Polymer Blends and Composites

Chemistry and Technology

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Author: Muralisrinivasan Natamai Subramanian

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119383447

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 4865

Because it is critically important to manufacture quality products, a reasonable balance must be drawn between control requirements and parameters for improved processing method with respect to plastics additives. An important contribution to the commercial polymer industry, Polymer Blends and Composites is one of the first books to combine plastics additives, testing, and quality control. The book is a comprehensive treatise on properties that provides detailed guidelines for selecting and using blends and composites for applications. A valuable resource for operators, processors, engineers, chemists, the book serves to stimulate those already active in natural polymer composites.

Polymer Science and Technology

Plastics, Rubbers, Blends and Composites

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Author: Premamoy Ghosh

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780074639948

Category: Plastics

Page: 550

View: 7779

Polymer Science and Technology: Plastics, Rubbers, Blends and Composites, 2/e is a renewed outcome of an endeavour in this direction. This revised edition of a widely acclaimed reference and text has been enhanced to give a balanced coverage of the science and technology of polymers, which lend themselves useful as rubbers, plastics, fibres, adhesives, coating and composites. The book has also been designed to have an interdisciplinary relevance and would be of immense use not only to college and university students in the subject area but also entrepreneurs and professionals in diverse area of industrial activity

Polymer Blends and Composites

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Author: John A. Manson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461517613

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 513

View: 5903

The need for writing a monograph on polymer blends and composites became apparent during presentation of material on this subject to our advanced polymers class. Although the flood of important research in this area in the past decade has resulted in many symposia, edited collections of papers, reviews, contributions to scientific journals, and patents, apparently no organized presentation in book form has been forthcoming. In a closely connected way, another strong impetus for writing this monograph arose out of our research programs in the Materials Research Center at Lehigh University. As part of this effort, we had naturally compiled hundreds of references and become acquainted with many leaders in the field of blend and composite research. Perhaps the most important concept stressed over and over again is that engineering materials are useful because of their complexity, not in spite of it. Blends and composites are toughened because many modes of resistance to failure are available. Although such multimechanism processes are diffi cult to describe with a unified theory. we have presented available develop ments in juxtaposition with the experimental portions. The arguments somewhat resemble the classical discussion of resonance in organic chemistry, where molecular structures increase in stability as more electronic configura tions become available.

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites

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Author: Richard Wool,Xiuzhi Susan Sun

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080454344

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 8800

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Handbook of Polymer Blends and Composites

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Author: A. K. Kulshreshtha

Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing

ISBN: 9781859572498

Category: Composite materials

Page: 558

View: 3515

This handbook is part of a four volume handbook intended to provide an overview of the theory and application of polymer blends and composites. Practical and theoretical investigations are presented aimed at generating an understanding of the fundamental nature of polymer mixtures and composites and describing progress in the thermodynamics of mixing (both in solution and solid state) of binary and multi-component systems.

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends

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Author: Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Mishra,Nandakumar Kalarikkal

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 0081019920

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 372

View: 5440

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends is a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and scientists working in the field of plastics recycling and composites. The book aims to determine the influence of micro and nanofibrillar morphology on the properties of immiscible blend systems. Chapters cover micro and nanofibrillar composites based on polyolefin, liquid crystal polymer, biodegradable polymers, polyester and polyamide blends in various industrial application fields. The book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of plastics recycling, blends and composites systems. For several decades, plastic technology has played an important role in many industrial applications, such as packaging, automobiles, aerospace and construction. However the increasing use of plastics creates a lot of waste. This has led to restrictions on the use of some plastics for certain applications and a drive towards recycling of plastics. More recently, microfibrillar in-situ composites have been prepared from waste plastics such as PET/PP, PET/PE and Nylon/PP as a way of formulating new high performance polymer systems. This book tackles these issues and more, and is an ideal resource for anyone interested in polymer blends. Provides information on MFC and NFC based polymer blends that have been accumulated over the last 25 years, providing a useful reference Adopts a novel approach in terms of understanding the relationship between processing, morphology, structure, properties and applications in micro and nanofibrillar composites Contains contributions from leading experts in the field from both industrial and academic research

