Political Sociology

Readings in Research and Theory

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Author: George A. Kourvetaris

Publisher: HOEPLI EDITORE

ISBN: 9780878557172

Category: Political Science

Page: 443

View: 1198

Political Sociology: Readings in Research and Theory deals with the major theoretical, conceptual, and empirical issues in the field of political sociology. The readings explore a number of old and new concepts, issues, and developments both within and across political systems and societies. This anthology is based on articles published in the Journal of Political and Military Sociology. Political Sociology is organized around five major dimensions: conceptual and pedagogical perspectives, political participation, collective protest and radicalism, violence and coercion, and national and cross-national studies. In the first section the editors provide a concise, critical, and integrated overview of the field in both the teaching and research aspects of political sociology, especially dur­ing the last ten years. Part II explores some theoretical and empirical issues by offering models of the interrelationships between politics and society. Politi­cal participation within a stratification framework is examined in Part III, while some of the major issues and developments on collective protest and radicalism are discussed in Part IV. Violence and coercion are age-old problems of political and social systems. Part V attempts to evaluate and integrate the most important theories, types, and causes of violence. Part VI examines a number of pertinent concepts of political sociology in various countries. This includes discussions on the legitimacy of protest in the U.S. and Sweden, the impact of stratification on the German party infrastruc­ture, efficacy and support for the Mexican political system, a genera­tional model of the Soviet elite, and the role of the CIA in Chile.

Once More Unto The Breach, Dear Friends

Incomplete Theory And Complete Bibliography of Irving Louis Horowitz on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

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Author: Irving Louis Horowitz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765802743

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 6925

Candor, breadth, judiciousness-all these are attributes Irving Louis Horowitz possesses as a scholar. Under his leadership there is no academic publication from which I have learned as much as Transaction-Society."David Riesman, Harvard University "We are all happy benefi ciaries of Horowitzs acutely perceptive and (often) devas-tatingly plain-spoken self as sociologist and sage, broad-gauged scholar, dedicated teacher, tough-minded editor and publisher with an ingrained sense of fairness."Robert K. Merton, Columbia University

Die großen Revolutionen und die Kulturen der Moderne

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Author: Shmuel N. Eisenstadt

Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften

ISBN: 9783531149936

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 1959

Dieses Buch gibt einen erstklassigen Überblick über die Forschungen von Shmuel N. Eisenstadt. Anschaulich stellt Eisenstadt dabei seine Positionen über den sozialen Wandel, über die Einheit und die Vielfalt der Moderne vor. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei in diesem Buch die "großen Revolutionen".

Wired and Mobilizing

Social Movements, New Technology, and Electoral Politics

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Author: Victoria Carty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113690803X

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 8381

This book highlights how online networking offers potential for new forms of activist mobilizing, repertoires, participatory democracy, direct action, fundraising, and civic engagement. It calls for a re-conceptualization of some of the main tenets of contentious and electoral politics, which were originally constructed to describe and analyze face-to-face forms of mobilization, in order to more accurately analyze contemporary forms of protest, electoral processes, and civil society organizing.

Studies in Social and Political Theory (RLE Social Theory)

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Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650646

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 8695

The studies which comprise this book are essentially organized around a critical encounter with European social theory in its 'classical period' – i.e. from the middle years of the nineteenth century until the First World War – and have the aim of working out some of the implications of that encounter for the position and prospects of the social sciences today. The issues involved relate to the following series of problems: method and epistemology; social development and transformation; the origins of 'sociology' in nineteenth-century social theory; and the status of social science as critique. In each of these areas, Giddens develops views that challenge existing orthodoxies, and connects these ideas to a reconstruction of social theory in the contemporary era.

Classic and Contemporary Readings in Sociology

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Author: Ian Marsh,Rosie Campbell,Mike Keating

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317882024

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 946

Classic and Contemporary Readings in Sociology introduces the reader to sociological issues, theories and debates, providing extracts of primary source material, from both classical and contemporary theorists. Theorists are examined within their historical and sociological framework and the text provides an analysis of developments in sociological thought and research. The text is divided into four main sections: Part One, Origins and Concepts, surveys the history of the discipline of sociology and examines key themes which have influenced sociological theorising and investigation, in particular, social control, culture and socialisation. Parts Two and Four, Sociological Theories and Sociological Research, include a number of readings from the founding theorists and investigators, including Auguste Comte, Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Weber and Charles Booth, and also include more recent theoretical writing and research approaches. The focus on theory and research is extended by a selection of readings centred around the theme of Differences and Inequalities (Part Three); these readings provide students with examples of work from an area where sociological theorising and research has been widely applied.

