Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

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Author: Thomas Hippler,Miloš Vec

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043877

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 2878

'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

German Power

Das Paradox der deutschen Stärke

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Author: Hans Kundnani

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406688640

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 7708

Ist ein „deutsches Europa“ die bittere Frucht der europäischen Krise? In vielen europäischen Ländern wird es so wahrgenommen. Angela Merkel wird mit Hitler verglichen, die Rede ist von deutscher „Hegemonie“ und einem neuen deutschen „Reich“. Doch Deutschland ist heute ein anderes Land als im 19. Oder 20. Jahrhundert. Nur – welches? Einmal mehr könnte es zu einer Quelle der Instabilität im Herzen Europas werden. In German Power geht Hans Kundnani der Transformation Deutschlands seit der Vereinigung 1990 nach und stellt sie in den Kontext der deutschen Geschichte vor 1945. Dabei zeigt er Ähnlichkeiten auf und benennt einige Grundkonflikte – zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel, Ökonomie und Politik, Europa und der Welt. Kundnani kommt in seinem provozierenden Essay zu dem unbequemen Schluss, dass die „deutsche Frage“ wieder zurückgekehrt ist – in geoökonomischer Gestalt.

Constitutionalism, Legitimacy, and Power

Nineteenth-Century Experiences

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Author: Kelly L Grotke,Markus J Prutsch

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191034711

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 2214

If one counts the production of constitutional documents alone, the nineteenth century can lay claim to being a 'constitutional age'; one in which the generation and reception of constitutional texts served as a centre of gravity around which law and politics consistently revolved. This volume critically re-examines the role of constitutionalism in that period, in order to counter established teleological narratives that imply a consistent development from absolutism towards inclusive, participatory democracy. Various aspects of constitutional histories within and outside of Europe are examined from a comparative, transnational, and multidisciplinary historical perspective, organized around five key themes. The first part looks at constitutions as anti-revolutionary devices, and addresses state building, monarchical constitutionalism, and restorations. The second part takes up constitutions and the justification of new social inequalities, focusing on women's suffrage, human rights, and property. The third part uses individual country studies to take on questions of how constitutions served to promote nationalism. The use of constitutions as instruments of imperialism is covered in the fourth part, and the final part examines the ways that constitutions function simultaneously as legal and political texts. These themes reflect a certain scepticism regarding any easy relationship between stated constitutional ideals and enacted constitutional practices. Taken together, they also function as a general working hypothesis about the role of constitutions in the establishment and maintenance of a domestically and internationally imbalanced status quo, of which we are the present-day inheritors. More particularly, this volume addresses the question of the extent to which nineteenth-century constitutionalism may have set the stage for new forms of domination and discrimination, rather than inaugurating a period of 'progress' and increasing equality.

Europe's Utopias of Peace

1815, 1919, 1951

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Author: Bo Stråth

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474237746

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9380

Europe's Utopias of Peace explores attempts to create a lasting European peace in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars and the two world wars. The book charts the 250 year cycle of violent European conflicts followed by new utopian formulations for peace. The utopian illusion was that future was predictable and rules could prescribe behaviour in conflicts to come. Bo Stråth examines the reiterative bicentenary cycle since 1815, where each new postwar period built on a design for a project for European unification. He sets out the key historical events and the continuous struggle with nationalism, linking them to legal, political and economic thought. Biographical sketches of the most prominent thinkers and actors provide the human element to this narrative. Europe's Utopias of Peace presents a new perspective on the ideological, legal, economic and intellectual conditions that shaped Europe since the 19th century and presents this in a global context. It challenges the conventional narrative on Europe's past as a progressive enlightenment heritage, highlighting the ambiguities of the legacies that pervade the institutional structures of contemporary Europe. Its long-term historical perspective will be invaluable for students of contemporary Europe or modern European history.

Das Globalisierungs-Paradox

die Demokratie und die Zukunft der Weltwirtschaft

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Author: Dani Rodrik

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406613517

Category:

Page: 415

View: 2087

Ein Plädoyer gegen Hyperglobalisierung und für eine gewisse demokratische Renationalisierung der Wirtschaftspolitik.

Amerika und Deutschland

ambivalente Begegnungen

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Author: Frank Kelleter,Wolfgang Knöbl

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 9783892449591

Category: Allemagne - Relations extérieures - États-Unis

Page: 252

View: 2801

Paradoxes of Utopia

Anarchist Culture and Politics in Buenos Aires, 1890-1910

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Author: Juan Suriano

Publisher: AK Press

ISBN: 184935006X

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 4028

A social history of revolutionary ideas and lifestyles.