Materials Science of Polymers

Plastics, Rubber, Blends and Composites

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Author: A. K. Haghi,Eduardo A. Castro,Sabu Thomas,P. M. Sivakumar,Andrew G. Mercader

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482299135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 5413

Technical and technological development demands the creation of new materials that are stronger, more reliable, and more durable—materials with new properties. This book skillfully blends and integrates polymer science, plastic technology, and rubber technology to highlight new developments and trends in advanced polyblends. The fundamentals of polymerization, polymer characteristics, rheology and morphology, as well as composition, technology, testing and evaluation of various plastics, rubbers, fibers, adhesives, coatings, and composites are comprehensively presented in this informative volume. The book presents the developments of advanced polyblends and the respective tools to characterize and predict the material properties and behavior. It provides important original and theoretical experimental results that use non-routine methodologies often unfamiliar to many readers. Furthermore chapters on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems are included, which indicate the need for the new experimental approaches that are presented. This new book: • Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of polyblends and composites • Familiarizes the reader with new aspects of the techniques used in the examination of polymers, emphasizing plastic technology and rubber technology • Describes the types of techniques now available to the polymer chemist and technician and discusses their capabilities, limitations, and applications • Provides a balance between materials science and the mechanics aspects, basic and applied research, and high-technology and high-volume (low-cost) composite development Entrepreneurs and professionals engaged in production of as well as research and development in polymers will find the information presented here valuable and informative.

Polypropylene Structure, blends and Composites

Volume 3 Composites

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Author: J. Karger-Kocsis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401105235

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 377

View: 5141

Although polypropylene has been marketed since the 1950s, research and development in this area is still vigorous. The consumption of polypropylene over the years has been relatively high, mainly due to the steady improvement of its property profile. Polypropylene: Structures, Blends and Composites, in three separate volumes, reflects on the key factors which have contributed to the success of polypropylene, dealing with all aspects of structure-performance relationships relevant to thermoplastic polymers and related composites. Volume 1, Structure and Morphology, deals with polymorphism in polypropylene homo- and copolymers, where molecular and supermolecular structures are covered, and the processing-induced structure development of polypropylene, showing the interrelation between the processing-induced morphology and mechanical performance. Volume 2, Copolymers and Blends, contains comprehensive surveys of the nucleation and crystallisation behaviour of the related systems. It includes the development of morphology and its effects on rheological and mechanical properties of polypropylene-based alloys and blends and a review of polypropylene-based thermoplastic elastomers. Volume 3, Composites, gives a comprehensive overview of filled and reinforced systems with polypropylene as a matrix material, with the main emphasis on processing-structure-property-interrelationships. Chapters cover all aspects of particulate filled, chopped fibre-, fibre mat- and continuous fibre-reinforced composites. Interfacial phenomena, such as adhesion, wetting and interfacial crystallisation, are also included as important aspects of this subject.

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers

Synthesis, Properties and Applications

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Author: Abdulakh K. Mikitaev,Mukhamed Kh Ligidov,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600211683

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 7011

Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminium, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibres, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Fundamentals of Conjugated Polymer Blends, Copolymers and Composites

Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

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Author: Parveen Saini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119137101

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 9238

Since their discovery in 1977, the evolution of conducting polymers has revolutionized modern science and technology. These polymers enjoy a special status in the area of materials science yet they are not as popular among young readers or common people when compared to other materials like metals, paper, plastics, rubber, textiles, ceramics and composites like concrete. Most importantly, much of the available literature in the form of papers, specific review articles and books is targeted either at advanced readers (scientists/technologists/engineers/senior academicians) or for those who are already familiar with the topic (doctoral/postdoctoral scholars). For a beginner or even school/college students, such compilations are bit difficult to access/digest. In fact, they need proper introduction to the topic of conducting polymers including their discovery, preparation, properties, applications and societal impact, using suitable examples and already known principles/knowledge/phenomenon. Further, active participation of readers in terms of “question & answers”, “fill-in-the-blanks”, “numerical” along with suitable answer key is necessary to maintain the interest and to initiate the “thought process”. The readers also need to know about the drawbacks and any hazards of such materials. Therefore, I believe that a comprehensive source on the science/technology of conducting polymers which maintains a link between grass root fundamentals and state-of-the-art R&D is still missing from the open literature.

