Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

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Author: Thomas Hippler,Miloš Vec

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198727992

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 6124

The use of armed force in conflict is often presented as a 'mission for peace'. How did the word 'peace' come to mean war in certain contexts? When calling for peace, we are calling for a certain kind of peace, one recognized by the international community. Peace is a polemical concept and this book maps out the paradoxes to which peace gives rise.

Constitutionalism, Legitimacy, and Power

Nineteenth-Century Experiences

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Author: Kelly L Grotke,Markus J Prutsch

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191034711

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 6226

If one counts the production of constitutional documents alone, the nineteenth century can lay claim to being a 'constitutional age'; one in which the generation and reception of constitutional texts served as a centre of gravity around which law and politics consistently revolved. This volume critically re-examines the role of constitutionalism in that period, in order to counter established teleological narratives that imply a consistent development from absolutism towards inclusive, participatory democracy. Various aspects of constitutional histories within and outside of Europe are examined from a comparative, transnational, and multidisciplinary historical perspective, organized around five key themes. The first part looks at constitutions as anti-revolutionary devices, and addresses state building, monarchical constitutionalism, and restorations. The second part takes up constitutions and the justification of new social inequalities, focusing on women's suffrage, human rights, and property. The third part uses individual country studies to take on questions of how constitutions served to promote nationalism. The use of constitutions as instruments of imperialism is covered in the fourth part, and the final part examines the ways that constitutions function simultaneously as legal and political texts. These themes reflect a certain scepticism regarding any easy relationship between stated constitutional ideals and enacted constitutional practices. Taken together, they also function as a general working hypothesis about the role of constitutions in the establishment and maintenance of a domestically and internationally imbalanced status quo, of which we are the present-day inheritors. More particularly, this volume addresses the question of the extent to which nineteenth-century constitutionalism may have set the stage for new forms of domination and discrimination, rather than inaugurating a period of 'progress' and increasing equality.

German Power

Das Paradox der deutschen Stärke

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Author: Hans Kundnani

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406688640

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 9566

Ist ein „deutsches Europa“ die bittere Frucht der europäischen Krise? In vielen europäischen Ländern wird es so wahrgenommen. Angela Merkel wird mit Hitler verglichen, die Rede ist von deutscher „Hegemonie“ und einem neuen deutschen „Reich“. Doch Deutschland ist heute ein anderes Land als im 19. Oder 20. Jahrhundert. Nur – welches? Einmal mehr könnte es zu einer Quelle der Instabilität im Herzen Europas werden. In German Power geht Hans Kundnani der Transformation Deutschlands seit der Vereinigung 1990 nach und stellt sie in den Kontext der deutschen Geschichte vor 1945. Dabei zeigt er Ähnlichkeiten auf und benennt einige Grundkonflikte – zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel, Ökonomie und Politik, Europa und der Welt. Kundnani kommt in seinem provozierenden Essay zu dem unbequemen Schluss, dass die „deutsche Frage“ wieder zurückgekehrt ist – in geoökonomischer Gestalt.

Paradoxes of Utopia

Anarchist Culture and Politics in Buenos Aires, 1890-1910

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Author: Juan Suriano

Publisher: AK Press

ISBN: 184935006X

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 8722

A social history of revolutionary ideas and lifestyles.

The Paradox of German Power

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Author: Hans Kundnani

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190245506

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 8840

Since the Euro crisis began, Germany has emerged as Europe's dominant power. During the last three years, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has been compared with Bismarck and even Hitler in the European media. And yet few can deny that Germany today is very different from the stereotype of nineteenth- and twentieth-century history. After nearly seventy years of struggling with the Nazi past, Germans think that they more than anyone have learned its lessons. Above all, what the new Germany thinks it stands for is peace. Germany is unique in this combination of economic assertiveness and military abstinence. So what does it mean to have a "German Europe" in the twenty-first century? In The Paradox of German Power, Hans Kundnani explains how Germany got to where it is now and where it might go in future. He explores German national identity and foreign policy through a series of tensions in German thinking and action: between continuity and change, between "normality" and "abnormality," between economics and politics, and between Europe and the world.

