Political Sociology

Readings in Research and Theory

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Author: George A. Kourvetaris

Publisher: HOEPLI EDITORE

ISBN: 9780878557172

Category: Political Science

Page: 443

View: 4468

Political Sociology: Readings in Research and Theory deals with the major theoretical, conceptual, and empirical issues in the field of political sociology. The readings explore a number of old and new concepts, issues, and developments both within and across political systems and societies. This anthology is based on articles published in the Journal of Political and Military Sociology. Political Sociology is organized around five major dimensions: conceptual and pedagogical perspectives, political participation, collective protest and radicalism, violence and coercion, and national and cross-national studies. In the first section the editors provide a concise, critical, and integrated overview of the field in both the teaching and research aspects of political sociology, especially dur­ing the last ten years. Part II explores some theoretical and empirical issues by offering models of the interrelationships between politics and society. Politi­cal participation within a stratification framework is examined in Part III, while some of the major issues and developments on collective protest and radicalism are discussed in Part IV. Violence and coercion are age-old problems of political and social systems. Part V attempts to evaluate and integrate the most important theories, types, and causes of violence. Part VI examines a number of pertinent concepts of political sociology in various countries. This includes discussions on the legitimacy of protest in the U.S. and Sweden, the impact of stratification on the German party infrastruc­ture, efficacy and support for the Mexican political system, a genera­tional model of the Soviet elite, and the role of the CIA in Chile.

International Political Sociology

Transversal Lines

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Author: Tugba Basaran,Didier Bigo,Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet,R. B. J. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317435907

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 5673

This book presents an overview and evaluation of contemporary research in international political sociology (IPS). Bringing together leading scholars from many disciplines and diverse geographical backgrounds, it provides unprecedented coverage of the key concepts and research through which IPS has opened up new ways of thinking about international relations. It also considers some of the consequences of such innovations for established forms of social and political analysis. It thus takes the reader on an intellectual journey engaging with questions about boundaries and limits among the many interrelated worlds in which we now live, the ways we conceptualise them, and how we continually reshape boundaries of identities, spaces, authorities and disciplinary knowledge. The volume is organized three sections: Lines, Intersections and Directions. The first section examines some influences that led to the formation of the project of IPS and how it has opened up avenues of research beyond the limits of an international relations discipline shaped within political science. The second section explores some key concepts as well as a series of heated discussions about power and authority, practices and governmentality, performativity and reflexivity. The third section explores some of the transversal topics of research that have been pursued within IPS, including inequality, migration, citizenship, the effect of technology on practices of security, the role of experts and expertise, date-driven surveillance, and the relation between mobility, power and inequality. This book will be an essential source of reference for students and across the social sciences.

A Political Sociology of Educational Knowledge

Studies of Exclusions and Difference

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Author: Thomas A. Popkewitz,Jennifer Diaz,Christopher Kirchgasler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315528517

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 7245

Bringing together the sociology of knowledge, cultural studies, and post-foundational and historical approaches, this book asks what schooling does, and what are its limits and dangers. The focus is on how the systems of reason that govern schooling embody historically generated rules and standards about what is talked about, thought, and acted on; about the "nature" of children; about the practices and paradoxes of educational reform. These systems of reason are examined to consider issues of power, the political, and social exclusion. The transnational perspectives interrelate historical and ethnographic studies of the modern school to explore how curriculum is translated through social and cognitive psychologies that make up the subjects of schooling, and how educational sciences "act" to order and divide what is deemed possible to think and do. The central argument is that taken-for-granted notions of educational change and research paradoxically produce differences that simultaneously include and exclude.

Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences

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Author: Alexander L. George,Andrew Bennett

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262572224

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 3604

A text that emphasizes the importance of case studies in social science scholarship and shows how to make case study practices more rigorous.

Routledge Handbook of International Political Sociology

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Author: Xavier Guillaume,P?nar Bilgin

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315446472

Category: Political Science

Page: 414

View: 379

This handbook presents in a comprehensive, concise and accessible overview, the emerging field of international political sociology. It summarizes and synthesizes existing knowledge in the field while presenting central themes and methodologies that have been at the centre of its development, providing the reader with a sense of the diversity and research dynamics that are at the heart of international political sociology as a field of study. A wide range of topics covered include: International political sociology and its cognate disciplines and fields of study; Key themes including security, mobility, finance, development, gender, religion, health, global elites and the environment; Methodologies on how to engage with international political sociology including fieldwork, archives, discourse, ethnography, assemblage, materiality, social spaces and visuality; Current and future challenges of international political sociology addressed by three key scholars. Providing a synthetic reference point, summarizing key achievements and engagements while putting forward future developments and potential fruitful lines of inquiry, it is an invaluable resource for students, academics and researchers from a range of disciplines, particularly international relations, political science, sociology, political geography, international law, international political economy, security studies and gender studies.

