Understanding Risk in Criminal Justice


Author: Hazel Kemshall

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335226035

Category: Education

Page: 205

View: 7546

This illuminating text examines the significance of the concept of risk in criminal justice policy, and in the role of criminal justice agencies and crime prevention initiatives. Particular features of the book include its use of practical examples, coverage of previously unpublished research, and a full review of current risk assessment tools for use with offenders. It is designed with undergraduate courses in mind, providing frequent summaries, lists of further reading, and a glossary.

Plural Policing

A Comparative Perspective


Author: Trevor Jones,Tim Newburn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134255748

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5699

Policing is changing rapidly and radically. An increasingly complex array of public, private and municipal bodies - as well as public police forces - are engaged in the provision of regulation and security. Consequently, it is difficult to think of security provision primarily in terms of what the public police do, and so the terminology of 'fragmented' or 'plural' policing systems has become well-established within criminology and police science. 'Plural policing' is now a central issue within criminology and police studies throughout the world, and there is now a large and growing body of research and theory concerned with its extent, nature and governance. To date, however, this work has been dominated by Anglo-American perspectives. This volume takes a detailed comparative look at the development of plural policing, and provides the most up-to-date work of reference for scholars in this field. Edited by two of the world's leading authorities on policing, and including individual contributions from internationally recognised experts in criminology and police studies, this is the first ever volume to focus on ‘plural policing’ internationally, and to draw together empirical evidence on its developments in a formal comparative framework.



Author: Lucia Zedner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135249008

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 837

Just a decade ago security had little claim to criminological attention. Today a combination of disciplinary paradigm shifts, policy changes, and world political events have pushed security to the forefront of the criminological agenda. Distinctions between public safety and private protection, policing and security services, national and international security are being eroded. Post-9/11 the pursuit of security has been hotly debated not least because countering terrorism raises the stakes and licenses extraordinary measures. Security has become a central plank of public policy, a topical political issue, and lucrative focus of private venture but it is not without costs, problems, and paradoxes. As security governs our lives, governing security become a priority. This book provides a brief, authoritative introduction to the history of security from Hobbes to the present day and a timely guide to contemporary security politics and dilemmas. It argues that the pursuit of security poses a significant challenge for criminal justice practices and values. It defends security as public good and suggests a framework of principles by which it might better be governed. Engaging with major academic debates in criminology, law, international relations, politics, and sociology, this book stands at the vanguard of interdisciplinary writing on security.

Municipal Policing in the European Union

Comparative Perspectives


Author: D. Donnelly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137290617

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 9343

The book applies a model of municipal policing to compare a number of police systems in the European Union suggesting that in the future local communities will have some form of police enforcement mechanism that will not always include the sworn police officer.

Policing: An Introduction to Concepts and Practice


Author: Alan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135996997

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 4362

This book provides a highly readable introduction to the role and function of the police and policing, examining the issues and debates that surround this. It looks at the 'core functions' of the police, the ways in which police functions have developed, their key characteristics, and the challenges they face. From the outset questions are asked about the conceptual contestability and ambiguity of policing, and different views of police roles are addressed in turn: policing as social control, crime investigation, managing risk, policing as community justice, and as a public good.

Crime and Risk


Author: Pat O'Malley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446242013

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 3362

Over recent years, the governance of crime - from policing and crime prevention to sentencing and prison organization - has moved away from a focus on reforming offenders toward preventing crime and managing behaviour using predictive and distributional (such as risk) techniques. Crime and Risk presents an engaging discussion of risk strategies and risk-taking in the domain of crime and criminal justice. It outlines the broad theoretical issues and political approaches involved, relating risk in contemporary crime governance to risk in criminal activity. Taking a broad and discursive approach, it covers: Risk-taking and contemporary culture The excitement associated with risk-taking and the impact of criminal activity The application of risk-oriented developments in crime prevention and control The use of genetic and related biotechnologies to assess and react to perceived threats The conceptualization of risk in relation to race and gender The influence of excitement upon criminal activity Evidence and accountability. ? Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology. Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice – offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

