Private Power and Global Authority

Transnational Merchant Law in the Global Political Economy


Author: A. Claire Cutler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521533973

Category: Law

Page: 306

View: 8322

Transnational merchant law, which is mistakenly regarded in purely technical and apolitical terms, is a central mediator of domestic and global political/legal orders. By engaging with literature in international law, international relations and international political economy, this 2003 book develops the conceptual and theoretical foundations for analyzing the political significance of international economic law. In doing so, it illustrates the private nature of the interests that this evolving legal order has served over time. The book makes a sustained and comprehensive analysis of transnational merchant law and offers a radical critique of global capitalism.

The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography


Author: Kevin R Cox,Murray Low,Jennifer Robinson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206831

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 5416

"A thorough and absorbing tour of the sub-discipline... An essential acquisition for any scholar or teacher interested in geographical perspectives on political process." - Sallie Marston, University of Arizona "This unique book is a true encyclopedia of political geography." - Vladimir Kolossov, Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Vice President of the IGU The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography provides a highly contextualised and systematic overview of the latest thinking and research in the field. Edited by key scholars, with international contributions from acknowledged authorities on the relevant research, the Handbook is divided into six sections: Scope and Development of Political Geography: the geography of knowledge, conceptualisations of power and scale. Geographies of the State: state theory, territory and central local relations, legal geographies, borders. Participation and representation: citizenship, electoral geography, media public space and social movements. Political Geographies of Difference: class, nationalism, gender, sexuality and culture. Geography Policy and Governance: regulation, welfare, urban space, and planning. Global Political Geographies: imperialism, post-colonialism, globalization, environmental politics, IR, war and migration. The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography is essential reading for upper level students and scholars with an interest in politics and space.

Contractual Certainty in International Trade

Empirical Studies and Theoretical Debates on Institutional Support for Global Economic Exchanges


Author: Volkmar Gessner

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314759

Category: Law

Page: 372

View: 1876

Global business interacts efficiently despite the heterogeneity of social, economic and legal cultures which, according to widespread assumptions, cause insecurities and uncertainties. Breaches of contracts may occur more frequently and business relationships may be terminated more often in international than in domestic trade. But most business people engaged in exporting or importing products or services seem to operate in a sufficiently predictable environment allowing successful ventures into the global market. The apparent paradox presented by cultural/institutional diversity and contractual efficiency in cross-border business transactions is the focus of this volume of essays. The wide range of approaches adopted by contributors to the volume include: the Weberian concept of law as a tool for avoiding the risk of opportunism; economic sociology, which treats networks and relationships between contractual parties as paramount; representatives of new institutional economics who discuss law as well as private governance institutions as most efficient responses to risk; comparative economic sociologists who point to the varieties of legal cultures in the social organisation of trust; and national and international institutions such as the World Bank which try to promote legal certainty in the economy. The purpose of the volume is to build on this interdisciplinary exercise by adding empirical evidence to ongoing debates regarding enabling structures for international business, and by critically reviewing and discussing some of the propositions in the literature which contain interesting hypotheses on the effects of the internationalization of markets on market co-ordination institutions and on the role of the state in the globalising economy.

Critical Digital Studies

A Reader, Second Edition


Author: Arthur Kroker,Marilouise Kroker

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666714

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 5764

Since its initial publication, Critical Digital Studies has proven an indispensable guide to understanding digitally mediated culture. Bringing together the leading scholars in this growing field, internationally renowned scholars Arthur and Marilouise Kroker present an innovative and interdisciplinary survey of the relationship between humanity and technology. The reader offers a study of our digital future, a means of understanding the world with new analytic tools and means of communication that are defining the twenty-first century. The second edition includes new essays on the impact of social networking technologies and new media. A new section – “New Digital Media” – presents important, new articles on topics including hacktivism in the age of digital power and the relationship between gaming and capitalism. The extraordinary range and depth of the first edition has been maintained in this new edition. Critical Digital Studies will continue to provide the leading edge to readers wanting to understand the complex intersection of digital culture and human knowledge.

