Paradigms Explained

Rethinking Thomas Kuhn's Philosophy of Science

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Author: Erich Von Dietze

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: 9780275969998

Category: Philosophy

Page: 182

View: 6100

Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions, which examines paradigm theory as it relates to philosophy of science, is among the most widely read--and debated--books in the history and philosophy of science. In Paradigms Explained, the author examines both the contributions and limitations of Kuhn's work on paradigm theory. Von Dietze's accessible writing style and thought-provoking exploration of Kuhn's impact on scientific, philosophical, and social thought engage the reader and offer new insights into the problematic yet influential ideas of one of the most prominent philosophers of science.

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

50th Anniversary Edition

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458148

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 7054

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

Paradigms Explained

Rethinking Thomas Kuhn's Philosophy of Science

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Erich Von Dietze

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: 9780275969998

Category: Philosophy

Page: 182

View: 6642

Thomas Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions, which examines paradigm theory as it relates to philosophy of science, is among the most widely read--and debated--books in the history and philosophy of science. In Paradigms Explained, the author examines both the contributions and limitations of Kuhn's work on paradigm theory. Von Dietze's accessible writing style and thought-provoking exploration of Kuhn's impact on scientific, philosophical, and social thought engage the reader and offer new insights into the problematic yet influential ideas of one of the most prominent philosophers of science.

Drifting Continents & Colliding Paradigms

Perspectives on the Geoscience Revolution

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Author: John A. Stewart

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253354051

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 6783

"The book provides an excellent historical summary of the debates over continental drift theory in this century." —Contemporary Sociology "This is a useful discussion of the way that science works. The book will be of value to philosophers of science... " —Choice "... will find an important place in university and department libraries, and will interest afficionados of the factual and intellectual history of the earth sciences." —Terra Nova "... an excellent core analysis... " —The Times Higher Education Supplement "... an ambitious and important contribution to the new sociology of science." —American Journal of Sociology "... Stewart's book is a noble effort, an interesting and readable discussion, and another higher notch on the scoreboard of critical scholarship that deserves wide examination and close attention." —Geophysics This fascinating book describes the rise and fall and rebirth of continental drift theory in this century. It uses the recent revolution in geoscientinsts' beliefs about the earth to examine questions such as, How does scientific knowledge develop and change? The book also explores how well different perspectives help us to understand revolutionary change in science.

Sociological Paradigms and Organisational Analysis

Elements of the Sociology of Corporate Life

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Author: Gibson Burrell,Gareth Morgan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351899147

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3914

The authors argue in this book that social theory can usefully be conceived in terms of four broad paradigms, based upon different sets of meta-theoretical assumptions with regard to the nature of social science and the nature of society. The four paradigms - Functionalist, Interpretive, Radical Humanist and Radical Structuralist - derive from quite distinct intellectual traditions, and present four mutually exclusive views of the social work. Each stands in its own right, and generates its own distinctive approach to the analysis of social life. The authors provide extensive reviews of the four paradigms, tracing the evolution and inter-relationships between the various sociological schools of thought within each. They then proceed to relate theories of organisation to this wider background. This book covers a great range of intellectual territory. It makes a number of important contributions to our understanding of sociology and organisational analysis, and will prove an invaluable guide to theorists, researchers and students in a variety of social science disciplines. It stands as a discourse in social theory, drawing upon the general area of organisation studies - industrial sociology, organisation theory, organisational psychology, and industrial relations - as a means of illustrating more general sociological themes. In addition to reviewing and evaluating existing work, it provides a framework for appraising future developments in the area of organisational analysis, and suggests the form which some of these developments are likely to take.

The Paradigm

The Ancient Blueprint that Holds the Mystery of Our Times

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Author: Jonathan Cahn

Publisher: Charisma Media

ISBN: 1629994766

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 4077

A detailed analysis of parallels between the Old Testament story of Jezebel and the career of Hillary Clinton, including the victory of Donald Trump.

