Understanding Risk in Criminal Justice

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Author: Hazel Kemshall

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335226035

Category: Education

Page: 205

View: 3543

This illuminating text examines the significance of the concept of risk in criminal justice policy, and in the role of criminal justice agencies and crime prevention initiatives. Particular features of the book include its use of practical examples, coverage of previously unpublished research, and a full review of current risk assessment tools for use with offenders. It is designed with undergraduate courses in mind, providing frequent summaries, lists of further reading, and a glossary.

Plural Policing

A Comparative Perspective

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Author: Trevor Jones,Tim Newburn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134255748

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1727

Policing is changing rapidly and radically. An increasingly complex array of public, private and municipal bodies - as well as public police forces - are engaged in the provision of regulation and security. Consequently, it is difficult to think of security provision primarily in terms of what the public police do, and so the terminology of 'fragmented' or 'plural' policing systems has become well-established within criminology and police science. 'Plural policing' is now a central issue within criminology and police studies throughout the world, and there is now a large and growing body of research and theory concerned with its extent, nature and governance. To date, however, this work has been dominated by Anglo-American perspectives. This volume takes a detailed comparative look at the development of plural policing, and provides the most up-to-date work of reference for scholars in this field. Edited by two of the world's leading authorities on policing, and including individual contributions from internationally recognised experts in criminology and police studies, this is the first ever volume to focus on ‘plural policing’ internationally, and to draw together empirical evidence on its developments in a formal comparative framework.

Security

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Author: Lucia Zedner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135249008

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 7159

Just a decade ago security had little claim to criminological attention. Today a combination of disciplinary paradigm shifts, policy changes, and world political events have pushed security to the forefront of the criminological agenda. Distinctions between public safety and private protection, policing and security services, national and international security are being eroded. Post-9/11 the pursuit of security has been hotly debated not least because countering terrorism raises the stakes and licenses extraordinary measures. Security has become a central plank of public policy, a topical political issue, and lucrative focus of private venture but it is not without costs, problems, and paradoxes. As security governs our lives, governing security become a priority. This book provides a brief, authoritative introduction to the history of security from Hobbes to the present day and a timely guide to contemporary security politics and dilemmas. It argues that the pursuit of security poses a significant challenge for criminal justice practices and values. It defends security as public good and suggests a framework of principles by which it might better be governed. Engaging with major academic debates in criminology, law, international relations, politics, and sociology, this book stands at the vanguard of interdisciplinary writing on security.

Municipal Policing in the European Union

Comparative Perspectives

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Author: D. Donnelly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137290617

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 4822

The book applies a model of municipal policing to compare a number of police systems in the European Union suggesting that in the future local communities will have some form of police enforcement mechanism that will not always include the sworn police officer.

Policing: An Introduction to Concepts and Practice

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Author: Alan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135996997

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6558

This book provides a highly readable introduction to the role and function of the police and policing, examining the issues and debates that surround this. It looks at the 'core functions' of the police, the ways in which police functions have developed, their key characteristics, and the challenges they face. From the outset questions are asked about the conceptual contestability and ambiguity of policing, and different views of police roles are addressed in turn: policing as social control, crime investigation, managing risk, policing as community justice, and as a public good.

Crime and Risk

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Author: Pat O'Malley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446242013

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 7535

Over recent years, the governance of crime - from policing and crime prevention to sentencing and prison organization - has moved away from a focus on reforming offenders toward preventing crime and managing behaviour using predictive and distributional (such as risk) techniques. Crime and Risk presents an engaging discussion of risk strategies and risk-taking in the domain of crime and criminal justice. It outlines the broad theoretical issues and political approaches involved, relating risk in contemporary crime governance to risk in criminal activity. Taking a broad and discursive approach, it covers: Risk-taking and contemporary culture The excitement associated with risk-taking and the impact of criminal activity The application of risk-oriented developments in crime prevention and control The use of genetic and related biotechnologies to assess and react to perceived threats The conceptualization of risk in relation to race and gender The influence of excitement upon criminal activity Evidence and accountability. ? Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology. Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice – offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

Crime and Security

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Author: Benjamin Jervis Goold,Lucia Zedner

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 508

View: 1791

This volume brings together a wide range of contributions from leading scholars in the field and includes international and comparative perspectives on the challenges posed by the rise of the 'security society'.