Once More Unto The Breach, Dear Friends

Incomplete Theory And Complete Bibliography of Irving Louis Horowitz on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

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Author: Irving Louis Horowitz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765802743

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 9268

Candor, breadth, judiciousness-all these are attributes Irving Louis Horowitz possesses as a scholar. Under his leadership there is no academic publication from which I have learned as much as Transaction-Society."David Riesman, Harvard University "We are all happy benefi ciaries of Horowitzs acutely perceptive and (often) devas-tatingly plain-spoken self as sociologist and sage, broad-gauged scholar, dedicated teacher, tough-minded editor and publisher with an ingrained sense of fairness."Robert K. Merton, Columbia University

Classic and Contemporary Readings in Sociology

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Author: Ian Marsh,Rosie Campbell,Mike Keating

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317882024

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1649

Classic and Contemporary Readings in Sociology introduces the reader to sociological issues, theories and debates, providing extracts of primary source material, from both classical and contemporary theorists. Theorists are examined within their historical and sociological framework and the text provides an analysis of developments in sociological thought and research. The text is divided into four main sections: Part One, Origins and Concepts, surveys the history of the discipline of sociology and examines key themes which have influenced sociological theorising and investigation, in particular, social control, culture and socialisation. Parts Two and Four, Sociological Theories and Sociological Research, include a number of readings from the founding theorists and investigators, including Auguste Comte, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Weber and Charles Booth, and also include more recent theoretical writing and research approaches. The focus on theory and research is extended by a selection of readings centred around the theme of Differences and Inequalities (Part Three); these readings provide students with examples of work from an area where sociological theorising and research has been widely applied.

Political Sociology for the 21st Century

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Author: Betty A. Dobratz,Lisa K. Waldner,Tim Buzzell

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9780762308958

Category: Political Science

Page: 345

View: 7369

Part of the series that explores the state of political sociology at the beginning of the 21st century, this title examines several substantive areas within political sociology. It also includes works that show significant advances in the study of the social roots of all things 'political' in society.

Towards a Critical Sociology of Reading Pedagogy

Papers of the XII World Congress on Reading

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Author: Carolyn Baker,Allan Luke

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027282935

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 287

View: 371

Through critical sociological appraisals of literary theory, research and pedagogy, this volume presents challenges to dominant psychological approaches in reading research and to mainstream discourses about reading and writing pedagogy. Bringing together the recent work of literacy researchers in Australia, Europe and North America, the volume offers novel critiques and theorisations from within political economy, neomarxist and critical theory, ethnomethodology, interactive sociolinguistics, poststructuralism and postmodernism. The volume is arranged in four sections; The Politics of Pedagogy; Reading in Classrooms; Reconstructing Theory; Reading the Social. This collection is provocative and innovative, offering clear alternatives for conceptualising literacy, for conducting literacy research, and for reconstructing the discourses and practices of reading and writing in schools. The volume is addressed to a broad audience of researchers, educators and students.

What is Political Sociology?

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Author: Elisabeth S. Clemens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745691641

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 9708

With an entire discipline devoted to political science, what is distinctive about political sociology? This concise book explains what a sociological perspective brings to our understanding of the emergence, reproduction, and transformation of different forms of political order. Crucially, political sociology expands the field of view to the politics that happen in other social settings ? in the family, at work, in civic associations ? as well as the ways in which social attributes such as class, religion, age, race, and gender shape patterns of political participation and the distribution of political power. Political sociology grapples with these issues across an enormous range of historical and geographic settings, from the intimate relations that constitute family politics to the geo-political scales of war and trade. It requires an analytic toolkit that includes concepts of power, social closure, civil society, and modes of political action. Using these central concepts, What is Political Sociology? discusses the major forms of political order (states, empires, and nation-states), processes of regime formation and revolution, the social bases for political participation, policy formation as well as feedbacks, and the possibilities for new forms of transnational politics. In sum, the book offers an insightful introduction to this core perspective on social life.

