Philosophy of Economics

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Julian Reiss

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136763392

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 4612

Philosophy of Economics: A Contemporary Introduction is the first systematic textbook in the philosophy of economics. It introduces the epistemological, metaphysical and ethical problems that arise in economics, and presents detailed discussions of the solutions that have been offered. Throughout, philosophical issues are illustrated by and analysed in the context of concrete cases drawn from contemporary economics, the history of economic ideas, and actual economic events. This demonstrates the relevance of philosophy of economics both for the science of economics and for the economy. This text will provide an excellent introduction to the philosophy of economics for students and interested general readers alike.

Social and Political Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: John Philip Christman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415217989

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 9834

Western democracy as we know it has developed out of a liberal paradigm that has dominated political thought and permeates our modern social structures. As societies evolve and diverge underlying social and political frameworks come under scrutiny and philosophical questions arise. Indeed, the nature of society is perhaps the most important issue facing modern political thought. Social and Political Philosophy: A Contemporary Introduction offers a broad survey of some of the fundamental philosophical questions concerning social and political relations in modern society. It contains clear and accessible discussions of the philosophical issues central to political thought. Questions concerning the foundations of political authority, the nature and grounds of economic justice, the limits of tolerance, considerations of community, race, gender, and culture in questions of justice, and radical critiques of current political theories are examined. This text should be of value to any student coming to social and political philosophy for the first time.

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

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Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9453

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

The Philosophy of Economics

An Anthology

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Author: Daniel M. Hausman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521883504

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 527

View: 8712

An anthology of works on the philosophy of economics, including classic texts and essays exploring specific branches and schools of economics. Completely revamped, this edition contains new selections, a revised introduction and a bibliography. The volume contains 26 chapters organized into five parts: (I) Classic Discussions, (II) Positivist and Popperian Views, (III) Ideology and Normative Economics, (IV) Branches and Schools of Economics and Their Methodological Problems and (V) New Directions in Economic Methodology. It includes crucial historical contributions by figures such as Mill, Marx, Weber, Robbins, Knight, and Veblen and works by most of the leading contemporary figures writing on economic methodology, including five Nobel Laureates in Economics.

Die Suche nach Gewißheit

eine Untersuchung des Verhältnisses von Erkenntnis und Handeln

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Author: John Dewey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518291276

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 318

View: 5717

In der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts war Dewey Amerikas berühmtester Philosoph, ja mehr als ein Philosoph: ein öffentlicher Intellektueller, der auch für ein Publikum außerhalb der Universitäten schrieb. Die hier vorliegenden Gifford Lectures aus dem Jahre 1929 gehören - zusammen mit Erfahrung und Natur - zu den programmatischen Schriften des ”naturalistischen Humanismus“, wie Dewey seine Philosophie nannte. Er verfolgt darin Entstehung und Geschichte des Theorie-Praxis-Dualismus sowie dessen Auswirkungen auf Begriff und Struktur der Philosophie.

Social and Political Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: John Christman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317435982

Category: Philosophy

Page: 282

View: 5508

This accessible book is invaluable to anyone coming to social and political philosophy for the first time. It provides a broad survey of key social and political questions in modern society, as well as clear discussions of the philosophical issues central to those questions and to political thought more generally. Unique among books of this kind is a sustained treatment of specifically social philosophy, including topics such as epistemic injustice, pornography, marriage, sexuality, and the family. The relation between such social questions and specifically political topics is discussed. These topics include: political authority, economic justice, the limits of tolerance, considerations of community, race, gender, and culture in questions of justice, and radical critiques of current political theories.? Updates to the Second Edition emphasize the non-statist areas of the subject and include two brand new chapters on social philosophy and transnational justice. This Second Edition also includes revisions throughout and coverage of recent theoretical discussions and world events.

Philosophie des Geldes

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Author: Georg Simmel

Publisher: FV Éditions

ISBN: 2366687516

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 7309

"Das Geld steht vermöge der Abstraktheit seiner Form jenseits aller bestimmten Beziehungen zum Raum: Es kann seine Wirkungen in die weitesten Fernen erstrecken, ja, es ist gewissermaßen in jedem Augenblick der Mittelpunkt eines Kreises potenzieller Wirkungen." G. Simmel Inhaltsverzeichnis : . Wert und Geld . Der Substanzwert des Geldes . Das Geld in den Zweckreihen . Die individuelle Freiheit . Das Geldäquivalent personaler Werte . Der Stil des Lebens

Das Imaginäre

Phänomenologische Psychologie der Einbildungskraft

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Author: Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783499340130

Category:

Page: 314

View: 1770

Toward a Feminist Philosophy of Economics

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Author: Drucilla Barker,Edith Kuiper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134454473

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 8007

Feminist economists have demonstrated that interrogating hierarchies based on gender, ethnicity, class and nation results in an economics that is biased and more faithful to empirical evidence than are mainstream accounts. This rigorous and comprehensive book examines many of the central philosophical questions and themes in feminist economics including · History of economics · Feminist science studies · Identity and agency · Caring labor · Postcolonialism and postmodernism With contributions from such leading figures as Nancy Folbre, Julie Nelson and Sandra Harding, Toward a Feminist Theory of Economics looks set to become the book on feminist economics for some time to come and will be greatly appreciated by all those interested in gender studies, economic methodology and social theory.