Governing Security

Explorations of Policing and Justice


Author: Clifford D. Shearing,Les Johnston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135106037

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 1285

Government has been radically transformed over the past few decades. These transformations have been mirrored in, and often prefigured by, changes in the governance of security - mentalities, institutions, technologies and practices used to promote secure environments. This book traces the nature of these governmental changes by looking at security. It examines a variety of related questions, including: * What significant changes have occurred in the governance of security? * What implications do these changes have for collective life? * What new imaginings may be needed to reshape security? * What ethical factors need to be considered in formulating such new imaginings? The authors conclude bringing together descriptive, explanatory and normative considerations to access how justice can be conceived within the governance of security.

Crime and Security


Author: Benjamin Jervis Goold,Lucia Zedner

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company


Category: Law

Page: 508

View: 7618

This volume brings together a wide range of contributions from leading scholars in the field and includes international and comparative perspectives on the challenges posed by the rise of the 'security society'.



Author: Chris Hale

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Law

Page: 594

View: 4173

"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

War as Risk Management

Strategy and Conflict in an Age of Globalised Risks


Author: Yee-Kuang Heng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113418560X

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 5747

This major new study shows how war can be thought of in terms of proactive risk management rather than in terms of conventional threat response. It addresses why the study of ‘risk management’ has helped fields such as sociology and criminology conceptualize new policy challenges but has made limited impact on Strategic Studies with new case studies of recent Anglo-American military campaigns in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. The author shows how ‘risk' is now a key defining feature of our globalized era, encompassing issues from global financial meltdown, terrorism, infectious diseases, to environmental degradation and how its vocabulary, such as the Precautionary Principle, now permeates the way we think about war, and how it now appears in US and UK defence policy documents, and speeches from both civilian and military staff. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies, war studies, international relations and globalization.


Enforcement and Compliance


Author: Richard Johnstone,Rick Sarre

Publisher: National Gallery of Australia


Category: Administrative law

Page: 118

View: 4859

There has been a significant increase in regulation of civil society in the late twentieth century by governments to ensure that their policy objectives are being achieved. As a result a wide range of institutions are subject to a range of regulatory practices ... This collection of papers is from an Australian Institute of Criminology conference which was held in Melbourne in September 2002 in conjunction with the Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet) at the Australian National University and the Division of Business and Enterprise at the University of South Australia. The papers summarise the issues relating to the emergence of the 'new regulatory state', the various forms of regulatory techniques that are being used, the way in which regulatory regimes are increasingly being networked to ensure compliance and the conflicts that can sometimes emerge from such an interface.

Knowledge Management in Policing and Law Enforcement

Foundations, Structures, Applications


Author: Geoffrey Dean,Petter Gottschalk

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199214075

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 4694

Sharing knowledge in policing remains a significant challenge for police forces around the world. The Bichard Inquiry examined the effectiveness of police forces' information sharing and found it to be severely lacking. This unique book sets out the conceptual framework for knowledge management and explains how a greater understanding of the subject can help policing at an operational level. The book is split into a clear and logical three part structure: Part I covers the foundationsof knowledge management and the key security issues in relation to a 'globalised' world of crime and terrorism, Part II looks at the building of structures and the use of applications and Part III integrates the first two parts by providing illustrative examples of working applications of police-specific knowledge management systems. Drawing on examples from around the world, the book takes the reader through the range of different systems and approaches and shows how they can be implemented in practice using illustrative case studies and practical diagrams. This is an ideal purchase for all police professionals and policing academics with an interest in, or role in knowledge management systems.

