Partial Justice

Women, Prisons and Social Control

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Author: Nicole Rafter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351500791

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 5335

Contemporary Research on crime, prisons, and social control has largely ignored women. Partial Justice, the only full-scale study of the origins and development of women's prisons in the United States, traces their evolution from the late eighteenth century to the present day. It shows that the character of penal treatment was involved in the very definition of womanhood for incarcerated women, a definition that varied by race and social class. Rafter traces the evolution of women's prisons, showing that it followed two markedly different models. Custodial institutions for women literally grew out of men's penitentiaries, starting from a separate room for women. Eventually women were housed in their own separate facilities-a development that ironically inaugurated a continuing history of inmate neglect. Then, later in the nineteenth century, women convicted of milder offenses, such as morals charges, were placed into a new kind of institution. The reformatory was a result of middle-class reform movements, and it attempted to rehabilitate to a degree unknown in men's prisons. Tracing regional and racial variations in these two branches of institutions over time, Rafter finds that the criminal justice system has historically meted out partial justice to female inmates. Women have benefited in neither case. Partial Justice draws in first-hand accounts, legislative documents, reports by investigatory commissions, and most importantly, the records of over 4,600 female prisoners taken from the original registers of five institutions. This second edition includes two new chapters that bring the story into the present day and discusses measures now being used to challenge the partial justice women have historically experienced.

Partial Justice

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Author: Petra T. Shattuck,Jill Norgren

Publisher: Berg Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780854965885

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 8969

Should the law be praised or cursed for what it has done to the American Indian? Using American legal history, politics and jurisprudence, this study considers the degree to which American courts have maintained their autonomy and withstood political pressure, when the sovereignty and property rights of Native American tribes were at issue. In 1879, a chief of the Ponca tribe, when released from military custody by an order of a U.S. district court, pronounced the use of law “a better way” to redress Indian grievances. This study explores the development of legal doctrine affecting Native American tribes by courts and commissions in the United States beginning with seminal court cases of the early 19th century and continuing through to the 1980’s. Whether the law ever was a better way for Native Americans is a question of fundamental importance not only with regard to the rights - or even the survival - of American Indian tribes but also with respect to the claim of the American legal system to be equally fair and just to all groups in society regardless of their economic and political power.

Partial Justice

Women in State Prisons, 1800-1935

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Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 6844

The Paraphrase of an Anonymous Greek Writer

(hitherto Published Under the Name of Andronicus Rhodius) on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. Tr. from the Greek by William Bridgman...

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Author: Andronicus (of Rhodes.),Andronicus Callistus,Helidorus (of Prusa.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 478

View: 2185

Inner Lives

Voices of African American Women In Prison

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Author: Paula Johnson

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814743854

Category: Law

Page: 356

View: 9109

The rate of women entering prison has increased nearly 400 percent since 1980, with African American women constituting the largest percentage of this population. However, despite their extremely disproportional representation in correctional institutions, little attention has been paid to their experiences within the criminal justice system. Inner Lives provides readers the rare opportunity to intimately connect with African American women prisoners. By presenting the women's stories in their own voices, Paula C. Johnson captures the reality of those who are in the system, and those who are working to help them. Johnson offers a nuanced and compelling portrait of this fastest-growing prison population by blending legal history, ethnography, sociology, and criminology. These striking and vivid narratives are accompanied by equally compelling arguments by Johnson on how to reform our nation's laws and social policies, in order to eradicate existing inequalities. Her thorough and insightful analysis of the historical and legal background of contemporary criminal law doctrine, sentencing theories, and correctional policies sets the stage for understanding the current system.

