Politics and Policy Making in Education

Explorations in Sociology


Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415675340

Category: Education

Page: 236

View: 4312

Based on interviews with key actors in the policy-making process, this book maps the changes in education policy and policy making in the Thatcherite decade. The focus of the book is the 1988 Education Reform Act, its origins, purposes and effects, and it looks behind the scenes at the priorities of the politicians, civil servants and government advisers who were influential in making changes. Using direct quotations from senior civil servants and former secretaries of state it provides a fascinating insight into the way in which policy is made. The book focuses on real-life political conflicts, examining the way in which education policy was related to the ideal of society projected by Thatcherism. It looks in detail at the New Right government advisers and think tanks; the industrial lobby, addressing issues such as the National Curriculum, national testing and City Technical Colleges. The author sets these important issues within a clear theoretical framework which illuminates the whole process of policy making.

History, Politics and Policy-making in Education

A Festschrift Presented to Richard Aldrich


Author: David Crook,Gary McCulloch

Publisher: Inst of Education


Category: Education

Page: 217

View: 6948

Richard Aldrich, Emeritus Professor of History of Education, retired in 2003 after a 30-year career at the Institute of Education, where he continues to serve as Public Orator. In his scholarship, Aldrich has particularly emphasised the importance of historical perspectives and the relationship between the educational past, politics and policy-making. This wide-ranging volume of ten essays, by fellow historians of education who have been privileged to work closely with Aldrich, takes up the theme of history, politics and policy-making, examining such diverse themes as motherhood, gender, race, school curricula and inspection, the teaching of reading, approaches to educating gifted children, economic and historical perspectives on educational policy-making, university politics and national security. Controversies about politics and policy-making are to be found in each of these chapters, which demonstrate how an understanding of the historical past may help us to set in context current educational issues. The volume includes an introduction that pays tribute to Aldrich’s leadership of the educational history field in the UK and overseas and a comprehensive listing of his major writings.

Politics and Policy-making in Israel's Education System


Author: Ḥayim Gaziʻel

Publisher: N.A


Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 4737

This is the first comprehensive book in English to describe and analyse the structure of Israel's education system from a political and policy making perspective. It has been written in response to academicians' demands for a clear understanding of how education policy in Israel is shaped by the political agenda and the fluid balance of power between vested political interests in education policy. The main actors in the formation of educational policy are described in detail: the roles of political parties, the teachers' unions, parents' unions, local authorities and the Ministry of Education and Culture are discussed. This book is essential reading for educationalists worldwide. By describing the link of politics to education in Israel in terms of current, western models it allows comparisons between different national systems, thereby highlighting the specific strains and problems that have to be overcome as a result of secular/religious dichotomies.

Education Politics for the New Century

The Twentieth Anniversary Yearbook of the Politics of Education Association


Author: Douglas E. Mitchell,Margaret E. Goertz

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781850007425

Category: Education

Page: 173

View: 3838

This book focuses on the forces that will shape education politics and policy into the 21st century. Ten chapters written by prominent educators center on the roles to be played by education professionals, local citizen groups, government agencies, and business leaders in shaping education policy, responses to racial and ethnic segregation, school restructuring, technology utilization, and the development of education politics and policy. The introductory chapter by Margaret E. Goertz examines the changing social, economic, technological, and political environment shaping education politics for the 21st century, and provides an overview of the contents of this book. David Clark and Terry Astuto predict no change in direction for federal education policy in chapter 2. In chapter 3, Gary Orfield and Lawrence Peskin, in their discussion and description of the "Atlanta Compromise," argue that if attempts are not made to integrate urban schools, poor and minority children will be condemned to attend schools that are both separate and equal. Chapters 4 (Thomas Timar) and 5 (Mary Metz) explore political, institutional, and cultural forces that shape school restructuring efforts. In chapter 6, Philip Piele examines the utilization of technology in the classroom and argues that technological innovation will not begin to change schools until it offers an educationally viable, cost-effective alternative to the classroom teacher. Chapters 7 (Kent McGuire) and 8 (Carol Ray and Rosalyn Mickelson) explore the role of business in education reform. In chapter 9, Ian Birch and Don Smart examine the forces of change in Australian education politics. The final chapter ends with a historical review of the foundations of the politics of education and an appraisal of issues likely to control policy making in the years ahead. (JAM)