Understanding Leadership

Paradigms and Cases

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Author: Gayle C Avery,Andrew Bell,Martin Hilb,Anne E. Witte

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761942894

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 316

View: 882

In Part One of this title, Gayle Avery integrates a fragmented field into four broad paradigms or forms of leadership, helping to simplify and clarify the ill-defined field of leadership. Part Two provides 10 case studies from leading organizations across Europe, Australia and the USA.

Crossroads

An Exploration of the Emerging-missional Conversation with a Special Focus on 'missional Leadership' and Its Challenges for Theological Education

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Author: Robert J. A. Doornenbal

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9059726235

Category: Christian education

Page: 420

View: 8469

The Paradigm of Conversion in Luke

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Author: Fernando Mendez-Moratalla

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441155597

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 9347

Conversion is a main theological theme in the Lukan corpus. Since much attention has been paid to the issue in Acts, the present work shows how the evangelist also conveys his theological emphasis on conversion in his gospel through material either unique to it or that Luke has edited to this purpose. Attention is paid to the different issues involved in Luke's emphasis on conversion and an attempt is made to place them within the larger spectrum of his theology. The grouping of all these elements provides the basis for constructing Luke's paradigm of conversion.

The COMPSTAT Paradigm

Management Accountability in Policing, Business, and the Public Sector

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Author: Vincent E. Henry

Publisher: Looseleaf Law Publications

ISBN: 1889031151

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 820

A rare, behind-the-scenes look at the stunning crime-fighting revolution that revolutionized law enforcement! Ever wonder how NYC, once infamous for crime and violence, gains status as the safest big city year after year? The answers are here, coming straight from one of the actual creators of the most innovative crime reduction programs in history! From the four deceptively simple principles of COMPSTAT to the accountability protocols that can imporve every agency, this is more than just a case study...it's field-tested, ready-to-use, crime-fighting blueprint!

Constitutional Revolutions

Pragmatism and the Role of Judicial Review in American Constitutionalism

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Author: Robert Justin Lipkin

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822324294

Category: Law

Page: 366

View: 8501

DIVRethinks constitutional jurisprudence from a postmodern perspective, attempting to integrate a Kuhnian approach to intellectual transformations with a Rawlsian pragmatic approach to decision making./div

Philosophy of Science

A Contemporary Introduction

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Author: Alexander Rosenberg

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415343176

Category: Science

Page: 213

View: 6387

Identifies the philosophical problems that science raises through an examination of questions about its nature, methods and justification. A valuable introduction for science and philosophy students alike.

Paradigms and Barriers

How Habits of Mind Govern Scientific Beliefs

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Author: Howard Margolis

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226505237

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 8725

In Paradigms and Barriers Howard Margolis offers an innovative interpretation of Thomas S. Kuhn's landmark idea of "paradigm shifts," applying insights from cognitive psychology to the history and philosophy of science. Building upon the arguments in his acclaimed Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition, Margolis suggests that the breaking down of particular habits of mind—of critical "barriers"—is key to understanding the processes through which one model or concept is supplanted by another. Margolis focuses on those revolutionary paradigm shifts— such as the switch from a Ptolemaic to a Copernican worldview—where challenges to entrenched habits of mind are marked by incomprehension or indifference to a new paradigm. Margolis argues that the critical problem for a revolutionary shift in thinking lies in the robustness of the habits of mind that reject the new ideas, relative to the habits of mind that accept the new ideas. Margolis applies his theory to famous cases in the history of science, offering detailed explanations for the transition from Ptolemaic to cosmological astronomy, the emergence of probability, the overthrow of phlogiston, and the emergence of the central role of experiment in the seventeenth century. He in turn uses these historical examples to address larger issues, especially the nature of belief formation and contemporary debates about the nature of science and the evolution of scientific ideas. Howard Margolis is a professor in the Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies and in the College at the University of Chicago. He is the author of Selfishness, Altruism, and Rationality and Patterns, Thinking, and Cognition, both published by the University of Chicago Press.