Ungoverned Spaces

Alternatives to State Authority in an Era of Softened Sovereignty


Author: Anne L. Clunan,Harold A. Trinkunas

Publisher: Stanford Security Studies


Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 6920

This book provides a comprehensive critique of the prevailing view of ungoverned spaces and the threat they pose to human, national and international security.

Between Interests and Law

The Politics of Transnational Commercial Disputes


Author: Thomas Hale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316033392

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6638

We could not have a global economy without a system to resolve commercial disputes across borders, but the international regime that performs this key role bears little resemblance to other institutions underpinning the global economy. A hybrid of private arbitral institutions, international treaties, and domestic laws and courts, the regime for commercial dispute resolution shows that effective transborder institutions can take a variety of forms. This book offers the first comprehensive social scientific account of this surprisingly effective regime. It maps and explains its evolution since the Industrial Revolution, both at the global level and in the United States, Argentina, and China. The book shows how both political economy approaches and socio-legal theories have shaped institutional outcomes. While economic interests have been the chief determinants, legal processes have played a key role in shaping the form institutions take. The regime for commercial dispute resolution therefore remains between interests and law.

The New Masters of Capital

American Bond Rating Agencies and the Politics of Creditworthiness


Author: Timothy J. Sinclair

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471834

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 5425

In The New Masters of Capital, Timothy J. Sinclair examines a key aspect of the global economy—the rating agencies. In the global economy, trust is formalized in the daily operations of such firms as Moody's and Standard & Poor's, which continuously monitor the financial health of bond-issuers ranging from private corporations to local and national governments. Their judgments affect unimaginably large sums, approximately $30 trillion in outstanding debt issues, according to a recent Moody's estimate. The difference between an AA and a BB rating may cost millions of dollars in interest payments or determine if a corporation or government can even issue bonds. Without bond rating agencies, there would be no standard means to compare risks in the global economy, and international investment would be problematic. Most observers assume that the agencies are neutral and scientific, and that they interpret their role in narrowly economic terms. But these agencies, by their nature, wield extraordinary power and exert massive influence over public policy. Sinclair offers a highly accessible account of these institutions, their origins, and the rating processes they use to judge creditworthiness. Illustrated with a wide range of cases, this book offers a fresh assessment of the role of an often-overlooked institution in the dynamics of modern global capitalism.

Global Norms in the Twenty-first Century


Author: Klaus-Gerd Giesen,Kees van der Pijl

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Pub


Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 3923

Norms in the contemporary world system are no longer established exclusively through inter-state agreement but increasingly, are becoming truly global. This is made possible by the rapid privatisation of law and the self-regulation of the transnational private sector. Other forces driving this epochal transformation are the overwhelming pre-eminence of the United States, the erosion of the role of the United Nations, and the appearance of new actors such as subnational entities and NGO's. They all contribute to the creation and ideological justification of new norms. This collection brings together critical studies on this complex process. Written by authors from eleven different countries, both established scholars and young specialists, the book challenges the often convenient rationalisations of regime theory, the governance approach, and 'post-national' or 'cosmopolitan' democracy, in order to explore the practical, theoretical and ethical implications of the new world of global norms.

Global Corporate Power


Author: Christopher May

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 331

View: 5036

This is an exploration of the diverse ways that corporations affect the practices and structures of the global political economy. The text addresses fundamental questions such as: How can the corporation be most usefully conceptualized within the field of IPE?