Hegemony

Studies in Consensus and Coercion

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Author: Richard Howson,Kylie Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135916314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 7287

The originality and depth of Gramsci's theory of hegemony is now evidenced in the wide-ranging intellectual applications within a growing corpus of research and writings that include social, political and cultural theory, historical interpretation, gender and globalization. The reason that hegemony has been so widely and diversely adopted lies in the unique way that Gramsci formulated the 'problematics' of structure/superstructure, coercion/consensus, materialism/idealism and regression/progression within the concept hegemony. However, in much of the contemporary literature the full complexity of hegemony is either obfuscated or ignored. Hegemony, through comprehensive and systematic analyses of Gramsci's formulation, a picture of hegemony as a complex syncretism of these dichotomies. In other words, hegemony is presented as a concept that is as much about aspiration and progressive politico-social relations as it is about regressive and dominative processes. Thus, the volume recognises and presents this complexity through a selection of contemporary theoretical as well as historico-social investigations that mark a significantly innovative moment in the work on hegemony.

Sociology of Sport and Social Theory

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Author: Earl Smith

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736075720

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 7641

"Sociology of Sport and Social Theory" presents current research perspectives from major sport scholars and leading sociologists regarding issues germane to the sociology of sport while addressing traditional and contemporary sociological theories.

Social Theory and the Urban Question

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Author: Peter Saunders

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135685916

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 2328

Social Theory and the Urban Question offers a guide to, and a critical evaluation of key themes in contemporary urban social theory, as well as a re-examination of more traditional approaches in the light of recent developments and criticism. Dr Saunders discusses current theoretical positions in the context of the work of Marx, Weber and Durkheim. He suggests that later writers have often misunderstood or ignored the arguments of these 'founding fathers' of the urban question. Dr Saunders uses his final chapter to apply the lessons learned from a review of their work in order to develop a new framework for urban social and political analysis. This book was first published in 1981.

The Handbook of Political Sociology

States, Civil Societies, and Globalization

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Author: Thomas Janoski,Robert R. Alford,Alexander M. Hicks,Mildred A. Schwartz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443579

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3992

This Handbook provides a complete survey of the vibrant field of political sociology. Part I explores the theories of political sociology. Part II focuses on the formation, transitions, and regime structure of the state. Part III takes up various aspects of the state that respond to pressures from civil society.

Robert Michaels, Political Sociology And the Future of Democracy

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Author: Juan José Linz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412833417

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 5836

These essays by the brilliant historian of political science Juan Linz comprise a remarkable intellectual review of the life and work of Robert Michels, his major book Political Parties, and the dimensions of democracy as a functioning system. Linz elucidates the importance of Michels in a way that offers more than a mechanical view of political parties as some sort of precisely ordered system of authority and influence. Instead, Michels offers a view of politics that is bottom up and untidy, what he calls a "reciprocal deference structure." Michels is not simply the father of the iron law of oligarchy, but the idea of politics as a less than orderly network of responsiveness, responsibility, and accountability. Linz demonstrates, with magisterial power, why Michels must be ranked as a foremost thinker in classical political sociology. The remaining three segments of the volume cover areas with which Linz has also long been identified. Each in its own way illumines aspects of Michels as well. "Time and Regime Change" articulates differences between change within a regime and change of a regime--sometimes hard to identify because of the elongated time frames involved. The next essay explains why Spain is neither a traditional society nor a successful modern nation. The reliance upon central authority displaced the hoped for evolution of a society based on representative democratic institutions. The final section. "Freedom and Autonomy of Intellectuals and Artists" is a topic that gripped Michels and Linz alike. Freedom as a goal of the intelligentsia has been frustrated by those who provide ideological justification for repression of ideas and actions in the name of higher values. This segment provides a bridge between Michels and Weber--not to mention both of these major figures with Linz himself. The role of state power in mediating intellectual freedom is the leitmotif that blankets the twentieth century. The work is graced by a full-length bibliography of the writings of Juan J. Linz, prepared by his student and colleague, H. E. Chehabi. Juan Linz is Sterling Professor Emeritus of Political and Social Science at Yale University. He is former Chairman of the Committee on Political Sociology of the International Sociological Association and the International Political Science Association.