Transitional Justice

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Author: Ruti G. Teitel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019988224X

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 8872

At the century's end, societies all over the world are throwing off the yoke of authoritarian rule and beginning to build democracies. At any such time of radical change, the question arises: should a society punish its ancien regime or let bygones be bygones? Transitional Justice takes this question to a new level with an interdisciplinary approach that challenges the very terms of the contemporary debate. Ruti Teitel explores the recurring dilemma of how regimes should respond to evil rule, arguing against the prevailing view favoring punishment, yet contending that the law nevertheless plays a profound role in periods of radical change. Pursuing a comparative and historical approach, she presents a compelling analysis of constitutional, legislative, and administrative responses to injustice following political upheaval. She proposes a new normative conception of justice--one that is highly politicized--offering glimmerings of the rule of law that, in her view, have become symbols of liberal transition. Its challenge to the prevailing assumptions about transitional periods makes this timely and provocative book essential reading for policymakers and scholars of revolution and new democracies.

Restorative Justice and Criminal Justice

Competing or Reconcilable Paradigms

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Author: Andreas von Hirsch,Julian V Roberts,Anthony E Bottoms,Kent Roach,Mara Schiff

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847311296

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 8232

Restorative Justice has emerged around the world as a potent challenge to traditional models of criminal justice,and restorative programmes, policies and legislative reforms are being implemented in many western nations. However, the underlying aims, values and limits of this new paradigm remain somewhat uncertain and those advocating Restorative Justice have rarely engaged in systematic debate with those defending more traditional conceptions of criminal justice. This volume, containing contributions from scholars of international renown, provides an analytic exploration of Restorative Justice and its potential advantages and disadvantages. Chapters of the book examine the aims and limiting principles that should govern Restorative Justice, its appropriate scope of application, its social and legal contexts, its practice and impact in a number of jurisdictions and its relation to more traditional criminal-justice conceptions. These questions are addressed by twenty distinguished criminologists and legal scholars in papers which make up this volume. These contributions will help clarify the aims that Restorative Justice might reasonably hope to achieve, the limits that should apply in pursuing these aims, and how restorative strategies might comport with, or replace, other penal strategies. Contributors: Andrew Ashworth, Anthony E Bottoms, John Braithwaite, Kathleen Daly, James Dignan, R A Duff, Carolyn Hoyle, Barbara Hudson, Leena Kurki, Allison Morris, Kent Roach, Julian V Roberts, Paul Roberts, Mara Schiff, Joanna Shapland, Clifford Shearing, Daniel van Ness, Andrew von Hirsch, Lode Walgrave, Richard Young.

Interracial Justice

Conflict and Reconciliation in Post–Civil Rights America

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Author: Eric K. Yamamoto

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814729452

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 5742

The United States in the twenty-first century will be a nation of so-called minorities. Shifts in the composition of the American populace necessitate a radical change in the ways we as a nation think about race relations, identity, and racial justice. Once dominated by black-white relations, discussions of race are increasingly informed by an awareness of strife among nonwhite racial groups. While white influence remains important in nonwhite racial conflict, the time has come for acknowledgment of ways communities of color sometimes clash, and their struggles to heal the resulting wounds and forge strong alliances. Melding race history, legal theory, theology, social psychology, and anecdotes, Eric K. Yamamoto offers a fresh look at race and responsibility. He tells tales of explosive conflicts and halting conciliatory efforts between African Americans and Korean and Vietnamese immigrant shop owners in Los Angeles and New Orleans. He also paints a fascinating picture of South Africa's controversial Truth and Reconciliation Commission as well as a pathbreaking Asian American apology to Native Hawaiians for complicity in their oppression. An incisive and original work by a highly respected scholar, Interracial Justice greatly advances our understanding of conflict and healing through justice in multiracial America.

