Politics and Policy Making in Education

Explorations in Sociology

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Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415675340

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 6031

Based on interviews with key actors in the policy-making process, this book maps the changes in education policy and policy making in the Thatcherite decade. The focus of the book is the 1988 Education Reform Act, its origins, purposes and effects, and it looks behind the scenes at the priorities of the politicians, civil servants and government advisers who were influential in making changes. Using direct quotations from senior civil servants and former secretaries of state it provides a fascinating insight into the way in which policy is made. The book focuses on real-life political conflicts, examining the way in which education policy was related to the ideal of society projected by Thatcherism. It looks in detail at the New Right government advisers and think tanks; the industrial lobby, addressing issues such as the National Curriculum, national testing and City Technical Colleges. The author sets these important issues within a clear theoretical framework which illuminates the whole process of policy making.

Politics and Policy Making in Education

Explorations in Sociology

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Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136670521

Category: Education

Page: 4

View: 2163

Based on interviews with key actors in the policy-making process, this book maps the changes in education policy and policy making in the Thatcherite decade. The focus of the book is the 1988 Education Reform Act, its origins, purposes and effects, and it looks behind the scenes at the priorities of the politicians, civil servants and government advisers who were influential in making changes. Using direct quotations from senior civil servants and former secretaries of state it provides a fascinating insight into the way in which policy is made. The book focuses on real-life political conflicts, examining the way in which education policy was related to the ideal of society projected by Thatcherism. It looks in detail at the New Right government advisers and think tanks; the industrial lobby, addressing issues such as the National Curriculum, national testing and City Technical Colleges. The author sets these important issues within a clear theoretical framework which illuminates the whole process of policy making.

History, Politics and Policy-making in Education

A Festschrift Presented to Richard Aldrich

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Author: David Crook,Gary McCulloch

Publisher: Inst of Education

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 217

View: 2400

Richard Aldrich, Emeritus Professor of History of Education, retired in 2003 after a 30-year career at the Institute of Education, where he continues to serve as Public Orator. In his scholarship, Aldrich has particularly emphasised the importance of historical perspectives and the relationship between the educational past, politics and policy-making. This wide-ranging volume of ten essays, by fellow historians of education who have been privileged to work closely with Aldrich, takes up the theme of history, politics and policy-making, examining such diverse themes as motherhood, gender, race, school curricula and inspection, the teaching of reading, approaches to educating gifted children, economic and historical perspectives on educational policy-making, university politics and national security. Controversies about politics and policy-making are to be found in each of these chapters, which demonstrate how an understanding of the historical past may help us to set in context current educational issues. The volume includes an introduction that pays tribute to Aldrich’s leadership of the educational history field in the UK and overseas and a comprehensive listing of his major writings.

Inclusive Education, Politics and Policymaking

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Author: Anastasia Liasidou

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441131159

Category: Education

Page: 192

View: 2481

This book is a critical overview on the history of inclusive education policy and practice developments, with suggestions for possible ways forward.

The Politics of American Education

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Author: Joel Spring

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136881522

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 8735

Turning his distinctive analytical lens to the politics of American education, Joel Spring looks at contemporary educational policy issues from theoretical, practical, and historical perspectives. This comprehensive overview documents and explains who influences educational policy and how, bringing to life the realities of schooling in the 21st century and revealing the ongoing ideological struggles at play. Coverage includes the influence of global organizations on American school policies and the impact of emerging open source and other forms of electronic textbooks. Thought-provoking, lucid, original in its conceptual framework and rich with engaging examples from the real world, this text is timely and useful for understanding the big picture and the micro-level intricacies of the multiple forces at work in controlling U.S. public schools . It is the text of choice for any course that covers or addresses the politics of American education. Companion Website: The interactive Companion Website accompanying this text includes relevant data, public domain documents, YouTube links, and links to websites representing political organizations and interest groups involved in education.

Politics and Policy-making in Israel's Education System

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Author: Ḥayim Gaziʻel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 7310

This is the first comprehensive book in English to describe and analyse the structure of Israel's education system from a political and policy making perspective. It has been written in response to academicians' demands for a clear understanding of how education policy in Israel is shaped by the political agenda and the fluid balance of power between vested political interests in education policy. The main actors in the formation of educational policy are described in detail: the roles of political parties, the teachers' unions, parents' unions, local authorities and the Ministry of Education and Culture are discussed. This book is essential reading for educationalists worldwide. By describing the link of politics to education in Israel in terms of current, western models it allows comparisons between different national systems, thereby highlighting the specific strains and problems that have to be overcome as a result of secular/religious dichotomies.