Non-Representational Theory

Space, Politics, Affect

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Author: Nigel Thrift

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134162723

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 7828

This astonishing book presents a distinctive approach to the politics of everyday life. Ranging across a variety of spaces in which politics and the political unfold, it questions what is meant by perception, representation and practice, with the aim of valuing the fugitive practices that exist on the margins of the known. It revolves around three key functions. It: introduces the rather dispersed discussion of non-representational theory to a wider audience provides the basis for an experimental rather than a representational approach to the social sciences and humanities begins the task of constructing a different kind of political genre. A groundbreaking and comprehensive introduction to this key topic, Thrift’s outstanding work brings together further writings from a body of work that has come to be known as non-representational theory. This noteworthy book makes a significant contribution to the literature in this area and is essential reading for researchers and postgraduates in the fields of social theory, sociology, geography, anthropology and cultural studies.

The Sociology and Politics of Development

A Theoretical Study

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Author: Baidya Nath Varma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113685567X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 3676

Originally published in 1980, this work answers the crucial question of how social change should be guided in the developing countries. Professor Varma begins by posing the problems of the general scope of modernization and the general criteria used in the modernization process. He examines carefully some of the models that have been used for this purpose in the past, providing extensive summaries of the views on modernization of theorists in various social science disciplines, including sociology, politics, economics, and anthropology, and stresses the importance of these views in guiding policy decisions. The book concludes with a comparison of the development processes of the United States, the Soviet Union, China, Japan and India.

Political Sociology and the People's Health

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Author: Jason Beckfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019049249X

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 3069

A social epidemiologist looks at health inequalities in terms of the upstream factors that produced them. A political sociologist sees these same inequalities as products of institutions that unequally allocate power and social goods. Neither is wrong -- but can the two talk to one another? In a stirring new synthesis, Political Sociology and the People's Health advances the debate over social inequalities in health by offering a new set of provocative hypotheses around how health is distributed in and across populations. It joins political sociology's macroscopic insights into social policy, labor markets, and the racialized and gendered state with social epidemiology's conceptualizations and measurements of populations, etiologic periods, and distributions. The result is a major leap forward in how we understand the relationships between institutions and inequalities -- and essential reading for those in public health, sociology, and beyond.

Queer Indigenous Studies

Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature

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Author: Qwo-Li Driskill

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816529070

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 249

View: 3159

ÒThis book is an imagining.Ó So begins this collection examining critical, Indigenous-centered approaches to understanding gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, queer, and Two-Spirit (GLBTQ2) lives and communities and the creative implications of queer theory in Native studies. This book is not so much a manifesto as it is a dialogueÑa Òwriting in conversationÓÑamong a luminous group of scholar-activists revisiting the history of gay and lesbian studies in Indigenous communities while forging a path for Indigenouscentered theories and methodologies. The bold opening to Queer Indigenous Studies invites new dialogues in Native American and Indigenous studies about the directions and implications of queer Indigenous studies. The collection notably engages Indigenous GLBTQ2 movements as alliances that also call for allies beyond their bounds, which the co-editors and contributors model by crossing their varied identities, including Native, trans, straight, non-Native, feminist, Two-Spirit, mixed blood, and queer, to name just a few. Rooted in the Indigenous Americas and the Pacific, and drawing on disciplines ranging from literature to anthropology, contributors to Queer Indigenous Studies call Indigenous GLBTQ2 movements and allies to center an analysis that critiques the relationship between colonialism and heteropatriarchy. By answering critical turns in Indigenous scholarship that center Indigenous epistemologies and methodologies, contributors join in reshaping Native studies, queer studies, transgender studies, and Indigenous feminisms. Based on the reality that queer Indigenous people Òexperience multilayered oppression that profoundly impacts our safety, health, and survival,Ó this book is at once an imagining and an invitation to the reader to join in the discussion of decolonizing queer Indigenous research and theory and, by doing so, to partake in allied resistance working toward positive change.

The Routledge Companion to Social Theory

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Author: Anthony Elliott

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135188947

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

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The Routledge Companion to Social Theory provides an authoritative, comprehensive and provocative introduction to the key traditions of thought in social theory today. This ground-breaking reference work brings together major contributors, both established and emergent new voices, to reflect on the ways in which social theory sheds light on the contemporary social world. Represented are: the traditions of classical social thought symbolic interactionism psychoanalysis structuralism, post-structuralism and postmodernism identity theories globalization theories. The Routledge Companion to Social Theory is designed to give a sense of the complexities of both classical and contemporary social theory. Including a helpful glossary of key terms and theorists, this accessible guide is essential reading for students and professionals in social theory, sociology, philosophy, cultural studies, women’s studies and politics.