Taming Passion for the Public Good

Policing Sex in the Early Republic

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Author: Mark E. Kann

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814764673

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 6759

“Kann's latest tour de force explores the ambivalence, during the founding of our nation, about whether political freedom should augur sexual freedom. Tracing the roots of patriarchal sexual repression back to revolutionary America, Kann asks highly contemporary questions about the boundaries between public and private life, suggesting, provocatively, that political and sexual freedom should go hand in hand. This is a must-read for those interested in the interwining of politics, public life, and sexuality.”—Ben Agger, University of Texas at Arlington The American Revolution was fought in the name of liberty. In popular imagination, the Revolution stands for the triumph of populism and the death of patriarchal elites. But this is not the case, argues Mark E. Kann. Rather, in the aftermath of the Revolution, America developed a society and system of laws that kept patriarchal authority alive and well—especially when it came to the sex lives of citizens. In Taming Passion for the Public Good, Kann contends that that despite the rhetoric of classical liberalism, the founding generation did not trust ordinary citizens with extensive liberty. Through the policing of sex, elites sought to maintain control of individuals' private lives, ensuring that citizens would be productive, moral, and orderly in the new nation. New American elites applauded traditional marriages in which men were the public face of the family and women managed the home. They frowned on interracial and interclass sexual unions. They saw masturbation as evidence of a lack of self-control over one’s passions, and they considered prostitution the result of aggressive female sexuality. Both were punishable offenses. By seeking to police sex, elites were able to keep alive what Kann calls a “resilient patriarchy.” Under the guise of paternalism, they were able simultaneously to retain social control while espousing liberal principles, with the goal of ultimately molding the country into the new American ideal: a moral and orderly citizenry that voluntarily did what was best for the public good.

Giving Desert Its Due

Social Justice and Legal Theory

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Author: Wojciech Sadurski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401577064

Category: Philosophy

Page: 329

View: 1029

During the last half of the twentieth century, legal philosophy (or legal theory or jurisprudence) has grown significantly. It is no longer the domain of a few isolated scholars in law and philosophy. Hundreds of scholars from diverse fields attend international meetings on the subject. In some universities, large lecture courses of five hundred students or more study it. The primary aim of the Law and Philosophy Library is to present some of the best original work on legal philosophy from both the Anglo-American and European traditions. Not only does it help make some of the best work avail able to an international audience, but it also encourages increased awareness of, and interaction between, the two major traditions. The primary focus is on full-length scholarly monographs, although some edited volumes of original papers are also included. The Library editors are assisted by an Editorial Advisory Board of internationally renowed scholars. Legal philosophy should not be considered a narrowly circumscribed field.

Restorative Christ

Jesus, Justice, and Discipleship

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Author: Geoff Broughton

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630877484

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 725

The conviction that Jesus is the restorative Christ demands a commitment to the justice he articulated. The justice of the restorative Christ is justice with reconciliation, justice with repentance, justice with repair, and justice without retaliation. The Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts portray the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ through the radical concept of "enemy-love." In conversation with Dietrich Bonhoeffer (Jesus-for-others), John Howard Yoder (a nonviolent Jesus), Miroslav Volf (an embracing Jesus), and Chris Marshall (a compassionate Jesus), Broughton demonstrates what the restorative Christ means for us today. Following the restorative Christ faithfully involves imaginative disciplines (seeing, remembering, and desiring), conversational disciplines (naming, questioning, and forgiving), and embodied disciplines (absorbing, repairing, and embracing).

The Chinatown War

Chinese Los Angeles and the Massacre of 1871

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Author: Scott Zesch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942692

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9673

In October 1871, a simmering, small-scale turf war involving three Chinese gangs exploded into a riot that engulfed the small but growing town of Los Angeles. A large mob of white Angelenos, spurred by racial resentment, rampaged through the city and lynched some 18 people before order was restored. In The Chinatown War, Scott Zesch offers a compelling account of this little-known event, which ranks among the worst hate crimes in American history. The story begins in the 1850s, when the first wave of Chinese immigrants arrived in Los Angeles in the wake of the 1849 California gold rush. Upon arrival, these immigrants usually took up low-wage jobs, settled in the slum neighborhood of the Calle de los Negros, and joined one of a number of Chinese community associations. Though such associations provided job placement and other services to their members, they were also involved in extortion and illicit businesses, including prostitution. In 1870 the largest of these, the See-Yup Company, imploded in an acrimonious division. The violent succession battle that ensued, as well as the highly publicized torture of Chinese prostitute Sing-Ye, eventually provided the spark for the racially motivated riot that ripped through L.A. Zesch vividly evokes the figures and events in the See-Yup dispute, deftly situates the riot within its historical and political context, and illuminates the workings of the early Chinese-American community in Los Angeles, while simultaneously exploring issues that continue to trouble Americans today. Engaging and deeply researched, The Chinatown War above all delivers a riveting story of a dominant American city and the darker side of its early days that offers powerful insights for our own time.

