Polymer Blends and Composites

Chemistry and Technology

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Author: Muralisrinivasan Natamai Subramanian

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119383447

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 8313

Because it is critically important to manufacture quality products, a reasonable balance must be drawn between control requirements and parameters for improved processing method with respect to plastics additives. An important contribution to the commercial polymer industry, Polymer Blends and Composites is one of the first books to combine plastics additives, testing, and quality control. The book is a comprehensive treatise on properties that provides detailed guidelines for selecting and using blends and composites for applications. A valuable resource for operators, processors, engineers, chemists, the book serves to stimulate those already active in natural polymer composites.

Polymer Science and Technology

Plastics, Rubbers, Blends and Composites

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Author: Premamoy Ghosh

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780074639948

Category: Plastics

Page: 550

View: 8143

Polymer Science and Technology: Plastics, Rubbers, Blends and Composites, 2/e is a renewed outcome of an endeavour in this direction. This revised edition of a widely acclaimed reference and text has been enhanced to give a balanced coverage of the science and technology of polymers, which lend themselves useful as rubbers, plastics, fibres, adhesives, coating and composites. The book has also been designed to have an interdisciplinary relevance and would be of immense use not only to college and university students in the subject area but also entrepreneurs and professionals in diverse area of industrial activity

Polymer Blends and Composites

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Author: John A. Manson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461517613

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 513

View: 7769

The need for writing a monograph on polymer blends and composites became apparent during presentation of material on this subject to our advanced polymers class. Although the flood of important research in this area in the past decade has resulted in many symposia, edited collections of papers, reviews, contributions to scientific journals, and patents, apparently no organized presentation in book form has been forthcoming. In a closely connected way, another strong impetus for writing this monograph arose out of our research programs in the Materials Research Center at Lehigh University. As part of this effort, we had naturally compiled hundreds of references and become acquainted with many leaders in the field of blend and composite research. Perhaps the most important concept stressed over and over again is that engineering materials are useful because of their complexity, not in spite of it. Blends and composites are toughened because many modes of resistance to failure are available. Although such multimechanism processes are diffi cult to describe with a unified theory. we have presented available develop ments in juxtaposition with the experimental portions. The arguments somewhat resemble the classical discussion of resonance in organic chemistry, where molecular structures increase in stability as more electronic configura tions become available.

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites

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Author: Richard Wool,Xiuzhi Susan Sun

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080454344

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 4053

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Materials Science of Polymers

Plastics, Rubber, Blends and Composites

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Author: A. K. Haghi,Eduardo A. Castro,Sabu Thomas,P. M. Sivakumar,Andrew G. Mercader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482299135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 9163

Technical and technological development demands the creation of new materials that are stronger, more reliable, and more durable—materials with new properties. This book skillfully blends and integrates polymer science, plastic technology, and rubber technology to highlight new developments and trends in advanced polyblends. The fundamentals of polymerization, polymer characteristics, rheology and morphology, as well as composition, technology, testing and evaluation of various plastics, rubbers, fibers, adhesives, coatings, and composites are comprehensively presented in this informative volume. The book presents the developments of advanced polyblends and the respective tools to characterize and predict the material properties and behavior. It provides important original and theoretical experimental results that use non-routine methodologies often unfamiliar to many readers. Furthermore chapters on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems are included, which indicate the need for the new experimental approaches that are presented. This new book: • Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of polyblends and composites • Familiarizes the reader with new aspects of the techniques used in the examination of polymers, emphasizing plastic technology and rubber technology • Describes the types of techniques now available to the polymer chemist and technician and discusses their capabilities, limitations, and applications • Provides a balance between materials science and the mechanics aspects, basic and applied research, and high-technology and high-volume (low-cost) composite development Entrepreneurs and professionals engaged in production of as well as research and development in polymers will find the information presented here valuable and informative.

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

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Author: A. K. Kulshreshtha

Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing

ISBN: 9781859572498

Category: Composite materials

Page: 558

View: 2286

This handbook is part of a four volume handbook intended to provide an overview of the theory and application of polymer blends and composites. Practical and theoretical investigations are presented aimed at generating an understanding of the fundamental nature of polymer mixtures and composites and describing progress in the thermodynamics of mixing (both in solution and solid state) of binary and multi-component systems.

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers

Synthesis, Properties and Applications

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Author: Abdulakh K. Mikitaev,Mukhamed Kh Ligidov,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600211683

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 5777

Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminium, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibres, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Kunststoffverarbeitung

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Author: Otto Schwarz,Friedrich Wolfhard Ebeling,Brigitte Furth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783834331199

Category: Kunststoffverarbeitung

Page: 253

View: 9375

Fundamentals of Conjugated Polymer Blends, Copolymers and Composites

Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

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Author: Parveen Saini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119137101