Handbook of Education Politics and Policy

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Author: Bruce S. Cooper,James G. Cibulka,Lance D. Fusarelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135106762

Category: Education

Page: 458

View: 3815

This revised edition of the Handbook of Education Politics and Policy presents the latest research and theory on the most important topics within the field of the politics of education. Well-known scholars in the fields of school leadership, politics, policy, law, finance, and educational reform examine the institutional backdrop to our educational system, the political behaviors and cultural influences operating within schools, and the ideological and philosophical positions that frame discussions of educational equity and reform. In its second edition, this comprehensive handbook has been updated to capture recent developments in the politics of education, including Race to the Top and the Common Core State Standards, and to address the changing role politics play in shaping and influencing school policy and reform. Detailed discussions of key topics touch upon important themes in educational politics, helping leaders understand issues of innovation, teacher evaluation, tensions between state and federal lawmakers over new reforms and testing, and how to increase student achievement. Chapter authors also provide suggestions for improving the political behaviors of key educational groups and individuals with the hope that an understanding of political goals, governance processes, and policy outcomes may contribute to ongoing school reform.

New Foundations for Knowledge in Educational Administration, Policy, and Politics

Science and Sensationalism

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Author: Douglas E. Mitchell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136501711

Category: Education

Page: 280

View: 8204

This book probes the intellectual foundations of scholarly inquiry into educational administration, policy, and politics. The question of whether, and if so how, social science theories and methods contribute to an understanding of these issues is hotly debated today. Is there really a scientific basis for evaluating and/or improving educational administration, politics and policy? The contributors—all recognized scholars in the fields of educational organization, administration, policy and politics—tackle the question of epistemology directly, addressing anew what rules of scholarly conduct should guide research and practice in the field, and how those rules of inquiry should guide the training of scholars and education professionals. The Introduction places the chapters in a common intellectual framework for rebuilding confidence in social science inquiry and of the legitimacy of the university as an arbiter of scientific knowledge claims. New Foundations for Knowledge in Educational Administration, Policy, and Politics: Science and Sensationalism is directed to research scholars, faculty, graduate students, and policy agency staffers in the fields of educational policy, politics, and administration; educational evaluation; and educational foundations. It is well suited as a text for graduate courses in these areas.

The Politics of Structural Education Reform

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Author: Keith A. Nitta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135896151

Category: Education

Page: 250

View: 378

Education policymaking is traditionally seen as a domestic political process. The job of deciding where students will be educated, what they will be taught, who will teach them, and how it will be paid for clearly rests with some mix of district, state, and national policymakers. This book seeks to show how global trends have produced similar changes to very different educational systems in the United States and Japan. Despite different historical development, social norms, and institutional structures, the U.S. and Japanese education systems have been restructured over the past dozen years, not just incrementally but in ways that have transformed traditional power arrangements. Based on 124 interviews, this book examines two restructuring episodes in U.S. education and two restructuring episodes in Japanese education. The four episodes reveal a similar politics of structural education reform that is driven by symbolic action and bureaucratic turf wars, which has ultimately hindered educational improvement in both countries.

Follow the Money

How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

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Author: Sarah Reckhow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199937737

Category: Education

Page: 221

View: 2637

Some of the nation's wealthiest philanthropies, including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Walton Family Foundation, and the Broad Foundation have invested hundreds of millions of dollars in education reform. With vast wealth and a political agenda, these foundations have helped to reshape the reform landscape in urban education. In Follow the Money, Sarah Reckhow shows where and how foundation investment in education is occurring and presents in-depth analysis of the effects of these investments within the two largest urban districts in the United States: New York City and Los Angeles. In New York City, centralized political control and the use of private resources have enabled rapid implementation of reform proposals. Yet this potent combination of top-down authority and outside funding also poses serious questions about transparency, responsiveness, and democratic accountability in New York. Furthermore, the sustainability of reform policies is closely linked to the political fortunes of the current mayor and his chosen school leader. While the media has highlighted the efforts of drastic reformers and dominating leaders such as Joel Klein in New York City and Michelle Rhee in Washington, D.C., a slower, but possibly more transformative, set of reforms have been taking place in Los Angeles. These reforms were also funded and shaped by major foundations, but they work from the bottom up, through charter school operators managing networks of schools. This strategy has built grassroots political momentum and demand for reform in Los Angeles that is unmatched in New York City and other districts with mayoral control. Reckhow's study of Los Angeles's education system shows how democratically responsive urban school reform could occur-pairing foundation investment with broad grassroots involvement. Bringing a sharp analytical eye and a wealth of evidence to one of the most politicized issues of our day, Follow the Money will reshape our thinking about educational reform in America.