Philosophy of Science

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Alex Rosenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134743505

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 2554

This user-friendly text covers key issues in the philosophy of science in an accessible and philosophically serious way. It will prove valuable to students studying philosophy of science as well as science students. Prize-winning author Alex Rosenberg explores the philosophical problems that science raises by its very nature and method. He skilfully demonstrates that scientific explanation, laws, causation, theory, models, evidence, reductionism, probability, teleology, realism and instrumentalism actually pose the same questions that Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant and their successors have grappled with for centuries.

Philosophy of Psychology

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Jose Luis Bermudez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134475551

Category: Philosophy

Page: 392

View: 5218

José Luis Bermúdez introduces the philosophy of psychology as an interdisciplinary exploration of the nature and mechanisms of cognition. Philosophy of Psychology charts out four influential 'pictures of the mind' and uses them to explore central topics in the philosophical foundations of psychology, including the relation between different levels of studying the mind/brain; the nature and scope of psychological explanation; the architecture of cognition; and the relation between thought and language. Chapters cover all the core concepts, including: models of psychological explanation the nature of commonsense psychology arguments for the autonomy of psychology functionalist approaches to cognition computational models of the mind neural network modeling rationality and mental causation perception, action and cognition the language of thought and the architecture of cognition. Philosophy of Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction is a very clear and well-structured textbook from one of the leaders in the field.

Philosophy of Biology

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Alex Rosenberg,Daniel W. McShea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134375387

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6617

Is life a purely physical process? What is human nature? Which of our traits is essential to us? In this volume, Daniel McShea and Alex Rosenberg – a biologist and a philosopher, respectively – join forces to create a new gateway to the philosophy of biology; making the major issues accessible and relevant to biologists and philosophers alike. Exploring concepts such as supervenience; the controversies about genocentrism and genetic determinism; and the debate about major transitions central to contemporary thinking about macroevolution; the authors lay out the broad terms in which we should assess the impact of biology on human capacities, social institutions and ethical values.

Philosophy of Social Science

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Mark Risjord

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136627510

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 5336

The Philosophy of Social Science: A Contemporary Introduction examines the perennial questions of philosophy by engaging with the empirical study of society. The book offers a comprehensive overview of debates in the field, with special attention to questions arising from new research programs in the social sciences. The text uses detailed examples of social scientific research to motivate and illustrate the philosophical discussion. Topics include the relationship of social policy to social science, interpretive research, action explanation, game theory, social scientific accounts of norms, joint intentionality, reductionism, causal modeling, case study research, and experimentation.

Philosophy of Social Science

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Author: Alexander Rosenberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429974477

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 1040

Philosophy of Social Science provides a tightly argued yet accessible introduction to the philosophical foundations of the human sciences, including economics, anthropology, sociology, political science, psychology, history, and the disciplines emerging at the intersections of these subjects with biology. Philosophy is unavoidable for social scientists because the choices they make in answering questions in their disciplines force them to take sides on philosophical matters. Conversely, the philosophy of social science is equally necessary for philosophers since the social and behavior sciences must inform their understanding of human action, norms, and social institutions. The fifth edition retains from previous editions an illuminating interpretation of the enduring relations between the social sciences and philosophy, and reflects on developments in social research over the past two decades that have informed and renewed debate in the philosophy of social science. An expanded discussion of philosophical anthropology and modern and postmodern critical theory is new for this edition.

Critical Realism meets kritische Sozialtheorie

Ontologie, Erklärung und Kritik in den Sozialwissenschaften

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Author: Urs Lindner,Dimitri Mader

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839427258

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 3313

Der Critical Realism, wie er seit den 1970er Jahren im angelsächsischen Raum entwickelt wurde, nimmt nicht nur viele Einsichten gegenwärtiger Realismusdebatten vorweg, sondern arbeitet diese zugleich für die Sozialwissenschaften aus. Jenseits des modernen Natur/Kultur-Dualismus schlägt dieser Ansatz eine nicht-deterministische Kausalitätskonzeption vor, die ein neues Verständnis von sozialen Strukturen, kulturellen Konfigurationen und Akteuren ermöglicht und mit einer Ethik des guten Lebens verbindet. Dieser Band führt den Critical Realism erstmals in den deutschsprachigen Kontext ein und setzt ihn in Dialog zu hiesigen Bemühungen um eine kritische Sozialtheorie. Mit Beiträgen von Margaret S. Archer, Hartmut Rosa, Uwe Schimank u.a.

