The Physique of Athletes

An Anthropometric Study of 285 Top Sportsmen from 14 Sports in a Total of 774 Athletes

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Author: G. D. Maas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 217

View: 1851

Best Practice Protocols for Physique Assessment in Sport

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Author: Patria A. Hume,Deborah A. Kerr,Timothy R. Ackland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811054185

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 9443

This book outlines best practice protocols for body composition analysis of high-performance athletes and provides guidance on the use of new technologies for anthropometry. While surface anthropometry has traditionally been used to assess body composition through the internationally recognised methodology of the International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), the recent commercialisation of devices, such as bioelectrical impedance technologies, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), ultrasound, 3D photometry and air-displacement plethysmography (Bod Pod), has led to the non-standardised adoption of new measurement techniques. In this textbook, leading researchers detail standardisation procedures for each technology: in terms of athlete preparation, test protocols, test reporting, equipment calibration and data interpretation. Each chapter covers a different tool: how it works, what it is used to measure, and what the issues are surrounding its validity, practicality and reliability. This book provides an essential reference for device technicians and sport practitioners, ensuring that high-performance athletes are afforded accurate and comparable body composition information to guide their training routines.

Sports Nutrition for Paralympic Athletes, Second Edition

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Author: Elizabeth Broad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429959451

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 342

View: 7464

Sports participation opportunities for individuals with impairments are increasing. Whether an athlete is beginning a sport or competing on the world stage for a podium finish, nutrition is recognized as being integral to optimizing their health, training capacity, and performance. Some athletes with impairments are physiologically similar to their able-bodied counterparts, whereby the application of sports nutrition principles is straightforward. However, athletes with certain impairments require a very individualized approach when applying these principles in a practical way. Fully updated and expanded, this second edition of Sports Nutrition for Paralympic Athletes is an essential resource for sports nutrition practitioners who work alongside athletes with an impairment, whether that be physical, visual, hearing, or intellectual. In addition to chapters devoted to each impairment type, this book covers specific areas including medical considerations, body composition, supplements, and practical aspects that can be applied across all athletes and sports. Case studies and messages from athletes and world-class coaches enhance the application of theoretical research into practice providing the most relevant sports nutrition advice to Para athletes. Features New chapters on energy availability in Para athletes and cooling and hydration for the Para athlete Concise review of current sports nutrition recommendations for athletes, both during training and in competition Provides practical guidance and examples on how to apply sports nutrition principles to each impairment type Includes real life experiences of Para athletes, elite coaches, and practitioners Encompasses wider topics of assessing body composition, medical considerations, and supplement use specific to Para athletes Features insight and experiences gained by practitioners over the three major Paralympic Games since the first edition Sports nutrition can be the difference between being competitive and making the podium. With the rapidly increasing Paralympic profile, this book is valuable for professionals endeavoring to give their athletes the competitive edge - it challenges, stimulates, and drives future research in this area to continue to improve the delivery of this intrinsic component of athlete preparation.

Sports Nutrition for Paralympic Athletes

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Author: Elizabeth Broad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466507578

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 266

View: 7969

Many sports nutrition professionals are challenged by their lack of knowledge of both the functional limitations and the required alterations to training of the athlete with an impairment. In cases where the impairment results in minimal differences in the physiological basis of exercise, sports nutrition principles are easily transferable. However, other impairments such as spinal cord injuries, spina bifida, and cerebral palsy require a very individualized approach to estimations of energy expenditure and carbohydrate and fluid requirements. Sports Nutrition for Paralympic Athletes provides information on the broad subcategories of all physical impairments, along with visual, hearing, and intellectual impairments. Specific areas such as body composition, supplements, and practical issues are discussed comprehensively. Case studies enhance and illustrate a direct and first-hand application to managing Paralympic athletes. Sports nutrition can be the difference in being competitive and making the podium. With the rapidly increasing Paralympic profile, this book will be required reading for professionals endeavoring to give their athletes the competitive edge. This book will challenge and stimulate current and future research in this area to improve the delivery of this intrinsic component of athlete preparation.

Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes

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Author: Australian Institute of Sport,Rebecca Tanner,Christopher Gore

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1492581410

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 1711

Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, presents the most current protocols used for assessing high-level athletes. Based on the insight and experience of sport scientists who work closely with elite athletes to optimize sporting success, this comprehensive guide offers the how and why of both general and sport-specific physiological testing procedures. Readers will learn to use these tests to identify the strengths and weaknesses of athletes, monitor progress, provide feedback, and enhance performance their athletes’ potential. Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, guides readers in ensuring precision and reliability of testing procedures in the field or lab; correctly preparing athletes before testing; and accurately collecting, handling, and analyzing data. It leads readers through general testing concepts and athlete monitoring tools for determining anaerobic capacity, neuromuscular power, blood lactate thresholds, and VO2max. It also presents principles and protocols for common lab- and field-based assessments of body composition, agility, strength and power, and perceptual and decision-making capabilities. Reproducible forms throughout the book assist readers with data collection and preparticipation screening. After reviewing general protocols, this unique text takes a sport-specific look at the most effective tests and their applications in enhancing the performance of elite athletes. Protocols for 18 internationally recognized sports are introduced, and for each sport a rationale for the tests, lists of necessary equipment, and detailed testing procedures are provided. Normative data collected from athletes competing at national and international levels serve as excellent reference points for measuring elite athletes. New to the second edition are sport-specific assessments for Australian football, BMX cycling, rugby, sprint kayaking, high-performance walking, and indoor and beach volleyball. The second edition of Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes also features other enhancements, including extensive updates to normative data and reference material as well as several new chapters. New information on data collection and handling covers approaches for analyzing data from the physiological monitoring of individual athletes and for groups of athletes in team sports. Revised chapters on environmental physiology provide current insights regarding altitude training and training in heat and humidity. Discussions of the scientific basis of various strategies for athlete recovery in both training and competition enable readers to make sound decisions in employing those strategies to help their athletes optimally recover. For exercise physiologists, coaches, and exercise physiology students, Physiological Tests for Elite Athletes, Second Edition, is the essential guide to the most effective assessment protocols available. Using the precise and proven protocols in this authoritative resource, exercise physiologists can acquire detailed information to assist athletes’ preparation.

Der Sport im augusteischen Rom

philologische und sporthistorische Untersuchungen (mit einer Sammlung, Übersetzung und Kommentierung der antiken Zeugnisse zum Sport in Rom)

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Author: Rigobert W. Fortuin

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515068505

Category: History

Page: 440

View: 6469

Revision of thesis--Universit'at des Saarlandes, 1995.

The physique of the Olympic athlete

a study of 137 track and field athletes at the XVIIth Olympic Games, Rome 1960, and a comparison with weight-lifters and wrestlers

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Author: James Mourilyan Tanner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 126

View: 4483

Advances in Psychology Research

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Author: Alexandra M. Columbus

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600215308

Category: Psychology

Page: 184

View: 1646

Presents original research results on the leading edge of psychology research. This work features articles that has been selected in an attempt to present substantial research results across a broad spectrum.

Body Composition Techniques in Health and Disease

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Author: P. S. W. Davies,T. J. Cole

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521461795

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 1408

Evaluates newer and established techniques of body composition assessment.

Somatotyping

Development and Applications

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Author: J. E. Lindsay Carter,Barbara Honeyman Heath

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521351171

Category: Science

Page: 503

View: 3648

Somatotyping is a method of description and assessment of the body on three shape and composition scales: endomorphy (relative fatness), mesomorphy (relative musculoskeletal robustness), and ectomorphy (relative linearity). This book (the first major account of the field for thirty years) presents a comprehensive history of somatotyping, beginning with W. J. Sheldon's introduction of the method in 1940. The controversies regarding the validity of Sheldon's method are described, as are the various attempts to modify the technique, particularly the Heath-Carter method, which has come into widespread use. The book reviews present knowledge of somatotypes around the world, how they change with growth, ageing and exercise, and the contributions of genetics and environment to the rating. Also reviewed are the relationships between somatotypes and sport, physical performance, health and behaviour. Students and research workers in human biology, physical and biological anthropology and physical education will all find valuable information in this book.