Educational Policy and the Politics of Change

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Author: Miriam Henry,Bob Lingard,Fazal Rizvi,Sandra Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135098190

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 7017

Governments around the world are trying to come to terms with new technologies, new social movements and a changing global economy. As a result, educational policy finds itself at the centre of a major political struggle between those who see it only for its instrumental outcomes and those who see its potential for human emancipation. This book is a successor to the best-selling Understanding Schooling (1988). It provides a readable account of how educational policies are developed by the state in response to broader social, cultural, economic and political changes which are taking place. It examines the way in which schools live and work with these changes, and the policies which result from them. The book examines policy making at each level, from perspectives both inside and outside the state bureaucracy. It has a particular focus on social justice. Both undergraduate and postgraduate students will find that this book enables them to understand the reasoning behind the changes they are expected to implement. It will help to prepare them to confront an uncertain educational world, whilst still retaining their enthusiasm for education.

Presidential Leadership: Politics and Policy Making

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Author: George Edwards, III,Stephen Wayne

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495569348

Category: Political Science

Page: 624

View: 1798

From routine operations to the workings of a White House in crisis, this comprehensive, best-selling text examines all aspects of the presidency in rich detail. With a special emphasis on policy, the new edition surveys the most up-to-date scholarship on the topic, and includes an examination of the groundbreaking 2008 presidential election. Best-selling authors George C. Edwards and Stephen J. Wayne use engaging analysis and timely, fascinating examples to view the presidency from two theoretical standpoints the president as facilitator, and the president as director of change. A theoretical (versus chronological) approach combined with the currency and relevance of the material, makes PRESIDENTIAL LEADERSHIP: POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING, 8th Edition, the most comprehensive text available today for the presidential studies course. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Handbook of Educational Policy

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Author: Gregory J. Cizek

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080488899

Category: Education

Page: 560

View: 6273

The Handbook of Educational Policy provides a comprehensive overview of policy questions in education reform at local, state, and national levels. The book raises controversial questions, such as who really benefits from educational reform, and investigates issues of accountability, assessment, educational fads, technology in education, and other matters of educational policy. The book explores not only what education is, but what it can be and should be, providing a scholarly analysis of policy decisions as well as practical recommendations for parents, teachers, and policy-makers. Key Features * Provides informed discussion based on scholarly research * Contains practical recommendations for parents, educators, and policy-makers * Includes representation from local, state, and national levels * Considers comparisons of United States practices to reforms abroad * Addresses current issues and implications for the futures

The Politics of Evidence-Based Policy Making

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Author: Paul Cairney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137517816

Category: Political Science

Page: 137

View: 3700

The Politics of Evidence Based Policymaking identifies how to work with policymakers to maximize the use of scientific evidence. Policymakers cannot consider all evidence relevant to policy problems. They use two shortcuts: ‘rational’ ways to gather enough evidence, and ‘irrational’ decision-making, drawing on emotions, beliefs, and habits. Most scientific studies focus on the former. They identify uncertainty when policymakers have incomplete evidence, and try to solve it by improving the supply of information. They do not respond to ambiguity, or the potential for policymakers to understand problems in very different ways. A good strategy requires advocates to be persuasive: forming coalitions with like-minded actors, and accompanying evidence with simple stories to exploit the emotional or ideological biases of policymakers.

Policy-making for Education Reform in Developing Countries

Contexts and Processes

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Author: James Howard Williams,William K. Cummings

Publisher: R&L Education

ISBN: 9781578862016

Category: Education

Page: 273

View: 4356

The first book in a two-volume series designed to help those working, or preparing to work, as education change agents in developing countries, this volume will help change agents acquire a deeper, more comprehensive understanding of the policy process and how it can be influenced.

