Principles of Mathematics

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135223106

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 6739

First published in 1903, Principles of Mathematics was Bertrand Russell’s first major work in print. It was this title which saw him begin his ascent towards eminence. In this groundbreaking and important work, Bertrand Russell argues that mathematics and logic are, in fact, identical and what is commonly called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. Highly influential and engaging, this important work led to Russell’s dominance of analytical logic on western philosophy in the twentieth century.

Begriffsschrift und andere Aufsätze

Mit E. Husserls und H. Scholz' Anmerkungen herausgegeben von Ignacio Angelelli

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Author: Gottlob Frege

Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag

ISBN: 3487006235

Category: Philosophy

Page: 124

View: 4121

Dieser Band enthält die vier Arbeiten Freges: Begriffsschrift, eine der arithmetischen nachgebildeten Formelsprache, 1879; Anwendungen der Begriffsschrift, 1879; Über den Briefwechsel Leibnizens und Huggens mit Papin, 1881; Über den Zweck der Begriffsschrift, 1883; Über die wissenschaftliche Berechtigung einer Begriffsschrift, 1882. Frege's research work in the field of mathematical logic is of great importance for the present-day analytic philosophy. We actually owe to Frege a great amount of basical insight and exemplary research, which set up a new standard also in other fields of knowledge. As the founder of mathematical logic he severely examindes the syllogisms on which arithmetic is built up. In doing so, Frege recognized that our colloquial language is inadequate to define logic structures. His notional language corresponded to the artaivicial logical language demandes by Leibniz. Frege's achievement in the field of logic were so important, that they radiated into the domain of philosophy and influenced the development of mathematical logic decisively.

Unpopuläre Betrachtungen

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: Europa Verlag GmbH & Company KG

ISBN: 3905811472

Category: Philosophy

Page: 207

View: 4286

Das "Lexikon Linker Leitfiguren" schließt den Artikel über Bertrand Russell mit der Feststellung: "Die Linke in der Bundesrepublik hat es sich wohl zu leicht mit ihm gemacht: Als Mitstreiter gegen den Rüstungswettlauf und die atomare Bedrohung, als Ankläger gegen die amerikanische Kriegsführung in Vietnam und als Vordenker antiautoritärer Erziehung war er in ihren Reihen willkommen. Sein philosophisches Werk und der Geist seiner Kritik blieben aber aus dem theoretischen Diskurs der Linken ausgeschlossen ... Er sollte für die Linke eine Provokation bleiben: als radikaler Aufklärer."In "Unpopuläre Betrachtungen" stellte Russell 1950 Essays zusammen, die "gegen den zunehmenden Dogmatismus der Rechten wie der Linken, der unserem tragischen Jahrhundert bisher seinen Stempel aufgedrückt hat, ankämpfen". Sie zeigen ihn als eben jenen radikalen Aufklärer; denn "wirkliche Philosophie handelt von Dingen, die für jeden Gebildeten von Interesse sind", unter anderem: Philosophie und Politik, Philosophie für Laien, Der Weg zum Weltstaat, Die tieferen Beweggründe der Philosophie, Die Aufgaben des Lehrers, Ideen, die der Menschheit genützt haben, Ideen, die der Menschheit geschadet haben. -- Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine vergriffene oder nicht verfügbare Ausgabe dieses Titels.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women

Global Women's Issues and Knowledge

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Author: Cheris Kramarae,Dale Spender

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135963150

Category: Reference

Page: 2050

View: 2280

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Lob des Müßiggangs

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423308519

Category:

Page: 257

View: 3690

Der Philosoph, Sozialkritiker und Nobelpreisträger Bertrand Russell behandelt in 15 Aufsätzen und Glossen eine Vielfalt an Themen. Das Spektrum reicht von den Vorteilen des Müßiggangs über soziale Aspekte der Architektur, 'unnützes Wissen', die Licht- und Schattenseiten von Kapitalismus, Faschismus, Kommunismus bis zu der Frage 'Was ist die Seele?' oder das Verhältnis von Menschen und Insekten. Obwohl diese Betrachtungen erstmals 1957 erschienen, sind sie doch von überraschender Aktualität, etwa bezüglich des globalen Kapitalismus, Fragen der Erziehung oder des Verhältnisses von Arbeit und Freizeit. Mit Witz und Scharfsinn argumentiert Russell für die Notwendigkeit einer geistigen Unvoreingenommenheit und die Bereitschaft, dogmatische Auffassungen immer wieder kritisch zu hinterfragen.