The Great Speckled Bird

Multicultural Politics and Education Policymaking


Author: Catherine Cornbleth,Dexter Waugh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136505547

Category: Education

Page: 480

View: 3190

This unique volume takes readers behind the scenes for an "insider/outsider" view of education policymaking in action. Two state-level case studies of social studies curriculum reform and textbook policy (California and New York) illustrate how curriculum decision making becomes an arena in which battles are fought over national values and priorities. Written by a New York education professor and a California journalist, the text offers a rare blend of academic and journalistic voices. The "great speckled bird" is the authors' counter-symbol to the bald eagle--a metaphor representing the racial-ethnic-cultural diversity that has characterized the U.S. since its beginnings and the multicultural reality of American society today. The text breaks new ground by focusing on the intersections of national debates and education policymaking. It situates the case studies within historical and contemporary cultural contexts--with particular attention to questions of power and knowledge control and how influence is exercised. By juxtaposing the contrasting cases of California and New York, the authors illustrate commonalities and differences in education policymaking goals and processes. By sharing stories of participants at and behind the scenes, policymaking comes alive rather than appearing to result from impersonal "forces" or "factors."

Policy-making for Education Reform in Developing Countries

Contexts and Processes


Author: James Howard Williams,William K. Cummings

Publisher: R&L Education

ISBN: 9781578862016

Category: Education

Page: 273

View: 6165

The first book in a two-volume series designed to help those working, or preparing to work, as education change agents in developing countries, this volume will help change agents acquire a deeper, more comprehensive understanding of the policy process and how it can be influenced.

Knowledge, Politics and Policymaking in Indonesia


Author: Arnaldo Pellini,Budiati Prasetiamartati,Kharisma Priyo Nugroho,Elisabeth Jackson,Fred Carden

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811301670

Category: Social Science

Page: 157

View: 4748

This book contributes to a better understanding of street children and youth in Sub-Saharan Africa. It investigates the psychological condition of these children and determines how to reintegrate them into mainstream socio-economic activities. It also proposes cures and preventive measures and highlights the inextricable link between street children and youth problems, and economic underdevelopment in Sub-Saharan Africa. With a careful examination of the main reasons for poverty and weak institutions in the region, it offers suggestions on how to prevent street children and youth problems by alleviating poverty through a vibrant industrial sector and economic development. This book also provides recommendations on how to cure the problem by creating social enterprises that can offer opportunities to youth and their parents. To do so, it first compares children and youth on the street (those who have homes to return to at night), with children and youth of the street (those who both work and live on the street). It then discusses a project designed to boost the resilience of street children. By exploring the differences between children on the street and children of the street, the book highlights the importance of having a home, and of the great value of cooperation between churches, non-government organizations and the state in working to improve the lives of these young people. This book is a useful resource for students, academics and researchers in the fields of psychology, social work, sociology, and international development.

Politics, Policy and Practice in Physical Education


Author: John Evans,Dawn Penney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135814538

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 172

View: 1010

Using the example and context of Physical Education, a particularly vivid and comprehensive illustration is provided of the processes involved in the development of the National Curriculum for Physical Education in England and Wales between 1988-1995. The authors draw upon the extensive research to provide an analysis, description and critique of the direct and indirect influences of central government, local education authorities, schools, departments and teachers in the development of policy and practice in Physical Education. The highly political nature of policy developments in education, and Physical Education in particular, is demonstrated clearly throughout. A valuable contribution to existing literature, this book helps students and researchers piece together the last ten years of policy-making in education and offers a new perspective on the future of Physical Education in the United Kingdom.