Criminology

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Author: Chris Hale

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 594

View: 5675

"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

War as Risk Management

Strategy and Conflict in an Age of Globalised Risks

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Author: Yee-Kuang Heng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113418560X

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 6964

This major new study shows how war can be thought of in terms of proactive risk management rather than in terms of conventional threat response. It addresses why the study of ‘risk management’ has helped fields such as sociology and criminology conceptualize new policy challenges but has made limited impact on Strategic Studies with new case studies of recent Anglo-American military campaigns in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. The author shows how ‘risk' is now a key defining feature of our globalized era, encompassing issues from global financial meltdown, terrorism, infectious diseases, to environmental degradation and how its vocabulary, such as the Precautionary Principle, now permeates the way we think about war, and how it now appears in US and UK defence policy documents, and speeches from both civilian and military staff. This book will be of great interest to all students and scholars of strategic studies, war studies, international relations and globalization.

Community safety

critical perspectives on policy and practice

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Author: Peter Squires

Publisher: Policy Pr

ISBN: 9781861347305

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

View: 8097

Community safety emerged as a new approach to tackling and preventing UK local crime and disorder in the late 1980s and was adopted into mainstream policy by UK's New Labour in the late '90s. Twenty years on, it is important to ask how the community safety agenda has evolved and developed within local crime and disorder prevention strategies. Community Safety provides the first sustained critical and theoretically informed analysis of this topic, exploring the strengths and weaknesses of the community safety legacy, while posing challenging questions and examining a wide range of topics relating to community safety policy and practice, including: anti-social behavior strategies; victims' perspectives on community safety; race, racism, and policing; safety and social exclusion; domestic violence; substance misuse; community policing; and organized crime.

Diskurs, Stadt, Kriminalität

städtische (Un-)Sicherheiten aus der Perspektive von Stadtforschung und kritischer Kriminalgeographie

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Author: Georg Glasze,Robert Pütz,Manfred Rolfes

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 9783899424089

Category: City planning

Page: 323

View: 3028

(Un-)Sicherheit ist weltweit zu einem Megatrend der Stadtentwicklung geworden. Die öffentliche Hand und die Privatwirtschaft etablieren neue Sicherheitspolitiken: Überwachungs- und Kontrolltechniken, städtebauliche Veränderungen, Formalisierung sozialer Kontrolle. Mit steigender Kriminalität kann dies jedoch nicht erklärt werden. Die Beiträge aus Stadtforschung und Kritischer Kriminalgeographie zeigen, dass die Differenzierungen von sicheren und unsicheren Orten das Ergebnis sozialer und diskursiver Konstruktionen sind und legen Strategien und Mechanismen zur Konstruktion von (Un-)Sicherheit offen. Dies ermöglicht neue Perspektiven auf den Zusammenhang von (Un-)Sicherheit und Stadt. Georg Glasze (Dr.) ist wiss. Ass. am Geographischen Institut Mainz. Robert Pütz (Prof. Dr.) lehrt Humangeographie am Institut für Kulturgeographie, Stadt und Regionalforschung an der Universität Frankfurt. Manfred Rolfes (Prof. Dr.) lehrt Regionalwissenschaften und Angewandte Humangeographie am Institut für Geographie der Universität Potsdam.

Regulation

Enforcement and Compliance

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Author: Richard Johnstone,Rick Sarre

Publisher: National Gallery of Australia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Administrative law

Page: 118

View: 1660

There has been a significant increase in regulation of civil society in the late twentieth century by governments to ensure that their policy objectives are being achieved. As a result a wide range of institutions are subject to a range of regulatory practices ... This collection of papers is from an Australian Institute of Criminology conference which was held in Melbourne in September 2002 in conjunction with the Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet) at the Australian National University and the Division of Business and Enterprise at the University of South Australia. The papers summarise the issues relating to the emergence of the 'new regulatory state', the various forms of regulatory techniques that are being used, the way in which regulatory regimes are increasingly being networked to ensure compliance and the conflicts that can sometimes emerge from such an interface.

