The Environmental Psychology of Prisons and Jails

Creating Humane Spaces in Secure Settings

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Author: Richard E. Wener

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107376017

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 631

This book distils thirty years of research on the impacts of jail and prison environments. The research program began with evaluations of new jails that were created by the US Bureau of Prisons, which had a novel design intended to provide a non-traditional and safe environment for pre-trial inmates and documented the stunning success of these jails in reducing tension and violence. This book uses assessments of this new model as a basis for considering the nature of environment and behavior in correctional settings and more broadly in all human settings. It provides a critical review of research on jail environments and of specific issues critical to the way they are experienced and places them in historical and theoretical context. It presents a contextual model for the way environment influences the chance of violence.

Environmental Psychology and Human Well-Being

Effects of Built and Natural Settings

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Author: Ann Sloan Devlin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128114827

Category: Psychology

Page: 482

View: 5499

Environmental Psychology and Human Well-Being: Effects of Built and Natural Settings provides a better understanding of the way in which mental and physical well-being is affected by physical environments, along with insights into how the design of these environments might be improved to support better health outcomes. The book reviews the history of the field, discusses theoretical constructs in guiding research and design, and provides an up-to-date survey of research findings. Core psychological constructs, such as personal space, territoriality, privacy, resilience, stress, and more are integrated into each environment covered. Provides research-based insight into how an environment can impact mental and physical health and well-being Integrates core psychological constructs, such as coping, place attachment, social support, and perceived control into each environment discussed Includes discussion of Kaplan's Attention Restoration Theory and Ulrich's Stress Reduction Theory Covers educational settings, workplace settings, environments for active living, housing for the elderly, natural settings, correctional facilities, and more

Prisons Crowding: A Psychological Perspective

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Author: Paul Paulus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461238129

Category: Psychology

Page: 115

View: 6339

This volume is a summary of a 1S-year effort to determine the effects of prison crowding and their relationship to the broader realm of crowding phenomena and theories. Although the writing of this volume was for the most part a solitary effort, the data and ideas it is based on were mostly the result of a collaborative effort with Verne Cox and Garvin McCain. Their schedules limited their ability to contribute to this volume, but they provided much constructive feedback and assistance. Cox also wrote a preliminary draft of Chapter 3, and both McCain and Cox made major contributions to Chapter S and assisted with several other chapters. I am greatly indebted to these two fine scholars for their efforts and support over the course of our joint research endeavors. In recognition of this fact, the pronoun "we" is used throughout this volume. This research would not have been possible without the cooperation and support of thousands of inmates and hundreds of prison officials. The un conditional support throughout the project from Director Norman Carlson and former regional research director Jerome Mabli, both of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, is also greatly appreciated. Thanks are due to the National Institute of Justice for financial support during various phases of this project. The support of John Spevacek of the Institute was indispens able. Funds were also provided by the Hogg Foundation, U. S. Department of Justice-Civil Rights Division, and the University of Texas at Arlington.

Psychological Criminology

An Integrative Approach

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Author: Richard Wortley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136652892

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 8712

Psychological Criminology addresses the question: what is it about individuals and their experiences that cause them to commit crime and/or to become criminal? This book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality, exploring theories focusing on factors present at birth (human nature, heredity); theories that focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan (learning, development); and theories focusing on factors present at the crime scene. It emphasizes the connections among the different approaches, and demonstrates how, taken together rather than as rival explanations, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually. Theories are arranged throughout the book in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act. Key features of the book include: a focus on theory – ‘explaining’ crime and criminality, an integrative approach, accessible to readers who do not have a background in psychology. Psychological Criminology highlights the contributions that psychological theory can make to the broader field of criminology; it will be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners in both criminology and forensic psychology.

Environmental Criminology and Crime Analysis

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Author: Richard Wortley,Michael Townsley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317487109

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 6063

Environmental criminology is a term that encompasses a range of overlapping perspectives. At its core, the many strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control, and prevention of crime. This new edition brings together leading theorists and practitioners in the field to provide a comprehensive, integrative coverage of the field of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book is divided into three sequential parts: • Understanding the crime event explores routine activity approach, crime pattern theory, the rational choice perspective, and situational precipitators of crime. • Analysing crime patterns discusses crime mapping, offender mobility, repeat victimisation, geographic profiling, and crime scripts. • Preventing and controlling crime covers topics including problem oriented policing, situational crime prevention, and environmental design. Fully updated and including new chapters on crime scripts and offender mobility, a scene-setting introductory overview, and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter, this text is an essential and comprehensive resource for practitioners and students taking courses on environmental criminology, crime analysis, and crime prevention.

