Exploring Everyday Landscapes


Author: Vernacular Architecture Forum (U.S.). Meeting

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870499838

Category: Architecture

Page: 313

View: 9233

Bringing together scholarship in diverse fields - including architecture, geography, folklore, anthropology, and urban studies - the seventeen essays in this volume confirm the transformations now occurring in the study of vernacular architecture. Moving away from a single vision of vernacular architecture that consisted only of "old, rural, handmade structures built in traditional forms and materials for everyday use, " scholars are exploring a wider variety of forms and landscapes - from company towns to grand expositions. Drawn from two conferences of the Vernacular Architecture Forum - one held in Charleston in 1994, the other in Ottawa in 1995 - these essays address a broad range of topics.

Shaping Communities


Author: Carter L. Hudgins,Elizabeth C. Cromley

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870499517

Category: Architecture

Page: 280

View: 8574

Ed: SUNY, Buffalo, Revised papers from two conferences, 1992 and 1993.

Invitation to Vernacular Architecture

A Guide to the Study of Ordinary Buildings and Landscapes


Author: Thomas Carter,Elizabeth C. Cromley

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572333314

Category: Architecture

Page: 120

View: 6162

Invitation to Vernacular Architecture: A Guide to the Study of Ordinary Buildings and Landscapes is a manual for exploring and interpreting vernacular architecture, the common buildings of particular regions and time periods. Thomas Carter and Elizabeth Collins Cromley provide a comprehensive introduction to the field. Rich with illustrations and written in a clear and jargon-free style, Invitation to Vernacular Architecture is an ideal text for courses in architecture, material culture studies, historic preservation, American studies, and history, and a useful guide for anyone interested in the built environment.

Building Environments


Author: Kenneth A. Breisch,Alison K. Hoagland

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572334403

Category: Architecture

Page: 299

View: 752

Selected articles originally presented at the Vernacular Architecture Forum conference in Duluth, Minnesota (2002) and Newport Rhode Island (2001).

Vernacular Architecture


Author: Henry Glassie

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253023629

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8994

Based on thirty-five years of fieldwork, Glassie’s Vernacular Architecture synthesizes a career of concern with traditional building. He articulates the key principles of architectural analysis, and then, centering his argument in the United States, but drawing comparative examples from many locations in Europe and Asia, he shows how architecture can be a prime resource for the one who would write a democratic and comprehensive history.

Common Places

Readings in American Vernacular Architecture


Author: Dell Upton,John Michael Vlach

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820307503

Category: Architecture

Page: 529

View: 9218

Exploring America's material culture, Common Places reveals the history, culture, and social and class relationships that are the backdrop of the everyday structures and environments of ordinary people. Examining America's houses and cityscapes, its rural outbuildings and landscapes from perspectives including cultural geography, decorative arts, architectural history, and folklore, these articles reflect the variety and vibrancy of the growing field of vernacular architecture. In essays that focus on buildings and spaces unique to the U.S. landscape, Clay Lancaster, Edward T. Price, John Michael Vlach, and Warren E. Roberts reconstruct the social and cultural contexts of the modern bungalow, the small-town courthouse square, the shotgun house of the South, and the log buildings of the Midwest. Surveying the buildings of America's settlement, scholars including Henry Glassie, Norman Morrison Isham, Edward A. Chappell, and Theodore H. M. Prudon trace European ethnic influences in the folk structures of Delaware and the houses of Rhode Island, in Virginia's Renish homes, and in the Dutch barn widely repeated in rural America. Ethnic, regional, and class differences have flavored the nation's vernacular architecture. Fraser D. Neiman reveals overt changes in houses and outbuildings indicative of the growing social separation and increasingly rigid relations between seventeenth-century Virginia planters and their servants. Fred B. Kniffen and Fred W. Peterson show how, following the westward expansion of the nineteenth century, the structures of the eastern elite were repeated and often rejected by frontier builders. Moving into the twentieth century, James Borchert tracks the transformation of the alley from an urban home for Washington's blacks in the first half of the century to its new status in the gentrified neighborhoods of the last decade, while Barbara Rubin's discussion of the evolution of the commercial strip counterpoints the goals of city planners and more spontaneous forms of urban expression. The illustrations that accompany each article present the artifacts of America's material past. Photographs of individual buildings, historic maps of the nation's agricultural expanse, and descriptions of the household furnishings of the Victorian middle class, the urban immigrant population, and the rural farmer's homestead complete the volume, rooting vernacular architecture to the American people, their lives, and their everyday creations.

Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design

Cultural Process and Environmental Response


Author: Kingston Wm Heath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0750659335

Category: Architecture

Page: 185

View: 5142

A governing principle of sustainable architecture is that buildings need to reflect upon and respond to the environment they are placed in. Through a series of international case studies, Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design re-examines vernacular architectural theory and looks at what gives buildings a sense of place. The book equips the professional architect with the tools to realise socially responsible principles as part of the design process. The case studies of contemporary architects' work provide real examples of how the study of vernacular architecture can contribute directly to practice in sustainable design. It considers architecture and design as integrated social processes, not just technical or aesthetic exercises, thus showing how local building traditions can become part of a wider architectural and social fabric. Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design will appeal to professionals around the world in the fields of architecture, architectural heritage and urban design. * A series of international case studies demonstrates the place of vernacular architecture in the design process for a wide selection of contemporary architects' work. * Offers a clear analysis of the vernacular building tradition, placing architecture in its social context. * Introduces a new, socially and environmentally inspired approach to sustainable design.

Constructing Image, Identity, and Place


Author: Alison K. Hoagland,Kenneth A. Breisch

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572332195

Category: Architecture

Page: 292

View: 4486

Although vernacular architecture scholarship has expanded beyond its core fascination with common buildings and places, its attention remains fixed on the social function of building. Consistent with this expansion of interests, Constructing Image, Identity, and Place includes essays on a wide variety of American building types and landscapes drawn from a broad geographic and chronological spectrum. Subjects range from examinations of the houses, hotels and churches of America's colonial and Republican elite to analyses of the humble cottages of Southern sharecroppers and mill workers, Mississippi juke joints, and the ephemeral rustic arbors and bowers erected by Civil War soldiers. Other contributors examine or reexamine the form of early synagogues in Georgia, colonial construction technologies in the Chesapeake, the appropriation and use of storefront windows by San Francisco suffragists, and the evolution of the modern factory tour. Other decidedly twentieth-century topics include the impact of the automobile on American building forms and landscapes, including parkways, drive-in movie theaters, and shopping malls. Drawn from the Vernacular Architecture Forum conferences of 1998 and 1999, these seventeen essays represent the broad range of topics and methodologies current in the field today. The volume will introduce newcomers to the breadth and depth of vernacular architecture while also bringing established scholars up to date on the field's continued growth and maturation. The Editors: Alison K. Hoagland is associate professor of history and historic preservation at Michigan Technological University. Kenneth A. Breisch is director of Programs in Historic Preservation at the University of Southern California. He is author of Henry Hobson Richardson and the Small Public Library in America. The Contributors: Shannon Bell, Robert W. Blythe, Timothy Davis, Stephanie Dyer, Willie Graham, Kathleen LaFrank, William Littmann, Carl Lounsbury, Al Luckenbach, Sherri M. Marsh, Maurie McInnis, Steven H. Moffson, Jason D. Moser, Jennifer Nardone, Martin C. Perdue, Mark Reinberger, Andrew K. Sandoval-Strausz, Jessica Sewell, Donna Ware, and Camille Wells.

