Principles of Physical Cosmology

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Author: Phillip James Edwin Peebles

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691019338

Category: Science

Page: 718

View: 8227

During the last twenty years, dramatic improvements in methods of observing astrophysical phenomena from the ground and in space have added to our knowledge of what the universe is like now and what it was like in the past, going back to the hot big bang. In this overview of today's physical cosmology, P.J.E. Peebles shows how observation has combined with theoretical elements to establish the subject as a mature science, while he also discusses the most notable recent attempts to understand the origin and structure of the universe. A successor to Peebles's classic volume Physical Cosmology (Princeton, 1971), the book is a comprehensive overview addressed not only to students but also to scientists active in fields outside cosmology. The first chapter of the work presents the elements of physical cosmology, including the history of the discovery of the expanding universe. The second, on the cosmological tests that measure the geometry of spacetime, discusses general relativity theory as the basis for the tests, and then surveys the broad variety of ways the tests can be applied with the new generations of telescopes and detectors. The third chapter deals with the origin of galaxies and the large-scale structure of the universe, and reviews ideas about how the evolution of the universe might be traced back to very early epochs when structure originated. Each section of these chapters begins with an introduction that can be understood with no special knowledge beyond undergraduate physics, and then progresses to more specialized topics. P.J.E. Peebles is Albert Einstein Professor of Science at Princeton University. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Royal Society.

Teilchenastrophysik

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Author: Kai Zuber

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322905489

Category: Science

Page: 488

View: 894

Die letzten bei den Jahrzehnte haben eine explosive Entwicklung der Teil und Kosmologie erlebt. Die Teilchenphysik erwies chenphysik, Astrophysik sich als ein entscheidendes Mittel zum tieferen Verständnis des Universums. Das Aufkommen der Theorien der Großen Vereinigung der Kräfte in der Teil chenphysik erlaubte, das frühe Universum bis zu den frühesten Zeitpunkten zurückzuverfolgen. Umgekehrt treten in astrophysikalischen und kosmologi schen Prozessen Energien auf, die man in Beschleunigern auf absehbare oder besser unabsehbare Zeit nicht erreichen kann, und die die Realisierung ei nes Teils der Fülle der exotischen teilchentheoretischen Vorhersagen erlaubt haben könnten: Baryogenese, Inflation, die Produktion exotischer Teilchen - Monopole, kosmische Strings, Axionen und viele andere. Supersymmetri sche Teilchen (Neutralinos) sind Kandidaten für kalte dunkle Materie, die die soeben der Beobachtung zugänglich gewordene großräumige Struktur des Universums und ihre Entstehung verständlich machen könnten. Neutrinos sind Kandidaten für heiße dunkle Materie. Eigenschaften von Neutrinos be einflussen die Explosion der Supernovae. Astrophysikalische Neutrinoquellen helfen bei der Bestimmung von Neutrino-Eigenschaften, die eine Schlüssel funktion für die Struktur der Elementarteilchen-Theorien einnehmen. Astro physikalisch erzeugte Axionen sondieren das starke CP-Problem der QCD. Es entstand ein neues Forschungsgebiet, die Teilchenastrophysik, in der man von zwei Seiten versucht, einigen der fundamentalen Probleme der modernen Physik näherzukommen. Das enorme Wachstum in diesem Bereich macht es - insbesondere für den Anfänger auf diesem Gebiet - zunehmend schwieriger, der Entwicklung auf dem Wege über die Fachliteratur zu folgen.

Neutrino Physics

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Author: Kai Zuber

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420033875

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 3502

Neutrino physics remains one of the most exciting fields of fundamental physics today. The neutrino's position at the intersection of particle physics, astrophysics, and nuclear physics ensures continuing interest in the subject. Major activities at accelerators like Fermilab, KEK and CERN, in addition to underground facilities like Gran Sasso, Kamioka and Sudbury, continue to enhance our understanding of the origins and properties of neutrinos, and their implications for the Standard Model and cosmology. Neutrino Physics provides an up to date and comprehensive introduction to the subject as well as an invaluable resource for researchers in physics and astrophysics. Starting with a brief historical overview the author proceeds to review fundamental neutrino properties, the neutrino mass question, and their place within and beyond the Standard Model. The final chapters examine the role of neutrinos in modern astroparticle physics, cosmology and the dark matter problem. The book concludes with a summary of the current status of neutrino physics and the implications of recent results. Written to be accessible to readers from different backgrounds in nuclear, particle or astrophysics and with a detailed reference list, this title will be essential for any researcher or advanced student who needs to understand modern neutrino physics.

Cosmology and Gravitation

Xth Brazilian School of Cosmology and Gravitation; 25th Anniversary (1977-2002), Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil,

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Author: Mario Novello,Santiago E. Bergliaffa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780735401310

Category: Science

Page: 305

View: 1451

This volume contains a series of topical lectures in general relativity, cosmology, astrophysics, and field theory, with contributions from theorists and experimentalists.