Political Economy and the Changing Global Order


Author: Richard Stubbs,Geoffrey R. D. Underhill

Publisher: Don Mills, Ont. : Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195419894

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 6300

Political Economy and the Changing Global Order, Third Edition, introduces undergraduate students to the rapid changes taking place in the global economy. This edited collection from top scholars in political economy examines how the economic global order is unfolding and how it will evolve over the next decade. Features: * Carefully edited so that all chapters are written in a clear and accessible form, with the needs of students in mind * Each contribution was written specifically for this volume * Covers developments at global, national, and regional levels * Examines key issues and trends as well as the changing policies of major state actors * Each chapter is followed by a list of suggested readings and a short list of key websites

The EU, the WTO and China

Legal Pluralism and International Trade Regulation


Author: Francis G. Snyder

Publisher: Hart Pub Limited


Category: Law

Page: 481

View: 6269

Snyder's book consists of a series of integrated studies of sites of governance, global legal pluralism and the regulation of international trade.

Globalization in question


Author: Paul Q. Hirst,Grahame Thompson,Simon Bromley

Publisher: Polity Pr


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 289

View: 5173

This edition is a continuing intervention into discussions about the nature and prospects of globalization. It has far-reaching implications which will be of interest to students and academics in a number of disciplines including politics, sociology, economics and geography, as well as to journalists and policy-makers.

Annual review of political science


Author: Annual Reviews, Inc

Publisher: Annual Reviews

ISBN: 9780824333096

Category: Political science

Page: N.A

View: 6502

The mission of Annual review of political science is to provide systematic, periodic examinations of the field through critical authoritative reviews. The comprehensive critical review not only summarizes a topic but also roots out errors of fact or concept and provokes discussion that will lead to new research activity. Each review contains title, author(s), key words, abstracts, review and bibliography.

Paradigm Shift

Globalization and the Canadian State


Author: Stephen McBride

Publisher: Halifax, N.S. : Fernwood

ISBN: 9781552661628

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 243

View: 9251

Paradigm Shift evaluates the globalization debate through a Canadian lens and places Canada in the fore front of the analysis. Opposition to neo-liberal globalization emerged on several fronts: from political opposition within civil society and social movements, skepticism about the claims of the globalizes from academic researchers, and lack of enthusiasm by some nation-states. As the government moves toward greater integration with the United States, many Canadians seek a more independent path.

Transforming the Golden-Age Nation State


Author: Achim Hurrelmann

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230521612

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 213

View: 5288

This collection examines the transformation of the modern Western state in an age of accelerated globalization. Arguing that the state experienced a 'golden age' in the 1960s and 1970s, the contributors explore how and why this configuration of the state is under pressure in the 21st century. State functions are increasingly privatized or internationalized indicating a shift to a 'post-national' state and the book traces these tranformations through fields as diverse as taxation, transnational business law, internet governance and education policy.

Exploring responsibility

public and private in human rights protection


Author: Magdalena Bexell

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 2901

Post-NAFTA North America

Economic and Political Governance in a Changing Region


Author: Isidro Morales

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780230517967

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9841

Post-NAFTA North America uniquely combines an institutional examination of NAFTA with a geo-economic and geo-political approach. The author argues that in the post-9/11 era, North America is evolving from a primarily economic space to a strategic 'securitized' one and that NAFTA has been utilized by the US as a regulatory framework for dealing with the pressures of globalization that have emerged in the post-Cold War era.

International Law


Author: Malcolm David Evans

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199282708

Category: Law

Page: 833

View: 5879

The second edition of International Law reflects the breadth and diversity of contemporary public international law. It offers a unique selection of original presentations and commentaries from key figures actively involved in the current practice and teaching of the discipline. These authoritiative and stimulating perspectives on the subject provide up-to-date analysis of key issues and themes. Revised and updated, this second edition takes into account developments in international law since the publication of the first edtion in 2003. It has proven to be an invaluable resource for undergraduates and post graduates following courses in a variety of subject areas including international law, politics, or international relations as part of their degree programme, while also providing a key source of reference for practitioners and academics alike.

Regions and Powers

The Structure of International Security


Author: Barry Buzan,Ole Wæver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521891110

Category: Political Science

Page: 564

View: 458

An analysis and application of security complex theory in security regions in the post-Cold War order, first published in 2003.