Outlines of Pyrrhonism

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Author: Sextus Empiricus,Robert Gregg Bury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780879755973

Category: Philosophy

Page: 283

View: 1588

Throughout history philosophers have sought to define, understand, and delineate concepts important to human well-being. One such concept is "knowledge." Many philosophers believed that absolute, certain knowledge, is possible—that the physical world and ideas formulated about it could be given solid foundation unaffected by the varieties of mere opinion. Sextus Empiricus stands as an example of the "skeptic" school of thought whose members believed that knowledge was either unattainable or, if a genuine possibility, the conditions necessary to achieve it were next to impossible to satisfy. In other words, in the absence of complete knowledge, one must make do with the information provided by an imperfect world and conveyed to the mind through sense impressions that can often deceive us. Throughout his life Sextus Empiricus entered into intellectual combat with those who confidently claimed to possess indubitable knowledge. For skeptics, the best one can hope to achieve is a reasonable suspension of judgment—remaining ever mindful that claims to knowledge require careful scrutiny, thoughtful analysis, and critical review if we are to prevent ourselves and others from plunging headlong into mistaken notions.

The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers

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Author: Stephen Leach,James Tartaglia

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315385929

Category: Philosophy

Page: 302

View: 9697

The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers reveals how great philosophers of the past sought to answer the question of the meaning of life. This edited collection includes thirty-five chapters which each focus on a major philosophical figure, from Confucius to Rorty, and that imaginatively engage with the topic from their perspective. This volume also contains a Postscript on the historical origins and original significance of the phrase ‘the meaning of life’. Written by leading experts in the field, such as A.C. Grayling, Thaddeus Metz and John Cottingham, this unique and engaging book explores the relevance of the history of philosophy to contemporary debates. It will prove essential reading for students and scholars studying the history of philosophy, philosophy of religion, ethics, metaphysics or comparative philosophy.

Pyrrhonism

How the Ancient Greeks Reinvented Buddhism

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Author: Adrian Kuzminski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739125069

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 2827

Adrian Kuzminski argues that Pyrrhonism, an ancient Greek philosophy, can best be understood as a Western form of Buddhism. Not only is its founder, Pyrrho, reported to have traveled to India and been influenced by contacts with Indian sages, but a close comparison of ancient Buddhist and Pyrrhonian texts suggests a common philosophical practice, seeking liberation through suspension of judgment with regard to beliefs about non-evident things.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Questions to sociobiology

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Author: Edward Craig

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415187138

Category: Electronic books

Page: 896

View: 7394

Review: "Depth and breadth of coverage, clarity of presentation, impressive bibliographies, excellent use of cross references, and an extensive index combine to make this an impressive reference work. The contributors have addressed both current and past scholarship on world philosophy and religion and have produced a worthy successor to Macmillan's 1967 Encyclopedia of Philosophy. It will be read and understood by the educated public as well as scholars and will be a fine addition to academic and large public library reference collections."--"Outstanding Reference Sources : the 1999 Selection Sources Committee, RUSA, ALA

David Hume and Contemporary Philosophy

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Author: Ilya Kasavin

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443850047

Category: Philosophy

Page: 335

View: 3646

David Hume bridges a gap between classical and non-classical philosophy. Two major approaches in 20th century systematic philosophy – naturalism and relativism – have both basically been inspired by Hume and create the most controversy nowadays. The dethroning of the knowing agent and the spiritual substance from their privileged place opens way to “the death of God” (F. Nietzsche) or “the death of the Author” (R. Barthes). Hume’s criticism of causality corresponds to the indeterminism of the quantum mechanics (B. Russell). K. Popper’s falsificationism would hardly be possible without Hume’s account of induction. L. Wittgenstein’s considerations on rule following reveal similarities with Hume’s idea of habit (S. Kripke) as well as with P. Bourdieu’s concept of “habitus”. D. Bloor likes “to think of Hume as Edinburgh’s great sociologist of knowledge”. The present collection is not a mere contribution to the history of philosophy, though it covers many problems of contemporary Humean scholarship and contains articles written by leading researchers in the field (B. Straud, R. Harre, J. Bricke, etc.). Its aim, rather, is to demonstrate the “vivacity” of Hume for contemporary philosophy. The authors’ considerations range from the subtlest questions of the development of his thought and its impact on the contemporary, to the most recent and controversial topics in epistemology, philosophy of science, political theory and ethics.

