The Phenomenology of Illness

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Author: Havi Carel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199669651

Category:

Page: 272

View: 9156

The experience of illness is a universal and substantial part of human existence. Like death, illness raises important philosophical issues. But unlike death, illness, and in particular the experience of being ill, has received little philosophical attention. In Phenomenology of Illness Havi Carel argues that the experience of illness has been wrongly neglected by philosophers and provides a distinctively philosophical account of illness. Using phenomenology,Carel explores how illness modifies the ill person's body, values, and world. The aim of Phenomenology of Illness is twofold: to contribute to the understanding of illness through the use of philosophy andto demonstrate the importance of illness for philosophy. Phenomenology of Illness develops a phenomenological framework for illness and a systematic understanding of illness as a philosophical tool.

Handbook of Phenomenology and Medicine

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Author: S. Kay Toombs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401005362

Category: Philosophy

Page: 497

View: 394

Some of the authors who have contributed to this volume are philosophers, some are engaged in other academic disciplines, and several are practicing healthcare professionals. Their essays demonstrate that because phenomenology provides extraordinary insights into many of the issues that are directly addressed within the world of medicine it can be an invaluable practical tool, not only for those who are interested in the philosophy of medicine, but for all healthcare professionals who are actively engaged in the care of the sick.

Body Matters

A Phenomenology of Sickness, Disease, and Illness

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Author: James Aho,Kevin Aho

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739138219

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 1334

Following the core principle of phenomenology as a return 'to the things themselves,' Body Matters attends to the phenomena of bodily afflictions and examines them from three different standpoints: from society in general that interprets them as 'sicknesses,' from the medical professions that interpret them as 'diseases,' and from the patients themselves who interpret them as 'illnesses.' By drawing on a crucial distinction in German phenomenology between two senses of the body_the quantifiable, material body (Ksrper) and the lived-body(Leib)_the authors explore the ways in which sickness, disease, and illness are socially and historically experienced and constructed. To make their case, they draw on examples from a multiplicity of disciplines and cultures as well as a number of cases from Euro-American history. The intent is to unsettle taken-for-granted assumptions that readers may have about body troubles. These are assumptions widely held as well by medical and allied health professionals, in addition to many sociologists and philosophers of health and illness. To this end, Body Matters does not simply deconstruct prejudices of mainstream biomedicine; it also constructively envisions more humane and artful forms of therapy.

The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology

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Author: Sebastian Luft,Soren Overgaard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136725628

Category: Philosophy

Page: 744

View: 1585

Phenomenology was one of the twentieth century’s major philosophical movements and continues to be a vibrant and widely studied subject today. The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key philosophers, topics and themes in this exciting subject, and essential reading for any student or scholar of phenomenology. Comprising over fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Companion is divided into five clear parts: main figures in the phenomenological movement, from Brentano to Derrida main topics in phenomenology phenomenological contributions to philosophy phenomenological intersections historical postscript. Close attention is paid to the core topics in phenomenology such as intentionality, perception, subjectivity, the self, the body, being and phenomenological method. An important feature of the Companion is its examination of how phenomenology has contributed to central disciplines in philosophy such as metaphysics, philosophy of mind, moral philosophy, aesthetics and philosophy of religion as well as disciplines beyond philosophy such as race, cognitive science, psychiatry, literary criticism and psychoanalysis.

Reading Engelhardt

Essays on the Thought of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.

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Author: Brendan P. Minogue,Gabriel Palmer-Fernández,J.E. Reagan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401155305

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

View: 3565

This volume consists of fourteen chapters selected from papers presented at the conference 'Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: An Appraisal of the Thought of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.' along with a response to those chapters by Engelhardt and a Foreword by Laurence B. McCullough. The chapters direct primary attention to various aspects of Engelhardt's philosophy of medicine and bioethics as presented in The Foundations of Bioethics and Bioethics and Secular Humanism: The Search for a Common Morality. Among the topics treated are the economics of health care and the medical profession, the libertarian and communitarian aspects of Engelhardt's thought, the moral status of children, abortion, the moral foundations for a health care system, feminism and clinical epistemology, and the relation between secular and religious moralities. In response to the various challenges posed by the authors, Engelhardt considers the implications of the failure of the modern philosophical project, the role of reason in ethics, and the resolution of conflict among communities that do not share the same moral vision. The book will be of interest to professionals in medicine, philosophy, theology, health policy, and law, and to graduate students in those disciplines.

The Meaning of Illness

A Phenomenological Account of the Different Perspectives of Physician and Patient

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Author: S. Kay Toombs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401126305

Category: Medical

Page: 165

View: 3484

This work provides a phenomenological account of the experience of illness and the manner in which meaning is constituted by the patient and the physician. The author provides a detailed account of the way in which illness and body are apprehended differently by doctor and patient. This title has been awarded the first Edwin Goodwin Ballard Prize in Phenomenology.

