact of those consequences. It is an invaluable methodology to evaluate these when qualitative analysis cannot provide adequate understanding and when more information is needed for risk management. This technique provides a means to evaluate acute hazards and alternative risk reduction strategies, and identify areas for cost-effective risk reduction. There are no simple answers when complex issues are concerned, but CPQRA2 offers a cogent, well-illustrated guide to applying these risk-analysis techniques, particularly to risk control studies. Special Details: Includes CD-ROM with example problems worked using Excel and Quattro Pro. For use with Windows 95, 98, and NT.

Clinical Calculations - E-Book

With Applications to General and Specialty Areas

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Author: Joyce LeFever Kee,Sally M. Marshall

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323293476

Category: Medical

Page: 416

View: 6368

The only text that covers all four major methods of drug calculation, Clinical Calculations: With Applications to General and Specialty Areas, 7th Edition emphasizes patient safety above all else. It reflects the medications used in clinical practice today, with clear guidelines on the latest drug administration forms, techniques, and devices for both general and specialty areas. Plus, its user-friendly format and abundance of practice problems make it easy to understand and apply key drug calculation concepts. Coverage of all 4 major drug calculation methods — ratio & proportion, formula, fractional equation, and dimensional analysis — allows you to apply the method that works best for you. A section on specialty areas and lifespan prepares you for the wide range of clinical calculations needed to practice in pediatric, critical care, labor & delivery, and community settings. Caution boxes alert you to problems or issues related to various drugs and their administration. A comprehensive post-test enables you to test your understanding of key concepts from the text. Current drug information ensures you are familiar with the most commonly used drugs in clinical practice. Up-to-date content on the latest drug administration techniques and devices helps you master the various forms of drug administration, including oral, intravenous, intra-muscular, subcutaneous, and other routes. Remember boxes identify pertinent concepts you should commit to memory. Note boxes emphasize important points related to concepts presented in each chapter. NEW! Prevention of Medication Errors chapter emphasizes patient safety to help you avoid common drug calculation and administration mistakes. NEW! Updated recommendations from The Joint Commission and the Institute for Safe Medication Practices offer helpful guidelines for reducing medication errors to ensure safe patient care outcomes. NEW! Updated medication label and equipment photos reflect the latest medications and technology used in drug administration.

Drug Calculations

Process and Problems for Clinical Practice

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Author: Meta Brown,Meta Brown Seltzer,Joyce L. Mulholland

Publisher: Mosby Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 425

View: 351

This resource provides all the information, explanation, and practice needed to competently and confidently calculate drug dosages. The content features extensive coverage of the ratio and proportion method of drug calculation in a full-color workbook, including a logical step-by-step format for all problems and a "proof" step in the answer key to ensure that the users understand each calculation. Each copy is packaged with the Daugherty & Romans' Dosages and Solutions CD-ROM companion. Ratio and proportion method used throughout presents a logical, accurate, and consistent method of calculation. Step-by-Step format for each problem includes a "proof" step, providing a tool for readers to check their comprehension and ensure accuracy. Clinical Alerts highlight potential and common drug calculation errors. Patient Safety chapter helps the reader prevent medication errors and understand drug labels, medication administration forms, and physician's order forms. Critical Thinking Exercises aid in applying analytical skills and dosage calculations to clinical practice. Coverage of life span issues includes a separate chapter on Children's Dosages. Worksheets with a series of practice problems follow each section proceeding from a simple to complex format, promoting active learning and application of drug calculation. Chapter Finals cover diagnostic-related content problems and help students measure their knowledge. Clear, concise explanations throughout include Examples to ensure comprehension. Pertinent content highlighted through Rules, Steps, and Remembers, making information easy to find. A number of full-color drug labels and equipment illustrations provide a realistic representation of medication administration. Each copy is packaged with the Daugherty & Romans' Dosages and Solutions CD-ROM Companion. Multiple-Choice Worksheets are now included with each chapter. The answer key contains a completely worked out solution to each problem, assisting with NCLEX preparation. A new chapter on Dimensional Analysis provides exposure to this increasingly popular method of calculation. Content on Parenteral Nutrition has been reorganized to form a new chapter. A Multiple-Choice Final at the end of the book offers additional practice and helps to review and evaluate what has been learned. Chapter Introductions provide general discussion of content and help readers understand chapter expectations. Updated syringes throughout present readers with a more realistic representation of those used in practice. Sample Medical Administration Records reflect chapter content and familiarize the reader with this vital documentation tool.

Environmental Health and Hazard Risk Assessment

Principles and Calculations

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Author: Louis Theodore,R. Ryan Dupont

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351832905

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 4390

Environmental Health and Hazard Risk Assessment: Principles and Calculations explains how to evaluate and apply environmental health and hazard risk assessment calculations in a variety of real-life settings. Using a wealth of examples and case studies, the book helps readers develop both a theoretical understanding and a working knowledge of the principles of health, safety, and accident management. Learn the Fundamentals of Health, Safety, and Accident Management The book takes a pragmatic approach to risk assessment, identifying problems and outlining solutions. Organized into four parts, the text: Presents an overview of the history of environmental health and hazard problems, legal considerations, and emergency planning and response Tackles the broad subject of health risk assessment, discussing toxicology, exposure, and health risk characterization Examines hazard risk assessment in significant detail—from problem identification, probability, consequence, and characterization of hazards/accidents to the fundamentals of applicable statistics theory Uses case studies to demonstrate the applications and calculations of risk analysis for real systems Incorporate Health and Safety in Process Design The book assumes only a basic background in physics, chemistry, and mathematics, making it suitable for students and those new to the field. It is also a valuable reference for practicing engineers, scientists, technicians, technical managers, and others tasked with ensuring that plant and equipment operations meet applicable standards and regulations. A clear and comprehensive resource, this book offers guidance for those who want to reduce or eliminate the environmental health effects and accidents that can result in loss of life, materials, and property.