Nutrition and Metabolism

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Author: Susan A. Lanham-New,Ian A. MacDonald,Helen M. Roche

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444347691

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 2496

Nutrition and Metabolism Second Edition Edited by Susan A Lanham-New, Ian A Macdonald and Helen M Roche EditionIn this second edition of the second title in the acclaimed Nutrition Society Textbook Series, Nutrition and Metabolism has been revised and updated to meet the needs of the contemporary student. Groundbreaking in their scope and approach, the titles in the series: Provide students with the required scientific basics of nutrition in the context of a systems and health approach Enable teachers and students to explore the core principles of nutrition, to apply these throughout their training, and to foster critical thinking at all times. Throughout, key areas of knowledge are identified Are fully peer-reviewed, to ensure completeness and clarity of content, as well as to ensure that each book takes a global perspective Nutrition and Metabolism is an essential purchase for students of nutrition and dietetics, and also for those students who major in other subjects that have a nutrition component, such as food science, medicine, pharmacy and nursing. Professionals in nutrition, dietetics, food science, medicine, health sciences and many related areas will also find much of great value within its covers.

Nutritional Assessment of Athletes, Second Edition

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Author: Judy A. Driskell,Ira Wolinsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439818220

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 420

View: 6987

Nutritional assessment is a key to determining the health and performance efficiency of professional, collegiate, and recreational athletes. Expanded to include new chapters, the second edition of Nutritional Assessment of Athletes examines the dietary, nutritional, and physical needs of athletes and describes critical biochemical and clinical assessment factors. Reflecting growing evidence on the importance of hydration and fluid replacement on physical performance, this edition includes a new chapter on this topic, as well as a new chapter on nutrigenomics and the molecular aspects of physical performance and nutritional assessment. The book gives detailed descriptions of the methods utilized in collecting assessment data and discusses the advantages and limitations of each method. It also summarizes evidence-based practical information relating to nutritional assessment of athletes. This volume is a valuable resource for nutritionists, dietitians, exercise scientists, coaches, trainers, and physicians, as well as athletes who wish to improve their performance.

The Elite Young Athlete

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Author: Neil Armstrong,Alison M. McManus

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805595506

Category: Medical

Page: 205

View: 4160

A key resource for coaches, scientists and clinicians Sport is by its nature competitive and even during youth it is performed at different levels with elite young athletes at the top of the performance pyramid. A coordinated series of comprehensive, research-based reviews on factors underlying the performance of children and adolescents involved in competitive sport is presented in this volume. Leading exercise and sport scientists provide the latest information on the physiology of young elite athletes, the essential role of nutrition, and the effects of endurance, high-intensity and high-resistance training and overtraining as well as on the importance of laboratory and field-based monitoring of young athletes' performances. Further, thermoregulation and environmental factors that might affect performance are re-viewed. Finally, strategies for preventing sudden cardiac death and the diagnosis and management of common sport injuries in young athletes are discussed. The book provides up-to-date, evidence-based information for sports scientists, coaches, physiotherapists, pediatric sports medicine specialists, and other professionals involved in supporting elite young athletes.