The New Cosmology

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Author: Matthew Colless

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814481629

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 8169

This volume presents a comprehensive introduction to modern cosmology from an astrophysical viewpoint. Key features of the book are: breadth of topics covered, from quantum cosmology to recent observational advances; up-to-the-minute inclusion of many recent results, e.g. from the WMAP satellite; the level of the work, suited to both students and professionals in the field. Contents: The Expanding and Accelerating Universe (B P Schmidt)Inflation and the Cosmic Microwave Background (C H Lineweaver)The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe (M Colless)The Formation and Evolution of Galaxies (G Kauffmann)The Physics of Galaxy Formation (M A Dopita)Dark Matter in Galaxies (K C Freeman)Neutral Hydrogen in the Universe (F H Briggs)Gravitational Lensing: Cosmological Measures (R L Webster & C M Trott)Particle Physics and Cosmology (J Ellis) Readership: Researchers, graduate students and academics. Keywords:Cosmology;Astrophysics;Astronomy

The Large-scale Structure of the Universe

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Author: Phillip James Edwin Peebles

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691082400

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 2171

Opinions on the large-scale structure of the early universe range widely from primeval chaos to a well-ordered mass distribution. P.J.E. Peebles argues that the evolution proceeded from a nearly uniform initial state to a progressively more irregular and clumpy universe. The discussion centers on the largest known structures, the clusters of galaxies, the empirical evidence of the nature of the clustering, and the theories of how the clustering evolves in an expanding universe. In Chapter One the author provides an historical introduction to the subject. Chapter Two contains a survey of methods used to deal with the Newtonian approximation to the theory of the evolution of the mass distribution. Recent progress in the use of statistical measures of the clustering is described in Chapter Three. Chapters Four and Five return to techniques for dealing with cosmic evolution, in the statistical measures of clustering and under general relativity theory. Lastly, in Chapter Six Professor Peebles assesses the progress in attempts to link theory and observation to arrive at a well established physical picture of the nature and evolution of the universe.

Graduate School in Astronomy

XI Special Courses at the National Observatory of Rio de Janeiro

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Author: Jailson Alcaniz,Ramiro de La Reza,Fernando Roig,Dalton Lopes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780735404403

Category: Science

Page: 125

View: 713

These proceedings include lecture notes from three general courses in astronomy and astrophysics at graduate level presented during the Eleventh Edition of the Special Courses at the National Observatory of Rio de Janeiro in 2006. The lectures cover topics on satellite atmosphere, low-mass stars and standard cosmology.

A New Era in Cosmology

Proceedings of a Conference Held at the University of Durham, Durham, England, 11-15 September 2001

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Author: Nigel Metcalfe,Thomas Shanks

Publisher: Astronomical Society of the pacific

ISBN: 9781583811269

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 1745

At the Heart of Darkness

Cosmological Simulations of the Formation of Dark Matter Halos in Hierarchical Clustering Models

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Author: Matthew William Craig

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 278

View: 2917

NGST Science and Technology Exposition

proceedings of a conference held at Hyannis, Massachusetts, 13-16 September, 1999

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Author: Eric Philip Smith,Knox S. Long

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781583810361

Category: Science

Page: 556

View: 2094

Annotation Representatives of the astronomical and technical communities trade views on the state of the Next Generation Space Telescope just after instrument studies in the US, Europe, and Canada were completed and being presented in public for the first time, and Phase A prime contractors had been selected and were beginning their detailed design studies. In 66 reports they consider problems facing the design, construction, and use of the instrument and the benefits and drawbacks of various solutions to them, focusing mostly on infrared astronomy in the near and middle ranges. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

The Jazz of Physics

Die Verbindung von Musik und der Struktur des Universums

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Author: Stephon H.S. Alexander

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3732548791

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 377

Schon vor mehr als fünfzig Jahren begeisterte sich John Coltrane für das Universum. Inspiriert von Albert Einstein, hatte Coltrane Physik und Geometrie in den Mittelpunkt seiner Musik gesetzt. Diese Idee faszinierte den Physiker und Jazzmusiker Stephon Alexander seit frühester Jugend. Er zeigt anhand des Jazz, wie die größten Fragen der Physik über die Beschaffenheit des Universums beantwortet werden können. The Jazz of Physics fasziniert und begeistert jeden, der sich für die Geheimnisse unseres Universums, der Musik und des Lebens interessiert.

Space Part 2002

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Particle and Fundamental Physics in Space

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Author: Roberto Battiston,Franco Cervelli

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astrophysics

Page: 361

View: 4889

Nuclear Physics

Proceedings, supplements. B

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nuclear physics

Page: N.A

View: 3490

Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie

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Author: Steven S. Gubser

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827428486

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 6558

Das kleine Buch der Stringtheorie bietet eine knappe und unterhaltsame Einführung in eines der meistdiskutierten Gebiete der modernen Physik. Die Stringtheorie gilt als eine „Theorie für Alles“, mit der sich sämtliche Grundkräfte der Natur beschreiben lassen. Bisher allerdings konnte sie experimentell nicht bestätigt werden, und unter Physikern wird sie sehr kontrovers diskutiert. Dieses Buch gibt Ihnen die Gelegenheit, sich ein eigenes Bild zu machen!