Classic Problems of Probability

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Author: Prakash Gorroochurn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118314336

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 9247

Winner of the 2012 PROSE Award for Mathematics from The AmericanPublishers Awards for Professional and Scholarly Excellence. "A great book, one that I will certainly add to my personallibrary." —Paul J. Nahin, Professor Emeritus of ElectricalEngineering, University of New Hampshire Classic Problems of Probability presents a lively accountof the most intriguing aspects of statistics. The book features alarge collection of more than thirty classic probability problemswhich have been carefully selected for their interesting history,the way they have shaped the field, and their counterintuitivenature. From Cardano's 1564 Games of Chance to Jacob Bernoulli's 1713Golden Theorem to Parrondo's 1996 Perplexing Paradox, the bookclearly outlines the puzzles and problems of probability,interweaving the discussion with rich historical detail and thestory of how the mathematicians involved arrived at theirsolutions. Each problem is given an in-depth treatment, includingdetailed and rigorous mathematical proofs as needed. Some of thefascinating topics discussed by the author include: Buffon's Needle problem and its ingenious treatment by JosephBarbier, culminating into a discussion of invariance Various paradoxes raised by Joseph Bertrand Classic problems in decision theory, including Pascal's Wager,Kraitchik's Neckties, and Newcomb's problem The Bayesian paradigm and various philosophies ofprobability Coverage of both elementary and more complex problems,including the Chevalier de Méré problems, Fisher and thelady testing tea, the birthday problem and its various extensions,and the Borel-Kolmogorov paradox Classic Problems of Probability is an eye-opening,one-of-a-kind reference for researchers and professionalsinterested in the history of probability and the variedproblem-solving strategies employed throughout the ages. The bookalso serves as an insightful supplement for courses on mathematicalprobability and introductory probability and statistics at theundergraduate level.

The Bloomsbury Companion to Analytic Philosophy

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Author: Barry Dainton,Howard Robinson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441163042

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 9866

Surveying the history, latest developments and potential future directions of contemporary analytic philosophy, this is an essential one-volume reference guide for all those workingin the field. The Continuum Companion to Analytic Philosophy brings together a team of internationally renowned scholars to explore all the major areas of inquiry, key concepts and most important thinkers in the analytic tradition. Topics covered include: The origins of analytic philosophy, from Frege and Russell to Wittgenstein and beyond Philosophy of mind from early developments to the latest contributions of neuroscience Perspectives in moral and political philosophy Contemporary Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Science The latest thinking on free will and personal identity The Continuum Companion to Analytic Philosophy also includes a historical chronology and a full guide to further reading and available resources, making this an invaluable library or desktop reference guide for anyone working in the discipline today.

Alfred Marshall's Mission (Routledge Revivals)

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Author: David Reisman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136703500

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 310

View: 386

Alfred Marshall was anxious to do good. Intended by an Evangelical father for the vocation of clergyman, the author of the mould-shaping Principles of Economics remained to the end of his days a great preacher deeply committed to raising the tone of life. First published in 1990, Alfred Marshall’s Mission explains how this most moral of political economists sought to blend the downward sloping utility function of Jevons and Menger with the organic evolutionism of Darwin and Spencer, how this celebrated theorist of social alongside economic growth sought to combine the mathematical marginalism of Cournot. Thunen and Edgeworth with the ethical uplift of Green, Jowett and Toynbee. The conclusion reached is that perhaps Marshall was, after all, too anxious to do good. Far more economists, however, have been not anxious enough; and that in itself gives this study of Marshall’s life and times a present day relevance which would, no doubt, have appealed strongly to the shy Cambridge professor who is its subject.

Routledge History of Philosophy Volume V

British Empiricism and the Enlightenment

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Author: Stuart Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134938667

Category: Reference

Page: 440

View: 3519

European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in the Enlightenment as a whole. British Philosophy and the Age of Enlightenment includes discussion of Scottish Enlightenment and its influence on the German Aufklarung, and consequently on Kant. French thought, which in turn affected the late radical Enlightenment, especially Bentham, is also considered here. This survey brings together clear, authoritative chapters from leading experts and provides a scholarly introduction to this period in the history of philosophy. It includes a glossary of technical terms and a chronological table of important political, philosophical, scientific and other cultural events.

Routledge History of Philosophy Volume IV

The Renaissance and Seventeenth Century Rationalism

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Author: G.H.R. Parkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113493873X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 4544

First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Classics and Moderns in Economics Volume I

Essays on Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Economic Thought

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Author: Peter Groenewegen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134417454

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 5291

Peter Groenewegen's reputation as a chronicler of the history of economics is unparalleled. Building on his respected collection on eighteenth century economics, this new book focuses on the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, reprinting essays on classical and modern economics. Several of the included essays have never been published before, whilst many have previously been difficult to access having been written across the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. This important collection will be an invaluable resource for any historian, student or academic involved in the history of economics.