Youth sports: growth, maturation and talent

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Author: Manuel J. Coelho e Silva,António J. Figueiredo,Marije T. Elferink-Gemser,Robert M. Malina

Publisher: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra / Coimbra University Press

ISBN: 9892600053

Category:

Page: 227

View: 7568

O Desporto Escolar pretende ser um instrumento de promoção da saúde, de inclusão e promoção social, de combate ao insucesso e abandono escolar, razões que justificam uma forte aposta do Governo neste sub-sistema do desporto infanto-juvenil. Há mais de 50 anos que a oferta do Desporto Escolar está prevista no sistema educativo, tendo, a partir de 2008-2009, sido tornada obrigatória em todos os estabelecimentos do Ensino Básico e Ensino Secundário, mantendo-se a adesão voluntária dos praticantes. Esta aposta é suscetível de ser traduzida em números. Existem atualmente mais de 40 modalidades desportivas desenvolvidas na rede de escolas, variando de acordo com os recursos materiais e humanos disponíveis. A importância assumida pelo Desporto Escolar nos projetos educativos, na vida dos 700.000 jovens envolvidos na atividade interna e externa e na comunidade em que a participação desportiva ocorre resulta num substancial esforço de formação de árbitros, juízes, oficiais, treinadores, professores, dirigentes. A presente obra acrescenta valor à política da Direção-Geral de Inovação e Desenvolvimento Curricular, que tem como objetivo primordial a salvaguarda da qualidade da prática oferecida aos jovens em contexto escolar, combinando a opinião de peritos e estudos em aspetos tão importantes como os assuntos expressos no título do livro: “crescimento, maturação e talento”. Desejamos e esperamos que a parceria entre a DGIDC e a Universidade de Coimbra possa continuar a dar frutos.

Sports Endocrinology

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Author: Michelle P. Warren,Naama W. Constantini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592590160

Category: Medical

Page: 486

View: 5059

Since the observation in the 19th century that an extract of the suprarenal bodies injected into the circulation caused a rise in blood pressure, the endocrine system has become a major component in our understanding of human physiology. The introduction of radioimmunoassay techniques and the ability to measure minimal amounts of hor mones (a term derived from the Greek "to excite") have shown that acute exercise causes a release of a large number of hormones and that chronic exercise may further lead to long-term alterations in endocrine homeostasis. Actually, almost every organ and system in the body is affected by physical activity and exercise, much of it through the endocrine and neuroendocrine system. Investigation ofthe effect of acute or chronic physical activity on the endocrine system is a complex matter since the stimulus called "exercise" has many components, such as mode, intensity, duration, and others. In addition, several other factors, such as age, gender, training status, body temperature, circadian rhythm, metabolic state, menstrual cycle, and various external conditions as well as psychological factors, can modify the effect of physical activity on hormonal secretion. Moreover, the physiol9gical stimulus of exercise often provokes several and parallel cascades of biochemical and endocrine changes. It is therefore often extremely difficult to distinguish between primary and secondary events and between cause and effect. These limitations will be discussed in Chapter 1.

Sport in the Modern World — Chances and Problems

Papers, Results, Materials Scientific Congress Munich, August 21 to 25, 1972

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Author: Ommo Grupe,Dietrich Kurz,Johannes M. Teipel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642657842

Category: Medical

Page: 616

View: 1714

Should scientific congresses take place in connection with Olympic Games, and should science be represented not only in the form of applied science engaged in the care of athletes, but also as an informing, reflecting and critical authority? The Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXth Olympiad answered this question in the affirmative, and the results have justified this decision. The invitation sent out by the Organizing Committee was accepted by numerous eminent scholars and many participants from all over the world; it was their merit that the general topic of the congress could be discussed in manifold ways under various aspects and without prejudice. For this reason, they deserve our gratitude and appreciation. By now, the congress report has been completed. It is part of the total scientific concept which includes the preparatory publication, "The Scientific View of Sport Perspectives, Aspects, Issues", the congress itself and the present report; and, in close connection therewith, the exhibitions, "100 Years of German Excavation Work in Olympia", "Sport and Medicine" and the literary exhibition. It is to be hoped that this report will prove an important source of information and a stimulus for discussion among participants and scholars, students, teachers and coaches; and that it will safeguard the fruitful continuation of the work initiated by the Munich congress. Thanks are due to those who took pains in preparing this document. It will be an essential element within the framework of all that will remain of the Olympic Games of 1972.