Recycling of Polymers

Methods, Characterization and Applications

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Author: Raju Francis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527338489

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 9457

This timely reference on the topic is the only book you need for a complete overview of recyclable polymers. Following an introduction to various polymer structures and their resulting properties, the main part of the book deals with different methods of recycling. It discusses in detail the recycling of such common polymers as polyethylene, polypropylene and PET, as well as rubbers, fibers, engineering polymers, polymer blends and composites. The whole is rounded off with a look at future technologies and the toxicological impact of recycled polymers. An indispensable reference source for those working in the field, whether in academia or industry, and whether newcomers or advanced readers.

Nano- and Micro-mechanics of Polymer Blends and Composites

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Author: József Karger-Kocsis,Stoyko Fakirov

Publisher: Hanser Verlag

ISBN: 9783446413238

Category: Micromechanics

Page: 604

View: 437

"The aim of this book is to give a state-of-art overview on aspects of micro- and nanomechanics of polymers, polymeric blends and composites"--Provided by publisher.

Polymers and Plastics Technology Handbook

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Author: NIIR Board

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 8178330768

Category:

Page: 424

View: 5237

Plastics play a very important role in our daily lives. Throughout the world the demand for plastic, particularly plastic packaging, continues to rapidly grow. Polymer technology deals with the manufacture and production of polymer and synthetic substances. Plastic is incredibly versatile and can be made from different ingredients, moulded into any shape, and put to a huge range of uses across industry and the rest of society, from carrier bags to electrical cables. Polymer energy system is an award winning, innovative, proprietary process to convert waste plastics into renewable energy. Some of the important example of polymers and plastics are polytetra fluoroethylene (PTFE), polyether sulphone (PES), phenol-formaldehyde (PF), polyolefins, vinyl polymers, thermoplastic polyesters, polysulfones, poly(phenylene sulfide), etc. Polymers are the most rapidly growing sector of the materials industry. The Indian plastic industry has taken great strides. In the last few decades, the industry has grown to the status of a leading sector in the country with a sizable base. The material is gaining notable importance in different spheres of activity and the per capita consumption is increasing at a fast pace. Continuous advancements and developments in polymer technology, processing machineries, expertise, and cost effective manufacturing is fast replacing the typical materials in different segments with plastics. On the basis of value added, Indian share of plastic products industry is about 0.5% of national GDP. The major contents of the book are properties and applications of speciality plastics, thermoset plastics, applications of recycle plastics, introduction of polymer science, polymer additives, blends and composites, commodity thermoplastics and fibres etc. This book also consists of raw material suppliers for plastic and plastic products, manufacturers of plastic, processing machinery, plastics processing machinery and equipment (foreign), machinery and equipment for plastic converting, extruders and extrusion lines, injection moulding machines, presses and accessories, blow moulding and thermoforming machines etc. The book has been designed with the idea of blending and integrating basic polymer science and the technology of plastics into a composite structure. This book is an outcome of an endeavour in the direction of polymer and plastic processing. It would be of immense use to entrepreneurs, consultants, students and libraries etc.