Material Discourses of Health and Illness

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Author: Lucy Yardley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134773811

Category: Psychology

Page: 256

View: 7766

Material Discourses of Health and Illness applies discursive approaches to the field of health psychology, in stark contrast to the bio-medical model of health and illness. The discursive approach uses the person's experience and feelings as the central focus of interest, whereas the more traditional models regarded these as coincidental and relatively unimportant. The book provides an accessible and compelling introduction to social constructionist and discursive approaches to those with limited previous knowledge of socio-linguistic theory and research. It provides practical examples of how these approaches can be applied to the field of health psychology with a collection of sophisticated discursive analyses which demonstrate the distinctive contribution that can be made by psychologists to a field that has been largely dominated by sociologists and anthropologists.

Disability and the Good Human Life

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Author: Jerome E. Bickenbach,Franziska Felder,Barbara Schmitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107655110

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 9129

This collection of original essays, from both established scholars and newcomers, takes up a recent debate in philosophy, sociology, and disability studies on whether disability is intrinsically a harm that lowers a person's quality of life. While this is a new question in disability scholarship, it also touches on one of the oldest philosophical questions: what is the good human life? Historically, philosophers have not been interested in the topic of disability, and when they are it is usually only in relation to questions such as euthanasia, abortion, or the moral status of disabled people. Consequently disability has been either ignored by moral and political philosophers or simply equated with a bad human life, a life not worth living. This collection takes up the challenge that disability poses to basic questions of political philosophy and bioethics, among others, by focusing on fundamental issues and practical implications of the relationship between disability and the good human life.

Phenomenology in a Pluralistic Context

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Author: William Leon McBride,Calvin O. Schrag

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873957304

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

View: 1531

Offers various views on phenomenology and existentialism.

The Handbook of Social Studies in Health and Medicine

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Author: Gary L Albrecht,Ray Fitzpatrick,Susan C Scrimshaw

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761942726

Category: Social Science

Page: 546

View: 5814

This is the first international and inter-disciplinary social science Handbook on health and medicine. Five years in the making, and building on the insights and advice of an international editorial board, the book brings together world-class figures to provide an indispensable, comprehensive resource book on social science, health and medicine. Pinpointing the focal issues of research and debate in one volume, the material is organized into three sections: social and cultural frameworks of analysis; the experience of health and illness; and health care systems and practices. Each section consists of specially commissioned chapters designed to examine the vital conceptual and methodological practice and policy issues. Readers recei

Depression, Emotion and the Self

Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Perspectives

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Author: Matthew Ratcliffe,Achim Stephan

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 1845407725

Category: Psychology

Page: 401

View: 9473

This volume addresses the question of what it is like to be depressed. Despite the vast amount of research that has been conducted into the causes and treatment of depression, the experience of depression remains poorly understood. Indeed, many depression memoirs state that the experience is impossible for others to understand. However, it is at least clear that changes in emotion, mood, and bodily feeling are central to all forms of depression, and these are the book’s principal focus. In recent years, there has been a great deal of valuable philosophical and interdisciplinary research on the emotions, complemented by new developments in philosophy of psychiatry and scientifically-informed phenomenology. The book draws on all these areas, in order to offer a range of novel insights into the nature of depression experiences. To do so, it brings together a distinguished group of philosophers, psychiatrists, anthropologists, clinical psychologists and neuroscientists, all of whom have made important contributions to current research on emotion and/or psychiatric illness.

Sensational Flesh

Race, Power, and Masochism

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Author: Amber Jamilla Musser

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479868116

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8579

In everyday language, masochism is usually understood as the desire to abdicate control in exchange for sensation—pleasure, pain, or a combination thereof. Yet at its core, masochism is a site where power, bodies, and society come together. Sensational Flesh uses masochism as a lens to examine how power structures race, gender, and embodiment in different contexts. Drawing on rich and varied sources—from 19th century sexology, psychoanalysis, and critical theory to literary texts and performance art—Amber Jamilla Musser employs masochism as a powerful diagnostic tool for probing relationships between power and subjectivity. Engaging with a range of debates about lesbian S&M, racialization, femininity, and disability, as well as key texts such as Sacher-Masoch’s Venus in Furs, Pauline Réage’s The Story of O, and Michel Foucault's History of Sexuality, Musser renders legible the complex ways that masochism has been taken up by queer, feminist, and critical race theories. Furthering queer theory’s investment in affect and materiality, she proposes “sensation” as an analytical tool for illustrating what it feels like to be embedded in structures of domination such as patriarchy, colonialism, and racism and what it means to embody femininity, blackness, and pain. Sensational Flesh is ultimately about the ways in which difference is made material through race, gender, and sexuality and how that materiality is experienced.