The Transformation of Foreign Policy

Drawing and Managing Boundaries from Antiquity to the Present

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Author: Gunther Hellmann,Andreas Fahrmeir,Milos Vec,Professor of Legal and Constitutional History Milos Vec

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198783868

Category:

Page: 296

View: 8830

The study of foreign policy is usually concerned with the interaction of states, and thus with governance structures which emerged either with the so-called 'Westphalian system' or in the course of the 18th century: diplomacy and international law. As a result, examining foreign policy in earlier periods involves conceptual and terminological difficulties, which echo current debates on 'post-national' foreign policy actors like the European Union or global cities. This volume argues that a novel understanding of what constitutes foreign policy may offer a way out of this problem. It considers foreign policy as the outcome of processes that make some boundaries different from others, and set those that separate communities in an internal space apart from those that mark foreignness. The creation of such boundaries, which can be observed at all times, designates specific actors - which can be, but do not have to be, 'states' - as capable of engaging in foreign policy. As such boundaries are likely to be contested, they are unlikely to provide either a single or a simple distinction between 'insides' and 'outsides'. In this view, multiple layers of foreign-policy actors with different characteristics appear less as a modern development and more as a perennial aspect of foreign policy. In a broad perspective stretching from early Greek polities to present-day global cities, the volume offers a theoretical and empirical presentation of this concept by political scientists, jurists, and historians.

The Paradox of German Power

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Author: Hans Kundnani

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190245506

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 1261

Since the Euro crisis began, Germany has emerged as Europe's dominant power. During the last three years, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has been compared with Bismarck and even Hitler in the European media. And yet few can deny that Germany today is very different from the stereotype of nineteenth- and twentieth-century history. After nearly seventy years of struggling with the Nazi past, Germans think that they more than anyone have learned its lessons. Above all, what the new Germany thinks it stands for is peace. Germany is unique in this combination of economic assertiveness and military abstinence. So what does it mean to have a "German Europe" in the twenty-first century? In The Paradox of German Power, Hans Kundnani explains how Germany got to where it is now and where it might go in future. He explores German national identity and foreign policy through a series of tensions in German thinking and action: between continuity and change, between "normality" and "abnormality," between economics and politics, and between Europe and the world.

Georgien, neu buchstabiert

Politik und Kultur eines Landes auf dem Weg nach Europa

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Author: Luka Nakhutsrishvili,Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839445337

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 2801

Georgien - ein Land, das neugierig macht. Christlich geprägt, doch bis zur Unabhängigkeit 1991 Teil der Sowjetunion, liegt es auf der Grenze zwischen Ost und West. Jenseits seiner sowjetischen Vergangenheit sucht es seinen ganz eigenen Weg nach Europa - und schaut nach dem Jubiläumsjahr der Oktoberrevolution auf sein kurzes, aber unvergessenes demokratisches Erbe von 1918. Dieser Band mit kritischen Beiträgen vor allem junger georgischer Autorinnen und Autoren zeichnet das Porträt eines faszinierenden Landes voller Geschichte, Kultur und Vitalität.

The Routledge Concise History of Twentieth-century British Literature

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Author: Ashley Dawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415572452

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 7534

In The Routledge Concise History of Twentieth-Century British Literature Ashley Dawson identifies the key British writers and texts, shaped by era-defining cultural and historical events and movements from the period. He provides: Analysis of works by a diverse range of influential authors Examination of the cultural and literary impact of crucial historical, social, political and cultural events Discussion of Britain's imperial status in the century and the diversification of the nation through Black and Asian British Literature Readers are also provided with a comprehensive timeline, a glossary of terms, further reading and explanatory text boxes featuring further information on key figures and events.