Knowledge Management in Policing and Law Enforcement

Foundations, Structures, Applications

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Author: Geoffrey Dean,Petter Gottschalk

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199214075

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 5141

Sharing knowledge in policing remains a significant challenge for police forces around the world. The Bichard Inquiry examined the effectiveness of police forces' information sharing and found it to be severely lacking. This unique book sets out the conceptual framework for knowledge management and explains how a greater understanding of the subject can help policing at an operational level. The book is split into a clear and logical three part structure: Part I covers the foundationsof knowledge management and the key security issues in relation to a 'globalised' world of crime and terrorism, Part II looks at the building of structures and the use of applications and Part III integrates the first two parts by providing illustrative examples of working applications of police-specific knowledge management systems. Drawing on examples from around the world, the book takes the reader through the range of different systems and approaches and shows how they can be implemented in practice using illustrative case studies and practical diagrams. This is an ideal purchase for all police professionals and policing academics with an interest in, or role in knowledge management systems.

Policing In A Changing Constitutional Order

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Author: Neil Walker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780421633704

Category: Political Science

Page: 349

View: 6779

Since the 1980s there have been major changes in police powers in the UK. This work examines these changes, discusses how the police are viewed under the constitution and how this has influenced their actions and reputation, and looks at the merits and demerits of the new constitutional changes.

Doing security

critical reflections and an agenda for change

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Author: Mark Button

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 408

Despite the growing interest in security amongst governments, organizations and the general public, the provision of much security is substandard. This book explores the problems facing security, and sets out innovative proposals to enhance the effectiveness of security in society, at national and organizational levels.

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice

Current Issues and Perspectives

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Author: Russell Charles Smandych,Nick Larsen

Publisher: University of Toronto PressHigher education

ISBN: 9781551116822

Category: Social Science

Page: 518

View: 2320

Global Criminology and Criminal Justice brings together 22 articles that constitute some of the most important recent literature in the field.

Policing and the media

facts, fictions and factions

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Author: Frank Leishman,Paul Mason

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 8837

Focusing on the interplay between policing realities, public perception and media reflections, this text provides an accessible account of the relationship between policing and the media.

Crime prevention and community safety

new directions

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Author: Gordon Hughes,Eugene McLaughlin,John Muncie,Open University

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 354

View: 6864

`This text represents a major contribution to the literature on crime prevention and community safety. It goes beyond existing literature in bringing together sophisticated theoretical analysis on these topics which are core issues for government at local as well as national levels. And it also brings a much needed international perspective to our understanding of the local governance of crime' - Kevin Stenson, Professor of Criminology, Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College Crime Prevention and Community Safety provides an essential introduction to the complex issues and debates in the field of crime control and the new politics of safety and security across the globe. Collectively the contributions to this volume present a critique of current policy and open up the field of study to new directions. While engaging with the dominant focus on `what works' in crime reduction and community safety, the book also moves beyond the traditionally narrow, technical boundaries of much previous debate. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: New Directions looks at: -The relationship between crime control, communities and the nation state; -The diverse and changing sites of conflict, compromise and collusion around crime control policies; -Wider issues relating to `risk', 'safety' and `security'. The central feature of the volume as a whole is a commitment to exploring new directions for research and analysis, theoretically, empirically and comparatively. In opening up the varying and volatile spaces for crime prevention and community safety within the more general politics of social order, the book provides a critical rethinking of traditional connections between criminology, social policy and politics. Crime Prevention and Community Safety will be essential reading for students of criminology, criminal justice, community safety, socio-legal studies, sociology of crime and deviance and social policy. This is a course Reader for The Open University course D863 Community Safety, Crime Prevention and Social Control