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 4651

Since their discovery in 1977, the evolution of conducting polymers has revolutionized modern science and technology. These polymers enjoy a special status in the area of materials science yet they are not as popular among young readers or common people when compared to other materials like metals, paper, plastics, rubber, textiles, ceramics and composites like concrete. Most importantly, much of the available literature in the form of papers, specific review articles and books is targeted either at advanced readers (scientists/technologists/engineers/senior academicians) or for those who are already familiar with the topic (doctoral/postdoctoral scholars). For a beginner or even school/college students, such compilations are bit difficult to access/digest. In fact, they need proper introduction to the topic of conducting polymers including their discovery, preparation, properties, applications and societal impact, using suitable examples and already known principles/knowledge/phenomenon. Further, active participation of readers in terms of “question & answers”, “fill-in-the-blanks”, “numerical” along with suitable answer key is necessary to maintain the interest and to initiate the “thought process”. The readers also need to know about the drawbacks and any hazards of such materials. Therefore, I believe that a comprehensive source on the science/technology of conducting polymers which maintains a link between grass root fundamentals and state-of-the-art R&D is still missing from the open literature.

Nano- and Micro-mechanics of Polymer Blends and Composites

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Author: József Karger-Kocsis,Stoyko Fakirov

Publisher: Hanser Verlag

ISBN: 9783446413238

Category: Micromechanics

Page: 604

View: 9893

"The aim of this book is to give a state-of-art overview on aspects of micro- and nanomechanics of polymers, polymeric blends and composites"--Provided by publisher.

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends

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Author: Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Mishra,Nandakumar Kalarikkal

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081019920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 1702

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends is a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and scientists working in the field of plastics recycling and composites. The book aims to determine the influence of micro and nanofibrillar morphology on the properties of immiscible blend systems. Chapters cover micro and nanofibrillar composites based on polyolefin, liquid crystal polymer, biodegradable polymers, polyester and polyamide blends in various industrial application fields. The book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of plastics recycling, blends and composites systems. For several decades, plastic technology has played an important role in many industrial applications, such as packaging, automobiles, aerospace and construction. However the increasing use of plastics creates a lot of waste. This has led to restrictions on the use of some plastics for certain applications and a drive towards recycling of plastics. More recently, microfibrillar in-situ composites have been prepared from waste plastics such as PET/PP, PET/PE and Nylon/PP as a way of formulating new high performance polymer systems. This book tackles these issues and more, and is an ideal resource for anyone interested in polymer blends. Provides information on MFC and NFC based polymer blends that have been accumulated over the last 25 years, providing a useful reference Adopts a novel approach in terms of understanding the relationship between processing, morphology, structure, properties and applications in micro and nanofibrillar composites Contains contributions from leading experts in the field from both industrial and academic research

Polymers and Plastics Technology Handbook

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Author: NIIR Board

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178330768

Category:

Page: 424

View: 5130

Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. Polymer technology deals with the manufacture and production of polymer and synthetic substances. Plastic is incredibly versatile and can be made from different ingredients, moulded into any shape, and put to a huge range of uses across industry and the rest of society, from carrier bags to electrical cables. Polymer energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Some of the important example of polymers and plastics are polytetra fluoroethylene (PTFE), polyether sulphone (PES), phenol-formaldehyde (PF), polyolefins, vinyl polymers, thermoplastic polyesters, polysulfones, poly(phenylene sulfide), etc. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The Indian plastic industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise, and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. The major contents of the book are properties and applications of speciality plastics, thermoset plastics, applications of recycle plastics, introduction of polymer science, polymer additives, blends and composites, commodity thermoplastics and fibres etc. This book also consists of raw material suppliers for plastic and plastic products, manufacturers of plastic, processing machinery, plastics processing machinery and equipment (foreign), machinery and equipment for plastic converting, extruders and extrusion lines, injection moulding machines, presses and accessories, blow moulding and thermoforming machines etc. The book has been designed with the idea of blending and integrating basic polymer science and the technology of plastics into a composite structure. This book is an outcome of an endeavour in the direction of polymer and plastic processing. It would be of immense use to entrepreneurs, consultants, students and libraries etc.

Polypropylene Structure, blends and Composites

Volume 3 Composites

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Author: J. Karger-Kocsis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401105235

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 377

View: 2121

Although polypropylene has been marketed since the 1950s, research and development in this area is still vigorous. The consumption of polypropylene over the years has been relatively high, mainly due to the steady improvement of its property profile. Polypropylene: Structures, Blends and Composites, in three separate volumes, reflects on the key factors which have contributed to the success of polypropylene, dealing with all aspects of structure-performance relationships relevant to thermoplastic polymers and related composites. Volume 1, Structure and Morphology, deals with polymorphism in polypropylene homo- and copolymers, where molecular and supermolecular structures are covered, and the processing-induced structure development of polypropylene, showing the interrelation between the processing-induced morphology and mechanical performance. Volume 2, Copolymers and Blends, contains comprehensive surveys of the nucleation and crystallisation behaviour of the related systems. It includes the development of morphology and its effects on rheological and mechanical properties of polypropylene-based alloys and blends and a review of polypropylene-based thermoplastic elastomers. Volume 3, Composites, gives a comprehensive overview of filled and reinforced systems with polypropylene as a matrix material, with the main emphasis on processing-structure-property-interrelationships. Chapters cover all aspects of particulate filled, chopped fibre-, fibre mat- and continuous fibre-reinforced composites. Interfacial phenomena, such as adhesion, wetting and interfacial crystallisation, are also included as important aspects of this subject.