Social Movements and Organization Theory

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Author: Gerald F. Davis,Doug McAdam,W. Richard Scott,Mayer N. Zald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139444194

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4236

Although the fields of organization theory and social movement theory have long been viewed as belonging to different worlds, recent events have intervened, reminding us that organizations are becoming more movement-like - more volatile and politicized - while movements are more likely to borrow strategies from organizations. Organization theory and social movement theory are two of the most vibrant areas within the social sciences. This collection of original essays and studies both calls for a closer connection between these fields and demonstrates the value of this interchange. Three introductory, programmatic essays by leading scholars in the two fields are followed by eight empirical studies that directly illustrate the benefits of this type of cross-pollination. The studies variously examine the processes by which movements become organized and the role of movement processes within and among organizations. The topics covered range from globalization and transnational social movement organizations to community recycling programs.

Political Communication in Real Time

Theoretical and Applied Research Approaches

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Author: Dan Schill,Rita Kirk,Amy E. Jasperson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317363043

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 1478

Much has been made of the speed and constancy of modern politics. Whether watching cable news, retweeting political posts, or receiving news alerts on our phones, political communication now happens continuously and in real time. Traditional research methods often do not capture this dynamic environment. Early studies that guided the study of political communication took place at a time when transistors and FM radio, television, and widely distributed films technologically changed the way people gained information and developed knowledge of the world around them. Now, the environment has transformed again through digital innovations. This book provides one of the first systematic assessment of real-time methods used to study the new digital media environment. It features twelve chapters—authored by leading researchers in the field—using continuous or real time response methods to study political communication in various forms. Moreover, the authors explain how viewer attitudes can be measured over time, message effects can be pin-­pointed down to the second of impact, behaviors can be tracked and analyzed unobtrusively, and respondents can naturally respond on their smartphone, tablet, or even console gaming system. Leading practitioners in the field working for CNN, Microsoft, and Twitter show how the approach is being innovatively used in the field. Political Communication in Real Time is a welcome addition to the growing field of interest in "big data" and continuous response research. This volume will appeal to scholars and practitioners in political science and communication studies wishing to gain new insights into the strengths and limitations of this approach. Political communication is a continuous process, so theories, applications, and cognitive models of such communication require continuous measures and methods.

Hegemony

Studies in Consensus and Coercion

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Author: Richard Howson,Kylie Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135916314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5920

The originality and depth of Gramsci's theory of hegemony is now evidenced in the wide-ranging intellectual applications within a growing corpus of research and writings that include social, political and cultural theory, historical interpretation, gender and globalization. The reason that hegemony has been so widely and diversely adopted lies in the unique way that Gramsci formulated the 'problematics' of structure/superstructure, coercion/consensus, materialism/idealism and regression/progression within the concept hegemony. However, in much of the contemporary literature the full complexity of hegemony is either obfuscated or ignored. Hegemony, through comprehensive and systematic analyses of Gramsci's formulation, a picture of hegemony as a complex syncretism of these dichotomies. In other words, hegemony is presented as a concept that is as much about aspiration and progressive politico-social relations as it is about regressive and dominative processes. Thus, the volume recognises and presents this complexity through a selection of contemporary theoretical as well as historico-social investigations that mark a significantly innovative moment in the work on hegemony.

Art and Society

Readings in the Sociology of the Arts

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Author: Arnold W. Foster,Judith R. Blau

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791401170

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 8838

There is currently no reader in print that provides a broad ranging overview for an undergraduate course on the sociology of the arts or the sociology of culture. This book remedies this situation as it provides students with an overall understanding of the current issues, theoretical approaches, and substantive contributions in the sociology of the arts. Included are chapters on the aesthetic meaning of art; the social and institutional production of art; the links among audiences, artists, and cultural organizations; tensions between artists and their bureaucratized working settings; the training and careers of artists; relations between art and society; and the dynamics of cultural change. In addition to section introductions, there is a comprehensive introduction to provide students with an understanding of the history of the field, its main theoretical currents, and also to provide them with an appreciation of the contributions to cultural studies by other disciplines, such as anthropology and history. An extensive bibliography is also included in the reader, which was developed to assist students who wish to pursue research topics.