Education, Policy, and Social Change

Experiences from Latin America


Author: Daniel A. Morales-Gómez,Carlos Alberto Torres

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275940805

Category: Education

Page: 222

View: 7034

This volume examines the links among research, policy, and change in education in Latin America in the context of the relationships among the economy, politics, and the state in the 1980s. The book addresses the following questions: How did education respond during the 1980s to the major sociopolitical and economic changes that affected these countries? How did the changes in the 1980s affect the relationships between education, society, and the state, and what lessons can be learned from the interaction between research and policy that may help in understanding the developmental role of education in the 1990s? And is educational research and policy helping to improve the social condition of minorities in Latin America?

History of Education Policymaking in India, 1947–2016


Author: R. V. Vaidyanatha Ayyar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199091544

Category: Social Science

Page: 604

View: 9170

This book comprehensively chronicles the history of the education policymaking in India from 1947 to 2016 with a focus on the developments after 1964 when the Kothari Commission was constituted. The book is informed by the rare insights acquired by the author while making policy at the state, national, and international levels of governance. Another distinguishing feature of this book lies in the attention it pays to the process and politics of policymaking and the larger setting—or, to use jargon, the political and policy environment— in which policies were made at different points of time. The author brings out a crucial analysis of the Indian educational system against the backdrop of national and global political, economic, and educational developments. Two other distinguishing features of the book are the systematic treatment of the regulation of education and the role of judiciary in the making and implementation of education policies.

Policy Making in Britain

An Introduction


Author: Peter Dorey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473905079

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9353

Introducing you to the public policy making process in Britain today, this book adopts an empirical approach to the study of policy making by relating theory to actual developments in Britain since the 1980s. It covers: Ideas, Problem Definition, Issues and Agenda-Setting Key Individuals Key Institutions Parliament and Public Policy Implementation The shift from Government to Governance (including marketization, and devolution) The increasing role of the private and voluntary sectors in policy delivery Internationalisation and Europeanization of policies and policy making Evaluation, audits and the New Public Management Each chapter is enriched by recent real-life case studies and boxes illustrating key arguments, concepts and empirical developments. Taking into account the 2010 election and beyond, the book addresses current issues, developments and debates. The result is a contemporary and engaging text that will be required reading for all students of British politics, public policy and public administration.

The State, Corporatist Politics, and Educational Policy Making in Mexico


Author: Daniel A. Morales-Gómez,Carlos Alberto Torres

Publisher: Praeger Publishers


Category: Education

Page: 197

View: 398

A critical analysis of the conflicts inherent in educational policy planning in Mexico since the early 1970s, this book explores the complex relationships among the politics of a corporative state and the process of policy formation in formal and non-formal education.

Reading Educational Research and Policy


Author: David Scott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135699178

Category: Education

Page: 156

View: 6163

Reading Educational Research and Policy will improve the ability of teachers to deconstruct policy, research and media texts. This accessible book examines in turn the message systems through which educational meanings are conveyed in modern society: official policy texts; written media and spoken media. Through understanding how and why messages are conveyed, teachers will develop strategies for becoming more critical and reflective of the texts that confront them in their work.

Making a Difference in Urban Schools

Ideas, Politics, and Pedagogy


Author: Jane Gaskell,Benjamin Levin

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442663421

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 3231

What can be done to improve the educational experiences of students who live in cities with increasingly high levels of diversity and inequality? Making a Difference in Urban Schools evaluates how school and community leaders have worked to change urban education in Canada for the better over the past fifty years. This analytic and comparative study traces the evolution of urban education in Toronto and Winnipeg from the 1960s onward. Jane Gaskell and Ben Levin identify important contrasts between the experiences in each city as a result of their different demographics, institutional structures, cultures, and politics. They also highlight the common issues and dilemmas faced by reformers in these two cities, across Canada, and globally – including many that persist and remain controversial to this day.