Traditional Buildings

A Global Survey of Structural Forms and Cultural Functions


Author: Allen Noble

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857739026

Category: Architecture

Page: 360

View: 5895

Based on a lifelong professional and personal interest, "Traditional Buildings" presents a unique survey of vernacular architecture across the globe. The reader is taken on a fascinating tour of traditional building around the world, which includes the loess cave homes of central China, the stilt houses on the shores of Dahomey, the housebarns of Europe and North America, the wind towers of Iran, the Bohio houses of the Arawak Indians of the Caribbean, and much more. Professor's Noble's extensive travels have allowed him to examine many of the building at close quarters and the richly illustrated text includes photographs from his personal collection. With its comprehensive and detailed bibliography, the work will be welcomed by experts and non-specialists alike.

Gender, Class, and Shelter


Author: Elizabeth C. Cromley,Carter L. Hudgins

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9780870498725

Category: Architecture

Page: 272

View: 3131

Features 18 essays by scholars in the fields of folklore, architectural history, urban history, preservation, archaeology, and geography, tackling a variety of building types and interpretive issues within the broad themes of gender, economic and social institutions, ethnicity and race, popular culture, and rural and urban geographies. Bandw illustrations. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Beauty & Convenience

Architecture and Order in the New Republic


Author: Nora Pat Small

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 9781572332362

Category: Architecture

Page: 155

View: 4543

The rebuilding of New England during what architectural historians have labeled the Federal period serves as the basis for most Americans' visual or mental image of rural New England. This reconstruction became very controversial as a result of the differing definitions of republican virtue, taste, beauty, and economy held by the architects, rural reformers, and those engaged in rebuilding their homes and communities during this time. What could have promoted the attacks, primarily in the agricultural press, on the new two-story-with-ell rural homes? The answer lies in the attitudes and perceptions of cultural aesthetics and the notion of republican virtue. Nora Pat Small sharpens our understanding of the important changes that occurred in the New England landscape during the Federal period, effectively connecting her study of post-Revolutionary reform ideology and political discourse to architectural evidence; the buildings and landscapes express cultural values, aesthetic choice, and personal identity. The Author: Nora Pat Small is an associate professor of history at Eastern Illinois University. She has published articles in William & Mary Quarterly and has contributed chapters to volumes III and VII of Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture.

Almanac of Architecture & Design 2006


Author: James P. Cramer,Jennifer Evans Yankopolus

Publisher: Greenway Communications

ISBN: 0975565427

Category: Architecture

Page: 720

View: 8559

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 21: Art and Architecture


Author: Judith H. Bonner,Estill Curtis Pennington

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807869945

Category: Reference

Page: 544

View: 2551

From the Potomac to the Gulf, artists were creating in the South even before it was recognized as a region. The South has contributed to America's cultural heritage with works as diverse as Benjamin Henry Latrobe's architectural plans for the nation's Capitol, the wares of the Newcomb Pottery, and Richard Clague's tonalist Louisiana bayou scenes. This comprehensive volume shows how, through the decades and centuries, the art of the South expanded from mimetic portraiture to sophisticated responses to national and international movements. The essays treat historic and current trends in the visual arts and architecture, major collections and institutions, and biographies of artists themselves. As leading experts on the region's artists and their work, editors Judith H. Bonner and Estill Curtis Pennington frame the volume's contributions with insightful overview essays on the visual arts and architecture in the American South.

Homes in Alberta

Building, Trends, and Design, 1870-1967


Author: Donald Grant Wetherell,Irene Kmet,Alberta. Alberta Culture and Multiculturalism,Alberta. Alberta Municipal Affairs

Publisher: University of Alberta

ISBN: 9780888642233

Category: Alberta

Page: 363

View: 9566

Don Wetherall and Irene Kmet have drawn upon an extensive range of archival, visual and printed sources to write a comprehensive history of housing in Alberta from the late nineteenth century until the 1960s. The authors examine design, materials and methods of construction, government policy and economic and social aspects of housing in Alberta.

Investing in the Early Modern Built Environment

Europeans, Asians, Settlers and Indigenous Societies


Author: Carole Shammas

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004231161

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 1851

Investing in the Early Modern Built Environment represents the first attempt to delve into the period’s enhanced architectural investment—its successes, its failures, and the conflicts it provoked globally.