The Routledge Concise History of Twentieth-century British Literature

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Author: Ashley Dawson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415572452

Category: History

Page: 211

View: 8585

In The Routledge Concise History of Twentieth-Century British Literature Ashley Dawson identifies the key British writers and texts, shaped by era-defining cultural and historical events and movements from the period. He provides: Analysis of works by a diverse range of influential authors Examination of the cultural and literary impact of crucial historical, social, political and cultural events Discussion of Britain's imperial status in the century and the diversification of the nation through Black and Asian British Literature Readers are also provided with a comprehensive timeline, a glossary of terms, further reading and explanatory text boxes featuring further information on key figures and events.

Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-first Century and the Shadow of the Past

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Author: Robert Legvold

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023114122X

Category: Political Science

Page: 534

View: 5700

Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.

The Masculine Century

A Heretical History of Our Time

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Author: Michael Antony

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595899463

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 540

View: 3270

Now that the Twentieth Century is behind us what made it what it was? 200 million human beings killed by war, totalitarianism, and extermination programs What made the twentieth century the most murderous age in human history, as well as the age that made the greatest advances ever in science and technology, while art and serious music declined into abstraction, non-communication, and grotesque hoaxes-blank canvases, old urinals, cans of excrement, and concertos consisting of four minutes of silence? This book argues that the century was marked by an over-masculinization of the Western mind, leading to autism and psychopathic aggression, and the eclipse of the feminine, expressive, emotional, empathetic side of human nature. Hence the unprecedented culture of total war and genocide, and the totalitarian projects to raze the human past and start again-which Modernism carried out in the arts. Hence also the masculinization of sexual behavior (as romance gave way to pornography, and marriage to promiscuity), the adoption by women of a male work role, the decline of motherhood and family, and the collapse of Western birthrates. This is all traced back to the rise of two aggressive, ultra-masculine ideologies in the nineteenth century, Darwinism and Marxism (which gave birth to Fascism and Feminism.) These ideologies put violence, conflict and aggression at the heart of life, and changed human mentalities. This book examines these developments through the literature and art of the past hundred and fifty years, and discusses their implications for the future of Western Civilization.

The Global Reach of European Refugee Law

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Author: Hélène Lambert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041759

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 2775

Examination of the worldwide emulation of key norms of European refugee protection through transnational processes and actors.

Economic Growth and the Ending of the Transatlantic Slave Trade

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Author: David Eltis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195364811

Category: History

Page: 434

View: 6973

This watershed study is the first to consider in concrete terms the consequences of Britain's abolition of the Atlantic slave trade. Why did Britain pull out of the slave trade just when it was becoming important for the world economy and the demand for labor around the world was high? Caught between the incentives offered by the world economy for continuing trade at full tilt and the ideological and political pressures from its domestic abolitionist movement, Britain chose to withdraw, believing, in part, that freed slaves would work for low pay which in turn would lead to greater and cheaper products. In a provocative new thesis, historian David Eltis here contends that this move did not bolster the British economy; rather, it vastly hindered economic expansion as the empire's control of the slave trade and its great reliance on slave labor had played a major role in its rise to world economic dominance. Thus, for sixty years after Britain pulled out, the slave economies of Africa and the Americas flourished and these powers became the dominant exporters in many markets formerly controlled by Britain. Addressing still-volatile issues arising from the clash between economic and ideological goals, this global study illustrates how British abolitionism changed the tide of economic and human history on three continents.