School Trouble

Identity, Power and Politics in Education


Author: Deborah Youdell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136884173

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 756

What is the trouble with schools and why should we want to make ‘school trouble’? Schooling is implicated in the making of educational and social exclusions and inequalities as well as the making of particular sorts of students and teachers. For this reason schools are important sites of counter- or radical- politics. In this book, Deborah Youdell brings together theories of counter-politics and radical traditions in education to make sense of the politics of daily life inside schools and explores a range of resources for thinking about and enacting political practices that make ‘school trouble’. The book offers a solid introduction to the much-debated issues of ‘intersectionality’ and the limits of identity politics and the relationship between schooling and the wider policy and political context. It pieces together a series of tools and tactics that might destabilize educational inequalities by unsettling the knowledges, meanings, practices, subjectivities and feelings that are normalized and privileged in the ‘business as usual’ of school life. Engaging with curriculum materials, teachers’ lesson plans and accounts of their pedagogy, and ethnographic observations of school practices, the book investigates a range of empirical examples of critical action in school, from overt political action pursued by educators to day-to-day pedagogic encounters between teachers and students. The book draws on the work of Michel Foucault, Judith Butler, Ernesto Laclau and Chantel Mouffe, and Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari to make sense of these practices and identify the political possibilities for educators who refuse to accept the everyday injustices and wide-reaching social inequalities that face us. School Trouble appears at a moment of political and economic flux and uncertainty, and when the policy moves that have promoted markets and private sector involvement in education around the globe have been subject to intense scrutiny and critique. Against this backdrop, renewed attention is being paid to the questions of how politics might be rejuvenated, how societies might be made fair, and what role education might have in pursing this. This book makes an important intervention into this terrain. By exploring a politics of discourse, an anti-identity politics, a politics of feeling, and a politics of becoming, it shows how the education assemblage can be unsettled and education can be re-imagined. The book will be of interest to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students and scholars in the fields of education, sociology, cultural studies, and social and political science as well as to critical educators looking for new tools for thinking about their practice.

Leadership for Change and School Reform

International Perspectives


Author: Kathryn Riley,Karen Seashore Louis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134586701

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 7744

School reform is a top priority for governments today. This timely and challenging book, edited by leading international researchers, Kathryn Riley and Karen Seashore Louis, offers a rich comparative perspective on leadership for change and school reform. Contributors form North America, Europe and Australia demonstrate how school leadership is influenced by global pressures, differing national and state contexts and local concerns. They illustrate the limitations of reform initiatives which focus on school leaders tot he exclusion of the many other organisations which affect school, such as national and local governments, professional associations and school communities. This book raises some important questions such as: *How can school leaders create intelligent, thinking schools? *How can leadership and learning be linked together? *What are the characteristics of effective local education authorities and school districts? *What is the role of teacher organisations in educational reform and change? *What happens if businesses, teachers, parents and local communities have different views of what makes a good school? The text illustrates the ways in which leadership is rooted in learning, and identifies new directions for school leadership. It challenges conventional notions of leadership, offering an expanded view, which sees leadership just as an individual role-based function, but as a network of relationships among people, structures and cultures. This lively and provocative book should be read by all those interested in education reform.

Racism and Education

Structures and Strategies


Author: Dawn Gill,Barbara Mayor,Maud Blair

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803985780

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 6531

This broad-ranging text offers a timely overview of both the social basis of racism in education, and the policies that have attempted to combat it. Focusing mainly on the effectiveness or otherwise of multicultural and antiracist policies, the book situates racism at school in the widest context, from the experience of individuals to the social and institutional background. A successful balance of important recent articles and substantial contributions specially written for this text, Racism and Education is essential reading for teachers, students and all those concerned with discrimination and with antiracist policy. An Open University Reader for the course `Race', Education and Society.