The Strange Career of Porgy and Bess

Race, Culture, and America’s Most Famous Opera


Author: Ellen Noonan

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807837334

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 440

View: 1569

Created by George Gershwin and DuBose Heyward and sung by generations of black performers, Porgy and Bess has been both embraced and reviled since its debut in 1935. In this comprehensive account, Ellen Noonan examines the opera's long history of invention and reinvention as a barometer of twentieth-century American expectations about race, culture, and the struggle for equality. In its surprising endurance lies a myriad of local, national, and international stories. For black performers and commentators, Porgy and Bess was a nexus for debates about cultural representation and racial uplift. White producers, critics, and even audiences spun revealing racial narratives around the show, initially in an attempt to demonstrate its authenticity and later to keep it from becoming discredited or irrelevant. Expertly weaving together the wide-ranging debates over the original novel, Porgy, and its adaptations on stage and film with a history of its intimate ties to Charleston, The Strange Career of "Porgy and Bess" uncovers the complexities behind one of our nation's most long-lived cultural touchstones.

Feminist Practices

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Women in Architecture


Author: Dr Lori A Brown

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409482677

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 1058

Women continue to be extremely under-represented in the architectural profession. Despite equal numbers of male and female students entering architectural studies, there is at least 17-25% attrition of female students and not all remaining become practicing architects. In both the academic and the professional fields of architecture, positions of power and authority are almost entirely male, and as such, the profession is defined by a heterosexual, Eurasian male perspective. This book argues that it is vital for all architectural students and practitioners to be exposed to a diversity of contemporary architectural practices, as this might provide a first step into broadening awareness and transforming architectural engagement. It considers the relationships between feminist methodologies and the various approaches toward design and their impact upon our understanding and relationship to the built environment. In doing so, this collection challenges two conventional ideas: firstly, the definition of architecture and secondly, what constitutes a feminist practice. This collection of up-and-coming female architects and designers use a wide range of local and global examples of their work to question different aspects of these two conventional ideas. While focusing on feminist perspectives, the book offers insights into many different issues, concerns and interpretations of architecture, proposing through these types of engagement, architecture can become more culturally, politically and environmentally relevant. This 'next generation' of architects claim feminism as their own and through doing so, help define what feminism means and how it is evolving in the 21st century.

Separated by Their Sex

Women in Public and Private in the Colonial Atlantic World


Author: Mary Beth Norton

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801461378

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6872

In Separated by Their Sex, Mary Beth Norton offers a bold genealogy that shows how gender came to determine the right of access to the Anglo-American public sphere by the middle of the eighteenth century. Earlier, high-status men and women alike had been recognized as appropriate political actors, as exemplified during and after Bacon's Rebellion by the actions of-and reactions to-Lady Frances Berkeley, wife of Virginia's governor. By contrast, when the first ordinary English women to claim a political voice directed group petitions to Parliament during the Civil War of the 1640s, men relentlessly criticized and parodied their efforts. Even so, as late as 1690 Anglo-American women's political interests and opinions were publicly acknowledged. Norton traces the profound shift in attitudes toward women's participation in public affairs to the age's cultural arbiters, including John Dunton, editor of the Athenian Mercury, a popular 1690s periodical that promoted women's links to husband, family, and household. Fittingly, Dunton was the first author known to apply the word "private" to women and their domestic lives. Subsequently, the immensely influential authors Richard Steele and Joseph Addison (in the Tatler and the Spectator) advanced the notion that women's participation in politics-even in political dialogues-was absurd. They and many imitators on both sides of the Atlantic argued that women should confine themselves to home and family, a position that American women themselves had adopted by the 1760s. Colonial women incorporated the novel ideas into their self-conceptions; during such "private" activities as sitting around a table drinking tea, they worked to define their own lives. On the cusp of the American Revolution, Norton concludes, a newly gendered public-private division was firmly in place.