The Sceptical Mode in Modern Philosophy

Essays in Honor of Richard H. Popkin

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Author: R. A. Watson,J.E. Force

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400927444

Category: History

Page: 164

View: 8071

Pyrrhonism in Ancient, Modern, and Contemporary Philosophy

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Author: Diego E. Machuca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400719910

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 2783

This is the first collection of original essays entirely devoted to a detailed study of the Pyrrhonian tradition. The twelve contributions collected in the present volume combine to offer a historical and systematic analysis of the form of skepticism known as “Pyrrhonism”. They discuss whether the Pyrrhonist is an ethically engaged agent, whether he can claim to search for truth, and other thorny questions concerning ancient Pyrrhonism; explore its influence on certain modern thinkers such as Pierre Bayle and David Hume; and examine Pyrrhonian skepticism in relation to contemporary analytic philosophy.

Routledge History of Philosophy Volume II

Aristotle to Augustine

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Author: David Furley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134928866

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 3773

The final volume to be published in the acclaimed Routledge History of Philosophy series provides an authoritative and comprehensive survey and analysis of the key areas of late Greek and early Christian Philosophy.

There Are Two Errors in the the Title of This Book, Revised and Expanded (Again)

A Sourcebook of Philosophical Puzzles, Problems, and Paradoxes

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Author: Robert M. Martin

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1460402049

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 1101

As this book richly and entertainingly demonstrates, philosophy is as much the search for the right questions as it is the search for the right answers. Robert M. Martin’s popular collection of philosophical puzzles, paradoxes, jokes, and anecdotes is updated and expanded in this third edition, with dozens of new entries.

Forthcoming Books

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Author: Rose Arny

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 6325

Probleme der Philosophie

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518102077

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 151

View: 6054

Against the Ethicists

(Adversus Mathematicos XI)

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Author: Sextus (Empiricus.),Richard Bett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198250975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 302

View: 1484

This volume contains a translation into clear modern English of an unjustly neglected work by Sextus Empiricus, together with introduction and extensive commentary. Sextus is our main source for the doctrines and arguments of ancient Scepticism; in Against the Ethicists he sets out a distinctive Sceptic position in ethics.

The Sense of Beauty

Being the Outline of Aesthetic Theory

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Author: George Santayana

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486202389

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 168

View: 5050

The great philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist masterfully offers his fascinating outline of Aesthetics Theory. Drawing on the art, literature, and social sciences involved, Santayana discusses the nature of beauty, form, and expression.

Sextus Empiricus: Outlines of Scepticism

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Author: Sextus Empiricus,Julia Annas,Jonathan Barnes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521778091

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 8969

Outlines of Scepticism, by the Greek philosopher Sextus Empiricus, is a work of major importance for the history of Greek philosophy. It is the fullest extant account of ancient scepticism, and it is also one of our most copious sources of information about the other Hellenistic philosophies. Its first part contains an elaborate exposition of the Pyrrhonian variety of scepticism; its second and third parts are critical and destructive, arguing against 'dogmatism' in logic, epistemology, science and ethics - an approach that revolutionized the study of philosophy when Sextus' works were rediscovered and published in the sixteenth century. This volume presents the accurate and readable translation which was first published in 1994, together with a substantial new historical and philosophical introduction by Jonathan Barnes.

The Great Books

A Christian Appraisal. A Symposium on the Fourth Year's Program of the Great Books Foundation

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 214

View: 2230

The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Scepticism

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Author: Richard Bett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139828215

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 7433

This volume offers a comprehensive survey of the main periods, schools, and individual proponents of scepticism in the ancient Greek and Roman world. The contributors examine the major developments chronologically and historically, ranging from the early antecedents of scepticism to the Pyrrhonist tradition. They address the central philosophical and interpretive problems surrounding the sceptics' ideas on subjects including belief, action, and ethics. Finally, they explore the effects which these forms of scepticism had beyond the ancient period, and the ways in which ancient scepticism differs from scepticism as it has been understood since Descartes. The volume will serve as an accessible and wide-ranging introduction to the subject for non-specialists, while also offering considerable depth and detail for more advanced readers.

Der Staat (illustriert)

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Author: Platon

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 1635372755

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6863

„Der Staat“ ist ein Werk des griechischen Philosophen Platon, in dem über die Gerechtigkeit und ihre mögliche Verwirklichung in einem idealen Staat diskutiert wird. An dem fiktiven, literarisch gestalteten Dialog beteiligen sich sieben Personen, darunter Platons Brüder Glaukon und Adeimantos und der Redner Thrasymachos. Platons Lehrer Sokrates ist die Hauptfigur. Weitere Anwesende hören lediglich zu.