Urban Crime, Criminals, and Victims

The Swedish Experience in an Anglo-American Comparative Perspective

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Author: Per-Olof H. Wikström

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146139077X

Category: Psychology

Page: 271

View: 3088

Crime is largely an urban phenomenon, but the specifically urban and area dimen sions of the social processes that are connected with crime have been seriously understated in much recent criminological work ... Such a claim could not have been made forty years ago. (Baldwin & Bottoms, 1976, p. 1). The above statement by Baldwin and Bottoms about the neglect in crimi nology of the urban dimension of crime was made in the mid-1970s. However, in the last decade there has been a significant upswing in theory and research on crime in the urban environment. Also, new areas oftheory and research into urban crime have come into focus. (For overviews see Brantingham & Brantingham, 1984; Davidson, 1981.) One very good example of the increasing interest in urban crime is the recent volume of Crime and Justice entitled "Communities and Crime" (Reiss & Tonry, 1986), in which Reiss makes a strong argument for the importance of the study of crime in urban communities and for the linking of the ecological and individual traditions in theory and research on crime. A review of the literature on crime in urban environments shows, not unexpectedly, that Anglo-American research heavily dominates the scene (Wikstrom, 1982; 1987b). Hence, much of the experience we have on urban crime is based on North American and British research and theory.

Male Criminal Activity from Childhood Through Youth

Multilevel and Developmental Perspectives

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Author: Marc Le Blanc,Marcel Frechette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461235707

Category: Medical

Page: 228

View: 1051

Male Criminal Activity From Childhood Through Youth reports the results of a large longitudinal study from 1972 to 1985 on a sample of delinquents and a comparison sample of the population in Montreal. A clarification emerges from this extensive study: how to describe criminal activity in a comprehensive theory of crime which integrates the offense, offending, and patterns of offending. Using a developmental approach, Drs. Le Blanc and Fréchette observed a gradation of crimes with subjects progressing through five distinct stages of offending. In all, the research investigates the factors that sustain the development of offending and the mechanisms which accelerate, stabilize, and decelerate the commission of crimes. This book represents a significant advance in the understanding of the development of criminal activity.

Prison, Inc

A Convict Exposes Life Inside a Private Prison

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Author: K.C. Carceral,Thomas J. Bernard

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814799543

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 4946

In 1888, Leo Tolstoy mysteriously declared that sexual intercourse should no longer exist. Years later he would admit to being "horrified" by this pronouncement, but still remained an ardent believer in sexual abstinence. Frequenter of brothels in his youth, father of thirteen children by his wife and at least two children by peasant women before he was married, Tolstoy now had the audacity to suggest that people should stop having sex. How can such a repudiation be explained? Beginning with Tolstoy's Kreutzer Sonata-his first written "declaration of war on human sexuality"--Tolstoy on the Couch takes us on a sweeping psychoanalytic tour of Tolstoy's diaries and other private materials, revealing that behind his campaign for celibacy lay a painful and complicated drama of early childhood. Rooting Tolstoy's polarized feelings about women and sexuality in his uncontrollable rage toward the mother who died when he was a toddler, Rancour-Laferriere offers profound psychobiographic insights into Tolstoy's lifelong animosity toward women--and into the women he loved to hate.

The American Prison

Issues in Research and Policy

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Author: Lynne Goodstein,Doris L. MacKenzie

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468456520

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 3923

Despite the dire forecasts of others who had themselves edited books, we proceeded with the project of an edited volume on the American prison, although with more than a little trepidation. We had heard the horror stories of authors turning in their chapters months or years late or never at all, of publishers delaying publication dates, of volumes that read more like patchwork quilts than finely loomed cloth. As if to prove the others wrong, our experience in editing this volume has been mar velous, and we think the volume reflects this. Most likely, the success of our experience and of the volume stems from two elements: first, the professionalism and commitment of the authors themselves; and second, the fact that early in the life of this volume, most of the authors convened for a conference to critique and coordinate the chapters. This book brings together an illustrious group of criminologists and correctional scholars who wrote chapters explicitly for this volume. Co hesiveness was furthered by the charge we gave to each author to (1) present the major issues, (2) review the empirical research, and (3) dis cuss the implications of this work for present and future correctional policy. The goal of this project was to examine the major correctional issues facing prison systems. The chapters scrutinize the issues from the perspective of the system and the individual, from theory to practical and daily management problems, from legal to psychological concerns.

