Politics, power and community development

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Author: Meade, Rosie,Shaw, Mae

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447317408

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 9258

The increasing impact of neoliberalism across the globe means that a complex interplay of democratic, economic and managerial rationalities now frame the parameters and practices of community development. This book explores how contemporary politics, and the power relations it reflects and projects, is shaping the field today. This first title in the timely Rethinking Community Development series presents unique and critical reflections on policy and practice in Taiwan, Australia, India, South Africa, Burundi, Germany, the USA, Ireland, Malawi, Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazonia and the UK. It addresses the global dominance of neoliberalism, and the extent to which practitioners, activists and programmes can challenge, critique, engage with or resist its influence. Addressing key dilemmas and challenges being navigated by students, academics, professionals and activists, this is a vital intellectual and practical resource.

Funding, power and community development

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Author: McCrea, Niamh,Finnegan, Fergal

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 144733616X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 4409

This edited collection critically explores the funding arrangements governing contemporary community development and how they shape its theory and practice. International contributions from activists, practitioners and academics consider the evolution of funding in community development and how changes in policy and practice can be understood in relation to the politics of neoliberalism and contemporary efforts to build global democracy from the ‘bottom up’. Thematically, the collection explores matters such as popular democracy, the shifting contours of the state-market relationship, prospects for democratising the state, the prospects for community autonomy, the effects of managerialism and hybrid modes of funding such as social finance. The collection is thus uniquely positioned to stimulate critical debate on both policy and practice within the broad field of community development.

Funding, Power and Community Development

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Author: Niamh McCrea,Fergal Finnegan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1447336178

Category:

Page: 208

View: 3911

This editedcollection critically explores the funding arrangements governing contemporarycommunity development and how they shape its theory and practice. Internationalcontributions from activists, practitioners and academics consider theevolution of funding in community development and how changes in policy andpractice can be understood in relation to the politics of neoliberalism andcontemporary efforts to build global democracy from the 'bottom up'.

Class, inequality and community development

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Author: Shaw, Mae,Mayo, Marjorie

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447322495

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 3140

This book, the second title in the Rethinking Community Development series, starts from concern about increasing inequality worldwide and the re-emergence of community development in public policy debates. It argues for the centrality of class analysis and its associated divisions of power to any discussion of the potential benefits of community development. It proposes that, without such an analysis, community development can simply mask the underlying causes of structural inequality. It may even exacerbate divisions between groups competing for dwindling public resources in the context of neoliberal globalisation. Reflecting on their own contexts, a wide range of contributors from across the global north and south explore how an understanding of social class can offer ways forward in the face of increasing social polarisation. The book considers class as a dynamic and contested concept and examines its application in policies and practices past and present. These include local/global and rural/urban alliances, community organising, ecology, gender and education.

Community Development as Micropolitics

Comparing Theories, Policies and Politics in America and Britain

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Author: Akwugo Emejulu

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447313186

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 3416

A critical examination of the contradictory ideas and practices that have shaped community development in the US and the UK. It exposes a problematic politics that have far-reaching consequences for those committed to working for social justice.

Rethinking Empowerment

Gender and Development in a Global/Local World

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Author: Jane L. Parpart,Shirin M. Rai,Kathleen A. Staudt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134472110

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4236

Rethinking Empowerment looks at the changing role of women in developing countries and calls for a new approach to empowerment. An approach that adopts a more nuanced, feminist interpretation of power and em(power)ment, recognises that local empowerment is always embedded in regional, national and global contexts, pays attention to institutional structures and politics and acknowledges that empowerment is both a process and an outcome. Moreover, the book warns that an obsession with measurement rather than process can undermine efforts to foster transformative and empowering outcomes. It concludes that power must be restored as the centrepiece of empowerment. Only then will the term and its advocates provide meaningful ammunition for dealing with the challenges of an increasingly unequal, and often sexist, global/local world.

Political Ecology of Tourism

Community, power and the environment

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Author: Mary Mostafanezhad,Roger Norum,Eric J. Shelton,Anna Thompson-Carr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317509358

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 4097

Why has political ecology been assigned so little attention in tourism studies, despite its broad and critical interrogation of environment and politics? As the first full-length treatment of a political ecology of tourism, the collection addresses this lacuna and calls for the further establishment of this emerging interdisciplinary subfield. Drawing on recent trends in geography, anthropology, and environmental and tourism studies, Political Ecology of Tourism: Communities, Power and the Environment employs a political ecology approach to the analysis of tourism through three interrelated themes: Communities and Power, Conservation and Control, and Development and Conflict. While geographically broad in scope—with chapters that span Central and South America to Africa, and South, Southeast, and East Asia to Europe and Greenland—the collection illustrates how tourism-related environmental challenges are shared across prodigious geographical distances, while also attending to the nuanced ways they materialize in local contexts and therefore demand the historically situated, place-based and multi-scalar approach of political ecology. This collection advances our understanding of the role of political, economic and environmental concerns in tourism practice. It offers readers a political ecology framework from which to address tourism-related issues and themes such as development, identity politics, environmental subjectivities, environmental degradation, land and resources conflict, and indigenous ecologies. Finally, the collection is bookended by a pair of essays from two of the most distinguished scholars working in the subfield: Rosaleen Duffy (foreword) and James Igoe (afterword). This collection will be valuable reading for scholars and practitioners alike who share a critical interest in the intersection of tourism, politics and the environment

Rethinking Law and Development

The Chinese experience

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Author: Guanghua Yu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136667415

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 6542

This book is the result of the collective effort of some of the foremost experts and scholars of Chinese law, Asian law, and Chinese economics and carefully examines the relationship between law and China’s economic development. Serious inquiries and candid opinions of the contributors have made for stimulating discussion and debate in many controversial areas. This book is likely to result in further research into factors affecting China’s economic development, political change, and China’s interaction with the international community. The book explores the development of the Chinese legal system from both China’s historical perspective, taking into account the specific political and socioeconomic factors that are shaping Chinese law, and from a comparative perspective exploring the interaction between China and the rest of the world. The book brings together key international scholars of Chinese law and economics including Hualing Fu, Roda Mushkat, Randall Peerenboom, Zhigang Tao and Frank Upham. The first part of the book focuses on the linkages between the formal law and China’s economic development, looking at Chinese courts, economic institutions and firm behaviour as well as contract enforcement and property rights. Part two deals with issues of law, human rights, and social justice as they relate to economic and human development. Taken as a whole, the book offers a unique discourse on the interaction between law and economic and human development in China.