Encounters and Engagements between Economic and Cultural Geography

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Author: Barney Warf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940072974X

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 8509

The intellectual renaissance of human geography has included a widespread engagement between its economic and cultural subdisciplines. This volume adopts a variety of conceptual and empirical perspectives on the encounters between economic and cultural geographers. It offers an introduction and 10 chapters by authors in a variety of national contexts to explicate issues such as the cultural turn in economic geography, the cultural construction of economic geographic thought, consumption, gender, everyday life, commodity chain analysis, trust, networks, the creative economy, and tourism. The volume contains empirical analyses utilizing both quantitative and qualitative approaches at spatial scales ranging from the individual to the global economy. In illustrating how human geographers can ill afford to subscribe to the analytically false dichotomy between “culture” and “the economy,” the book explicates how cultural and economic geography can be seamlessly integrated , bringing them into a creative tension to their mutual benefit.​

A Political Sociology of Transnational Europe

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Author: Niilo Kauppi

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 1907301852

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 5154

Globalisation and complex Europeanisation are two significant challenges currently influencing the restructure of the European nation-state, and redefining political power. For this volume, first-rate European scholars look at the consequences of these and other challenges faced by European societies. Contributions revisit traditional objects of political science – state sovereignty, civil society and citizenship – mixing sophisticated empirical analyses with methodological and conceptual innovations including field theory, multiple correspondence analysis, and the study of space sets. Combining qualitative and quantitative research techniques, and macro- and micro-levels, chapters have in common a contextual analysis of politics through scrutiny of configurations of groups, representations and perceptions. A transnational perspective is the common thread linking every study in this volume, which seeks to avoid methodological nationalism.

Critical Readings in Planning Theory

Urban and Regional Planning Series

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Author: Chris Paris

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483146545

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5615

Urban and Regional Planning Series, Volume 27: Critical Readings in Planning Theory presents a critical perspective on urban and regional planning. This book provides an understanding of various theoretical perspectives on planning. Organized into five parts encompassing 19 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the economic and social theory of planning. This text then examines the procedural planning theory, which deals with the making and implementing of plans. Other chapters consider the introduction of the systems approach to planning. This book discusses as well the theoretical respecification of the nature of town planning as it has developed under capitalism. The final chapter deals with the ideology of planning that is consistent with the view that town planning can be objectively useful. This book is a valuable resource for students of planning who want to understand planning as it is. Urban planners and engineers will also find this book useful.

Readings in Public Choice and Constitutional Political Economy

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Author: Charles Rowley,Friedrich Schneider

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387758704

Category: Political Science

Page: 626

View: 1464

Public choice is the study of behavior at the intersection of economics and political science. Since the pioneering work of Duncan Black in the 1940s, public choice has developed a rich literature, drawing from such related perspectives as history, philosophy, law, and sociology, to analyze political decision making (by citizen-voters, elected officials, bureaucratic administrators, lobbyists, and other "rational" actors) in social and economic context, with an emphasis on identifying differences between individual goals and collective outcomes. Constitutional political economy provides important insights into the relationship between effective constitutions and the behavior of ordinary political markets. In Readings in Public Choice and Constitutional Political Economy, Charles Rowley and Friedrich Schneider have assembled an international array of leading authors to present a comprehensive and accessible overview of the field and its applications. Covering a wide array of topics, including regulation and antitrust, taxation, trade liberalization, political corruption, interest group behavior, dictatorship, and environmental issues, and featuring biographies of the founding fathers of the field, this volume will be essential reading for scholars and students, policymakers, economists, sociologists, and non-specialist readers interested in the dynamics of political economy.

Globalization and Women in Academia

North/west-south/east

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Author: Carmen Luke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113565543X

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 9840

In this cross-cultural exploration of the comparative experiences of Asian and Western women in higher education management, leading feminist theorist Carmen Luke constructs a provocative framework that situates her own standpoint and experiences alongside those of Asian women she studied over a three-year period. She conveys some of the complexity of global sweeps and trends in education and feminist discourse as they intersect with local cultural variations but also dovetail into patterns of regional similarities. Western feminist research has established that relatively few women hold senior positions in universities and colleges. Using the now common metaphor of the "glass ceiling," this research has developed a range of social, cultural, and institutional explanations for women's underrepresentation in academic life. International studies show that women in non-Western countries are also underrepresented in higher education. Yet do Western explanations and strategies for change hold for academic women working in non-Western universities? The very diversity among women's experiences calls into question many of the analytic tools, terms, claims, and solutions formulated by Western feminism. This is the first study to show how cultural differences figure into the institutional dynamics of "glass ceilings." It raises important theoretical and practical, strategic, and tactical questions about issues of cultural difference and institutional power.

Methodological Issues in Accounting Research

Theories, Methods and Issues

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Author: Zahirul Hoque

Publisher: Spiramus Press Ltd

ISBN: 9781904905134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 538

View: 471

A major problem confronting a researcher is which theoretical perspective is considered most apt. This book provides a good guideline as to why and how to choose a particular theory or method to study an organizational phenomenon such as accounting. The contributors to this collection are world-renowned in their respective field. Each chapter documents the latest research in accounting and control systems. The book is primarily intended for research students and academic researchers in the areas of accounting and practices in organizations. The book can also be used for undergraduate and postgraduate accounting methodology courses, and research organizations/consulting firms in the accounting and business field.