The Globalization of World Politics

An Introduction to International Relations

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Author: John Baylis,Steve Smith,Patricia Owens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199656177

Category: Political Science

Page: 596

View: 8146

Please note, this title is not sold seperately. It is only available to purchase in The Globalization of World Politics value pack. Now in its sixth edition, this internationally successful textbook has been fully revised and updated in light of recent developments in world politics, featuring 35 new international case studies including: the BRICs, Gaza Freedom Flotilla, Sudanese civil war, drones, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, rise of China, Occupy movement, and Syrian Revolution. A new chapter by Andrew Hurrell on rising powers and the emerging global order ensures the text continues to cover topics that will be defining the issues now and for the next generation. The unique line-up of expert contributors introduces students to the very best work within history, theory, structures, and key issues in International Relations, providing a launch-pad for those who choose to progress with their IR studies. New to this edition New chapter on 'Rising powers and the emerging global order' by eminent scholar Andrew Hurrell reflects on the transformation in world politics and covers topics that will be defining the issues now and for the next generation. Now with 35 additional new international case studies, with topics including: the BRICs, Gaza Freedom Flotilla, Sudanese civil war, drones, rise of China, the Far North, Occupy movement, the South and East China Seas, and the Syrian Revolution. The chapter on nuclear proliferation has been substantially revised by new contributor, Sheena Chestnut Greitens, with updated coverage of nuclear weapons technology, theoretical debates about nuclear proliferation, and the evolution of non-proliferation efforts, featuring case studies of the nuclearization of Iran and North Korea, Fukushima nuclear disaster, and A.Q. Khan. All chapters have been updated to take account of the latest global events, with particular emphasis on the Arab Spring, effects of the eurozone crisis on globalization, emerging economies, and the rise of the BRICs. The Online Resource Centre, which accompanies the text, has been updated and improved with new video podcasts from the contributors and mindmaps, more case studies, and new PowerPoint slides for adopting lecturers.

Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-first Century and the Shadow of the Past

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Author: Robert Legvold

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023114122X

Category: Political Science

Page: 534

View: 6567

Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.

Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict

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Author: Lester R. Kurtz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123695031

Category: Political Science

Page: 2750

View: 5121

Provides timely and useful information about antagonism and reconciliation in all contexts of public and personal life. An essential reference for students and scholars working in the field of peace and conflict resolution studies, and for those seeking to explore alternatives to violence and share visions and strategies for social justice and social change.

Das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker

die Domestizierung einer Illusion

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Author: Jörg Fisch

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406598586

Category: International law

Page: 384

View: 876

Die Idee eines Selbstbestimmungsrechts der Völker besagt, dass Völker das Recht haben, einen Staat zu bilden, und selbst darüber entscheiden können, ob sie dieses Recht wahrnehmen oder nicht. Die erste Gesamtdarstellung seiner Geschichte zeigt, wie es den Totengräber für die europäischen Kolonialreiche und andere Imperien gespielt hat und seit 1989 auf der Suche nach neuen Betätigungsfeldern ist. Entstanden aus dem Nationalismus und dem Antikolonialismus, erhebt das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker den Anspruch, die internationalen Beziehungen auf eine herrschaftsfreie Grundlage zu stellen. Sprengstoff beinhaltet vor allem das damit verbundene Sezessionsrecht. Denn wer bestimmt, was ein Volk ist? Die Idee kollidiert hier schnell mit den machtpolitischen Realitäten und erweist sich als eine gefährliche, zum Missbrauch geradezu einladende Illusion, mit deren Domestizierung das Völkerrecht bis heute beschäftigt ist. Denn nicht nur Adolf Hitler verstand es meisterhaft, das Konzept für seine Zwecke zu instrumentalisieren. In einer souveränen Kombination von Begriffs-, Politik- und Kulturgeschichte durchmisst Jörg Fisch die Weltgeschichte und liefert eine anschaulich und prägnant geschriebene Darstellung dieser vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart äußerst wirkmächtigen Idee.

U.S. Foreign Policy: the Paradox of World Power, 2nd Edition

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Author: Steven W Hook

Publisher: C Q Press College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 830

An in-depth overview of US foreign policy that highlights a process that is shaped by a paradox: that the very sources of national strength (a sense of national exceptionalism, a diffusion of political powers, and more), also create vulnerabilities for the United States. Includes an array of features to aid student learning. About the Author: Steven W. hook is an associate professor of political science at Kent State University.

A Dialogue of Civilizations

Gülen's Islamic Ideals and Humanistic Discourse

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Author: B. Jill Carroll

Publisher: Tughra Books

ISBN: 1597841102

Category: Religion

Page: 114

View: 5814

Fethullah Gu len is a Turkish intellectual, scholar, and activist whose influence over a new Islamic intellectual, social, and spiritual revival is revealed in this insightful book. Readers will gain a fuller understanding of where Gu len stands on issues of inherent human value and dignity, freedom of thought, education and taking responsibility for creating society and the world. In addition, readers will also see how different perspectives across time, geography, and worldview can still find points on which to engage in dialogue and find a deep resonance.

Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert

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Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 4609

Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.