Ancient Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Christopher Shields

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136627588

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 3319

In this re-titled and substantially revised update of his Classical Philosophy (2003), Christopher Shields expands his coverage to include the Hellenistic era, and now offers an introduction to more than 1,000 years of ancient philosophy. From Thales and other Pre-Socratics through Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and on to Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism, Ancient Philosophy traces the important connections between these periods and individuals without losing sight of the novelties and dynamics unique to each. The coverage of Plato and Aristotle also has been expanded. It now includes, for example, updated coverage of Plato's allegories of the cave and the divided line and the metaphor of the sun as well as features of Plato's epistemology. Shields also adds new discussion on Aristotle's theory of virtue and his approach to the Socratic problem of akrasia, or weakness of will. In terms of its structure, Ancient Philosophy is presented so that each philosophical position receives: (1) a brief introduction, (2) a sympathetic review of its principal motivations and primary supporting arguments, and (3) a short assessment, inviting readers to evaluate its plausibility. The result is a book that brings the ancient arguments to life, making the introduction truly contemporary. It will serve as both a first stop and a well visited resource for any student of the subject. Ancient Philosophy offers a vivid picture of the ideas that flourished at philosophy's long birth and considers their relevance, both to the historical development of the Western philosophical tradition, and to philosophy today.

Orientalismus

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Author: Edward W. Said

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783100710086

Category: Europa - Orientbild - Kultur - Geschichte 1800-2000

Page: 459

View: 7618

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

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Author: Lisa Bortolotti

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745635392

Category: Fiction

Page: 256

View: 2839

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science provides a lively and accessible introduction to current key issues and debates in this area. The classic philosophical questions about methodology, progress, rationality and reality are addressed by reference to examples from the full range of natural and social sciences. Lisa Bortolotti uses a historically-informed perspective on the evolution of science and includes a thorough discussion of the ethical implications of scientific research. Special attention is paid to the complex relationship between the advancement of science, policy making and public interest and to the continuity between scientific research and other human activities. The book is designed to help students think for themselves about the issues identified above, and includes information tables and questions for further reflection to support all stages of the teaching and learning experience, from the comprehension of primary and other secondary texts to debate and essay writing. It also includes a thematic bibliography and a glossary of technical terms. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science is an excellent introduction to philosophy for students and provides researchers of scientific disciplines with an opportunity to reflect upon the value and impact of their work. It is also a stimulating read for anybody who is interested in the philosophical issues raised by the status of scientific knowledge, the practice of science and the role of experts in contemporary society.

The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy

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Author: John Bryan Davis,Alain Marciano,Jochen Runde

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1845423496

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 5817

. . . there are many first-rate contributions here. Those contributions make this collection valuable especially to readers who are already knowledgeable about the various areas in which the interests of philosophers and economists overlap. Daniel M. Hausman, Journal of Economic Methodology The Elgar Companion To Economics and Philosophy is a very good read. Every library should buy it now. John King, History of Economics Review The volume collects articles surveying developments in such related fields as economic methodology, ethics, epistemology, and social ontology. Many of the articles are forward-looking, and as such constitute substantive and original (and at times provocative) contributions to the literature. The volume as a whole is a success; the editors are to be congratulated for their efforts. Bruce J. Caldwell, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, US This Companion is called economics and philosophy but actually it is about the philosophy of economics and all the great questions in the subject are here. The weather in the philosophy of economics has been stormy lately and the climate continues to this day to be unsettled. Will the storms soon settle down to give way to calmer days? Read this excellent collection of informative papers in the field to stimulate your own answer to that question. Mark Blaug, University of London and University of Buckingham, UK The Elgar Companion to Economics and Philosophy aims to demonstrate exactly how these two important areas have always been linked, and to illustrate the key areas of overlap. The Companion is divided into distinct parts, each of which highlights a leading area of scholarly concern: political economy conceived as social philosophy; the methodology and epistemology of economics; and social ontology and the ontology of economics. The contributors are well-known and distinguished authors from a variety of disciplines, who have been invited both to survey and to provide a personal assessment of current and prospective future states of their respective areas of philosophical interest. Academics and students who have an interest in economics and philosophy, political philosophy and the history of ideas will find this book of great appeal, as will researchers working in the field and readers interested in the nature of the discipline of economics.