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

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Author: Leslie H. Sperling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119103746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 880

View: 7092

An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives,fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introductionto Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success ofpolymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing todeliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that madeits predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous andcrystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, andmechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymerblends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics asmolecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships amongmolecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior ofpolymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliatedmontmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, aswell as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with livingorganisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy,friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition providesboth an essential introduction to the field as well as an entrypoint to the latest research and developments in polymer scienceand engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, andpolymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Polymer Science and Technology

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Author: Joel R. Fried

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 013703993X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 688

View: 6050

The Definitive Guide to Polymer Principles, Properties, Synthesis, Applications, and Simulations Now fully revised, Polymer Science and Technology, Third Edition, systematically reviews the field’s current state and emerging advances. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers modern coverage of both processing principles and applications in multiple industries, including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics. This edition’s new and expanded coverage ranges from advanced synthesis to the latest drug delivery applications. New topics include controlled radical polymerization, click chemistry, green chemistry, block copolymers, nanofillers, electrospinning, and more. A brand-new chapter offers extensive guidance for predicting polymer properties, including additional coverage of group correlations, and new discussions of the use of topological indices and neural networks. This is also the first introductory polymer text to fully explain computational polymer science, including molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo methods. Simulation concepts are supported with many application examples, ranging from prediction of PVT values to permeability and free volume. Fried thoroughly covers synthetic polymer chemistry; polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states; and all important categories of plastics. This revised edition also adds many new calculations, end-of-chapter problems, and references. In-depth coverage includes Polymer synthesis: step- and chain-growth; bulk, solution, suspension, emulsion, solid-state, and plasma; ionic liquids, and macromers; and genetic engineering Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, mechanical properties, and solid-state characterization Polymers and the environment: degradation, stability, and more Additives, blends, block copolymers, and composites–including interpenetrating networks, nanocomposites, buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and POSS Biopolymers, natural polymers, fibers, thermoplastics, elastomers, and thermosets Engineering and specialty polymers, from polycarbonates to ionic polymers and high-performance fibers Polymer rheology, processing, and modeling Correlations and simulations: group contribution, topological indices, artificial neural networks, molecular dynamics, and Monte Carlo simulations

Industrial Polymer Applications

Essential Chemistry and Technology

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Author: William R. Ashcroft

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782628142

Category:

Page: 236

View: 2743

A supplementary text covering the use of polymers in the modification, protection, repair, restoration and bonding of the main classes of industrial engineering materials.

Recycling of Polymers

Methods, Characterization and Applications

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Author: Raju Francis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527338489

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6028

This timely reference on the topic is the only book you need for a complete overview of recyclable polymers. Following an introduction to various polymer structures and their resulting properties, the main part of the book deals with different methods of recycling. It discusses in detail the recycling of such common polymers as polyethylene, polypropylene and PET, as well as rubbers, fibers, engineering polymers, polymer blends and composites. The whole is rounded off with a look at future technologies and the toxicological impact of recycled polymers. An indispensable reference source for those working in the field, whether in academia or industry, and whether newcomers or advanced readers.

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

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Author: Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1455731609

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 9845

Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost. Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials). This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc. Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers) Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Monomers, Polymers and Composites from Renewable Resources

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Author: Mohamed Naceur Belgacem,Alessandro Gandini

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080560519

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 7543

The progressive dwindling of fossil resources, coupled with the drastic increase in oil prices, have sparked a feverish activity in search of alternatives based on renewable resources for the production of energy. Given the predominance of petroleum- and carbon-based chemistry for the manufacture of organic chemical commodities, a similar preoccupation has recently generated numerous initiatives aimed at replacing these fossil sources with renewable counterparts. In particular, major efforts are being conducted in the field of polymer science and technology to prepare macromolecular materials based on renewable resources. The concept of the bio-refinery, viz. the rational exploitation of the vegetable biomass in terms of the separation of its components and their utilisation as such, or after suitable chemical modifications, is thus gaining momentum and considerable financial backing from both the public and private sectors. This collection of chapters, each one written by internationally recognised experts in the corresponding field, covers in a comprehensive fashion all the major aspects related to the synthesis, characterization and properties of macromolecular materials prepared using renewable resources as such, or after appropriate modifications. Thus, monomers such as terpenes and furans, oligomers like rosin and tannins, and polymers ranging from cellulose to proteins and including macromolecules synthesized by microbes, are discussed with the purpose of showing the extraordinary variety of materials that can be prepared from their intelligent exploitation. Particular emphasis has been placed on recent advances and imminent perspectives, given the incessantly growing interest that this area is experiencing in both the scientific and technological realms. Discusses bio-refining with explicit application to materials Replete with examples of applications of the concept of sustainable development Presents an impressive variety of novel macromolecular materials