Routledge Dictionary of Economics

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Author: Donald Rutherford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136240233

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 736

View: 3456

The Routledge Dictionary of Economics, now in its third edition, provides the clearest, most authoritative definition of economic and financial terms available. The book is perfect for students and professionals interested in a broad range of disciplines including Business, Economics, Finance, and Accountancy and all additional subjects where a knowledge of these fields of essential. The dictionary has been updated to reflect the economic changes of the new Millennium including the emergence of experimental and behavioural economics, new political economy, the importance of institutions, globalization, environmental economics, financial crises and the economic emergence of China and India. It’s an international dictionary that includes succinctly explained A to Z entries and definitive explanations of the key terms, accompanied by a short bibliography and comprising supplementary online definitions. In a world where the reader is met with a barrage of conflicting and competing information, this book continues to provide a definitive guide to economics.

Routledge History of Philosophy Volume IX

Philosophy of the English-Speaking World in the Twentieth Century 1: Science, Logic and Mathematics

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Author: S. G. Shanker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134393369

Category: Philosophy

Page: 504

View: 1079

Volume 9 of the Routledge History of Philosophy surveys ten key topics in the philosophy of science, logic and mathematics in the twentieth century. Each of the essays is written by one of the world's leading experts in that field. Among the topics covered are the philosophy of logic, of mathematics and of Gottlob Frege; Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus; a survey of logical positivism; the philosophy of physics and of science; probability theory, cybernetics and an essay on the mechanist/vitalist debates. The volume also contains a helpful chronology to the major scientific and philosophical events in the twentieth century. It also provides an extensive glossary of technical terms in the notes on major figures in these fields.

Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

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Author: Professor Edward Craig,Edward Craig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134593910

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1064

View: 3097

The most complete and up-to-date philosophy reference for a new generation, with entries ranging from Abstract Objects to Wisdom, Socrates to Jean-Paul Sartre, Ancient Egyptian Philosophy to Yoruba Epistemology. The Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy includes: * More than 2000 alphabetically arranged, accessible entries * Contributors from more than 1200 of the world's leading thinkers * Comprehensive coverage of the classic philosophical themes, such as Plato, Arguments for the Existence of God and Metaphysics * Up-to-date coverage of contemporary philosophers, ideas, schools and recent developments, including Jacques Derrida, Poststructuralism and Ecological Philosophy * Unrivalled international and multicultural scope with entries such as Modern Islamic Philosophy, Marxist Thought in Latin America and Chinese Buddhist Thought * An exhaustive index for ease of use * Extensive cross-referencing * Suggestions for further reading at the end of each entry

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time

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Author: Adrian Bardon,Heather Dyke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522052

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 3939

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents thebroadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissionedarticles - written by an international line-up of experts –provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialistsalike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of timecurrently available The first collection to tackle the historical development ofthe philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporarywork Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, coveringhistory of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of thephysical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished,well-established scholars and rising stars in the field

Pure Strategy

Power and Principle in the Space and Information Age

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Author: Everett Dolman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136608079

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 9493

A stimulating new inquiry into the fundamental truth of strategy - its purpose, place, utility, and value. This new study is animated by a startling realization: the concept of strategic victory must be summarily discarded. This is not to say that victory has no place in strategy or strategic planning. The outcome of battles and campaigns are variables within the strategist's plan, but victory is a concept that has no meaning there. To the tactical and operational planner, wars are indeed won and lost, and the difference is plain. Success is measurable; failure is obvious. In contrast, the pure strategist understands that war is but one aspect of social and political competition, an ongoing interaction that has no finality. Strategy therefore connects the conduct of war with the intent of politics. It shapes and guides military means in anticipation of a panoply of possible coming events. In the process, strategy changes the context within which events will happen. In this new book we see clearly that the goal of strategy is not to culminate events, to establish finality in the discourse between states, but to continue them; to influence state discourse in such a way that it will go forward on favorable terms. For continue it will. This book will provoke debate and stimulate new thinking across the field and strategic studies.

The Framework of Operational Warfare

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Author: Clayton Newell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134942796

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 5539

First published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

British Philosophy and the Age of Enlightenment

Routledge History of Philosophy

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Author: Stuart Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135865116

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 3818

This fifth volume covers many of the most important philosophers and movements of the nineteenth century, including utilitarianism, positivism and pragmatism.

The Routledge Companion to Twentieth Century Philosophy

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Author: Dermot Moran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134424027

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1040

View: 9062

The twentieth century was one of the most significant and exciting periods ever witnessed in philosophy, characterized by intellectual change and development on a massive scale. The Routledge Companion to Twentieth Century Philosophy is an outstanding authoritative survey and assessment of the century as a whole. Featuring twenty-two chapters written by leading international scholars, this collection is divided into five clear parts and presents a comprehensive picture of the period for the first time: major themes and movements logic, language, knowledge and metaphysics philosophy of mind, psychology and science phenomenology, hermeneutics, existentialism, and critical theory politics, ethics, aesthetics. Featuring annotated further reading and a comprehensive glossary, The Routledge Companion to Twentieth Century Philosophy is indispensable for anyone interested in philosophy over the last one hundred years, suitable for both expert and novice alike.