Primate Paradigms

Sex Roles and Social Bonds

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Author: Linda Marie Fedigan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226239484

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 2549

This critical review of behavior patterns in nonhuman primates is an excellent study of the importance of female roles in different social groups and their significance in the evolution of human social life. "A book that properly illuminates in rich detail not only developmental and socioecological aspects of primate behavior but also how and why certain questions are asked. In addition, the book frequently focuses on insufficiently answered questions, especially those concerned with the evolution of primate sex differences. Fedigan's book is unique . . . because it places primate adaptations and our explanation of those patterns in a larger intellectual framework that is easily and appropriately connected to many lines of research in different fields (sociology, psychology, anthropology, neurobiology, endocrinology, and biology)—and not in inconsequential ways, either."—James McKenna, American Journal of Primatology "This is the feminist critique of theories of primate and human evolution."—John H. Cook, Nature

The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens: Workbook

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Author: Sean Covey

Publisher: Mango Media Inc.

ISBN: 1633533999

Category: Self-Help

Page: N.A

View: 328

This completely updated and redesigned personal workbook companion to the bestselling The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens provides engaging activities, interactives and self-evaluations to help teens understand and apply the power of the 7 Habits. Sean Covey's The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens has sold more than 2 million copies and helped countless teens make better decisions and improve their sense of self-worth. Pairing new interactives with modern explanatory graphics, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens workbook reaches today’s teen generation effectively.

Policy Paradigms, Transnationalism, and Domestic Politics

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Author: Grace Darlene Skogstad

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442612207

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 5071

Policy Paradigms, Transnationalism, and Domestic Politics offers a variety of perspectives on the development of policy paradigms — the ideas that structure thinking about what can and should be done in a policy domain. In this collection, international experts examine how both transnational actors and domestic politics affect the structuring of these paradigms. As well as theoretical chapters, this volume includes six case studies showing ideas at work in a diverse range of policy domains from the recognition of same-sex unions to risk regulation of genetically modified organisms. These qualitative analyses show how transnational activities shape policy paradigms by building consensus on ideas about feasible and desirable public policies across authoritative decision-makers. Expertly researched and assembled, Policy Paradigms, Transnationalism, and Domestic Politics provides insight into the conditions under which different transnational actors can bring about changes in the core ideas that affect public policy development.

Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership and Administration

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Author: Fenwick W. English

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 145226516X

Category: Education

Page: 1264

View: 1821

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership and Administration presents the most recent theories, research, terms, concepts, ideas, and histories on educational leadership and school administration as taught in preparation programs and practiced in schools and colleges today. With more than 600 entries, written by more than 200 professors, graduate students, practitioners, and association officials, the two volumes of this encyclopedia represent the most comprehensive knowledge base of educational leadership and school administration that has, as yet, been compiled.

Paradigms for Language Theory and Other Essays

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Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401725314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 5252

Several of the basic ideas of current language theory are subjected to critical scrutiny and found wanting, including the concept of scope, the hegemony of generative syntax, the Frege-Russell claim that verbs like `is' are ambiguous, and the assumptions underlying the so-called New Theory of Reference. In their stead, new constructive ideas are proposed.

Paradigms in Economic Development

Classic Perspectives, Critiques, and Reflections

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Author: Rajani Kannepalli Kanth

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9781563243295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 4443

This anthology brings together classic papers on economic development by major economists of economic backwardness, including H. Myint, R. Nurkse, W.A. Lewis, W.W. Rostow, and A. Gerschenkron. Well-known critics of the mainstream theories, including P. Baran, A.G. Frank, S. Amin, R. Prebisch, and J. Banaji, are also presented as well as some afterthoughts on development economics from the well-known scholars, including A. Hirschman, A.K. Sen, D. Lal, and V. Shiva. Kanth does an excellent job placing these various perspectives within the contemporary world of rapid economic and social change. The volume is intended as a supplementary text in economic development.

Handbook for the New Paradigm (3 Books in 1)

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Author: Benevolent Beings

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781893157255

Category:

Page: 396

View: 3999

Now all 3 volumes of The Handbook for the New Paradigm are published in one book. The messages contained in this new edition of The Handbook for the New Paradigm are intended to lift mankind from the entrapment of the victim consciousness that keeps the level of experience ensnared in fear and frustration.