Deaths in custody

international perspectives

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Author: Alison Liebling,Tony Ward

Publisher: Whiting & Birch Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 3187

This book attempts to develop a recognition of the scale of the problem of prison suicide internationally, and to set in the context of the prison as an institution. The sequel to this book, "Deaths in Custody: Caring for people at risk" is, also published by Whiting and Birch.

Orange Is the New Black

Mein Jahr im Frauenknast

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Author: Piper Kerman

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644526214

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 384

View: 4938

Von der 5th Avenue in den Knast Das Buch zur US-Kultserie! Piper Kerman lebt glücklich mit ihrem Verlobten in Manhattan, als ihr eine Jugendsünde zum Verhängnis wird. Das Gericht verurteilt sie zu einer 15-monatigen Haftstrafe, und Piper tauscht Designeroutfits und Loft gegen orange Häftlingskleidung und eine Zelle in einem Frauengefängnis. Über die Zeit dort, über Schikanen, bösartige Attacken, aber auch über Freundschaften und vor allem ihre toughen und warmherzigen Mitgefangenen schreibt sie ohne Selbstmitleid, humorvoll und sehr unterhaltsam. «Ich liebe dieses Buch in einem Maße, das mich selbst überrascht hat. Eine wundervoll erzählte Geschichte darüber, wie unglaublich Frauen sein können.» Elizabeth Gilbert, Autorin von «Eat, Pray, Love» «Dies ist ein ernstes und großherziges Buch, das das Leben in einem Frauengefängnis sehr detailliert und – das ist entscheidend – mit Empathie und Respekt für Piper Kermans Mitinhaftierte schildert, von denen die wenigsten über ihre Möglichkeiten verfügten.» Dave Eggers «Dieses Buch können Sie nicht aus der Hand legen, weil Sie selbst in diese Situation hätten geraten können. Oder Ihre beste Freundin. Oder Ihre Tochter.» Los Angeles Times

Racism in the criminal justice system

a bibliography

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Author: Catherine J. Matthews,Lesley Anne Lewis,University of Toronto. Centre of Criminology

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780919584785

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 9254

Addicted to Incarceration

Corrections Policy and the Politics of Misinformation in the United States

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Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483343413

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 4159

In Addicted to Incarceration, author Travis Pratt uses an evidence-based approach to explore the consequences of what he terms America's "addiction to incarceration," highlighting the scope of the problem, the nature of the political discussions surrounding criminal justice policy in general and corrections policy in particular, and the social cost of incarceration. Pratt demonstrates that the United States' addiction to incarceration has been fueled by American citizens' opinions about crime and punishment, the effectiveness of incarceration as a means of social control, and perhaps most important, by policies legitimized by faulty information (e.g.,fear of crime is objectively linked to victimization, petty offenders mature into violent predators, and persistent offending can be accurately predicted over the life course). Analyzing crime policies as they relate to crime rates and U.S. society's ability to both lower the crime rate and address the role of incarceration in preventing future crime, the book shows students how ineffective our rush to incarcerate has been in the last decade, as well as offering recommendations and insights into the future of this problem. Features Real world examples that put a human face on the issues open each chapter Race, ethnicity, and gender issues underlie all discussions and address key aspects of incarceration rates and crime trends The social costs of incarceration are explored, including the heightened inmate risk of personal victimization, incarceration's effect as a barrier to successful offender reintegration into society, and its role in exacerbating existing racial inequalities The final chapter contains conclusions and recommendations for future policy makers Written in an informal and accessible style, Addicted to Incarceration is appropriate for criminal justice policy or corrections courses at the undergraduate level and can also be used as a supplementary text in introductory criminal justice, criminology, and critical issues in criminal justice courses.

Prison violence in America

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Author: Michael Braswell,Reid H. Montgomery,Lucien X. Lombardo

Publisher: Anderson Pub Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 426

View: 1553

Topics covered include interpersonal violence, sexual violence, staff violence, rape.

Justice under pressure

a comparison of recidivism patterns among four successive parolee cohorts

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Author: Sheldon Ekland-Olson,William Robert Kelly

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 141

View: 5301

New Perspectives in Criminology

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Author: John E. Conklin

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780205183883

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 3721

This reader includes the most up-to-date and engaging selections for a criminology course to be found under one cover, meeting an unfulfilled demand in the marketplace. All publication dates are between 1990 and 1996.