Imagining security


Author: Jennifer Wood,Clifford D. Shearing

Publisher: Willan Pub


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 184

View: 4078

This book is concerned with the ways in which the problem of security is thought about and promoted by a range of individuals and agencies in the public, private, and non-governmental sectors. From a 'nodal governance' perspective, the authors map the mentalities and practices of security found in a variety of sectors, and study the ways in which thinking from these sectors influence one another. The book examines some conditions that drive innovation and explores ideas for re-imagining security, addressing contemporary governance deficits that disadvantage actors in the security field. The book also discusses possibilities for the 'governance of governance, ' with an emphasis on hybrid approaches to the regulation of nodal security provision. The book has two key themes. First, governance is now no longer simply shaped by thinking within the state sphere. Forms of thinking that originate within and across the business sphere as well as civil society groupings and organizations also

Doing security

critical reflections and an agenda for change


Author: Mark Button

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 703

Despite the growing interest in security amongst governments, organizations and the general public, the provision of much security is substandard. This book explores the problems facing security, and sets out innovative proposals to enhance the effectiveness of security in society, at national and organizational levels.

Diskurs, Stadt, Kriminalität

städtische (Un-)Sicherheiten aus der Perspektive von Stadtforschung und kritischer Kriminalgeographie


Author: Georg Glasze,Robert Pütz,Manfred Rolfes

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783899424089

Category: City planning

Page: 323

View: 1097

(Un-)Sicherheit ist weltweit zu einem Megatrend der Stadtentwicklung geworden. Die öffentliche Hand und die Privatwirtschaft etablieren neue Sicherheitspolitiken: Überwachungs- und Kontrolltechniken, städtebauliche Veränderungen, Formalisierung sozialer Kontrolle. Mit steigender Kriminalität kann dies jedoch nicht erklärt werden. Die Beiträge aus Stadtforschung und Kritischer Kriminalgeographie zeigen, dass die Differenzierungen von sicheren und unsicheren Orten das Ergebnis sozialer und diskursiver Konstruktionen sind und legen Strategien und Mechanismen zur Konstruktion von (Un-)Sicherheit offen. Dies ermöglicht neue Perspektiven auf den Zusammenhang von (Un-)Sicherheit und Stadt. Georg Glasze (Dr.) ist wiss. Ass. am Geographischen Institut Mainz. Robert Pütz (Prof. Dr.) lehrt Humangeographie am Institut für Kulturgeographie, Stadt und Regionalforschung an der Universität Frankfurt. Manfred Rolfes (Prof. Dr.) lehrt Regionalwissenschaften und Angewandte Humangeographie am Institut für Geographie der Universität Potsdam.

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice

Current Issues and Perspectives


Author: Russell Charles Smandych,Nick Larsen

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: 9781551116822

Category: Social Science

Page: 518

View: 7804

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice brings together 22 articles that constitute some of the most important recent literature in the field.

Policing In A Changing Constitutional Order


Author: Neil Walker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780421633704

Category: Political Science

Page: 349

View: 1022

Since the 1980s there have been major changes in police powers in the UK. This work examines these changes, discusses how the police are viewed under the constitution and how this has influenced their actions and reputation, and looks at the merits and demerits of the new constitutional changes.

Policing Images

Policing, Communication and Legitimacy


Author: Rob C. Mawby

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781903240717

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 6437

Documenting and explaining the activities in which the police engage to construct and project images of policing, this book draws upon first-hand research and includes a detailed look at police press and public relations officers at work.

The Oxford handbook of criminology


Author: Mike Maguire,Rodney Morgan,Robert Reiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Law

Page: 1227

View: 6701

This is the substantially updated and revised third edition of the highly acclaimed Handbook of Criminology. It is the most comprehensible and authoritative single volume guide to the subject; combining masterly reviews of all the key topics with extensive references to aid further research. In addition to the history of the discipline and reviews of different theoretical perspectives, the book provides up-to-date reviews of such diverse topics as crime statistics, the criminal justice process, race and gender and the media and crime. It is essential reading for all teachers and students of criminology and an indispensable source book for professionals.