The Globalization of World Politics

An Introduction to International Relations

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Author: John Baylis,Steve Smith,Patricia Owens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199656177

Category: Political Science

Page: 596

View: 4792

Please note, this title is not sold seperately. It is only available to purchase in The Globalization of World Politics value pack. Now in its sixth edition, this internationally successful textbook has been fully revised and updated in light of recent developments in world politics, featuring 35 new international case studies including: the BRICs, Gaza Freedom Flotilla, Sudanese civil war, drones, Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, rise of China, Occupy movement, and Syrian Revolution. A new chapter by Andrew Hurrell on rising powers and the emerging global order ensures the text continues to cover topics that will be defining the issues now and for the next generation. The unique line-up of expert contributors introduces students to the very best work within history, theory, structures, and key issues in International Relations, providing a launch-pad for those who choose to progress with their IR studies. New to this edition New chapter on 'Rising powers and the emerging global order' by eminent scholar Andrew Hurrell reflects on the transformation in world politics and covers topics that will be defining the issues now and for the next generation. Now with 35 additional new international case studies, with topics including: the BRICs, Gaza Freedom Flotilla, Sudanese civil war, drones, rise of China, the Far North, Occupy movement, the South and East China Seas, and the Syrian Revolution. The chapter on nuclear proliferation has been substantially revised by new contributor, Sheena Chestnut Greitens, with updated coverage of nuclear weapons technology, theoretical debates about nuclear proliferation, and the evolution of non-proliferation efforts, featuring case studies of the nuclearization of Iran and North Korea, Fukushima nuclear disaster, and A.Q. Khan. All chapters have been updated to take account of the latest global events, with particular emphasis on the Arab Spring, effects of the eurozone crisis on globalization, emerging economies, and the rise of the BRICs. The Online Resource Centre, which accompanies the text, has been updated and improved with new video podcasts from the contributors and mindmaps, more case studies, and new PowerPoint slides for adopting lecturers.

Cultural Politics and Political Culture in Postmodern Europe

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Author: J. Peter Burgess

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042003170

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 5270

The present volume assembles essays from a broad cultural and professional spectrum around the question of European cultural identity. The heterogeneity of the contributors — their differing points of departure and methods — attests to a tension in intellectual communities which today is more intense than ever. Europe's identity crisis is not merely an empirical matter. It reflects a far deeper, and far older,discursive crisis. The mandate of Europe's traditional intellectual institutions to preserve and police their own cultural heritage has proved incapable of evolving in a manner sufficient to account for the mutation in its object: European culture. It is not merely that Europe's identity, like any identity in the flux of history, has changed. Rather, the notion of identity, the very basis of any questions of who we are, where we are going, and the appropriate political forms and social institutions for further existence, all rely on a logic of identity which has, at best, become extremely problematic. It is this problematization which provides the common thread unifying the following essays. Each contributor, in his/her own way and with respect to his/her own research object, confronts the adequacy of the concept of cultural identity. The hidden presuppositions of this concept are indeed remarkable, and the logic of cultural identity prescribes that they remain undisclosed.

The Transformation of Foreign Policy

Drawing and Managing Boundaries from Antiquity to the Present

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Author: Gunther Hellmann,Andreas Fahrmeir,Milos Vec,Professor of Legal and Constitutional History Milos Vec

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198783868

Category:

Page: 296

View: 8803

The study of foreign policy is usually concerned with the interaction of states, and thus with governance structures which emerged either with the so-called 'Westphalian system' or in the course of the 18th century: diplomacy and international law. As a result, examining foreign policy in earlier periods involves conceptual and terminological difficulties, which echo current debates on 'post-national' foreign policy actors like the European Union or global cities. This volume argues that a novel understanding of what constitutes foreign policy may offer a way out of this problem. It considers foreign policy as the outcome of processes that make some boundaries different from others, and set those that separate communities in an internal space apart from those that mark foreignness. The creation of such boundaries, which can be observed at all times, designates specific actors - which can be, but do not have to be, 'states' - as capable of engaging in foreign policy. As such boundaries are likely to be contested, they are unlikely to provide either a single or a simple distinction between 'insides' and 'outsides'. In this view, multiple layers of foreign-policy actors with different characteristics appear less as a modern development and more as a perennial aspect of foreign policy. In a broad perspective stretching from early Greek polities to present-day global cities, the volume offers a theoretical and empirical presentation of this concept by political scientists, jurists, and historians.