Our Forest, Your Ecosystem, Their Timber

Communities, Conservation, and the State in Community-Based Forest Management

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Author: Nicholas K. Menzies

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231510233

Category: Nature

Page: 280

View: 4101

Community-based forest management (CBFM) is a model of forest management in which a community takes part in decision making and implementation, and monitoring of activities affecting the natural resources around them. CBFM provides a framework for a community members to secure access to the products and services that flow from the landscape in which they live and has become an essential component of any comprehensive approach to forest management. In this volume, Nicholas K. Menzies looks at communities in China, Zanzibar, Brazil, and India where, despite differences in landscape, climate, politics, and culture, common challenges and themes arise in making a transition from forest management by government agencies to CBFM. The stories of these four distinct places highlight the difficulties communities face when trying to manage their forests and negotiate partnerships with others interested in forest management, such as the commercial forest sector or conservation and environmental organizations. These issues are then considered against a growing body of research concerning what constitutes successful CBFM. Drawing on published and unpublished case studies, project reports, and his own rich experience, Menzies analyzes how CBFM fits into the broader picture of the management of natural resources, highlighting the conditions that bring about effective practices and the most just and equitable stewardship of resources. A critical companion for students, researchers, and practitioners, Our Forest, Your Ecosystem, Their Timber provides a singular resource on the emergence and evolution of CBFM.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

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Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 2573

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

The Handbook of Community Practice

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Author: Marie Weil,Michael S. Reisch,Mary L. Ohmer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452289972

Category: Social Science

Page: 968

View: 5985

The Second Edition of The Handbook of Community Practice is expanded and updated with a major global focus and serves as a comprehensive guidebook of community practice grounded in social justice and human rights. It utilizes community and practice theories and encompasses community development, organizing, planning, social change, policy practice, program development, service coordination, organizational cultural competency, and community-based research in relation to global poverty and community empowerment. This is also the first community practice text to provide combined and in-depth treatment of globalization and international development practice issues—including impacts on communities in the United States and on international development work. The Handbook is grounded in participatory and empowerment practices, including social change, social and economic development, feminist practice, community-collaborative, and engagement in diverse communities. It utilizes the social development perspective and employs analyses of persistent poverty, asset development, policy practice, and community research approaches as well as providing strategies for advocacy and social and legislative action. The handbook consists of forty chapters which challenge readers to examine and assess practice, theory, and research methods. As it expands on models and approaches, delineates emerging issues, and connects policy and practice, the book provides vision and strategies for local to global community practice in the coming decades. The handbook will continue to stand as the central text and reference for comprehensive community practice, and will be useful for years to come as it emphasizes direction for positive change, new developments in community approaches, and focuses attention on globalization, human rights, and social justice. It will continue to be used as a core text for multiple courses within programs, will have long term application for students of community practice, and will provide practitioners with new grounding for development, planning, organizing, and empowerment and social change work.

Rethinking Power, Institutions and Ideas in World Politics

Whose IR?

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Author: Amitav Acharya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134635974

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 1123

The study of international relations, has traditionally been dominated by Western ideas and practices, and marginalized the voice and experiences of the non-Western states and societies. As the world moves to a "post-Western" era, it is imperative that the field of IR acquires a more global meaning and relevance. Drawing together the work of renowned scholar Amitav Acharya and framed by a new introduction and conclusion written for the volume, this book exposes the narrow meaning currently attached to some of the key concepts and ideas in IR, and calls for alternative and broader understandings of them. The need for recasting the discipline has motivated and undergirded Acharya's own scholarship since his entry into the field over three decades ago. This book reflects his own engagement, quarrels and compromise and concludes with suggestions for new pathways to a Global IR- a forward-looking and inclusive enterprise that is reflective of the multiple and global heritage of IR in an changing and interconnected world. It is essential reading for anyone who is concerned about the history, development and future of international relations and international relations theory.

Discourses of Olympism

From the Sorbonne 1894 to London 2012

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Author: D. Chatziefstathiou,I. Henry

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035560

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 305

View: 1621

This book evaluates the moral project of Olympism, analzying the changing value positions adopted in relation to the ideology of Olympism across the period from the 1890s to the present day. The book also analyzes discourses of Olympism concerned with youth, governance, sport for development and international relations.

Methods for Development Work and Research

A New Guide for Practitioners

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Author: Britha Mikkelsen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761933274

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 6980

an indispensable, down-to-earth, richly illustrated guide to a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods for research and practice in development settings.

Rethinking the Liberal Peace

External Models and Local Alternatives

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Author: Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136740473

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9082

This book presents a critical analysis of the liberal peace project and offers possible alternatives and models.

Internationale Organisationen

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Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353119514X

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 5287

Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.

Rethinking Community Building

Addressing Race and Urban Poverty

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Author: University of California, Berkeley. City Planning 298f

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City planning

Page: 46

View: 4826