Handbook of Engineering and Specialty Thermoplastics, Volume 3

Polyethers and Polyesters

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Author: Sabu Thomas,Visakh P. M.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118104749

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 7170

The book summarizes many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of engineering polymers, such as oxygen containing main chain polymers (Polyether and Polyesters). The book emphasizes the various aspects of preparation, structure, processing, morphology, properties and applications of engineering polymers. Recent advances in the development and characterization of multi component polymer blends and composites (maco, micro and nano) based on engineering polymers are discussed in detail. The content of the book is unique as there are no books which deal with the recent advances synthesis, morphology, structure, properties and applications of engineering polymers and their blends and composites including nanocomposites. It covers an up-to-date record on the major findings and observations in the field.

Polymer Science and Technology

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Author: Joel R. Fried

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130181688

Category: Science

Page: 582

View: 802

The definitive guide to polymer principles, properties, synthesis, and applications Polymer Science and Technology, Second Edition systematically reviews both the current state of polymer science and technology and emerging advances in the field. Leading polymer specialist Joel R. Fried offers thoroughly updated coverage of both polymer processing principles and the latest polymer applications in a wide range of industries -- including medicine, biotechnology, chemicals, and electronics. In addition to synthetic polymer chemistry, Fried covers polymer properties in solution and in melt, rubber, and solid states, and surveys all important categories of plastics. This Second Edition also adds many new example calculations, homework problems, and bibliographic references. In-depth coverage includes: bull; bull; Polymer synthesis, including metallocene catalysis, atom-transfer radical and plasma polymerization, the use of supercritical fluids, and genetic engineering Amorphous and crystalline states, transitions, and mechanical properties Characterization techniques, including new coverage of temperature-modulated DSC Polymer engineering, from rheology to modeling of polymer processing operations Fundamental principles of polymer blends and composites -- including up-to-the-minute discussions of nanocomposites Commodity thermoplastics and fibers, with new coverage of syndiotactic polystyrene, biopolymers, and naturally occurring polymers Elastomers and thermosets Engineering and specialty polymers, including dendrimers and hyperbranched polymers, amorphous Teflon, and new electrical/optical applications Membrane separations and new coverage of barrier polymers PRENTICE HALL Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458 www.phptr.com ISBN: 0-13-018168-4

Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

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Author: Leslie H. Sperling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119103746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 880

View: 5669

An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives,fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introductionto Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success ofpolymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing todeliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that madeits predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous andcrystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, andmechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymerblends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics asmolecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships amongmolecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior ofpolymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliatedmontmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, aswell as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with livingorganisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy,friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition providesboth an essential introduction to the field as well as an entrypoint to the latest research and developments in polymer scienceand engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, andpolymer science and engineering students and professionals.

Industrial Polymer Applications

Essential Chemistry and Technology

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Author: William R. Ashcroft

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782628142

Category:

Page: 236

View: 9251

A supplementary text covering the use of polymers in the modification, protection, repair, restoration and bonding of the main classes of industrial engineering materials.

Polymer Science Dictionary

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Author: Mark Alger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402408932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1008

View: 1912

The 3rd edition of this important dictionary offers more than 12,000 entries with expanded encyclopaedic-style definitions making this major reference work invaluable to practitioners, researchers and students working in the area of polymer science and technology. This new edition now includes entries on computer simulation and modeling, surface and interfacial properties and their characterization, functional and smart polymers. New and controlled architectures of polymers, especially dendrimers and controlled radical polymerization are also covered.

Adhesive And Coating Technology

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Author: Premamoy Ghosh

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780070656949

Category: Adhesives

Page: 172

View: 8167

The book provides an in-depth coverage on the world of adhesives and coatings and their relevance in our day-to-day life. Apart from the principles and practices of adhesives, coatings, microencapsulation and plating processes, the book presents a comprehensive description on coated textiles, powder coatings, tribology and tribological coatings.With this wide coverage, Adhesives and Coatings Technology would serve as likable, reference book for professionals as well as students of polymer and related technology and chemical engineering. This book supplements author's other two books Polymer Science and Technology: Plastics, Rubbers, Blends and Composites, 2/e, and Fibre Science and Technology, published in 2002 and 2004

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

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Author: Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030053997

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1440

View: 2639

This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.