War, Peace and International Relations

An introduction to strategic history

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Author: Colin S. Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136588620

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 4789

War, Peace and International Relations provides an introduction to the strategic history of the past two centuries, showing how those 200 years were shaped and reshaped extensively by war. The book takes a broad view of what was relevant to the causes, courses, and consequences of wars. Written by leading strategist Professor Colin Gray, the book provides students with a good grounding in the contribution of war to the development of the modern world, from the pre-industrial era to the age of international terrorism and smart weapons. This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated: It is the first one-volume strategic history textbook on the market; It covers all the major wars of the past two centuries; It is up to date and comprehensive, including a new section on the American Civil War, a new chapter on geography and strategy, and completely rewritten chapters on Iraq and Afghanistan in the 2000s and on irregular warfare. This textbook will be essential reading for students of strategic studies, security studies, war studies, international relations and international history.

Theology and Globalisation

A Commentary

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Author: Rowan Gill

Publisher: ATF Press

ISBN: 9781920691493

Category: Religion

Page: 84

View: 3433

This book is a critique and commentary on globalisation from a theological perspective. Drawing on the works of theologians such as Augustine, Rahner, Luther, Newbigin, Moe-Lobeda, McFague, Jesnon, Wainwright, de Chardin, McCaughey, and Kung, the author critiques globalisation and those who espouse it, defend and promote it. For Gill, globalisation 'is an economic phenomenon with political ramifications whereby economic and political aspects of the world become predicated of the whole world itself. Central to it is a spirit of competition, by which the world is globalised and results in a sense of one globe.' For the author, following Milbank, the response to globalisation needs to be a theological one based on the new city of God; the Kingdom of God. The author is a Minister of the Word in the Uniting Church in Australia who studied theology in Melbourne and undertook post-graduate studies in Boston, USA

War, Peace, and Prosperity in the Name of God

The Ottoman Role in Europe's Socioeconomic Evolution

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Author: Murat Iyigun

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022623228X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 2893

Differences among religious communities have motivated—and continue to motivate—many of the deadliest conflicts in human history. But how did political power and organized religion become so thoroughly intertwined? And how have religion and religiously motivated conflicts affected the evolution of societies throughout history, from demographic and sociopolitical change to economic growth? War, Peace, and Prosperity in the Name of God turns the focus on the “big three monotheisms”—Judaism, Islam, and Christianity—to consider these questions. Chronicling the relatively rapid spread of the Abrahamic religions among the Old World, Murat Iyigun shows that societies that adhered to a monotheistic belief in that era lasted longer, suggesting that monotheism brought some sociopolitical advantages. While the inherent belief in one true god meant that these religious communities had sooner or later to contend with one another, Iyigun shows that differences among them were typically strong enough to trump disagreements within. The book concludes by documenting the long-term repercussions of these dynamics for the organization of societies and their politics in Europe and the Middle East.

Prophets and Conspirators in Pre-Revolutionary Russia

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Author: Adam Bruno Ulam

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412832199

Category: History

Page: 418

View: 9526

In this magisterial and exciting book, Ulam offers a brilliant history of Russian political and intellectual life in those critical years from 1855 to 1884 and describes the successive conspiracies that shook the edifice of tsarist autocracy.

A Dialogue of Civilizations

Gülen's Islamic Ideals and Humanistic Discourse

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Author: B. Jill Carroll

Publisher: Tughra Books

ISBN: 1597841102

Category: Religion

Page: 114

View: 2838

Fethullah Gu len is a Turkish intellectual, scholar, and activist whose influence over a new Islamic intellectual, social, and spiritual revival is revealed in this insightful book. Readers will gain a fuller understanding of where Gu len stands on issues of inherent human value and dignity, freedom of thought, education and taking responsibility for creating society and the world. In addition, readers will also see how different perspectives across time, geography, and worldview can still find points on which to engage in dialogue and find a deep resonance.