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

Steps Towards a Philosophy of Medical Practice

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Author: F. Svenaeus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401594589

Category: Medical

Page: 203

View: 7603

Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches, on the other hand - specifically, Heidegger's phenomenology and Gadamer's hermeneutics - are shown to have a hitherto unrealized potential for making sense of those themes long buried within Western medicine. Richard M. Zaner, Ann Geddes Stahlman Professor of Medical Ethics, Vanderbilt University

Nursing and The Experience of Illness

Phenomenology in Practice

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Author: Irena Madjar,Jo Ann Walton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113462087X

Category: Medical

Page: 216

View: 2862

Nursing and the Experience of Illness encourages nurses to reflect on the experience of their patients, in order to improve their practice and to develop an individualised approach to care. Vivid case studies present real nursing encounters and offer a user-friendly model for independent research by the reader. This accessible introduction to phenomenology for nurses explains what has become one of the most widely used qualitative research methods within healthcare and covers topics including: *phenomenology in nursing *critical illness and intensive care *breast cancer and mastectomy *living with schizophrenia. Building on the work of key nursing theorist Patricia Benner, this readable way in to qualitative research in nursing will be suitable for both undergraduate and postgraduate nursing students.

The Consultation in Phytotherapy E-Book

The Herbal Practitioner's Approach to the Patient

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Author: Peter Conway

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455725277

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 6874

The Consultation in Phytotherapy considers the means by which the herbal practitioner can seek to appreciate the patient's predicament. Written for both herbal medicine students and practitioners, the book takes a radical approach, challenging readers to reflect on the nature, scope and methods of the consultation in herbal practice. The author asserts that the effective consultation represents a therapeutic act in and of itself, and proposes strategies for maximising and realising this therapeutic potential. The book provides both a complement to, and a critique of, mainstream texts on clinical diagnosis and case management. It contrasts the herbal consultation with that occurring in conventional medicine and offers rationales, arguments and tools aimed at developing an enhanced capacity to achieve profound results in the herbal clinical encounter. About the Author Peter Conway is a practising medical herbalist and has been involved in developing and teaching on several BSc and MSc courses in herbal medicine. He is the President of the College of Practitioners of Phytotherapy and a Director of the European Herbal and Traditional medicine Practitioners Association. Peter helped draft the National Professional Standards for Herbal Medicine and sat on the Department of Health Steering Group on the Statutory Regulation of Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine. Key features Provides a context for understanding and appreciating what is meant by "phytotherapy" Explores the notion of the therapeutic relationship in herbal practice and how this can practically be facilitated Considers all aspects pertaining to the aims and structure of the herbal consultation, including history taking, physical examination, investigation, concluding the consultation and providing ongoing care Examines and integrates a broad range of perspectives including those connected with: placebo and the meaning response; complexity and chaos theories; psychoneuroimmunology; evidence- and narrative-based medicine; and phenomenological and traditional medicine approaches.

Transformative Experience

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Author: L. A. Paul

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191027812

Category: Philosophy

Page: 120

View: 9845

As we live our lives, we repeatedly make decisions that shape our future circumstances and affect the sort of person we will be. When choosing whether to start a family, or deciding on a career, we often think we can assess the options by imagining what different experiences would be like for us. L. A. Paul argues that, for choices involving dramatically new experiences, we are confronted by the brute fact that we can know very little about our subjective futures. This has serious implications for our decisions. If we make life choices in the way we naturally and intuitively want to—by considering what we care about, and what our future selves will be like if we choose to have the experience—we only learn what we really need to know after we have already committed ourselves. If we try to escape the dilemma by avoiding an experience, we have still made a choice. Choosing rationally, then, may require us to regard big life decisions as choices to make discoveries, small and large, about the intrinsic nature of experience, and to recognize that part of the value of living authentically is to experience one's life and preferences in whatever way they may evolve in the wake of the choices you make. Using classic philosophical examples about the nature of consciousness, and drawing on recent work in normative decision theory, cognitive science, epistemology, and the philosophy of mind, Paul develops a rigorous account of transformative experience that sheds light on how we should understand real-world experience and our capacity to rationally map our subjective futures.

Zur Phänomenologie des Inneren Zeitbewusstseins (1893–1917)

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Author: Edmund Husserl,Rudolf Boehm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401539463