Physique, Fitness, and Performance, Second Edition

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Author: Thomas Battinelli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420008784

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 248

View: 3999

Totally revised and updated, this second edition of the well-received Physique, Fitness, and Performance retains the unique integrated approach of its predecessor, examining the relationship of structure to function in human performance. Far surpassing the limited focus of standard exercise and fitness books, it combines the morphological study of physique relative to body structure, body size and body composition with the applied interaction of muscular, cardiovascular, motor, and metabolic system capacities, abilities, and skills developed and acquired through exercise and training programs. Establishing a background and history for the current prevalent interrelationships between physique and physical performance, the book begins by outlining the morphological, physical, motor, and metabolic component areas of study involved in physical training. Part One introduces the study of the structure-function relationships, relating body structure, size, and composition to fitness and physical performance. Part Two and Part Three present an overview of the quantitative and qualitative study of physical and physiological conditioning, motor learning, and motor control, specifically regarding the development of motor skill within general/open loop and specific/closed loop parameter guidelines. It also covers fatigue and its physiological and psychological effects on training processes. Part Four explores nutrition and the utilization of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins, and minerals during physical training. It includes an overview of lipids, lipoproteins, cholesterol, and atherosclerosis; dietary goals and guidelines; and risk factors relating to heart disease and obesity within health and fitness parameter guidelines. Finally, extensive appendices present the pertinent figures, tables, and forms used in evaluation and programming. Including chapter summaries, glossaries, and references, as well as detailed and extensive appendices for measurement, assessment, and nutrient intake guidelines, Physique, Fitness, and Performance, Second Edition provides a unique extended research base for exercise physiology professionals.

Anabolic Steroids and the Athlete, 2d ed.

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Author: William N. Taylor, M.D.

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786411283

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 384

View: 3499

The first edition of this work, published in 1982, concentrated on the athlete's use of and the physician's knowledge of, anabolic steroids. This fully updated second edition discusses the continuing controversy over their use in competitive sports. An introduction of the use and abuse of anabolic steroids is followed by chapters on such topics as anabolic steroid compounds, the anabolic-to-androgen ratio, basic principles of muscle building, current anabolic steroid preparations, anabolic steroid regimes used by athletes, the enhancement of athletic performance, adverse physical effects and mental health risks, the classification of anabolic steroids as controlled substances, growth hormones and other anabolic hormones, the limits of urine drug testing, medical applications of anabolic steroids, muscle building and ergogenic supplements, and addictions.

The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding

The Bible of Bodybuilding, Fully Updated and Revis

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Author: Arnold Schwarzenegger

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451697139

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 832

View: 2840

From elite bodybuilding competitors to gymnasts, from golfers to fitness gurus, anyone who works out with weights must own this book -- a book that only Arnold Schwarzenegger could write, a book that has earned its reputation as "the bible of bodybuilding." Inside, Arnold covers the very latest advances in both weight training and bodybuilding competition, with new sections on diet and nutrition, sports psychology, the treatment and prevention of injuries, and methods of training, each illustrated with detailed photos of some of bodybuilding's newest stars. Plus, all the features that have made this book a classic are here: Arnold's tried-and-true tips for sculpting, strengthening, and defining each and every muscle to create the ultimate buff physique The most effective methods of strength training to stilt your needs, whether you're an amateur athlete or a pro bodybuilder preparing for a competition Comprehensive information on health, nutrition, and dietary supplements to help you build muscle, lose fat, and maintain optimum energy Expert advice on the prevention and treatment of sports-related injuries Strategies and tactics for competitive bodybuilders from selecting poses to handling publicity The fascinating history and growth of' bodybuilding as a sport, with a photographic "Bodybuilding Hall of Fame" And, of course, Arnold's individual brand of inspiration and motivation throughout Covering every level of expertise and experience, The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding will help you achieve your personal best. With his unique perspective as a seven-time winner of the Mr. Olympia title and all international film star, Arnold shares his secrets to dedication, training, and commitment, and shows you how to take control of your body and realize your own potential for greatness.