History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence

Time and Justice

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Author: Berber Bevernage

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136634444

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 3634

Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something ‘absent’ or ‘distant.’ Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got ‘stuck’ in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time; that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetrators’ than the victims’ point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the ‘irrevocable’ past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between ‘empirical’ historiography on the one hand and the so called ‘theoretical’ approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional ‘analytical’ philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected ‘big questions’ about the historical condition – questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past –programmatically pleading for a new historical ethics.

Aerodynamic Theory

A General Review of Progress Under a Grant of the Guggenheim Fund for the Promotion of Aeronautics

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Author: William Frederick Durand

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642914845

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 8304

Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Delphi Complete Works of Aristotle (Illustrated)

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Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Delphi Classics

ISBN: 1909496286

Category: Fiction

Page: 3491

View: 7587

For the first time in digital publishing, Delphi Classics is proud to present the complete works of Aristotle. The Ancient Classics series provides eReaders with the wisdom of the Classical world, with both English translations and the original Latin and Greek texts. This comprehensive eBook presents rare works, beautiful illustrations, informative introductions and the usual Delphi bonus material. (Version 1) Features: * Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Aristotle's life and works * Features the complete works of Aristotle, in both English translation and the original Greek * Concise introductions to the treatises and other works * Provides all of the spurious works in English translation, many appearing for the first time * Includes translations previously appearing in Loeb Classical Library editions of Aristotle’s works * Excellent formatting of the texts * Easily locate the section or works you want to read with individual contents tables * Includes Bekker reference numbers to aid study * Features five bonus biographies, including Diogenes Laërtius’ famous biography – immerse yourself in Aristotle's ancient world! * Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres CONTENTS: The Translations LOGIC Categories (1a) On Interpretation (16a) Prior Analytics (24a) Posterior Analytics (71a) Topics (100a) Sophistical Refutations (164a) PHYSICS Physics (184a) On the Heavens (268a) On Generation and Corruption (314a) Meteorology (338a) On the Universe (391a) On the Soul (402a) The Parva Naturalia Sense and Sensibilia (436a) On Memory (449b) On Sleep (453b) On Dreams (458a) On Divination in Sleep (462b) On Length and Shortness of Life (464b) On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration (467b) On Breath (481a) History of Animals (486a) Parts of Animals (639a) Movement of Animals (698a) Progression of Animals (704a) Generation of Animals (715a) On Colours (791a) On Things Heard (800a) Physiognomonics (805a) On Plants (815a) On Marvelous Things Heard (830a) Mechanics (847a) Problems (859a) On Indivisible Lines (968a) The Situations and Names of Winds (973a) On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias (974a) METAPHYSICS Metaphysics (980a) ETHICS AND POLITICS Nicomachean Ethics (1094a) Great Ethics (1181a) Eudemian Ethics (1214a) On Virtues and Vices (1249a) Politics (1252a) Economics (1343a) RHETORIC AND POETICS Rhetoric (1354a) Rhetoric to Alexander (1420a) Poetics (1447a) Constitution of the Athenians The Greek Texts PRONOUNCING ANCIENT GREEK LIST OF GREEK TEXTS The Biographies ARISTOTLE: LIVES OF THE EMINENT PHILOSOPHERS by Diogenes Laërtius ARISTOTLE by Elbert Hubbard ARISTOTLE by Charles McRae ARISTOTLE AND ANCIENT EDUCATIONAL IDEALS by Thomas Davidson ARISTOTLE by William MacGillivray