Category: Philosophy

Page: 484

View: 3702

an der Universität Göttingen gehaltenen Vcwlesung über Hauptstücke aus der Phänomenologie und Theorie der Erkenntnis,l ist annähernd voll ständig erhalten; die Blätter des V cwlesungsmanuskripts zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewußtseins liegen verstreut in den Konvoluten F I 6 und 2 F I 8 des Husserl-Archivs zu Löwen. Allerdings fußt der Erste Teil des Erstdrucks, dessen Bezeichnung als Die Vorlesungen über das innere Zeit bewußtsein aus dem Jahre 1905 gleichwohl auch in vcwliegender Neuausgabe beibehalten wurde, nur zum Teil noch, und auch in diesem Teil mit be trächtlichen Abweichungen, auf dem Text des ursprünglichen Vcwlesungs manuskripts des Jahres I905; und umgekehrt hat nur ein Teil des Textes des ursprünglichen Vcwlesungs-Manuskripts - mit den erwähnten Abwand lungen - Eingang in den Ersten Teil des Erstdrucks gefunden. Wo der Text dieses Ersten Teils des Erstdrucks dem des ursprünglichen Vcwlesungs manuskripts entspricht, wurde er er mit diesem verglichen, und ollensicht liche Irrtümer im Erstdruck wurden berichtigt; in den Textkritischen Anmer kungen ist dann mit dem Vermerk nach dem Ms. verbessert die Text fassung des Erstdrucks wiedergegeben. Ferner wurde in den Textkritischen Anmerkungen vcwliegender Neuausgabe überall der ursprüngliche und voll ständige· Text des Vorlesungsmanuskripts von I905 wiedergegeben, auf dessen Zusammenhang die entsprechenden Teile des Erstdrucks zurückgehen, wo dieser von ienem abweicht. Einige zum V cwlesungsmanuskript gehörige Blätter, deren Text sich iedoch nicht zusammenhängend dem übrigen einfügt, wurden im vcwliegenden Band unter B (S. 135-382) mit abgedruckt. Die 1 Vgl. oben die "Einleitung des Herausgebers", S. XIV-XVII.

Phänomenologie und Marxismus

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Author: Bernhard Waldenfels,Jan M. Broekman,Ante Pažanin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518078327

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 9862

Interpretive Phenomenology

Embodiment, Caring, and Ethics in Health and Illness

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Author: Patricia Benner

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9780803957237

Category: Medical

Page: 372

View: 8643

Theoretical foundation for nursing as a science/ Ragnar Fjelland and Eva Gjengedal -- Is a science of caring possible?/Margaret J. Dunlop -- A Heideggerian phenomenological perspective on the concept of person/ Victoria W. Leonard -- Hermeneutic phenomenology:a methodology for family health and health promotion study in nursing/ Karen A. Plager -- Toward a new medical ethics: implications for ethics in nursing/ David C. Thomasma -- The tradition and skill of interpretive phenomenology in studying health, illness and caring practices/ Patricia Benner -- MARTIN, a computer software program: on listening to what the text says/ Nancy L. Diekelmann, Robert Schuster,and Sui-Lun Lam -- Beyond normalizing: the role of narrative in understanding teenage mothers' transition to mothering/ Lee Smithbattle -- Patients' caring practices with schizophrenic offspring/ Catherine A. Chesla -- Parenting in public: parental participation and involvement in the care of their hospitalized child/ Philip Darbyshire -- A clinical ethnography of stroke recovery/ Nancy D. Doolittle -- Moral dimensions of living with a chronic illness: autonomy, responsibility, and limits of control/ Patricia Benner, Susan Janson-Bjerklie, Sandra Ferketich and Gay Becker -- The ethical context of nursing care of dying patients in critical care/ Peggy L. Wros -- The ethics of ambiguity and concealment around cancer: interpretations through a local Italian world/ Deborah R. Gordon -- Narrative methodology in disaster studies: rescuers of Cyprus/ Cynthia M. Stuhlmiller.

Encyclopedia of Phenomenology

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Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401588813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 765

View: 2570

This encyclopedia presents phenomenological thought and the phenomenological movement within philosophy and within more than a score of other disciplines on a level accessible to professional colleagues of other orientations as well as to advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Entries average 3,000 words. In practically all cases, they include lists of works "For Further Study." The Introduction briefly chronicles the changing phenomenological agenda and compares phenomenology with other 20th Century movements. The 166 entries are a baut matters of seven sorts: ( 1) the faur broad tendencies and periods within the phenomenological movement; (2) twenty-three national traditions ofphenomenology; (3) twenty-two philosophical sub-disciplines, including those referred to with the formula "the philosophy of x"; (4) phenomenological tendencies within twenty-one non-philosophical dis ciplines; (5) forty major phenomenological topics; (6) twenty-eight leading phenomenological figures; and (7) twenty-seven non-phenomenological figures and movements ofinteresting sim ilarities and differences with phenomenology. Conventions Concern ing persons, years ofbirth and death are given upon first mention in an entry ofthe names of deceased non-phenomenologists. The names of persons believed tobe phenomenologists and also, for cross-referencing purposes, the titles of other entries are printed entirely in SMALL CAPITAL letters, also upon first mention. In addition, all words thus occurring in all small capital letters are listed in the index with the numbers of all pages on which they occur. To facilitate indexing, Chinese, Hungarian, and Japanese names have been re-arranged so that the personal name precedes the family name.