Politics of Quality in Education

A Comparative Study of Brazil, China, and Russia

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Author: Jaakko Kauko,Risto Rinne,Tuomas Takala

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351362518

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 6087

The question of quality has become one of the most important framing factors in education and has been of growing interest to international organisations and national policymakers for decades. Politics of Quality in Education focuses on Brazil, China, and Russia, part of the so-called emerging nations’ BRICS block, and draws on a four-year project to develop a new theoretical and methodological approach. The book builds a comparative, sociohistorical, and transnational understanding of political relations in education, with a particular focus on the policies and practices of Quality Assurance and Evaluation (QAE). Tracking QAE processes from international organisations to individual schools, contributors analyse how QAE changes the dynamics in the roles of state, expertise, and governance. The book demonstrates how national and sub-national actors play a central role in the adaptation, modification or rejection of transnational policies. Politics of Quality in Education will be of great interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students engaged in the study of comparative and international education, as well as educational policy and politics. It should also be essential reading for practitioners and policymakers.

Patrons of the Poor

Caste Politics and Policymaking in India

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Author: Narayan Lakshman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199088357

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3940

Why has there not been more progress with reducing poverty in India? Patrons of the Poor offers a rich and contemporary account of politics and policymaking in India, as it seeks to provide an answer to this vital question. Despite unprecedented economic growth, the last twenty years have witnessed a growing divergence across Indian states in terms of their poverty alleviation records. In that context, and given that state governments are responsible for a wide range of redistributive policies, this book analyses trends in state politics and policymaking. Based on the analysis, it explains why some Indian states have managed to reduce poverty more effectively than others. Using detailed case studies from Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, the author examines the policymaking processes and political histories of these states. He argues that patterns of caste dominance combined with the degree of competition in populist policies can significantly explain whether states adopt pro-poor policies or not. Lakshman's analysis combines a deep reading of state-specific political and sociological data with a range of interviews with top political leaders, senior bureaucrats, and academics to corroborate his core argument.

Funding public schools

politics and policies

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Author: Kenneth K. Wong

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 6086

This book examines the fundamental role of politics in funding our public schools and fills a conceptual imbalance in the current literature in school finance and educational policy. Unlike those who are primarily concerned about cost efficiency, Kenneth Wong specifies how resources are allocated for what purposes at different levels of the government. In contrast to those who focus on litigation as a way to reduce funding gaps, he underscores institutional stalemate and the lack of political will to act as important factors that affect legislative deadlock in school finance reform.Wong defines how politics has sustained various types of "rules" that affect the allocation of resources at the federal, state, and local level. While these rules have been remarkably stable over the past twenty to thirty years, they have often worked at cross-purposes by fragmenting policy and constraining the education process at schools with the greatest needs.Wong's examination is shaped by several questions.How do these rules come about? What role does politics play in retention of the rules? Do the federal, state, and local governments espouse different policies? In what ways do these policies operate at cross-purposes? How do they affect educational opportunities? Do the policies cohere in ways that promote better and more equitable student outcomes?Wong concludes that the five types of entrenched rules for resource allocation are rooted in existing governance arrangements and seemingly impervious to partisan shifts, interest group pressures, and constitutional challenge. And because these rules foster policy fragmentation and embody initiatives out of step with the performance-based reformagenda of the 1990s, the outlook for positive change in public education is uncertain unless fairly radical approaches are employed.Wong also analyzes four allocative reform models, two based on the assumption that existing

History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947–2016

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Author: R. V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199091544

Category: Social Science

Page: 604

View: 9768

This book comprehensively chronicles the history of the education policymaking in India from 1947 to 2016 with a focus on the developments after 1964 when the Kothari Commission was constituted. The book is informed by the rare insights acquired by the author while making policy at the state, national, and international levels of governance. Another distinguishing feature of this book lies in the attention it pays to the process and politics of policymaking and the larger setting—or, to use jargon, the political and policy environment— in which policies were made at different points of time. The author brings out a crucial analysis of the Indian educational system against the backdrop of national and global political, economic, and educational developments. Two other distinguishing features of the book are the systematic treatment of the regulation of education and the role of judiciary in the making and implementation of education policies.